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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908433

ABSTRACT

Inguinal incarcerated hernia in adults is a common acute abdomen in hernia and abdominal wall surgery. If not treated in time, it is easy to progress to constrictive hernia, lead to intestinal ischemic necrosis, cellulitis of tegmental tissue outside the hernia, hernia sac empyema, intestinal fistula, and even cause toxic shock, with significantly increased mortality. The types of incarceration are different and the corresponding management methods are different. Based on the proposal of the concept of musculopubic foramen hernia repair, inguinal incarcerated hernia includes incarcerated indirect hernia, incarcerated direct hernia, incarcerated femoral hernia, etc. At present, there is no uniform standard for the comprehensive treatment of different types of inguinal incarcerated hernia, and the clinical management strategies of adult inguinal incarcerated hernia still face serious challenges.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880598

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the relevant protective and risk factors that affect spontaneous supratentorial large volume intracerebral hemorrhage.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of hospitalized patients with spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2014 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the amount of intracerebral hemorrhage (≥30 mL), the patients were divided into a large volume intracerebral hemorrhage group (255 cases) and a non-large volume intracerebral hemorrhage group (397 cases). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis for the clinical data from the two groups of patients were performed.@*RESULTS@#Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, white blood cell count, neutrophil count, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, calcium ion concentration, and international standard ratio between the large volume intracerebral hemorrhage group and the non-large volume intracerebral hemorrhage group were significantly different (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#The occurrence of spontaneous supratentorial large volume intracerebral hemorrhage is the result of combination of multiple factors. The increased white blood cell count, the increased systolic blood pressure, the increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and the increased international standard ratio may increase its risk, while the increased LDL cholesterol and calcium concentration may reduce its risk.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Cholesterol, HDL , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821188

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the risk of public health incidents in the Hankou River Beach during the 7th World Military Games, and to provide reference for risk early warning and emergency preparedness. Methods An expert consultation meeting was held to determine the evaluation index and risk scores. Based on the Kaiser model, a public health risk assessment system suitable for Hankou River Beach was established, and the risk value of each risk event was calculated by the method of risk value calculation. The risk matrix method was used to evaluate the risk levels of different risk events in different areas of Hankou River Beach. Then, according to the calculated Borda values and order values of risk events in different regions, the different risks were ranked in each area. Results The calculation revealed that the risk values of schistosomiasis in the first, second, third and fourth stages of the river beach were 8.43%, 14.68%, 25.26% and 27.56%, respectively; the risk values of vector infectious diseases in each stage were 13.42%, 16.40%, 18.67% and 19.22%; the risk values of accidental injury and other events were 20.34%, 22.94%, 19.00% and 16.53%. According to the risk matrix, the first and second stages of schistosomiasis and vector borne infectious diseases, as well as the fourth stage of accidental injuries were located in the low-risk zone, while the other risk events were in the medium risk zone. The ranking results of Borda sequence value showed that the highest risk public health events in the first and second phases of the river beach were accidental injuries and others, in the third phase was schistosomiasis and accidental injuries, and in the fourth phase was schistosomiasis. Conclusion Considering the results of each evaluation method, the public health events with the highest risk in phase I and phase II of the river beach were accidental injuries, while in phase III and phase IV were schistosomiasis. It is suggested that relevant departments should formulate different strategies and take targeted measures to ensure the public health and safety of Hankou river beach during the Military Games.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 553-558, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778858

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the expression and significance of the ABAT gene in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using related databases. MethodsThe Oncomine database and GEPIA were used to analyze the expression of ABAT in HCC tissue. GEPIA was used to investigate the correlation of ABAT mRNA with the survival time and pathological stage of HCC patients. The MethHC database was used to analyze the methylation level of ABAT promoter region. The String database was used to analyze the network of proteins interacting with ABAT protein. The Human Protein Atlas was used to analyze the expression of ABAT protein in HCC tissue and the influence of the protein expression of ABAT on prognosis. ResultsThe mRNA expression of ABAT in HCC tissue was significantly lower than that in normal liver tissue; patients with lower mRNA expression tended to have a poorer prognosis (log-rank, P=0.002 1) and a higher degree of malignancy (P=0.002 34). The protein expression of ABAT in HCC tissue was significantly lower than that in normal liver tissue, and patients with lower protein expression tended to have a poorer prognosis (log-rank, P=2.14×10-3). The methylation level of ABAT promoter region in HCC tissue was significantly higher than that in normal liver tissue (P<0.005). The proteins interacting with ABAT included ALDH1A3, ALDH9A1, ALDH3A2, GAD1, and GAD2, which might be involved in cell functions such as cell apoptosis, redox, and neurotransmitter secretion. ConclusionData mining of tumor gene databases shows that there are low levels of mRNA and protein expression of ABAT in HCC tissue, which is associated with patient’s survival time. At present, database mining can provide a reference for the diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of HCC and a theoretical basis for tumor research in the future.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 553-558, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778823

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the expression and significance of the ABAT gene in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using related databases. MethodsThe Oncomine database and GEPIA were used to analyze the expression of ABAT in HCC tissue. GEPIA was used to investigate the correlation of ABAT mRNA with the survival time and pathological stage of HCC patients. The MethHC database was used to analyze the methylation level of ABAT promoter region. The String database was used to analyze the network of proteins interacting with ABAT protein. The Human Protein Atlas was used to analyze the expression of ABAT protein in HCC tissue and the influence of the protein expression of ABAT on prognosis. ResultsThe mRNA expression of ABAT in HCC tissue was significantly lower than that in normal liver tissue; patients with lower mRNA expression tended to have a poorer prognosis (log-rank, P=0.002 1) and a higher degree of malignancy (P=0.002 34). The protein expression of ABAT in HCC tissue was significantly lower than that in normal liver tissue, and patients with lower protein expression tended to have a poorer prognosis (log-rank, P=2.14×10-3). The methylation level of ABAT promoter region in HCC tissue was significantly higher than that in normal liver tissue (P<0.005). The proteins interacting with ABAT included ALDH1A3, ALDH9A1, ALDH3A2, GAD1, and GAD2, which might be involved in cell functions such as cell apoptosis, redox, and neurotransmitter secretion. ConclusionData mining of tumor gene databases shows that there are low levels of mRNA and protein expression of ABAT in HCC tissue, which is associated with patient’s survival time. At present, database mining can provide a reference for the diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of HCC and a theoretical basis for tumor research in the future.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177276

ABSTRACT

Chaetominine is a quinazoline alkaloid originating from the endophytic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus CY018. In this study, we showed evidence that chaetominine has cytotoxic and apoptotic effects on human leukemia K562 cells and investigated the pathway involved in chaetominine-induced apoptosis in detail. Chaetominine inhibited K562 cell growth, with an IC50 value of 35 nM, but showed little inhibitory effect on the growth of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The high apoptosis rates, morphological apoptotic features, and DNA fragmentation caused by chaetominine indicated that the cytotoxicity was partially caused by its pro-apoptotic effect. Under chaetominine treatment, the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio was upregulated (from 0.3 to 8), which was followed by a decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential, release of cytochrome c from mitochondria into the cytosol, and stimulation of Apaf-1. Furthermore, activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3, which are the main executers of the apoptotic process, was observed. These results demonstrated that chaetominine induced cell apoptosis via the mitochondrial pathway. Chaetominine inhibited K562 cell growth and induced apoptotic cell death through the intrinsic pathway, which suggests that chaetominine might be a promising therapeutic for leukemia.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Aspergillus fumigatus , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9 , Cell Death , Cell Line , Cytochromes c , Cytosol , DNA Fragmentation , Fungi , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , K562 Cells , Leukemia , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Mitochondria
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501734

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical competence assessment in the graduation examination for surgical professional degree postgraduates and surgical residents in Beijing. Methods Data of clinical competence assessment of graduation examination for surgical postgraduates from Capital Medical University (CMU) and residents from Beijing surgical residency training programs in 2013 were summarized and ana-lyzed. SPSS 11.5 software was used to do t test and chi square test to the corresponding data line. Results There were 118 surgical postgraduates in clinical medicine from CMU and 274 residents from Beijing surgi-cal residency training programs, who attended final clinical competence assessment. There were significant differences between the postgraduate and resident clinical competence assessment system. The differences included their organization in charge of examination and the contents of assessment system. The assessment system of clinical competence for the surgical postgraduates did not involved communication skills, reading and analysis of laboratory tests and imaging investigation. The score of case analysis in the postgraduate group was higher than that in the resident group [(84.6±1.1) vs. (82.2±10.2), P=0.039], however the score of surgical skill assessment in postgraduate group was significantly lower than that of the resident group [(78.2 ±14.0) vs. (90.5 ±6.3), P=0.000]. In addition, the rate in the score being higher or equal to 70 of case note, case analysis and surgical skill assessment between postgraduates and residents was significantly different (P<0.05). Conclusion Clinical competence assessment system for the surgical postgraduates should be adapted to their training goal. In addition to the process assessment, the objective structured clinical skills examination (OSCE) can be as a reasonable postgraduate graduation examination mode.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436991

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression and clinical relevance of metastasis-associated colon cancer-1 (MACC1) and C-MET proteins in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissue.Methods The expressions of MACC1 and C-MET were detected in 51 specimens of HCC and paraneoplastic liver tissue,normal liver tissue in 13 healthy cases using immunohistochemistry and Western blotting.The correlations of the expressions of MACC1 and C-MET proteins were evaluated,survival rates were observed,the relationship between the expression of MACC1,C-MET proteins and the clinicopathologic features of HCC were analyzed.Results The positive rate of MACC1 and C-MET proteins was 80.4% and 76.5% in HCC tissue,the relative expressions were 0.645 ± 0.047 and 0.504 ± 0.023 respectively,which was significantly different from those in paraneoplastic liver tissue and normal liver tissue (respectively F =173.308,252.817,all P =0.000).The survival analysis showed that the three-year survival rate in patients with positive MACC1 and C-MET expressions was significantly lower than that in patients with negative expressions (respectively x2 =3.934,4.439,all P < 0.05),the positive rate and relative expressions of MACC1 and C-MET were significantly correlated with TNM stage,portal vein cancer thrombus and pathology typing (P < 0.05).Conclusions The expression of MACC1 and C-MET is associated with the malignant progression of HCC.MACC1 may serve as a independent prognostic factor for advanced HCC and a possible therapy target for the treatment of HCC.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425489

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changes in plasma S-100β protein concentration in patients undergoing cardiac surgery performed with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).Methods ASA Ⅱ or Ⅲ patients aged 60-77 yr weighing 55-75 kg with national institutes of health stroke scale(NIHSS) < 10 undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with CPB were enrolled in this study.Cerebral function was evaluated and scored using NIHSS at 2 d after operation.The patients were divided into 3 groups according to NIHSS scores:group A uncomplicated (NIHSS score 0-9),group B mild brain injury (NIHSS score 10-19) and group C moderate and severe brain injury (NIHSS 20-45).Plasma S-100β protein concentration was measured before CPB,at 30 min of CPB,the end of CPB and 1 h,6 h,24 h after CPB.The duration of operation,CPB time,aortic cross-clamping time and length of ICU stay and hospital stay were recorded.Results Ten patients in groups A and B and 12 in group C completed the trial.Plasma S-100β protein concentration was significantly increased during and after CPB as compared with the baseline at T0 and peaked at T3 (groups A,B) and T4 (group C).The plasma S-100β protein concentration was highest in group C and lowest in group A.The duration of operation,CPB time,aortic cross-clamping time and length of ICU stay and hospital stay were longest in group C and shortest in group A.Conclusion Plasma S-100β protein concentration can be used as a marker of cerebral injury after cardiac surgery performed with CPB and the concentration measured at 6 h after CPB is more significant in evaluating the degree of cerebral injury and prognosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387998

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the accuracy of myeline base protein (MBP) in evaluation of brain injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery performed under CPB. Methods Thirty-two ASA Ⅱ- Ⅳ patients of both sexes (20 males, 12 females) aged 59-76 yr weighing 52-72 kg undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) under CPB were studied. Patients with history of neurological disease were excluded. Preoperative National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) score ≤ 9. According to postoperative NIHSS score on 2nd postoperative day, the patients were divided into 3 groups: group A no neurological deficit ( NIHSS score 0-9 );group B mild neurological deficit (NIHSS score 10-19) and group C moderate or severe neurological deficit (NIHSS score 20-45). Blood samples were taken from internal jugular vein before CPB (T0), at 30 min of CPB (T1), at the discontinuation of CPB (T2), and at 1, 6, 24 h after discontinuation of CPB (T3-5) for determination of the plasma MBP concentration. The duration of operation, CPB time, aortic cross-clamping time were recorded.Results In group B the plasma MBP level peaked at 6 h after CPB (T4) and then decreased rapidly while in group C the plasma MBP level exceeded the normal upper limit at T2 and kept increasing till 24 h after CPB (T5 ).The plasma MBP level decreased at T1-3.5 in group A as compared with the normal upper limit. The plasma MBPlevel was significantly higher at T3-5 in group B and at T1-5 in group C than in group A and at T1-5 in group C than in group B. Linear regression analysis indicated that there was positive correlation between plasma MBP level and CPB time at T5. NIHSS scores were positively correlated with plasma MBP level at T1 , T2, and T5. Conclusion MBP can early reflect the severity of brain injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery under CPB.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-582058

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of postoperative hemorrhage of cholejejunal or pancreato - jejunal anastomotic stoma after pancreato - duodenectomy by the way of fibercholedochoscopy. Meth- ods The drainge tube was extracted out of choledochojejunal anastomotic stoma. And fibercholedochoscopy was in- serted in fistula to affirm hemorrhagic position of choledochojejunal or pancreato - jejunal anastomotic stoma. And then local coagulation and microwave solidifying was proceeded with. Local spray of Galla - chineses compound solution was performed for hemostasis. Results We succeeded in hemorrhage of four choledochojejunal and six pancreato - jejunal anastomotic stoma One failed for frequent hemorrhage in pancreato - jejunal anastomotic stoma. Conclu- sion Fibercholedochoscopy is the first selective and effective method in the diagnosis and treatment of postoperative hemorrhoge of pancreato - jejunal or choledochojejunal anastomotic stoma after whipple operation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the short-term result of one-stage resection and anastomosis for patients with acute complete obstruction of the right and left colonic carcinoma.Methods:The clinical data of 80 patients undergoing emergency one-stage resection and anastomosis of acute complete obstruction for left and right colonic carcinoma were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Thirty-seven patients were operated on for obstructive carcinoma of the right colon,the mortality was 5.4%(2/37),the rate of complication was 21.6%(8/37),the mean hospital stay and cost was(31.6?12.8)d and(52794.9?60804.3)Yuan RMB,respectively.Forty-three patients were operated on for obstructive carcinoma of the left colon.the mortality was 2.3%(1/43),the rate of complication was 25.6%(11/43),the mean hospital stay and cost was(29.6?14.8)d and(50 192.8 ?39 727.4) Yuan RMB respectively.There was one case of anastomotic leakage in both groups.There were no significant differences of mortality and the rate of complication of the two groups.Conclusions:One-stage resection and anastomosis of acute complete obstruction of left colonic carcinoma can be performed as safely as in those with acute obstruction of right.Intraoperative decompression should be considered seriously in left colonic obstruction prior to the anastomosis following colonic resection.

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