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1.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 441-447, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995122

ABSTRACT

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has spread worldwide and threatened human's health. With the passing of time, the epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 evolves and the knowledge of SARS-CoV-2 infection accumu-lates. To further improve the scientific and standardized diagnosis and treatment of maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection in China, the Chinese Society of Perinatal Medicine of Chinese Medical Association commissioned leading experts to develop the Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Maternal SARS-CoV-2 Infection under the guidance of the Maternal and Child Health Department of the National Health Commission. This recommendations includes the epidemiology, diagnosis, management, maternal care, medication treatment, care of birth and newborns, and psychological support associated with maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection. It is hoped that the recommendations will effectively help the clinical management of maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection.

2.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 358-363, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884363

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the quality of the current foreign clinical practice guidelines (CPG) on obstetric venous thromboembolism (VTE), providing reference for standardizing the prevention and treatment of domestic VTE clinical practice.Methods:The GPGs for the management of obstetric VTE published abroad from inception to July 2020 were electronically searched. Two researchers independently evaluated the quality of the included guidelines in accordance with the internationally recognized guideline evaluation tool, AGREE Ⅱ.Results:A total of 12 guidelines, 2 recommendations and 1 consensus for obstetric VTE were included, covering 3 continents and 9 countries, and the published time span was 2009-2020. The standardized scores of the six domain (scope & purpose, stakeholder involvement, rigor of development, clarity of presentation, applicability and editorial independence) included in the guidelines were: 99.44%, 62.78%, 70.35%, 95.74%, 68.80% and 76.94% respectively, and the scores in each domain were ≥ 50.00%, indicating that the included CPGs were of good quality. Except for the domain scope & purpose, the ranges of the other five domains were ≥ 50.00%, suggesting that the quality of the CPGs differed significantly. Among the 15 included CPGs, 4 CPGs were level A (recommended), 11 CPGs were level B (recommended after being revised), and there was no CPG in level C (not recommended). The difference in the recommended content of obstetric VTE management mainly focused on the risk assessment, drug type, dosage and period.Conclusions:The overall quality of the CPGs for obstetric VTE management is high, while the quality of the CPGs varies greatly. In addition, there are differences in the recommended content of obstetric VTE management. More high-quality researches are required to provide evidence-based support for the improvement of the CPGs.

3.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 597-600, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911937

ABSTRACT

Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) represents the most common mode by which children acquire HBV infection. For pregnant women with high viral load and positive hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), antiviral therapy during late pregnancy combined with timely and standardized inoculation of neonatal hepatitis B immunoglobulin and hepatitis B vaccine can minimize the possibility of MTCT of HBV. This review focuses on using and withdrawing antiviral drugs during pregnancy, managing postpartum hepatitis, and breastfeeding issues to further optimize the combined immunization and antiviral treatment strategies and seek the optimal solution to preventing MTCT of HBV.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 238-241, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879561

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a patient featuring developmental delay.@*METHODS@#The patient and her parents were subjected to G- and C-banded chromosomal karyotyping analysis. The proband was also analyzed by single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP-array). The result was verified by using fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR).@*RESULTS@#The proband's karyotype was ascertained as 46,XX, r(15)(p11.2q26.3)[92]/45,XX,-15[9]/46,XX, dic r(15)(p11.2q26.3;p11.2q26.3)[4]. SNP-array revealed that she has carried a de novo deletion at 15q26.3 (98 957 555-102 429 040) spanning approximately 3.4 Mb, which encompassed the IGF1R gene. qPCR has confirmed haploinsufficiency of exons 3, 10 and 20 of the IGF1R gene. Both of her parents had a normal karyotype.@*CONCLUSION@#The abnormal phenotype of the proband may be attributed to the microdeletion at 15q26.3, in particular haploinsuffiency of the IGF1R gene and instability of the ring chromosome. Cytogenetic method combined with SNP-array and qPCR can efficiently delineate chromosomal aberrations and provide accurate information for clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Chromosome Deletion , Cytogenetic Analysis , Genetic Counseling , Karyotyping , Phenotype , Ring Chromosomes
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 867-870, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826468

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with developmental delay and mental retardation.@*METHODS@#Chromosomal karyotype of the child was analyzed by G-, C- and N-banding techniques. Her genome DNA was analyzed with single nucleotide polymorphisms array (SNP array). The result was validated by fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR).@*RESULTS@#The karyotype of the child was ascertained as 46,XX,r(22)(p12q13). SNP array has revealed a deletion of approximately 1.4 Mb at 22q13.33 (49 802 963-51 197 766). The deletion has encompassed the SHANK3, a crucial gene for the development of nervous system. Fluorescence quantitative PCR has confirmed the deletion of exons 7, 19 and 22 of the SHANK3 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The phenotype of the patient may be attributed to the microdeletion at 22q13.33. Cytogenetic methods combined with SNP array and fluorescence quantitative PCR can identify aberrant chromosomes and provide accurate information for the clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1171-1174, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799969

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To apply high-throughput whole genome sequencing (WGS) and short tandem repeat (STR) typing to detect aneuploidies, heteroploidies and copy number variations(CNVs) in spontaneous abortic tissues.@*Methods@#Chorionic villus samples from 145 patients with spontaneous abortion were subjected to detection of aneuploidies, heteroploidies and copy number variations by WGS and STR typing.@*Results@#All testing was successful and the rate of chromosomal abnormalities among the patients was 22.07%. Among these, there were 11 trisomies, 3 monosomies, 2 triploidies, 5 autosomal mosaicisms, 4 sex chromosomal mosaicisms, 7 structural abnormalities (including 1 mosaicism). In 89 cases, there were 130 CNVs of uncertain significance, 47 likely benign CNVs, and 2 loss of one copy of pathogenic AR gene. One sample contained 6 fragment duplications and deletions. Only 24 samples had no abnormal finding.@*Conclusion@#The most important reason for spontaneous abortions is embryonic chromosomal abnormality. Combined STR typing and WGS is both comprehensive and fast, and may become a major means for the detection of chorionic villi tissue from spontaneous abortions.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1171-1174, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To apply high-throughput whole genome sequencing (WGS) and short tandem repeat (STR) typing to detect aneuploidies, heteroploidies and copy number variations(CNVs) in spontaneous abortic tissues.@*METHODS@#Chorionic villus samples from 145 patients with spontaneous abortion were subjected to detection of aneuploidies, heteroploidies and copy number variations by WGS and STR typing.@*RESULTS@#All testing was successful and the rate of chromosomal abnormalities among the patients was 22.07%. Among these, there were 11 trisomies, 3 monosomies, 2 triploidies, 5 autosomal mosaicisms, 4 sex chromosomal mosaicisms, 7 structural abnormalities (including 1 mosaicism). In 89 cases, there were 130 CNVs of uncertain significance, 47 likely benign CNVs, and 2 loss of one copy of pathogenic AR gene. One sample contained 6 fragment duplications and deletions. Only 24 samples had no abnormal finding.@*CONCLUSION@#The most important reason for spontaneous abortions is embryonic chromosomal abnormality. Combined STR typing and WGS is both comprehensive and fast, and may become a major means for the detection of chorionic villi tissue from spontaneous abortions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Abortion, Spontaneous , Genetics , Chorea , Genetics , Chromosome Aberrations , DNA Copy Number Variations , Microsatellite Repeats , Whole Genome Sequencing
8.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 755-762, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774145

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a unique subtype of chronic pancreatitis, which shares many clinical presentations with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). The misdiagnosis of AIP often leads to unnecessary pancreatic resection. F-FDG positron emission tomography/ computed tomography (PET/CT) could provide comprehensive information on the morphology, density, and functional metabolism of the pancreas at the same time. It has been proved to be a promising modality for noninvasive differentiation between AIP and PDA. However, there is a lack of clinical analysis of PET/CT image texture features. Difficulty still remains in differentiating AIP and PDA based on commonly used diagnostic methods. Therefore, this paper studied the differentiation of AIP and PDA based on multi-modality texture features. We utilized multiple feature extraction algorithms to extract the texture features from CT and PET images at first. Then, the Fisher criterion and sequence forward floating selection algorithm (SFFS) combined with support vector machine (SVM) was employed to select the optimal multi-modality feature subset. Finally, the SVM classifier was used to differentiate AIP from PDA. The results prove that texture analysis of lesions helps to achieve accurate differentiation of AIP and PDA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Algorithms , Autoimmune Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pancreatitis , Diagnostic Imaging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Support Vector Machine
9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 852-855, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775821

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic cause for a child featuring growth and mental retardation.@*METHODS@#Following conventional karyotyping analysis of the trio family, next generation sequencing (NGS) was carried out to explore the origin of the supernumerary marker chromosome. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to confirm the result.@*RESULTS@#The karyotypes of both parents were normal, while the proband was found to be 47,XX,+mar. NGS showed that the supernumerary marker has originated from chromosome 9p13.1p24.3 with a size of 39.77 Mb. FISH has confirmed the above finding.@*CONCLUSION@#The 9p13.1-p24.3 trisomy probably underlies the abnormal phenotypes of the child. Cytogenetic analysis combined with NGS and FISH can provide accurate diagnosis for such disorders.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Genetics , Cytogenetic Analysis , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Trisomy
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 835-838, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344165

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of next generation sequencing (NGS) for the analysis of spontaneous abortion samples.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The NGS analysis was carried out on 85 chorionic villi samples (taken between 42 days to 12 weeks of gestation) for which conventional cell culture has failed or chromosomal karyotyping has yielded normal or uncertain result.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 68 samples with a normal karyotype, the NGS analysis has identified 2 copy number variations (CNVs) and 2 chimeras. For 16 cases with failed cell culture, the NGS has identified 4 chromosomal abnormalities including 1 copy number variation and 3 numerical chromosomal aberrations. For 1 remaining case with uncertain karyotyping result, the NGS analysis has verified it as 46,XX,del(4) (p15.1p16.3).seq[GRCh37/hg19] (57 549 - 32 371 364)×1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The NGS analysis is capable of identifying novel CNVs in samples for which conventional cell culture may fail or karyotyping analysis may yield a normal result.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Abortion, Spontaneous , Genetics , Cells, Cultured , DNA Copy Number Variations , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Methods , Karyotyping
11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 1238-1241, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706738

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of CD26 expression in endometrial carcinoma (EC) by testing CD26 expression in normal proliferative phase, in secretory phase, and in the tissues of different pathological grades of EC;and by investigating the solu-ble CD26 (sCD26) expression in the serum of non-EC patients and EC patients. Methods:Endometrial tissue specimens were collected from patients who received diagnostic curettage or surgical treatment for other reasons in the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong Universi-ty from January 2014 to December 2015. The above endometrial specimens, included 30 specimens of normal proliferative phase, 30 specimens of secretory phase, and 120 type I EC tissue samples of G1, G2, and G3 grades. The expression of CD26 among these speci-mens were detected by immunohistochemistry. After the expression level of the CD26 protein was verified at the tissue, we continued to collect blood specimens from the outpatients. These patients received physical examination, and included healthy women of child-bearing age and type I EC patients. The patients received treatment in our hospital from January 2016 to September 2017. Of the blood samples collected, 20 cases were in proliferative phase and 20 cases were in secretory phase. Samples were also collected from patients with different grades of EC, including 20 cases of type I EC G1 grades, 20 cases of G2 grades, and 15 cases of G3 grades. The expression level of sCD26 in serum was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results:According to the results of immunohistochemistry, the order of the CD26 expression levels in normal endometrial tissues were as follows:secretory phase>prolif-erative phase, with a statistically significant difference observed among these groups (P<0.05). The order of the CD26 expression level among different type 1 EC grades were as follows: G3>G2>G1, with statistically significant differences also observed among these groups (P<0.05). The results of ELISA suggested that the expression level of CD26 in serum was associated with tumor progression, with statistically significant differences observed among the groups (P<0.05). Conclusion:The expression of CD26 in EC tissue and se-rum is associated with disease progression. The expression of CD26 in serum could be used as a marker for the diagnosis of EC.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 829-832, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345353

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the genetic cause for a child with growth retardation and mental retardation and discuss the application of array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) in its molecular genetic diagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Conventional karyotyping of peripheral blood for the family was carried out. aCGH was performed to further ascertain the size and origin of the additional chromosome fragments.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the trio family here, the karyotype of the father was normal, the karyotype of the mother was 46,XX, t(6;9)(q26;q21)and the proband child's was 47,XX,+der(9)?t(6;9)(q26;q21). aCGH showed that the extra chromosomal fragments originated from chromosome 9p24.3-q21.13 and the size was 78.26 Mb, and the repeat region included the 9p trisomy's clinical area. At the same time, it was confirmed that 6q26-q27 was trisomic and the fragment that related to development delay was 6.6 Mb. We determined that the proband's karyotype was 47,XX,+der(9)t(6;9)(q26;q21.13)mat finally.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The patient's abnormal chromosome has originated from her mother with balance translocation. The duplications of 9p24.3-q21.13 and 6q26-q27 may lead to growth retardation and mental retardation. Accompanied with the cytogenetic methods, aCGH can accurately identify the origin and size of the abnormal chromosomes, contributing to the genetic analysis.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Chromosome Disorders , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6 , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Methods , Trisomy , Genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 216-220, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247703

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of a patient with mixed gonadal dysgenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data was collected. The patient was subjected for serum hormone testing and G-banding chromosomal analysis. Sex-determining region of Y-chromosome (SRY) gene and azoospermia factor (AZF) a, b, c regions were analyzed with multiple polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and whole gene sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All serum hormone testing were normal. The karyotype of the patient was 45,X/46,X,Yqh-. PCR has proven the presence of SRY, ZFY and AZFa, and deletion of AZFb and AZFc regions. No mutation was detected in the sequence of the SRY gene. Abdominal computerized tomography has detected a huge mass in the pelvic cavity, which was positive for PLAP and CD117 on immunohistochemistry stain.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Based on clinical data and result of genetic testing, the patient was diagnosed with mixed gonadal dysgenesis. Pathological and immunohistochemistry analysis of the transformed gland has confirmed the diagnosis of seminoma. For patient with a karyotype of 45,X/46,X,Yqh-, the risk of seminoma may be related with the presence of SRY gene.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Y , Genetics , Genes, sry , Gonadal Dysgenesis, Mixed , Diagnosis , Genetics , Sex Determination Analysis
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 237-239, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239496

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the genetic cause for a case with growth retardation and mental retardation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After conventional peripheral blood karyotyping with G-banding, the abnormal chromosome was identified as suspicious 9p duplication by multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) .</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proband's karyotype was suspicious 46,XY,der(9)t(9;14)(q13;q11.2), then the abnormal chromosome 9 was identified as 9p duplication with MLPA. The 9p duplication occurs because of a balanced chromosomal rearrangement between two chromosomes of 9 and 14 in the proband's father.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>9p11.2-p24.3 duplication is the cause of abnormal phenotypes in the child patient. Cytogenetic methods combined with MLPA can efficiently identify abnormal chromosomes and provide accurate results for clinical diagnosis and treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Genetics , Trisomy , Genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 76-78, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482122

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an HPLC method to simultaneously determine the contents of shikonin andβ,β'-dimethylacrylshikonin inZizhu Ointment.Methods The contents of shikonin andβ,β'-dimethylacrylshikonin inZizhu Ointment were determined by HPLC. The chromatographic conditions were Welch Materials XB-C18 Column (4.6 mm × 250 mm, 18.5μm), with mobile phase of acetonitrile-water-formic acid (75:25:0.05), detection wavelength of 516 nm, temperature of 30℃, flow rate of 1.0 mL/min and the load of 20μL.Results Shikonin showed a good linearity in the range of 0.025 6-0.256μg (r2=0.999 5), and the average recovery rate was 98.12% (RSD=1.92%).β,β'-dimethylacrylshikonin showed a good linearity in the range of 0.174 4-2.616μg (r2=0.999 2), and the average recovery rate was 100.46% (RSD=1.17%).Conclusion This method is simple and accurate, which can be used for the quality control and evaluation of Zizhu Ointment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 210-213, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254480

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the genetic cause for a family featuring language retardation using combined cytogenetic and molecular genetic methods.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Following conventional G-banded karyotype analysis, the additional Y chromosome was identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA). Whole genome array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was also carried out to detect minor structural chromosomal abnormalities.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proband's karyotype was determined as 47,XY,+?, and the unknown aberrant chromosome was identified as Yqh+ with FISH, MLPA and aCGH. No other chromosomal abnormality was found in the pedigree.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cytogenetic methods combined with FISH, MLPA, and aCGH can efficiently identify the origin of unknown chromosomes and provide accurate clues for clinical diagnosis and treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sex Chromosome Disorders , Genetics , XYY Karyotype , Genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 274-280, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418695

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the method of establishing damaged endometrial stromal cells (ESC) model in vitro.Methods ( 1 ) From June to December 2011 ESC from normal endometrim at proliferation phase ( n =8 ) and secretory phase ( n =8 ) were isolated,cultured and identified in vitro.( 2 ) ESC was treated with different concentrations of mifepristone or withdrawal of mifepristone at different time point.The proliferation inhibition percent was measured by cell counting kit-8 ( CCK-8 ). ( 3 ) 0 μmol/L (control group)and 60 μmol/L(experimental group) concentration of mifepristone was added into ESC for 48 hours,then withdrew of mifepristone,continued to be cultured for 48 hours.The morphological changes were observed and apoptosis of ESC in different menstrual cycle were detected by flow cytometry.The mRNA and protein level of vascular endothelial growth factor ( VEGF),caspase-3,8,and 9 were determined by one-step quantitative real-time PCR (Q-PCR) and western blot.Results( 1 ) ESC from 16 specimens of endometrium were all isolated and cultured successfully. (2) The proliferation inhibition rate of ESC was correlated with concentration and duration of mifepristone positively. The proliferation of ESC could be recovered at a range of time after withdrawal of mifepristone.However,when the concentration of mifepristone was 100 μmol/L,the growth of ESC recovered very hardly. (3) The damaged ESC spacing increased,the spindle shape and vacuolization in the cytoplasm were observed in experimental group; the rate of apoptosis of these damaged cells was significantly increased compared with control groups,which were (52 ± 12)% vs.( 13 ± 5 ) % at the proliferative phase and (53 ± 6) % vs.( 32 ± 3 ) % at the secretory phase ( all P <0.05).The relative mRNA level of VEGF was 0.52± 0.12 in experimental group and 1.00 ± 0.17 in control group at proliferation phase (P <0.05).And the relative mRNA level of VEGF was 0.19 ±0.03 in experimental group and 0.81 ±0.07 in control group at secretory phase (P < 0.05).The relative level of VEGF protein in the experimental group were both decreased 1.98 and 2.79 folds at the proliferation phase and the secretory phase when compared with those in control group,respectively ( P < 0.05 ).While the relative levels of caspase-3,8,9 mRNA were 5.62 ± 0.65,5.41 ± 0.53,7.22 ± 0.51 in the experimental group and 1.00 ± 0.44,1.00 ± 0.21,1.00 ± 0.32 in control group at the proliferative phase.In the mean time,the relative levels of caspase-3,8,9 mRNA were 10.22 ± 0.72,25.3 ± 1.72,9.48 ± 1.89 in experimental group and 1.42 ± 0.14,1.14 ± 0.28,1.16 ± 0.12 in control group at the secretory phase,respectively (P < 0.05).Compared with the control group,the levels of caspase protein in the experimental group were increased 2.04 and 1.60 folds in caspase-3,4.23 and 1.49 folds in caspase-8,2.65 and 3.5 folds in caspase-9 at the proliferative phase and at the secretory phase,respectively (P < 0.05 ).ConclusionThe damaged model of ESC can be established after 48 hours by the withdrawal of 60 μmol/L mifepristone in treatment of ESC for 48 hours.

18.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12): 71-73, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406261

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the factors such as artificial abortion frequency, pregnancy time and so on on development of adeno-myosis (AM). Methods A retrospective analysis was carried in 462 patients who were from the department of gynaecology and obstetrics in Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University and Beijing Aviation Center Hospital from January 2004 to December 2008. The patients were divided into two groups: AM and no - AM. The two groups were compared for abortion frequency, pregnancy time, age, menarche age and so on. Results There were no significant differences between the two groups in age, menarche age, age of the first artificial abor-tion, bearing frequency, IUD with pregnancy and so on(P > 0.05). The proportion of patients with repeated artificial abortion or history of curettage of uterus in AM group was higher than that in the no - AM group. The patients with pregnaney time more than 8 weeks who re-ceived artificial abortion had higher rate of development of AM. Conclusion Repeated artificial abortion, pregnancy time and history of curettage of uterus were the risk factors of development of adenomyosis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 861-864, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392029

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects and mechanisms of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR) on endometrial cancer cell.Methods In vitro experiments of 5-Aza-CdR were done using human endometrial cancer cell line HEC-1B.Evaluation of cellular proliferation and apoptosis was ascertained respectively using trypan blue exclusion and flow cytometry.RT-PCR and methylation specific PCR(MSP) was done to detect the expression of RASSF1 A mRNA and methylation status of RASSF1 A promoter of HEC-1B cell line.Results (1) The status of cellular growth and apeptosis of HEC-1 B cell line:the growth inhibition effects of 5-Aza-CdR on HEC-1B cell line were both concentration-dependent (P < 0.01) and time-dependent(P <0.01),as well as the apoptosis rate of HBC-1-B cell line depended on the dose of 5-Aza-CdR obviously(P <0.01).(2)The expression of RASSF1A mRNA of HEC-1B cell line:RASSF1A mRNA was expressed in HEC-1B cell after 5-Aza-CdR treatment,but it was undetectable before the treatment.In the groups with different concentration of 5-Aza-CdR (0.05,0.1,1,5,10 nmol/ml),the expression of RASSF1A mRNA was respectively 0.074±0.004,0.105±0.004,0.167±0.006,0.334±0.005,0.484±0.007,which were remarkably different from the group without 5-Aza-CdR(the expression of RASSF1A mRNA was 0;P < 0.01).(3) The hypermethylation of RASSF1A promoter of HEC-1B cell line:the hypermethylation of RASSF1A promoter was detected in HEC-1B cell line.The status of hypermethylation was decreased after treatment with 5-Aza-CdR of 0.05,0.1,1,5 nmol/ml,meanwhile,both methylation bands and demethylation bands were observed by methylation specific PCR.After the treatment with 5-Aza-CdR of 10 nmol/ml the hypermethylation was absent absolutely.Conclusions (1) In HEC-1B cell line,5-Aza-CdR can inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apopotosis.(2) 5-Aza-CdR can renew the expression of RASSF1A mRNA of HEC-1B cell line and reverse the hypermethylation of RASSF1A promoter.

20.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-566104

ABSTRACT

0.05).The proportion of patients with repeated artificial abortion or history of curettage of uterus in AM group was higher than that in the no-AM group.The patients with pregnancy time more than 8 weeks who received artificial abortion had higher rate of development of AM.Conclusion Repeated artificial abortion,pregnancy time and history of curettage of uterus were the risk factors of development of adenomyosis.

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