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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1147-1152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910277

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the reproducibility of left ventricular strain assessed by CT feature tracking(CT-FT) and its correlation and agreement with speckle tracking echocardiography (STE).Methods:Thirty outpatients with suspected coronary heart disease who underwent whole cardiac cycle coronary CTA and transthoracic echocardiography within one week were prospectively enrolled in November 2019. Left ventricular volume and strain parameters were measured by CT-FT and STE, including left ventricular end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), ejection fraction (EF), global longitudinal strain(GLS), global radial strain (GRS),and global circumferential strain(GCS). GLS included endocardial global longitudinal strain (EndoGLS) and myocardial global longitudinal strain (MyoGLS), GCS included endocardial global circumferential strain (EndoGCS) and myocardial global circumferential strain (MyoGCS). ICC was used to evaluate intra-and inter-observer differences in strain measured by CT-FT. The differences of measurements between CT-FT and STE were compared by paired-samples t test. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between CT-FT and STE measurements. Agreement between measurements of two modalities was assessed by Bland-Altman analysis. Results:There was a good consistency in EDV, ESV, EF, EndoGLS, MyoGLS, GRS, EndoGCS and MyoGCS measured by CT-FT between intra-and inter-observer (ICC was 0.775-0.964, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in EF measured by CT-FT and STE [(60.27±8.70) % and (61.22±5.64) %, P=0.443]. EndoGLS, MyoGLS, GRS and MyoGCS measured by CT-FT were (-20.47±4.01)%, (-18.06±3.75)%, (73.90±20.58) % and (-18.48±3.65)%, respectively, while the strain measured by STE were (-18.97±3.33)%, (-16.49±2.60)%, (18.56±3.06)% and (-20.26±4.45)%, respectively. The differences were statistically significant between CT-FT and STE ( t=-2.367, -2.945, 12.161, 2.459, P<0.05). The EndoGCS measured by CT-FT and STE were (-27.78±6.66)% and (-29.18±7.24)%, respectively, with no statistical significance ( P=0.223).The correlation coefficients of EndoGLS, MyoGLS, GRS, EndoGCS and MyoGCS measured by CT-FT and STE were 0.566, 0.629, 0.509, 0.606 and 0.539, respectively ( P<0.05). The average difference of EndoGLS, MyoGLS, GRS, EndoGCS and MyoGCS measured by CT-FT and STE was -1.5%, -1.6%, 55.3%, 1.4% and 1.8%, respectively, with 95% limits of agreement was -8.3%-5.3%, -7.3%-4.2%, 18.1%-92.5%, -10.7%-13.6% and -6.0%-9.5%, respectively. Conclusions:The left ventricular global strain evaluated by CT-FT was feasible, and the agreement of global strain between CT-FT and STE was good but not interchangeable. CT can be an alternative method for "one-stop" evaluation of cardiac anatomy and function in patients with poor echogenic windows and contraindications for MRI.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 955-960, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the classification and prevalence of simple congenital coronary artery anomalies (CCAA) in Chinese in a large samples of coronary CT angiography (CCTA), and briefly summarize the CT characteristics of "malignant" anomalies.Methods:The data of patients who had undergone CCTA from July 2009 to January 2017 and were diagnosed as simple CCAA were analyzed retrospectively. CCAA were classified according to the origination, number of orifices and termination, and the prevalence of various CCAA was statistically analyzed. Anomalous origin of coronary artery included the origin of coronary artery from the opposite coronary sinus, the non-coronary sinus, the aorta or around the primary sinus, the pulmonary artery, and left circumflex artery originated from the diagonal branch. Abnormal number of orifices included single coronary artery (SCA), right coronary artery and conus branch arising separately, and left anterior descending branch and circumflex branch arising separately. Abnormal termination was coronary artery fistula (CAF). Anomalous origin of coronary artery from the opposite sinus, anomalous origin of the coronary artery from the pulmonary artery, SCA, and multiple or large CAFs were defined as"malignant"anomalies.Results:Among 165 133 patients, 2 148(1.301%) had coronary anomalies, including 1 302 (0.789%) of origin anomalies, 298 (0.181%) of abnormal number of orifices and 548 (0.332%) of abnormal termination. There were 700 cases (0.424%) with coronary artery rising from the opposite sinus, 179 of which had opening or proximal lumen stenosis due to compression, 7 of which had subendocardial myocardial ischemia or infarction on CCTA without coronary artery disease (CAD). The coronary arteries originated from posterior sinus, the aorta or around the primary sinus were found in 48 cases (0.029%), 531 cases(0.322%), respectively. Coronary artery originating from pulmonary artery was detected in 20 cases (0.012%), all of which were left main trunk originating from pulmonary artery, showed tortuous dilation of coronary arteries. Five cases showed obvious subendocardial myocardial ischemia or infarction without CAD. SCA, right coronary artery and conus branch arising separately, left anterior descending branch and circumflex artery arising separately were detected in 102 (0.062%), 53 (0.032%) and 143 (0.087%) cases respectively. Only 1 of 102 cases with SCA showed myocardial ischemia without CAD. A total of 548 cases (0.332%) were diagnosed as CAF, of which the coronary-pulmonary fistula was most common with a highest prevalence of 0.277% (458 cases). Coronary artery-atrial fistula and coronary artery-ventricular fistula were detected in 22 (0.013%) and 60 (0.036%) cases. There were 6 cases (0.004%) of coronary artery-coronary venous fistula and 2 cases (0.001%) of coronary artery-superior vena cava fistula.Conclusions:The occurrence of CCAA is not uncommon, among which anomalous origin of coronary artery is the most common, and special attention should be paid to "malignant"anomalies.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 467-473, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the quantitative characteristics and vulnerable features on coronary CT angiography (CCTA) of coronary atherosclerotic plaques according to age-based classification.Methods:A total of 2 660 consecutive out-patient patients after screening for exclusion criteria were enrolled in a single-center prospective cohort study from January to December of 2017 in Fuwai Hospital. They were all suspected with coronary heart disease and referred for CCTA examinations. There were 5 078 main branches of coronary artery with atherosclerosis plaque. 2 660 patients and 5 078 branches were individually divided into five groups according to their age: ≤40, 41-50, 51-60, 61-70, >70-year-old group. The plaque burden and volume percentage of fibrous, lipid and calcified components of plaques were measured, as well as the incidence of CT vulnerable signs. Chi-square test and rank sum test were used to compare the differences of baseline data and the distribution characteristics of the above imaging parameters in different age groups. The correlation between routine risk factors of coronary heart disease and vulnerable plaque of CT was also analyzed by logistic regression.Results:The characteristics of each plaque component of age-based groups were different. The main component of coronary plaques in all age groups was fibrous and the proportion was 83.33% (75.42%, 91.60%), 81.51% (74.44%, 89.07%), 81.85% (74.88%, 88.88%), 82.33% (74.03%, 89.20%),80.99% (73.43%, 88.19%) (χ 2=9.775, P=0.044) respectively. The calcification volume percentage of plaque increased significantly with aging: 1.10% (0, 5.53%),1.19% (0, 7.58%), 2.29% (0, 10.45%), 3.97% (0, 14.25%), 6.84% (0.40%, 17.55%) (χ 2=146.719, P<0.001); the lipid volume percentage first increased and then decreased with aging, and the value was highest in 40-50-year-old group: 10.94% (5.71%, 19.31%), 12.18% (5.81%, 19.56%), 10.48% (4.83%, 17.14%), 8.14% (3.23%, 15.11%), 7.20% (2.44%, 13.68%) (χ 2=137.470, P<0.001).The results of CT vulnerable characteristics of plaques showed that the incidence of positive remodeling and low-attenuation plaque sign and also the percentage of vulnerable plaque identified by CT all first increased and then decreased, also reached the maximum at 41-50 years old (73.9%, 91.9%, 73.4%) (χ 2=8.678, 3.970, 21.577; P=0.07, P<0.001, P<0.001). Age and sex (male) were independent risk factors for vulnerable plaques identified by CT according to logistic regression analysis. The proportion of CT vulnerable plaques decreased with age (regression coefficient was-0.08). However, the percentage of CT vulnerable plaque in male was higher than that in female patients (regression coefficient was 0.188). Conclusions:The plaque burden increased with age. The lipid volume percentage and incidence of vulnerable plaques identified by CT both increased firstly and then decreased with the highest values in 40-50-year-old group.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 198-202, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore risk factors of death in type A intramural hematoma (IMH) patients with conservative therapy and provide important information for clinical risks stratification and decisions-making.Methods:This retrospectively study enrolled 130 patients diagnosed with type A IMH in the first CT examination at Fuwai Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and only received conservative therapy between September 2009 and June 2018. Baseline clinical and CT characteristics were recorded. All patients enrolled were followed up. The endpoint was aortic disease-related death, patients were divided into endpoint group and non-endpoint group according to whether or not an endpoint event occurs. Difference between two groups of normally distributed continuous variables, non-normally distributed continuous variables and categorical variables were tested by independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test, respectively. Independent risk factors related to outcomes were assessed with Cox regression analysis and survival analysis. Results:In baseline CT data, the mean value of the maximum aortic diameter (MAD) was (49.2±6.9) mm, and the median value of the maximum hematoma thickness (MTH) was 11.0 (8.5, 13.2) mm. There were 56 and 30 patients with ulcer-like projection (ULP) and intramural blood pool (IBP), respectively, which including 36 patients with ULP of ascending aorta, 51 patients with pericardial effusion and 50 patients with pleural effusion. During a median follow-up time of 1 050 (242, 1 949) days, 26 patients experienced aortic disease-related death. Compared with non-endpoint group patients, patients who experienced aortic disease-related death showed older age and larger MAD( t=2.363, 3.640, P=0.020,<0.001), higher proportion of aortic atherosclerosis, ULP and pericardial effusion (χ 2=5.275, 6.596, 9.325, P=0.022, 0.010, 0.002).In Cox regression multivariate analysis shows that aortic atherosclerosis [hazard ratio (HR)=3.48, P=0.043], ULP (HR=2.66, P=0.019) and pericardial effusion (HR=2.49, P=0.030) were independent risk factors for aortic disease-related death. Conclusions:Aortic atherosclerosis, ULP and pericardial effusion are independent predictors of subsequent aortic disease-related death for type A IMH patients with conservative therapy, identifying these risk factors is helpful for further risk stratification and decisions-making.

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