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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387497


Objective To investigate the recurrence and metastasis patterns of gastric cancer after curative resection and to guide target definition of prophylactic radiotherapy.Methods In the past 8 years,130 gastric cancer patients with treatment failure after radical resection were retrospectively analyzed.The failure sites were confirmed by B ultrasonography, CT or MRI imaging.Ten of 28 patients with ascites were found to have adenocarcinoma cells in the ascites.All superficial node and abdominal wall metastases were diagnosed pathologically by biopsy.And 27 patients with gastric remnant and/or anastomotic recurrence were diagnosed pathologically by biopsy.Results Of 130 patients, 53 were presented with multiple recurrences or metastases, 27 with gastric remnant and/or anastomostic recurrence, 28 with peritoneal metastases, 22 with liver metastases, 9 with pancreatic metastases, 60 with abdominal lymph node (LN) metastases, 8 with abdominal wall metastases, 5 with pelvic implantations, 6 with lung metastases, 5 with brain metastases, 5 with bone metastases, 8 with cervical lymph node metastases, 9 with mediastinal lymph node metastases and 8 with other metastases.Of 60 patients with abdominal LN metastases, 35, 16 and 9 had peri-gastric LNs,peri-pancreatic LNs and para-aortic LNs metastases.Abdominal LN metastases were found in 33 from 77 patients with primary gastric fundus or cardiac carcinoma, 20 from 40 patients with gastric body carcinoma,and 7 from 13 patients with pyloric carcinoma, respectively.Conclusions The failure sites of gastric cancer after radical resection are mainly the gastric stump/stoma, peritoneum, liver and abdominal LN.The perigastric, peri-pancreatic and/or para-aortic LN metastases are the most common failure of LNs.Thus, the peri-gastric, peri-pancreatic and para-aortic LN regions and gastric stump/stoma should be included in postoperative radiotherapy, and current chemotherapy is recommended.

Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 739-741, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382997


Objective To investigate the patterns for the recurrent and metastatic gastric cancer after curative resection and to indicate the strategy of treatment. Methods 162 patients who had received radical resection and presented post-operation failure during recent 9 years were analyzed. The failure patterns were confirmed by type-B ultrasonic or CT / MRI imaging. 15 of 34 patients with abdominal dropsy were diagnosed by adenocarcinoma cells in the abdominal dropsy. All superficial lymphadens and abdominal wall metastasis were diagnosed via punctuation. 31 patients with gastric remnant and (or) anastomoses recurrence were diagnosed via biopsy. Results Of 162 patients, 63 presented the recurrence or metastasis in multiple sites,including abdominal lymph node (LN) metastases in 46.9 % (76/162), peritoneum metastases in 21.0 % (34/162),gastric remnant and (or) anastomoses recurrence in 19.1% (31/162), liver metastases in 19.1% (31/162), the incidence rates of other parts were all <10 %. Meanwhile, out of 76 patients with abdominal lymph node metastases, 48.7 % (37/76) patients with peri-gastric LNs metastases, 31.6 % (24/76) with peri-pancreatic LNs metastases, 19.7 % (15/76) with para-aortic LNs metastases. The incidence of LN metastases was 57.7 % (56/97) in cancer arising from gastric fundus/cardia and 60.4% (29/48) in gastric body and 64.7 % (11/17) in pylorus antrum. Conclusion The regional failure sites for gastric cancer patients with radical resection were dominantly found in the gastric stump/stoma, the peritoneum and pelvic cavity implantation and abdominal cavity LN metastases, especially in the peri-gastric, peri-pancreatic and/or para-aortic LN metastases. The distant place failure sites were mainly in the liver, lung, brain, spondylus, cervical part LN and mediastinal LN metastases. Therefore, we should take chemotherapy, abdominal cavity chemotherapy and regional radiotherapy to prevent the regional district recurrences and distant metastasis after the gastric cancer patients with radical resection. Radiotherapy fields should focus on the gastric stump/stoma and the peri-gastric, peri-pancreatic and para-aortic LN regions.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397262


Objective To study the hemoprotective effects of a rotary magnetic field (RMF) to radiation-injured mice. Methods 132 male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into four groups: a normal group (N), a magnetic treatment group (M), an irradiation group(R) and an irradiation combining magnetic treatment group (R + M). Mice in the N group received no treatment. Mice in the R and R + M groups received total body irradiation with 6.0 Gy 60Co γ/rays. Mice in the M and R + M groups were treated with a RMF for one and half an hour at a time, twice a day, totally for 30 days. The survival rate was observed for 30 days. On days 0, 5, 9, 15, 21, 30, the subjects' peripheral blood cells were counted. On day 9, 23 and 30, the number of bone marrow nucleated cells (BMNCs), colony forming unit-spleen (CFU-S), spleen-body ratio, the cell cycle and apoptosis of bone marrow cells were measured. The pathological sectioning of the femur was performed and the expression level of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP2/4) in the bone marrow was evaluated. Results ①No mice died in the N and M group. The RMF treatment increased the survival rate and survival days among the irradiated mice (P < 0.01). ②The RMF treatment increased the number of blood cells in their peripheral blood of the R + M group. ③The number of BMNCs, CFU-S and the proportation of G2 + M stage in the R + M were markedly higher than that of the R group, but the proportation of the apoptosis was lower than that of the R group on the 9th day (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the spleen index in the R + M group was also higher than that of the R group on the 23rd day (P < 0.05). ④RMF could improve the expression level of BMP2/4 in the radiation-injued mice. Conclusion The RMF treatment had an obvious protective effect against the effects of irradiation and it accelerated the recovery of hematopeiesis and the hematopoietic microenvironment in mouse bone marrow.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589424


This paper develops a portable,safe,convenient lifebuoy for single soldier. It is in shape"C" around wrist with quick and automatic gas-filled function for the single soldier to float in the sea when meeting an emergency. The lifebuoy is more convenient and of better permeability than the foamy life vest. The boxy lifebuoy is small,light,automatic gas filled and convenient to unfold. When opened,the lifebuoy is in shape "C",and is put up from the "gap" of C-shape. The filled lifebuoy is 18cm?18cm?90cm in volume and creates 11 kilogram buoyancy force when in water. Satisfactory marine training feedbacks were obtained for using the C-shape lifebuoy.