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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1380-1385, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924365

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To excavate and evaluate β-blockers associated with acute renal failure(ARF)signal. METHODS Using the report odds ratio (ROR)method and Bayesian confidence interval progressive neural network (BCPNN)method,signal detection and analysis were performed for 4 kinds of β-blockers(metoprolol,bisoprolol,atenolol,nebivolol)associated with ARF Δ 基金项目:重庆市临床药学重点专科建设项目 (No.渝卫办发 in FDA adverse event reporting system (FAERS)from the two 〔2020〕68号);重庆医科大学未来医学青年创新团队发展支持计划项 dimensions of Standard International Dictionary of Medical 目(No.W0081) Terms (MedDRA) analysis query (SMQ) term set and *药师,硕士研究生。研究方向:药物警戒。电话:023-68485161。 preferred term (PT) level terms. When the two methods E-mail:2020121624@stu.cqmu.edu.cn detected positive signals at the same time ,it indicated that # 通信作者:主任药师,硕士生导师。研究方向:临床药学、药物警 suspicious signals were detected. RESULTS Totally 14 328 戒。电话:023-63625666。E-mail:jiayuntaomail@hospital.cqmu.edu.cn ARF reports of 4 kinds of β-blockers were retrieved within the ·1380· China Pharmacy 2022Vol. 33 No. 11 中国药房 2022年第33卷第11期 narrow sense of “acute renal failure ”in SMQ term set ,of which men (6 964)were more than women (6 206). The age of patients was mainly concentrated in the middle-aged and elderly (≥45 years old ),and serious adverse events accounted for 77.23%. The results of signal retrieval based on SMQ term set showed that ROR values and 95% confidence intervals of metoprolol ,bisoprolol, atenolol and nebivolol detected by ROR method were 2.58(2.51,2.65),5.30(5.14,5.47),2.80(2.69,2.91)and 3.28(3.04, 3.53)respectively. The signal components (IC)detected by BCPNN method and the lower limit of IC were 1.29(1.25),2.26 (2.22),1.42(1.36)and 1.64(1.53)respectively,suggesting suspicious signals were detected in these four kinds of β-blockers associated ARF. The results of signal detection based on PT level terms showed that 37 positive signals were detected by ROR method,38 positive signals were detected by BCPNN method ,and 36 suspicious signals were detected by the two methods at the same time. For each drug ,12 suspicious signals of metoprolol were detected at the same time ,9 suspicious signals of bisoprolol and atenolol were detected at the same time ,and 6 suspicious signals of nebivolol were detected at the same time ;the number and type of signals were different among the 4 kinds of drug. CONCLUSIONS Four kinds of β-blockers may cause ARF. Compared with metoprolol and atenolol ,bisoprolol and nebivolol have strong statistical correlation with ARF ,suggesting that medical personnel should pay attention to the possible renal related adverse reactions of these drugs in the process of clinical use.

2.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 653-659, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930491

ABSTRACT

Antipyretic-analgesics are currently one of the most prescribed drugs in children.The clinical application of antipyretic-analgesics for children in our country still have irrational phenomenon, which affects the therapeutic effect and even poses hidden dangers to the safety of children.In this paper, suggestions were put forward from the indications, dosage form/route, dosage suitability, pathophysiological characteristics of children with individual differences and drug interactions in the symptomatic treatment of febrile children, so as to provide reference for the general pharmacists when conducting prescription review.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2012-2018, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886587

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To mine and evaluate the post-marketing safety alert signals of pegaspargase (PEG-ASP) and L-asparaginase (L-ASP),and compare the safety differences between them ,so as to provide reference for clinical safe and rational drug use. METHODS : The adverse drug event (ADE) reports of PEG-ASP and L-ASP issued by FDA adverse event reporting system from Jan. 1st,2004-Jun. 30th,2020 were retrieved. BCPNN method was used to mine the safety signals of these two drugs under the condition that the lower limit of information component (IC-2SD)>0 and the number of events ≥3. The medium and strong signals of two drugs with IC -2SD≥1.5 were evaluated and compared in 8 system organ class,such as gastrointestinal system ,hepatobiliary system ,blood and lymphatic system ,blood vessels and lymphatic vessels , nervous system ,immune system ,metabolism and nutrition ,various examinations. IC value of specific ADE signal and its 95% confidence interval were analyzed by time scanning spectrum. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :The reports of PEG-ASP and L-ASP as suspected drugs were 2 324 and 3 824;67 and 68 medium and strong signals were included ,respectively. In gastrointestinal system,the common strong signal of PEG-ASP and L-ASP was necrotic pancreatitis. In hepatobiliary system ,both of them showed strong signal in venoocclusive liver disease ,and this ADE was not included in the drug instruction. In blood and lymphatic system , common strong signals of the two drugs were febrile neutropenia ,coagulation disorder ,neutropenia and febrile bone marrow regeneration disorder ;in blood vessels and lymphatic vessels ,in addition to haemodynamic instability ,IC values of other signals of L-ASP were higher than those of PEG-ASP. In nervous system ,IC values of other signals of L-ASP were higher than those of PEG-ASP except for intracranial haemorrhage. In immune system ,anaphylactic reaction was a medium signal for L-ASP but was a strong signal for PEG-ASP. In metabolism and nutritional diseases ,except for tumor lysis syndrome ,IC values of other signals of L-ASP were higher than those of PEG-ASP. The results of time scanning spectrum showed that the signals of necrotic pancreatitis and coagulation disorder of PEG-ASP were stable ,while the signals of veno occlusive liver disease and hypersensitivity were unstable and needed to be observed ;above four signals of L-ASP were stable signals. When using PEG-ASP or L-ASP clinically , close attention should be paid to the safety problems such as hypersensitivity ,coagulation disorder ,thrombosis,necrotic pancreatitis,venoocclusive liver disease and hypoproteinemia.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1751-1755, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823055

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To eva luate the risk of abno rmal female reproductive system haemorrhage induced by novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs). METHODS :The abnormal female reproductive system haemorrhage reports induced by 4 kinds of NOACs as “dabigatran etexilate ”,“rivaroxaban”,“apixaban”and“edoxaban”were used as the first suspected dugs to collected from FDA adverse event reporting system (FAERS)database during Jan. 1st,2004-May 31st,2019. The report odd ratio (ROR) method was used to detect the signal of abnormal female reproductive system haemorrhage induced by NOACs. RESULTS :A total of 2 658 adverse events related to abnormal female reproductive system haemorrhage were collected from FAERS database , involving 330 reports of dabigatran etexilate ,2 049 reports of rivaroxaban ,267 reports of apixaban ,and 12 reports of edoxaban. The abnormal female reproductive system haemorrhage caused by dabigatran etexilate ,apixaban and edoxaban mainly occurred in patients aged 75 and older ,accounting for 37.27%,36.70% and 58.33% respectively;that of rivaroxaban mainly occurred in patients with 45-64 years old ,accounting for 33.04%. The incidence of severe adverse events (SAE)induced by dabigatran etexilate,rivaroxaban,apixaban and edoxaban were 96.36%,84.53%,47.19% and 58.33%,respectively. All of patients in the included reports were mainly hospitalized and hospitalization stay wa s prolonged ,accounting for 64.78%,90.01%,86.51% and 71.43% ,respectively. A total of 12 suspected signals were detected,involving cervix uteri ,fallopian tube ,ovary,pelvis cavity,uterus,vagina,urinary tract ,etc. Among them ,there were 11 positive signals of rivaroxaban ,and the bleeding events were concentrated in vaginal hematoma [ROR =12.07, 药。95%CI(8.51,17.12)],postmenopausal hemorrhage [ROR = 9.89,95%CI(8.31,11.77)],pelvic hematoma [ROR =7.68,95%CI(5.66,10.43)]. There were 4,4 and 2 suspicious signals for dabigatran etexilate ,apixaban and edoxaban. The main bleeding events of both apixaban [ ROR=5.18,95%CI(1.81,5.85)] and edoxaban [ROR =48.19,95%CI(6.76,343.77)] were vaginal hematoma ;dabigatran etexilate-induced pelvic hematoma [ROR = 12.56,95%CI(8.92,17.70)] had the strongest signal ,followed by urinary tract bleeding [ROR =5.41,95%CI(3.34,8.76)] and pelvic hemorrhage [ ROR=2.53,95%CI(1.88,3.40)]. CONCLUSIONS :Totally 4 kinds of NOACs can cause abnormal female reproductive system haemorrhage ,and the incidence of SAE is high ,of requiring hospitalization or prolonging hospitalization time. The risk of haemorrhage in rivaroxaban is the highest ,usually manifesting as vaginal hematoma ,postmenopausal hemorrhage and pelvic hematoma. Dabigatran etexilate mainly induce pelvic hematoma ,while apixaban and edoxaban are mainly cause vaginal hematoma.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2779-2783, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616276

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To excavate and evaluate the security alert signals of linezolid after marketing,and to provide refer-ence for rational drug use in clinic. METHODS:The reporting odds ratio(ROR)method was used to excavate the security alert signals from the adverse drug events(ADE)data in the OpenFDA platform of FDA during second quarter of 2004-2016. The low-er limit of 95%CI >1 was regarded as suggestive of ADE alert signal. RESULTS:A total of 6828534 reports were extracted, among which there were 7224 reports mainly induced by linezolid. Top 10 ADE reports were thrombocytopenia,drug interac-tion,thrombocytopenia,nausea,anaemia,serotonin syndrome,diarrhoea,pyrexia,drug ineffective,vomiting. After the detec-tion of top 200 ADE reports by ROR method,120 signals related to 18 system organ class(SOC)were identified. Top 5 ADE sig-nals in turn by SOC were medical examination,nervous system disorders,blood and lymphatic system disorders,metabolism and nutrition disorders,cardiac disorders. The high risk signals with clinical reference value included 42 cases of optic neuropathy (ROR=56.33),350 cases of serotonin syndrome(ROR=52.86),162 cases of lactic acidosis(ROR=18.30),31 cases of endo-carditis (ROR=15.38),566 cases of thrombocytopenia (ROR=14.29),122 cases of bone marrow failure (ROR=14.20),261 cases of panhematopenia (ROR=11.92),86 cases of disseminated intravascular coagulation (ROR=10.91),58 cases of toxic epidermal necrolysis(ROR=9.06),etc. As for ADE reports,male was slightly higher than female,and the patients in age group of ≥45 reported evidently more compared to younger age group. CONCLUSIONS:By detecting and evaluating alert signals of li-nezolid through OpenFDA platform,we could effectively lay the foundation for further research of pharmacovigilance.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4644-4647, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668187

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the general regularity and characteristics of propylthiouracil (PTU)-associated small vasculitis (ASV),and to provide reference for rational drug use in the clinic. METHODS:ADR/ADE case reports of PTU-ASV published during 1990-2016 were retrieved. The data of 118 ADR cases were analyzed statistically. RESULTS:The incidence of PTU-ASV was higher in female and was highest in 18-59 age group. Drug dose of 87 patients were within 600 mg/d,and the inci-dence of PTU-ASV was the highest within 1-5 years after medication. Main clinical manifestations were renal and lung function in-jury. After drug withdrawal,59 patients received hormone therapy,and 30 patients received hormone combined immunosuppressive agent. Finally,115 patients were recovered and 3 patients died. CONCLUSIONS:In older to reduce or avoid the occurrence of ADR,it is necessary to regularly check antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody related indexes and evaluate the symptoms of ADR.

7.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 421-424, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618976

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the factors influencing serum trough concentration of vancomycin in pediatric patients with severe gram-positive cocci pneumonia. Methods The general information, the biochemical test results, and plasma concentration of vancomycin were collected from 93 pediatric patients with severe gram-positive cocci pneumonia. The relative factors influencing trough concentration of vancomycin were analyzed retrospectively. Results With the dosage of 40-60 mg/(kg·d), serum trough concentration of vancomycin were between 10-20 mg/L in 26 patients, <10 mg/L in 54 cases, ≥20 mg/L in 13 cases. The ALT, AST, GFR, and γ-GT were significantly different among three groups (P<0.05); the 10-20 mg/L group had the highest levels of AST and γ-GT, the ≥20 mg/L group had the highest level of ALT and the lowest level of GFR. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that GFR was negatively linearly correlated with the serum trough concentration of vancomycin (R2=0.039, P<0.05). The median serum trough concentration of vancomycin in pediatric patients with GFR≥90, 60–90, 30–60 mL/(min·1.73m2) were 8.66, 18.21, 8.45 mg/L respectively, and the difference is statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions The serum trough concentration of vancomycin is negatively linearly correlated with GFR in pediatric patients with severe gram-positive cocci pneumonia. The patients with impaired renal function are easier to reach the target serum trough concentration of vancomycin. Clinical use of vancomycin should follow the low doses in the range the guideline recommended, and the serum trough concentration should be closely monitored.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 341-345, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512156

ABSTRACT

In order to cultivate clinical pharmacy undergraduates to have better quality, Chongqing Medical University collaborated with The University of Chicago and University of Cincinnati in the reform of the course of pharmacotherapeutics. We build pharmacotherapeutics series curriculum with the center of disease, construct department of clinical pharmacy for transnational departments, build course leader and teaching team of pharmacotherapeutics series curriculum , compile teaching program and its material of pharmacotherapeutics series curriculum, build pharmacotherapeutics series curriculum and teaching model in line with the current direction of China's education system of clinical pharmacy training, reform teaching methods, and strengthen clinical pharmacy practice and community clinical pharmacy education.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3725-3728, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore the role of clinical pharmacists participating in anti-infective treatment for a child with complex infection. METHODS:Clinical pharmacists participated in treatment process of one child with pulmonary infection and brain abscess after a near-drowning incident,assisted physicians to adjust antibiotics therapy plan,and put several suggestions as the adjustment of anti-gram-positive and anti-gram-negtive bacterium drugs,the dosage adjustment of vancomycin,vancomycin-induced ADR and disposal,the selection of anti-Pasteurella pneumotropica drugs,the enhancement of anti-fungal infection therapy,accord-ing to pathogen characteristics,treatment effect and ADR. RESULTS:Physicians partly adopted the advice of clinical pharmacists, the child’s pulmonary and brain infection were controlled effectively and ADR disappeared after 5 times of adjusting anti-infective the rapy plan. CONCLUSIONS:Clinical pharmacists participate in the treatment process of one child with complex infection,and assist physicians to formulate safe and effective anti-infective plan according to the results of etiological examination;dispose ADR timely and carry out efficacy evaluation of antibiotics and pharmaceutical care,that can give positive effects on patient treatment.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 760-762, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504311

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for vancomycin-induced neutropenia adverse reactions/adverse events in clinical diagnosis. METHODS:With a case of children with neutropenia treated by long-course and large-dose vancomycin,PubMed and CNKI were retrieved to collect related literature and the literature was analyzed. RESULTS:Neutropenia may be associated with vancomycin,based on causality criterion of adverse reaction in China. CONCLUSIONS:Vancomycin-induced neutropenia in chil-dren is most likely associated with prolonged exposure induced by infusion,vancomycin dosage should be reduced or stopped,and routine blood and plasma concentration should be closely monitored.

11.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 570-574, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498421

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of serum vancomycin concentrations and its clinical therapeutic effects. Methods Serum vancomycin concentrations of 59 children diagnosed with severe Gram positive cocci pneumonia and treated with vancomycin were retrospectively analyzed. Vancomycin concentrations, biochemical values and disease status of patients were analyzed. Results The serum vancomycin concentrations of severe Gram positive cocci pneumonia children accompanied by acyanotic congenital heart disease was significantly higher than those without congenital heart disease, ( 12 . 12 mg/L vs 7 . 76 mg/L, P=0 . 008 ). The therapeutic effect of 40-60 mg/(kg·d) dosage group was signiifcantly higher than that of?60 mg/(kg·d) dosage group. Acute liver function damage and moderate/severe anemia may be risk factors for poor therapeutic effects to severe Gram positive cocci pneumonia children (P?

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3819-3822, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To systematically review the efficacy of agomelatine in the treatment of depression in acute phase, and provide evidence-based reference for the clinical treatment. METHODS:Retrieved from Cochrane Library,Medline,EMBase, CJFD,VIP,CBM,Wanfang Database,WHO Clinical Trials Registry Platform and American Clinical Trials Registry Platform, the randomized controlled trials (RCT) about agomelatine versus placebo in the depression patients in acute phase. After quality evaluation and data extraction,Meta-analysis was conducted by using Rev Man 5.2 statistics software. RESULTS:A total of 7 RCT were included,involving 2 378 patients. Results of Meta-analysis showed the effective rate in agomelatine group was obviously bet-ter than placebo group [RR=1.43 ,95%CI(1.29 ,1.59),P<0.001] ,remission rate was obviously better than placebo group [RR=1.27 ,95%CI(1.03 ,1.57),P=0.02] ,and the endpoint score of depression scales was obviously lower than placebo group [MD=-2.92,95%CI(-3.65,-2.20),P<0.001],there was statistically significance. CONCLUSIONS:Agomelatine is effective in the treatment of depression patients in acute phase. However,due to the limit of methodological quality and sample size,it remains to be further verified with more rigorously designed and long-term follow-up of large-scale RCT.

13.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 826-843, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320474

ABSTRACT

We studied the correlation of sustained-release tablet of naftopidil between the in vitro release and the in vivo absorption in the dog. The release rate (X) of naftopidil sustained-release tablet in artificial gastric fluid was determined and the naftopidil concentration in plasma was determined after a single oral dose of 100 mg naftopidil (tablet or sustained-release tablet) in the dog. The absorbed fraction(F) and in vivo absorption rate (A) of the NAF sustained-release tablet in the dog at different time were calculated by W-N method and deconvolution method, respectively. Then the regression equations between F or A and X of the corresponding time point were obtained: F=2. 1533X - 27. 636(r = 0.9927) and A=2.3452X - 25.474(r= 0.9938). W-N method and deconvolution method both indicated that the correlation between the in vitro release and the in vivo absorption in the dog of the NAF sustained-release tablet was good.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Biological Availability , Delayed-Action Preparations , Naphthalenes , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Piperazines , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Solubility , Tablets
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