Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 30
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932702

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the dosimetry and efficacy of intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT) and intracavitary/interstitial brachytherapy (IC+ ISBT) based on CT image guidance in the treatment of stage Ⅲ B cervical cancer. Methods:Clinical data of 93 patients with stage Ⅲ B cervical cancer treated in Department of Radiotherapy of Jilin Cancer Hospital from June 2014 to February 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the results of Gynecological examination and pelvic MRI before brachytherapy, confirming the size of residual tumor and the degree of parauterine infiltration, all patients were divided into the ICBT and IC+ ISBT groups. The D 90%, D 100%, V 100% and D 2cm 3 of bladder and rectum were compared, and the short-term and long-term efficacy was observed between two groups. Results:The median follow-up time was 60 months. The 5-year local control rate, distant metastasis-free survival rate and overall survival rate of all patients were 83%, 71% and 68%, respectively. Compared with the ICBT group, HR-CTV D 90% in the IC+ ISBT group was all more than 85 Gy, while there was no significant difference between two groups ( P=0.188). The D 2cm 3 of bladder and rectum in the IC+ ISBT group was significantly decreased by 7 Gy and 8 Gy (both P<0.01), and the distant metastasis-free survival rate was significantly improved ( P=0.009). The 5-year local control rate in the HR-CTV volume>60 cm 3 in the IC+ ISBT group was significantly higher than that in the IC group ( P=0.029). Conclusion:For patients with Ⅲ B cervical cancer, IC+ ISBT can not only ensure target coverage, but also significantly reduce the incidence of distant metastasis and the dose of organs at risk, and significantly improve the local control rate of large tumors.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1039-1049, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927761

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus core protein (HBc) has become a hot spot in drug carrier protein research due to its natural particle self-assembly ability and ease of modification. The truncation of the C-terminal polyarginine domain (CTD, aa 151-183) of HBc does not affect the self-assembly of the particles. However, it does affect the internal and external charges of the particles, which may subsequently affect drug encapsulation. Thus, the truncated C-terminal polyarginine domain (CTD) of HBc and the inserted RGD peptide were selected to construct and express three HBc variants (RH) encapsulated with ICG (RH/ICG) with different C-terminal lengths to compare the stability and drug activity of their nanoformulations. RH160/ICG was found to have a great advantages in encapsulation efficiency and biological imaging. Compared with other HBc variants, RH160/ICG significantly improved encapsulation efficiency, up to 32.77%±1.23%. Cytotoxicity and hemolysis assays further demonstrated the good biocompatibility of RH160/ICG. Cell uptake and in vivo imaging experiments in mice showed that RH160/ICG could efficiently deliver ICG in tumor cells and tumor sites with good imaging effect. This research provides a new direction for further expanding the diagnosis and treatment application of ICG and development of HBc-based nanoparticle drug carrier platform.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B Core Antigens , Indocyanine Green/chemistry , Mice , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Viral Core Proteins
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4066-4074, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921487

ABSTRACT

Different fragments of SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein were expressed and purified, and a fluorescence immunochromatography method for detection of SARS-CoV-2 total antibody was established. The effect of different protein fragments on the performance of the method was evaluated. The N protein sequence was analyzed by bioinformatics technology, expressed in prokaryotic cell and purified by metal ion affinity chromatography column. Different N protein fragments were prepared for comparison. EDC reaction was used to label fluorescence microsphere on the synthesized antigen to construct sandwich fluorescence chromatography antibody detection assay, and the performance was systemically evaluated. Among the 4 prepared N protein fragments, the full-length N protein (N419) was selected as the optimized coating antigen, N412 with 0.5 mol/L NaCl was used as the optimal combination; deleting 91-120 amino acids from the N-terminal of N412 reduced non-specific signal by 87.5%. the linear range of detection was 0.312-80 U/L, the limit of detection was 0.165 U/L, and the accuracy was more than 95%. A fluorescence immunochromatographic detection method for analysis of SARS-CoV-2 total antibody was established by pairing N protein fragments. The detection result achieved 98% concordance with the commercially available Guangzhou Wanfu test strip, which is expected to be used as a supplementary approach for detection of SARS-CoV-2. The assay could also provide experimental reference for improving the performance of COVID-19 antibody detection reagents.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19 , Chromatography, Affinity , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Microspheres , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensitivity and Specificity
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1216-1222, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826856

ABSTRACT

A rapid and simple method to detect tumor markers in liver cancer was established by combining immunochromatography technique with fluorescent microsphere labeling. According to the principle of double antibody sandwich, the cytoskeleton-associated protein 4 (CKAP4) paired antibody was used as the labeled and coated antibody, and the goat anti-rabbit polyclonal antibody was used as the quality control line coated antibody in the preparation of the CKAP4 fluorescent immunochromatographic test strips. After the preparation, the test strips were evaluated on various performance indicators, such as linearity, precision and stability. The CKAP4 immunochromatographic strip prepared by time-resolved fluorescent microspheres had high sensitivity, and good specificity. Its precision was within 15%, recovery between 85% and 115%, and linear range between 25 and 1 000 pg/mL. The test strip could be kept stable at 37 °C for 20 days, and it correlated well with commercial ELISA kits. The CKAP4 fluorescence immunochromatography method can quantitatively detect the content of CKAP4 in serum. Furthermore, it is rapid, sensitive, simple, economical and single-person operation. This method has the potential of becoming a new method for the diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Metabolism , Chromatography, Affinity , Fluorescence , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Membrane Proteins , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796643

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the curative effect and prognostic factors of radical radiotherapy for cervical cancer.@*Methods@#A total of 211 patients with stage ⅠA-ⅢB cervical cancer who underwent therapy in department of radiotherapy, Tumor Hospital of Jilin province between June 2014 and February 2017, were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received radical radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Short-term and long-term efficacy and related prognostic factors were observed. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, Log-rank test was used for univariate analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate analysis.@*Results@#The 2-year overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were 83.4% and 72.5%, respectively. During the follow-up periods, 46 patients (21.8%) died, including two from non-tumor-related diseases, and one from second primary colon cancer. Totally 57 patients (27%) had recurrence and metastasis, including 16 (28.1%) with local recurrence, 27 (47.4%) with distant metastasis, and 14 with local recurrence and distant metastasis(24.6%). Univariate analysis showed that 2-year OS and DFS were significantly correlated with pathological type, pre-treatment squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) value and FIGO stage (OS: χ2=7.123, 6.014, 8.398, P<0.05; DFS: χ2=11.832, 8.003, 7.731, P<0.05). In addition to the above factors, 2-year DFS was also associated with pelvic lymph node metastasis (χ2=9.286, P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that pathological type, pre-treatment SCC value and FIGO stage were independent prognostic factors of OS(HR=2.963, 2.473, 2.574, P<0.05). The independent prognosis factors affecting DFS included pathological type, pre-treatment SCC value and pelvic lymph node metastasis (HR =3.014, 1.988, 1.914, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#By means of radical radiotherapy, cervical cancer patients with adenocarcinoma, pre-treatment SCC levels ≥30 ng/ml and advanced stage have poor prognosis, so more active treatment strategy should be adopted.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791394

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the curative effect and prognostic factors of radical radiotherapy for cervical cancer. Methods A total of 211 patients with stage ⅠA-ⅢB cervical cancer who underwent therapy in department of radiotherapy, Tumor Hospital of Jilin province between June 2014 and February 2017, were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received radical radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Short-term and long-term efficacy and related prognostic factors were observed. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, Log-rank test was used for univariate analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results The 2-year overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were 83. 4% and 72. 5%, respectively. During the follow-up periods, 46 patients (21. 8%) died, including two from non-tumor-related diseases, and one from second primary colon cancer. Totally 57 patients (27%) had recurrence and metastasis, including 16 (28. 1%) with local recurrence, 27 (47. 4%) with distant metastasis, and 14 with local recurrence and distant metastasis ( 24. 6%) . Univariate analysis showed that 2-year OS and DFS were significantly correlated with pathological type, pre-treatment squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) value and FIGO stage (OS: χ2 = 7. 123, 6. 014, 8. 398, P < 0. 05; DFS: χ2 = 11. 832, 8. 003, 7. 731, P < 0. 05). In addition to the above factors, 2-year DFS was also associated with pelvic lymph node metastasis ( χ2 =9. 286, P<0. 05). Multivariate analysis showed that pathological type, pre-treatment SCC value and FIGO stage were independent prognostic factors of OS (HR= 2. 963, 2. 473, 2. 574, P<0. 05). The independent prognosis factors affecting DFS included pathological type, pre-treatment SCC value and pelvic lymph node metastasis (HR = 3. 014, 1. 988, 1. 914, P< 0. 05). Conclusions By means of radical radiotherapy, cervical cancer patients with adenocarcinoma, pre-treatment SCC levels ≥30 ng/ ml and advanced stage have poor prognosis, so more active treatment strategy should be adopted.

7.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1480-1484, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691976

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status quo of the cerebral injury in patients with acute stress disorder (ASD) and the impact of family function,mental toughness,and the characteristics of brain lesions on it.Methods A total of 349 patients were enrolled from North China University of Science and Technology affiliated hospital neurology department and neurosurgery department from May 2016 to November 2016 and they were tested with Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire (SASRQ),the family function assessment scale (APGAR),Chinese version of mental toughness scale (CD-RISC).Results 349 cases of patients with SASRQ score (57.21±44.97),8 to 39 160 people (45.8%),40 to 56 85 people (24.4%),57 to 150 104 people (29.8%).The results showed that whether the hemiplegia (β=-0.030),family function (β=-0.032),mental toughness (β=0.886),disturbing degree (β=0.052),bad days (β=0.060)were picked in the regression equation (P<0.05).Conclusion There were obvious acute stress symptoms in patients with brain injury.The individuals who have family dysfunction,the worse the psychological resilience and the higher the disturbance degree of the patients with hemiplegia,may be likely to get acute stress disorder.

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 377-380, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691803

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the burden status quo of caregivers in stroke patients with home enteral nutrition and to analyze the factors influencing the caregivers burden.Methods A total of 202 direct caregivers in stroke patients with enteral nutrition treatment during hospitalization period in this hospital and continued home enteral nutrition after discharge from hospital were collected as the study subjects.The Caregiver Burden Inventory,Self—Rating Anxiety Scale,Self—Rating Depression Scale,patients and caregivers general condition questionnaire were adopted to conduct the survey.The burden level status of caregivers and its related influencing factors were statistically analyzed.Results The results showed that the burden total score in 202 caregivers receiving the investigation was (50.17± 9.75) points.The univariate analysis results showed that that the age of caregivers,family income per capita level,whether caregivers having negative emotions (anxiety or depression),care time,NIHSS scores of patients and feeding mode burden score had statistical differences (P<0.05).The multivariate analysis results showed that the care time of caregivers,feeding mode,accompanying anxietyor depression in caregivers,NIHSS scores of patients were the main influencing factors of caregivers burden(P<0.05).Conclusion The caregivers have a great burden in caring the patients,which should arouse attention.

9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1012-1018, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687715

ABSTRACT

To establish a time-resolved fluorescence immunochromatographic assay for quantitative determination of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in serum, we prepared CA19-9 test strips by integrating double-antibody sandwich method and fluorescence immunochromatography technique. Carboxy fluorescent microspheres and nitrocellulose membrane were used as carriers for labeling and coating CA19-9 pairing antibodies. We optimized the process by adjusting the amount of labeling and coating antibody. According to the linear range, lowest detection limit and precision, We evaluated the time-resolved fluorescence immunochromatographic assay of CA19-9. When the amount of labeled antibody was 80 μg for 20 μL fluorescent microspheres, and the concentration of coated antibody on the test line was 1.5 mg/mL, the optimal reaction time was 15 minutes. Assay linear range was 12.5 to 800 U/mL and the minimum detection limit was 6.32 U/mL. The Within-run and between-run coefficient of variation were less than 15%. Average recovery rate was 101%. By detecting 50 clinical samples in parallel with Roche electrochemical luminescence detection kit, correlation coefficient was 0.980 6. The experiment, initially established a fluorescence immunochromatographic detection method to quantitative detection of serum CA19-9, which has a good clinical application prospect.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1181-1184, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704759

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To understand the formulation method of medication index in clinical departments of the local hospital and the improvement of hospital medication index after the formulation of medication index. METHODS:Retrospective analysis was used to summarize and analyze the formulation,revision and application of 5 medication indexes(the proportion of drug cost in medical income,utilization rate of antibiotics in the inpatients,AUD of inpatients,the proportion of antibiotics cost in drug income,the proportion of national essential medicine cost in drug income)in clinical departments of 4 general hospitals of Nanyang. RESULTS:The medication indexes of clinical departments in 4 hospitals were formulated primarily during 2009-2014. The formulation of medication indexes in clinical departments was passed and implemented by Pharmaceutical Administration and Drug Treatment Committee/Antibiotics Management Group on the basis of the previous indicators of clinical departments. Till 2017,the times of medication indexes revision were 0.42-0.58 time/year. Before the formulation of medication indexes in clinical departments,5 indexes of each hospital were mostly not in line with the regulation of health administration department. During Jul. 2016-Jun. 2017,5 medication indexes of 4 hospitals ranged 32%-41%,47%-53%,30-37 DDD,13%-20%,21%-32%, respectively. Rational drug indexes conformed to the provisions of the administrative department of health basically. The author provided related suggestions about departments in charge of formulating and adjusting medication indexes,methods for the primary formulation and modification of medication indexes,formulation of medication indexes in special department,management measures after the formulation of medication indexes. CONCLUSIONS:At present,the formulation and management of medication indicators in 4 hospitals of local area develop well,and effectively promote the level of clinical rational drug use.

11.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 378-381, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509702

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the performance of bone suppression images on the detection of lung nodules in comparison with the radiologists'reading results.Methods There were 141 standard posteroanterior digital chest radiographs,which included 95 patients with a solitary nodule and 46 controls.In this observational study,4 observers,including 2 radiologists and 2 residents,in-dicated their confidence level regarding the presence of a nodule for each lung,first by use of standard images,then with the addition of bone suppression images.Receiver operating characteristic (ROC)curve analysis was used to evaluate the observers'performance. Results Average nodule size was (1.9±1)cm (range from 0.9 cm to 2.9 cm).The mean value of the area under the ROC curve (AUC)was significantly improved from 0.844 with use of standard images alone to 0.873 with use of bone suppression images (P<0.01).Conclusion The use of bone suppression images can improve radiologists'performance on detection of lung nodules on chest radiographs.

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2353-2355,2358, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620313

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between the reliability and validity of Brunel balance assessment(BBA)with the activities of daily living(ADL).Methods The BBA,ADL and walking ability test were performed on 215 patients conforming to the inclusion standard by two professionals.The Pearson correlation analysis,factor analysis and descriptive statistical analysis were adopted.Results The BBA total score and Cronbach's α coefficient in 3 dimensions was 0.852~0.941(P<0.01),moreover the relative coefficient of each item with its dimension was higher that that of other dimensions;3 common factors were extracted by the factor analysis,the contribution rate was 83.916%;but BBA had the ceiling effect,the relative coefficient of BBA with ADL and walking ability was 0.284-0.709(P<0.05).Conclusion BBA has a good reliability and validity and can better reflect the functions of ADL and walk.

13.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 712-714,720, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613977

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish quantitative a fluorescence immunochromatographic assay detection method for the heat shock protein 90α(HSP90α)in human serum.Methods: Indirect the technology of fluorescence microshers immunochromatographic assay was used to research fluorescent microsphere activation,ensure optimal testing time,determine linearity range,precision,recovery experiments,testing clinical samples and that sort of thing in the fluorescence immunochromatographicassay experiment.Results: In all the reaction conditions,it was determined that the optimal teaction time was 5 minutes,and in the best line range (0.39-100 ng/ml) precision quality control materials of high recovery (30 ng/ml) Intra-assay CV was 8.14%;quality control materials of low recovery (10 ng/ml) Intra-assay CV was 9.26%.With high,medium and low recovery of serum recovery was 100.56%,99.76%,94.1%,separately.Foreign kit(ELISA) for detection of 40 cancer patients clinical serum,the result showed that the correlation was 0.968 5.Conclusion: Establishing the method initially quantitative fluorescence immunochromatographic assay for the heat shock protein 90α(HSP90α)in human serum have high performance and linear,clinic accordance rate also can satisfy the demand of clinic quantitative detection,and will improve hopeful to applied to clinic after apprroved.

14.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3226-3228, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610723

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the turnaround time(TAT) of biochemistry laboratory in a certain hospital of Chongqing city,and to improve the quality of the laboratory by shortening the TAT.Methods TAT was analyzed by analyzing the daily workload,average TAT and failure rate of outpatient clinics,outpatient emergency,inpatient clinics,and inpatient emergency subjects from 2013 to 2015.The reasons for TAT prolongation were analyzed.Results The biochemical test samples were 77 060,97 129 and 105 304 from 2013 to 2015,and the annual growth rate was 26.0% and 8.4% respectively.TAT of the routine outpatient department samples were (78.55nu48.47)、(69.18± 37.20)、(62.82 ±21.62)min,which decreased year by year,and the difference were statistically significant(P<0.05),and the TAT of the outpatient emergency were (64.13 ± 31.16),(59.22 ± 23.51),(66.01±37.73)min.TAT of inpatient clinics were (92.34± 53.41),(95.03±55.73) and (122.92±78.94)min from 2013 to 2015,which increased year by year,and the difference were statistically significant(P<0.05),and the TAT of the inpatient emergency were(65.29±36.06),(62.41±30.18),(61.48±30.12)min,which decreased year by year,and the difference were statistically significant (P<0.05).The substandard rate of samples aforementioned were 0.04%,2.99%,0.63% and 3.69%,respectively.Conclusion TAT increases with the samples increase,it is necessary that making sure staffs more responsible in daily work,optimizing the procedure of daily biochemistry tests,improving ability of serving for clinic and patients.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1276-1280, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608927

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of CT temporal subtraction(TS) for detection of lung nodules.Methods 80 cases of CT images (current and previous CT images) and corresponding CT TS images were presented, which included 30 cases with nodules(75 nodules) and 50 controls.4 observers, including 2 radiologists and 2 residents, indicated their confidence level regarding the presence of a new emerging or larger or solid component than before,which first used standard CT images, then with the addition of CT TS images.Receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the observers'' performance.Results The mean value of the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were 0.860 and 0.925 for four observers without and with TS images,respectively(P<0.01).Average sensitivity for detection of lung nodules was improved from 77.3%(58/75) to 89.3%(67/75) by using CT TS images.Conclusion The use of CT TS images can significantly improve radiologists'' performance for detection of lung nodules,especially when a small size solid or subsolid nodule presents near the pulmonary hilum.CT TS is more helpful for residents.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501628

ABSTRACT

Objective]To research and explore the characteristic of medicine in Treatise on Febrile Diseases. [Methods]Combine with the doctors of past dynasties, relevant annotations of the treatment of cough notes in Treatise on Febrile Diseases,and my own learning experience,analyze the characteristic of medicine of Zhongjing treating cough in Treatise on Febrile Diseases.[Results]Its characteristics are summed up in three points.Pay attention to the thought of the simultaneous dispersion and descending, and conform to lung qi.Pay attention to the drugs of the lung channel,especially the application of Ephedra and its compatibility with other drugs.Pay attention to“reinforcing earth to generate metal”and protect stomach qi. [Conclusion]The research of this paper is beneficial to broaden the clinical treatment of cough ideas,expand the clinical application of the classical prescription,deepen the understanding of Zhang Zhongjing's academic thought.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of antlerbase on the radiation carcinogenesis by observing the effect of antlerbase on the expressions of Notch2 gene and immune function of the mice with thymic lymphomas induced by ionizing radiation.Methods:Ninety BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control group,irradiation group and irradiation combined with drug group (combined group)(n=30).The thymic lymphoma models of mice were made by X-ray irradiation in irradiation group and combined group;after establishing the animal models,the mice in combined group were fed with chow containing antlerbase superfine powder.After 6 months,the whole blood and thymic tissue were taken,then RT-PCR and Western blotting methods were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions levels of Notch2 gene in the thymic lymphoma tissue;ELISA method was used to detect the serum immunoglobulin (IgG,IgA,IgM)levels and SOD kit was used to detect the serum SOD activities of the tumor mice.Results:The incidences of thymic lymphoma in irradiation group and combined group were 53.33%(16/30)and 36.67% (11/30),respectively.Compared with control group,the expression levels of mRNA and protein of Notch2 gene in thymic lymphoma of the mice in irradiation group were significantly increased (P <0.05);compared with irradiation group,the expression levels of mRNA and protein of Notch2 gene in combined group were decreased (P <0.05);compared with control group,the levels of IgG,IgA,and IgM in serum of the mice in irradiation group were decreased (P < 0.05 ); compared with irradiation group, the levels of IgG, IgM, hemoglobin and the activity of SOD in serum of the mice in combined group were increased (P < 0.05 ). Conclusion:Ionizing radiation can activate the high expression of Notch2 gene and protein and decrease the immune function of mice,it might be one of the mechanisms for the occurrence of radiation carcinogenesis;antlerbase can decrease the incidence of radiation carcinogenesis by inhibiting the expression of Notch2 gene and increasing the immune function of mice,which might play an role in restraining tumor.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1430-1432, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504413

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the revenue and expenditure in PIVAS of our hospital,and to provide data for the es-tablishment and operation of PIVAS in other hospitals. METHODS:A statistics was undertaken for the revenue and expenditure of PIVAS in 2014,and partial influential factors were analyzed comprehensively. RESULTS:In 2014,under the premise of only long-term doctor's advice for the morning,760611 groups of intravenouse drugs had been administered in PIVAS of our hospital. The revenue was about 2197439 yuan and the expenditure was about 1872598 yuan;the cost of human resource was the main cost part,which took 77.92%. CONCLUSIONS:The revenue of PIVAS almost covers the cost of pharmacy in our hospital at pres-ent;the data of cost-effectiveness can be reference for other hospitals.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266672

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to use the method of modulation transfer function (MTF) to compare image quality among three different Olympus medical rigid cystoscopes in an in vitro model. During the experimental processes, we firstly used three different types of cystoscopes (i. e. OLYMPUS cystourethroscopy with FOV of 12 degrees, OLYMPUS Germany A22003A and OLYMPUS A2013A) to collect raster images at different brightness with industrial camera and computer from the resolution target which is with different spatial frequency, and then we processed the collected images using MALAB software with the optical transfer function MTF to obtain the values of MTF at different brightness and different spatial frequency. We then did data mathematical statistics and compared imaging quality. The statistical data showed that all three MTF values were smaller than 1. MTF values with the spatial frequency gradually increasing would decrease approaching 0 at the same brightness. When the brightness enhanced in the same process at the same spatial frequency, MTF values showed a slowly increasing trend. The three endoscopes' MTF values were completely different. In some cases the MTF values had a large difference, and the maximum difference could reach 0.7. Conclusion can be derived from analysis of experimental data that three Olympus medical rigid cystoscopes have completely different imaging quality abilities. The No. 3 endoscope OLYMPUS A2013A has low resolution but high contrast. The No. 1 endoscope OLYMPUS cystourethroscopy with FOV of 12 degrees, on the contrary, had high resolution and lower contrast. The No. 2 endoscope OLYMPUS Germany A22003A had high contrast and high resolution, and its image quality was the best.


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Imaging , Endoscopes , Endoscopy , Software
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473947

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression status of estrogen receptor-alpha36(ER-α36)in breast cancer tissue and its rela-tionships with the occurrence,development and clinical prognosis of breast cancer.Methods 653 cases of breast cancer tissues were selected in this study.The real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR)and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression of ER-α36,estrogen receptor-alpha66 (ER-α66),progesterone receptor(PR)and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2(Her-2).The relationships between the expression of ER-α36,ER-α66,PR and Her-2 and the pathological charac-ter were analyzed.Results The expression rate of ER-α36 in all cases was 40%.The expression rate of ER-α36 in Her-2 positive tissues(63%)was significantly higher than that in the Her-2 negative group(44%,P 0.05).The expression rate of ER-α36 in stage Ⅲ+Ⅳ breast cancer tissues(54%) was significantly higher than that in stage Ⅰ+Ⅱ breast cancer tissues(28%,P <0.05).The expression rate of ER-α36 in breast cancer tissues with lymph node metastasis (55%)was significantly higher than that in breast cancer tissues without lymph node me-tastasis (23%,P <0.05).Conclusion The results indicate that ER-α36 may play a very important role in the occurrence,develop-ment and lymph node metastasis of breast cancer,and be associated with the expression of Her-2,breast cancer staging and lymph node metastasis.ER-α36 is expected to become a new tumor marker and clinical diagnosis and treatment target.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL