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Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 4-7, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386497


Objective To explore the clinical characteristics of metabolic disorder and the incidence rate of metabolic syndrome (MS) in the patients with posthepatitic cirrhosis.Methods Four hundred and fifty-five patients with posthepatitic cirrhosis were included in the study and divided into hepatitis B related cirrhosis group (LCB group,351 cases) and hepatitis C related cirrhosis group (LCC group,104cases).The prevalence of metabolic disorder was recorded and the characteristics of posthepatitic cirrhosis with MS and without MS were compared and analysed.Results The prevalence of hyperglycemia,hypertension,hyperlipemia,obesity and MS in the posthepatitic cirrhosis patients was 46.59% (212/455),15.16% (69/455),15.38% (70/455),22.64% ( 103/455),12.53% (57/455) respectively.The prevalence of MS in LCB and LCC was 8.26% (29/351) and 26.92% (28/104).The levels of body mass index (BMI),fasting blood glucose,hypertension,cholesterol,aminotransferase (ALT) in LCB with MS patients were significantly higher than those in LCB without MS patients.There were no differences in the levels of HBeAg and HBV DNA between LCB with MS patients and LCB without MS patients.The levels of BMI,hypertension,triglyceride in LCC with MS patients were significantly higher than those in LCC without MS patients.There were no differences in fasting blood glucose,cholesterol and ALT between LCC with MS patients and LCC without MS patients.Logistic regression revealed that BMI was the independent factor in LCB and LCC with MS.Conclusions The prevalence of hyperglycemia and obesity are higher in LCB and LCC.The incidence rate of MS in LCB is less than that in the general population,while the incidence rate of MS in LCC is significantly higher than that in the general population,and it's nothing to do with the viral replication.BMI is an important factor affected in posthepatitic cirrhosis with MS.

Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 852-854, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385649


Totally, 102 general practitioners (GPs) from 40 community health-care service centers in a district of Beijing were investigated for their awareness of diagnosis, treatment and prevention for chronic hepatitis B and evaluating effectiveness of their training with self-designed questionnaire before and after professional training.Before training, higher awareness of knowledge about prevention for hepatitis B had been achieved in GPs, such as "hepatitis C is communicable" (78/102, 76.5% ), "hepatitis B can be prevented by protective antibody" ( 76/102, 74.5% ), whereas only 3.9% ( 4/102 ) of GPs knew indications of antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis B, 4.9% (5/102) could describe complications of decompensated cirrhosis and 19.6% (20/102) knew methods for screening primary hepatocellular carcinoma.After training, their awareness increased significantly to 93.1% (95/102), 49.0% (50/102)and 86.3% (88/102), respectively (all P <0.01 ).Now, GPs' knowledge about diagnosis and treatment for hepatitis B is still insufficient at community health-care centers and professional training can improve their awareness.It is an important assurance for patients with chronic hepatitis B to be better managed in both of specialized hospitals and community health-care centers by enhancing professional training for GPs indiagnosis and treatment for hepatitis B.