Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 295-302, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805064

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The role of planned neoadjuvant radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy in the non-radical resection of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was unclear. The study aimed to evaluate their therapeutic effect and analyze the prognostic factors.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who received neoadjuvant radio therapy (33 patients) and concurrent chemoradiotherapy (119 patients) from January 2004 to December 2016 in our single-institution database.The survival rates were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. The prognostic factors were analyzed by using Log rank test and Cox proportional hazards model.@*Results@#The median follow-up was 29.8 months. One hundred and one patients survived more than 3 years. The rates of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) at 3 years were 63.9% and 55.6%, respectively.The rates of complete, partial and minimal pathological response of the primary tumor were 50.3%, 38.4%, 11.3%, the corresponding 3-year OS were 75.5%, 57.4%, 27.3% (P<0.001) and 3-year DFS were 72.0%, 44.7%, 17.6% (P<0.001), respectively.The postoperative lymph node metastasis rate was 27.0%. The 3-year OS and DFS of the lymph node positive group was 45.6% and 32.8%, significantly lower than 70.8% and 63.7% of the negative group (both P<0.001). The 3-year OS and DFS of pathologic stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, ⅢA, ⅢB and Ⅵ A were 76.2%, 57.4%, 64.7%, 35.0%, 33.3% (P<0.001) and 70.1%, 49.3%, 41.2%, 22.1%, 33.3% (P<0.001), respectively.The operation-related mortality was 3.3%. Multivariate analysis showed that chest pain, postoperative respiratory failure, pathological differentiation, more than 15 lymph node dissection and ypTNM stage were the independent prognostic factors of OS (P<0.05 for all).@*Conclusions@#The planned neoadjuvant radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy for the non-radical resection of advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma could result in favorable survival. The chest pain, postoperative respiratory failure, pathological differentiation, the number of lymph node resection and ypTNM stage are the independent prognostic factors of the prognosis of these patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 537-540, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775594

ABSTRACT

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) clinical practice guideline of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in 2018 points out that anatomic pulmonary resection is a preferred option for early stage NSCLC. With the development of video-assisted thoracoscopy, minimally invasive thoracic surgery represented by thoracoscopy has been widely used in clinical practice. Video-assisted thoracoscopic segmentectomy has become one of the treatment options for early stage NSCLC. Clinical studies have found that sublobar resection can achieve similar results and preserve more pulmonary function in the treatment of early stage NSCLC compared with lobectomy, but the changes of pulmonary function after segmentectomy are still controversial. This article focuses on the research progress of pulmonary function changes in NSCLC patients after video-assisted thoracoscopic segmentectomy.
.

3.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 520-526, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733477

ABSTRACT

Objective The objective of this study was to explore the association between human papillomavirus( HPV) and prognosis of lung cancer by meta-analysis. Methods The PubMed,Embase and Cochrane literature databases studies were searched using a combination of subject terms and free words. As of October 2018,a total of 123 related documents were obtained. After screen-ing the literature according to inclusion and exclusion criteria,the basic information of the study,HPV detection methods,lung cancer patients,hazard ratio(HR)values and 95% confidence interval(CI)were extracted from each study. The meta-analysis of random effects models was used to evaluate the correlation between HPV infection and prognosis in patients with lung cancer. Heterogeneity was assessed using the Q test and I2statistics,and publication bias was tested using Egger′s linear regression test and Begg′s rank cor-relation test. Results The study finally included 11 articles(9 in Asia,2 in Europe and US),and 1439 patients with lung cancer. Meta-analysis using a random-effects model showed no significant association between HPV infection and prognosis of lung cancer (HR=0. 90,95% CI:0. 71~1. 13). A stratified analysis of lung cancer pathological subtypes showed that the prognosis of patients with HPV-infected lung adenocarcinoma was significantly better than that in patients without HPV-infected lung adenocarcinoma (HR=0. 65,95% CI:0. 49~0. 85). Sensitivity analysis was performed by sequentially removing the included studies,and the results were not statistically significant. The results of Egger′s test(P=0. 708)and Begg′s test(P=0. 784)suggest that there is no publica-tion bias in this study. Conclusion HPV infection may be related to the prognostic of patients with lung adenocarcinoma. More basic and clinical studies are needed to further explore the association between HPV infection and lung adenocarcinoma as well as the corre-sponding mechanisms in the future.

4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 104-109, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776371

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Surgeons are the direct decision-makers and performers in the surgical treatment of patients with lung cancer. Whether the differences among doctors affect the survival of patients is unclear. This study analyzed the five-year survival rates of different thoracic surgeries in patients undergoing surgery to assess the physician's impact and impact.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of five years between 2002-2007 in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, for surgical treatment of lung cancer patients. According to different surgeons grouping doctors to compare the basic information of patients, surgical methods, short-term results and long-term survival differences.@*RESULTS@#A total of 712 patients treated by 11 experienced thoracic surgeons were included in this study. The patients have nosignificant difference with gender, age, smoking, pathological type between groups. There were significant differences in clinical staging, surgery type, operation time, blood transfusion rate, number of lymph node dissection, palliative resection rate, postoperative complications and perioperative mortality. There was a significant difference in five-year survival rates among patients treated by different doctors. This difference can be seen in all clinical stage analyzes with consistency. In the multivariate analysis, it was suggested that surgeon was an independent factor influencing the prognosis of patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Thoracic surgeon has a significant effect on the therapeutic effect of lung cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Surgeons , Survival Analysis , Thoracic Surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 300-302, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806411

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the impact of the advance of the times and technological progress on the surgical treatment of lung cancer.@*Methods@#The data of patients with non-small cell lung cancer treated by thoracic surgery at Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2005 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The population distribution, operation methods and treatment results were analyzed retrospectively.@*Results@#510 patients (in 2005) and 1 235 (in 2015) non-small cell lung cancer patients were included in this study. The proportions of male patients (79.0% vs. 55.8%), smoking (52.9% vs. 30.1%), squamous cell carcinoma (50.2% vs. 22.4%) and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) (0 vs. 61.1%), stage Ⅰ (15.2% vs. 36.8%), the number of lymph node dissection (21.8 vs. 16.6), intraoperative blood transfusion rate (9.6% vs. 1.9%), palliative resection rate (7.5% vs. 2.0%), the average length of stay (10.8 d vs. 7.6 d) were significantly changed. There was no significant difference in the average age of patients and operation time.@*Conclusion@#There was a significant change in the distribution of population and surgical techniques in patients undergoing lung cancer surgery in last ten years.

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 287-292, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808560

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze risk factors of anastomotic leakage after McKeown'sesophagectomy.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 635 esophageal cancer patients, who underwent McKeown's esophagectomy at Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2012 to December 2015, were retrospectively analyzed. The risk factors of cervical anastomotic leakage were identified through analysis of medical history, surgical procedure, tumor characteristics and vascular calcification.@*Results@#Among all the 635 patients, anastomotic leakage occurred in 111 (17.5%)patients. Univariate analysis showed that the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) risk class, prior thoracic surgery, upper digestive tract ulcer, COPD, hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, renal insufficiency, FEV1% predicted, DLCO% predicted, duration of surgery and calcification of descending aorta, celiac trunk and left postceliac arteries were associated with a statistically significant increase in risk of cervical anastomotic leakage (P<0.05 for all). Logistic regression analysis showed that ASA risk class, peripheral vascular disease, renal insufficiency and calcification of descending aorta and celiac trunk were independent risk factors of cervical anastomotic leakage after McKeown's esophagectomy (P<0.05 for all).@*Conclusions@#ASA risk class, peripheral vascular disease, renal insufficiency, calcification of descending aorta and celiac trunk are independent risk factors of cervical esophageal anastomotic leakage after McKeown's esophagectomy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 530-533, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286785

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) esophagectomy has been performed for more than 10 years in China. However, compared with the conventional esophagectomy via right thoracotomy, whether VATS esophagectomy has more advantages or not in the lymph node (LN) dissection and prevention of perioperative complications is still controversial and deserves to be further investigated. The aim of this study was to explore whether there are significant differences in this issue between the two surgical modalities or not.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The results of lymph node dissection and perioperative complications as well as other parameters in the patients treated by VATS esophagectomy and those by conventional esophagectomy via right thoracotomy at our department from May 1, 2009 to July 30, 2013 were compared using SPSS 16.0 in order to investigate whether there was any significant difference between these two treatment modalities in the learning curve stage of VATS esophagectomy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One hundred and twenty-nine cases underwent VATS esophagectomy between May 1, 2009 and July 30, 2013, and another part 129 cases with the same preoperative cTNM stage treated by conventional esopahgectomy via right thoracotomy were selected in order to compare the results of lymph node dissection and perioperative complications as well as other parameters between those two groups of patients. There were no significant differences in the sex, age, lesion locations and cTNM stage between these two groups. The total LN metastatic rate in the VATS esophagectomy group was 35.7% and that of the conventional esophagectomy group was 37.2% (P > 0.05). The total average number of dissected lymph nodes was 12.1 vs. 16.2 (P < 0.001). The average dissected LN stations was 3.2 vs. 3.6 (P = 0.038). The total average number of dissected LN along the left recurrent laryngeal nerve was 2.0 vs. 3.7 (P = 0.012). The total average number of dissected LN along the right recurrent laryngeal nerve was 2.9 vs. 3.4 (P = 0.231). However, there was no significant difference in the total average number of dissected LN in the other thoracic LN stations, and in the perioperative complications between the two groups. The total postoperative complication rate was 41.1% in the VATS group versus 42.6% in the conventional group (P = 0.801). The cardiopulmonary complication rate was 25.6% vs. 27.1% (P = 0.777). The death rate was the same in the two groups (0.8%). The VATS group had less blood infusion (23.2% vs. 41.8%, P = 0.001) and shorter hospital stay (15.9 days vs. 19.2 days, P = 0.049) but longer operating time (161.3 min vs. 127.8 min, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In the learning curve stage of VATS esophagectomy, compared with the conventional esophagectomy, less LN number and stations can be dissected in the VATS group due to un-skillful VATS manipulation, especially it is more difficult in the LN dissection along the left recurrent laryngeal nerve. Therefore, it is more suitable to select patients with early esophageal cancer without obvious enlarged lymph nodes for VATS esophagectomy in the learning curve stage.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Esophageal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Methods , Humans , Learning Curve , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Methods , Lymph Nodes , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Thoracotomy
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 747-752, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253273

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>In order to minimize the injury reaction during the surgery and reduce the morbidity rate, hence reducing the mortality rate of esophagectomy, minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) was introduced. The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative outcomes in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma undergoing minimally invasive or open esophagectomy (OE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The medical records of 176 consecutive patients, who underwent minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) between January 2009 and August 2013 in Cancer Institute & Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, were retrospectively reviewed. In the same period, 142 patients who underwent OE, either Ivor Lewis or McKeown approach, were selected randomly as controls. The clinical variables of paired groups were compared, including age, sex, Charlson score, tumor location, duration of surgery, number of harvested lymph nodes, morbidity rate, the rate of leak, pulmonary morbidity rate, mortality rate, and hospital length of stay (LOS).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The number of harvested lymph nodes was not significantly different between MIE group and OE group (median 20 vs. 16, P = 0.740). However, patients who underwent MIE had longer operation time than the OE group (375 vs. 300 minutes, P < 0.001). Overall morbidity, pulmonary morbidity, the rate of leak, in-hospital death, and hospital LOS were not significantly different between MIE and OE groups. Morbidities including anastomotic leak and pulmonary morbidity, inhospital death, hospital LOS, and hospital expenses were not significantly different between MIE and OE groups as well.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MIE and OE appear equivalent with regard to early oncological outcomes. There is a trend that hospital LOS and hospital expenses are reduced in the MIE group than the OE group.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , General Surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Methods , Female , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Thoracoscopy , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 536-540, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272339

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the pattern of lymph node metastasis and evaluate the modes and extent of mediastinal lymph node dissection in patients with ≤ 3 cm, clinical stage I primary non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data of 270 eligible patients who underwent pulmonary resection with systematic lymph node dissection in our hospital between March 2012 and August 2013 were retrospectively analyzed in order to investigate the relationship between the clinicopathological features and lymph node metastatic patterns. Patients with multiple primary carcinomas or non-primary pulmonary malignancies and those who received any chemotherapy or radiotherapy or did not undergo systematic nodal dissection were excluded. The criteria of systematic nodal dissection included the removal of at least six lymph nodes from at least three mediastinal stations, one of which must be subcarinal. The data were analyzed and compared using Chi-square test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The postoperative morbidity rate was 14.8% and no death occurred in this series. The imaging findings showed 34 cases of pure ground glass opacity lesions, 47 partial solid nodules, and 189 solid nodules. Apart from 34 p-GGO lesions, among the other 236 cases, ≤ 1 cm lesions were in 22 cases, 1 cm- ≤ 2 cm lesions in 138 cases, and >2 cm- ≤ 3 cm lesions in 76 cases based on radiologic findings. The pathological types included adenocarcinoma (n = 245), squamous cell carcinoma (n = 18) and other rare types (n = 7). The overall lymph node metastasis rate was 18.9% (51/270), and the incidence of lymph node involvement was 0(0/34) in cancers with p-GGO, 2.1% (1/47) in mixed solid nodules, 26.5% (50/189) in solid nodules, 18.2% (4/22) in nodules ≤ 1 cm, 14.5% (20/138) in 1 cm < nodules ≤ 2 cm, and 35.5% (27/76) in 2 cm < nodules ≤ 3 cm. The metastasis rates of non-specific tumor-draining region lymph nodes detected in the patients with positive and negative lobe-specific lymph node involvement were 20.0%-50.0% vs. 0-2.9% (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Usually NSCLC with p-GGO nodules has no lymph node metastasis, therefore, systematic nodal dissection may be not necessary. The larger the tumor size is, the higher the lymph node metastatic rate is for mixed or solid nodules. Intraoperative frozen-section examination of the lobe-specific lymph nodes should be performed routinely in patients with ≤ 2 cm stage I NSCLC, and systematic nodal dissection should be done if positive, but it may be not necessary if negative. However, the effectiveness of the systematic selective lymph node dissection still needs to be further confirmed.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Methods , Lymph Nodes , General Surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis , Diagnosis , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL