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Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 226-232, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910830


Objective:To analyze the correlation between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Methods:The clinical Data, polysomnography (PSG) and cognitive function examination results of 112 OSA children admitted to Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2019 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the severity of OSA, the children were divided into mild, moderate and severe OSA groups, and the basic demographic characteristics, sleep parameters and ADHD occurrence were analyzed. According to the results of ADHD examination, the children were divided into ADHD group and non-ADHD group, and the basic demographic characteristics and sleep parameters were analyzed. Taking these parameters as independent variables, binary Logistic regression analysis was conducted to establish the model equation for predicting the risk of OSA associated ADHD among children.Results:Grouped by OSA severity, among the three groups, apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) [3.70 (2.84, 5.47) vs 8.59 (7.50, 9.54) vs 19.48 (15.83, 25.23)], obstructive apnea index (OAI) [1.31 (0.93, 1.82) vs 3.03 (1.54, 4.41) vs 11.69 (8.53, 15.42)], obstructive apnea-hypopnea index (OAHI) [2.82 (1.81, 3.64) vs 6.17 (5.58, 7.26) vs 15.68 (13.12, 21.25)], and respiratory event-related arousal index [0.50 (0.25, 1.05) vs 1.25 (0.70, 2.23) vs 2.40 (1.60, 4.70)] increased, minimum pulse oxygen saturation (SpO 2) [90.00 (88.00, 92.00) vs 87.00 (83.00, 90.25) vs 81.00 (76.00, 85.00)] decreased, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The non-rapid eye movement (NREM)1 period time ratio of the severe OSA group was significantly longer than that of the mild OSA group, while the average SpO 2 was significantly lower than that of the mild OSA group; the NREM3 period time ratio of the moderate and severe OSA group was significantly less than that of the mild OSA group; the arousal index of the severe OSA group was significantly greater than the mild or moderate OSA group. There were no statistically significant differences among the three groups in gender, age, body mass index, sleep efficiency, rapid eye movement (REM) period time ratio, and NREM2 period time ratio (all P>0.05). Mild OSA group had 10 cases of ADHD (17.54%), moderate OSA group had 7 cases (23.33%) of ADHD, severe OSA group had 9 cases of ADHD (36.00%), and the difference was not statistically significant. Grouped by ADHD examination, the AHI, OAI, OAHI, and NREM1 period time ratios of the ADHD group were significantly higher than those of the non-ADHD group, while the sleep efficiency, minimum SpO 2 and NREM3 period time ratio were significantly lower than those of the non-ADHD group. The Logistic regression analysis suggested that ADHD was correlated with sleep efficiency, minimum SpO 2, and NREM3 period time.The established Logistic regression equation was: X=15.670+0.061×(sleep efficiency)-0.212×(minimum SpO 2)-0.144×(NREM3 period time ratio), the sensitivity and specificity of the model prediction were 84.6% and 79.1% respectively when the area under the receiveroperating characteristic curves was 0.867. Conclusions:OSA and ADHD in children have a certain correlation. Sleep structure disturbance and intermittent hypoxia may be important reasons. The predictive model equations obtained by PSG in this study can be used to assess the risk of ADHD in children with OSA.

Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1488-1494, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465372


BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase 2, aggrecanase 1, and insulin-like growth factor 1 are involved in pathological injury of the articular cartilage. OBJECTIVE:To observe the expression of shRNA vectors carrying cyclooxygenase 2, aggrecanase 1 and overexpression vectors carrying insulin-like growth factor 1 in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels. METHODS:Lentiviral vectors carrying the silencing gene cyclooxygenase 2, aggrecanase 1, the over-expressing gene insulin-like growth factor 1 and binding green fluorescent protein were constructed with recombinant lentiviral technology, and then the recombinant lentiviral vectors were used to transfect passage 3 human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels culturedin vitro (experimental group). The human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels transfected with no target gene lentivirals were used as negative control group. The human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels transfected with no treatment served as blank group. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Cyclooxygenase 2 and aggrecanase 1 transfected in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels were significantly inhibited at gene and protein levels, while the expression of insulin-like growth factor 1 was increased significantly at gene and protein levels. We confirmed that cyclooxygenase 2 and aggrecanase 1 were successfuly silenced while insulin-like growth factor 1 overexpressed by using lentiviral vectors in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels, which brings a new hope for the systemic gene treatment of arthritis.

Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 456-460, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298903


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the molecular epidemiological characteristics and antibiotic resistance profiles of Vibrio cholerae O139 in Shandong province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 13 strains of V. cholerae O139 (9 clinical strains and 4 environmental strains) isolated from cholera epidemics in Shandong province since 1997 were recovered and confirmed with serum agglutination and biochemical reaction. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was carried out for molecular subtyping. Virulence genes and drug resistance related genes were detected by PCR. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were performed using micro-broth dilution method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirteen strains of V. cholerae O139 were differentiated into seven pulsetypes. One clinical strain and two environmental strains isolated from Jining in 2013 were clustered into the pulsetype namely KZGN11O139. CN0077, and an identical PFGE pattern of KZGN11O139. CN0002 was found among three clinical strains from Jinan in 2005, Jining in 2005 and Heze in 2009. Other pulsotypes were unique in China and found only in Shandong province. Because of deletion of ctxAB and tcpI, the PFGE patterns of two strains isolated from Yantai in 2000 and 2004 were different from other 11 strains which harbored ctxAB, tcpA, tcpI, rtxA, hlyA and toxR. All strains contained one or more drug resistance related genes such as intI 1, intI 4 and sxt, and were resistant to two kinds of antibiotics at least. Among the 12 kinds of antibiotics, the resistant ratioes to kamamycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, ampicillin and gentamicin were 11/13, 9/13, 7/13 and 7/13, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Molecular subtyping indicates possible epidemiological links among V.cholerae O139 in Shandong province, and almost all strains were toxigenic and drug resistant.</p>

Humans , China , Cholera , Cholera Toxin , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Epidemics , Molecular Epidemiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Vibrio cholerae O139 , Virulence