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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354958


The Effect of arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) on myelomonocytic progenitor cells of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome was studied. Bone marrow CFU-GM was assayed in the agar semi-solid culture, and the bone marrow cells were incubated in liquid culture and the expressions of CD33, CD15 and bcl-2 on the marrow cells were detected by APAAP method in 24 patients. The suppressive effects of As(2)O(3) to CFU-GM were increased with the rise of As(2)O(3) concentrations. The suppression of As(2)O(3) (0.388 micro mol/L) to cluster formation was stronger than to colony formation, the suppressive rates were 70.78% vs 34.05% in low-risk group, and 86.76% vs 65.86% in high-risk group (P < 0.01), respectively. 0.194 micro mol/L of As(2)O(3) decreased clusters and increased colonies in low-risk group, but decreased clusters and did not change colonies in high-risk group. High concentration (1.94 micro mol/L) of As(2)O(3) downregulated the expression rate of CD33 and CD15 in both groups, and low concentration (0.194 micro mol/L) downregulated the expression rate of CD33 and upregulated the expression rate of CD15 in low-risk group, but decreased expression of CD33 and did not alter CD15 in high-risk group. At the same time, the high concentration of As(2)O(3) downregulated expression of bcl-2 and resulted in karyopyknosis and cytoplasm condensation; low concentration generated similar effect on expression of bcl-2 and cell morphology in high-risk group, but did not affect in low-risk. It is concluded that As(2)O(3) suppressed myelopoiesis and impelled myelomonocytic cells to apoptosis, low concentration of As(2)O(3) induced the proliferation and differentiation of myelomonocytic cells in low-risk group, however, suppressed the growth of myelomonocytic cells and accelerated the cells apoptosis in high-risk group.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-541327


Objective:To research PHA-CIK cells' phenotype and cytotoxicity. Methods: Using phytohemagglutinin(PHA)to stimulate peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMNCs) for 24 h,then cultured like incubating cytokine induced killers by traditional method. On 15th day examined its immunophenotype by flow cytometry and using MTT method to evaluate cytotoxicity. Results: The ratio of CD3+,CD8+, CD3+ CD8+ and CD3+ CD56+ cells were high.PHA-CK cells cytotoxicity was strong in some degree.Conclusion:PHA-CIK cells had strong cytotoxicity.The result provides an experimental basis for biotherapy.