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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 649-653, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821113

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and analysis the epidemiological characteristics of a cluster epidemic of COIVD-19 in a collective workplace in Tianjin, evduate the prevention and control measures based on limited evidence and experience in early period of COVID-19 epidemic. Methods Descriptive research method was used to describe the distribution and other epidemiological characteristics of the cluster cases of COVID-19. Results Since the onset of the first index case on January 15, ten confirmed COVID-19 cases had occurred in the workplace, and the epidemic had spread from the workplace to 4 families, infecting 7 family members. The median age of 17 cases was 55 (19-79) years. All the 10 employee cases were males, and in 7 family cases, 3 were males and 4 were females. Of the employee cases, 8 worked in CW workshop and 2 worked in administrative office building. The median exposure-onset interval of all the cases was 4 (0-12) days, and the median exposure-onset interval was 4.5 days in the employee cases and 4 days in the family cases. The median onset-medical care seeking interval was 4 days in the non-isolated cases, 2.5 days in the cases with home isolation after onset, and 0.5 day in the cases with home isolation before onset. Conclusion The clustering of COVID-19 cases was observed in this workplace in Tianjin, which affected 4 families. In the early stage of the epidemic, accurate and rapid blocking and control measures can completely prevent the large-scale spread of COVID-19.

2.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 510-525, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757903

ABSTRACT

Three-way junctions are characteristic structures of the tubular endoplasmic reticulum (ER) network. Junctions are formed through atlastin (ATL)-mediated membrane fusion and stabilized by lunapark (Lnp). However, how Lnp is preferentially enriched at three-way junctions remains elusive. Here, we showed that Lnp loses its junction localization when ATLs are deleted. Reintroduction of ATL1 R77A and ATL3, which have been shown to cluster at the junctions, but not wild-type ATL1, relocates Lnp to the junctions. Mutations in the N-myristoylation site or hydrophobic residues in the coiled coil (CC1) of Lnp N-terminus (NT) cause mis-targeting of Lnp. Conversely, deletion of the lunapark motif in the C-terminal zinc finger domain, which affects the homo-oligomerization of Lnp, does not alter its localization. Purified Lnp-NT attaches to the membrane in a myristoylation-dependent manner. The mutation of hydrophobic residues in CC1 does not affect membrane association, but compromises ATL interactions. In addition, Lnp-NT inhibits ATL-mediated vesicle fusion in vitro. These results suggest that CC1 in Lnp-NT contacts junction-enriched ATLs for proper localization; subsequently, further ATL activity is limited by Lnp after the junction is formed. The proposed mechanism ensures coordinated actions of ATL and Lnp in generating and maintaining three-way junctions.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511255

ABSTRACT

Objective To apply six sigma management method to optimizing flow,enhancing treatment quality,prolonging service life and decreasing purchase cost of the non-coated surgical instrument.Methods The treatment flow of the noncoated surgical instrument was optimized through five steps of six sigma method including defining,measuring,analyzing,improving and controlling.The treatment results before and after flow optimization were compared,analyzed and evaluated.Results The rates for corrosion and rejection were both decreased significantly after flow optimization,while the quality was increased obviously (P<0.05).Conclusion Six sigma management method involved in the treatment of the non-coated surgical instrument saves purchase cost,enhances the efficiency of disinfection supply room and facilitates effective supervision and monitoring.

4.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 32-37, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612104

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effects of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and laparoscopic bile duct exploration lithotomy (LBDEL) in treatment of intra/extra-hepatic duct stones. Methods There were 110 patients whose intrahepatic stones located in Ⅰ , Ⅱ hepatic duct and 378 patients whose stones only located in the common bile duct. These patients respectively underwent LBDE combined with choledochoscope laser lithotripsy or ERCP combined with endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) and endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) to remove the stones. Common bile ducts were performed primary suture or T tube placement in the LBDEL cases. The evaluation was carried out for perioperative complications and postoperative recovery of the surgical methods. Results The residual stone rate was 31.82% in 110 cases. The rate was higher in ERCP group (51.06%) than that in LBDEL group (17.46%) (P < 0.05). Postoperative recovery was better in LBDEL group than that in ERCP group. The residual stone rate was 8.20% in 378 cases. The rate was lower in ERCP group (3.68%) than that in LBDEL group(11.63%) (P < 0.05). Between the two groups, there had no statistical significance in postoperative recovery. The incidences of bile leakage and pulmonary infection were higher in LBDEL group than in ERCP group. The incidences of abdominal cavity infection, acute pancreatitis, digestive tract perforation and gastrointestinal bleeding were higher in ERCP group than that in LBDEL group. 2 of the 378 patients occurred death were happened digestive tract perforation which were induced during ERCP procedure. Conclusion LBDEL and ERCP demonstrated the same therapeutic effects in the treatment of common bile duct stones. However, ERCP has no large advantages in the treatment of hepatolithiasis, and shows higher complication rates. LBDEL has a significant curative effect for intra-and extrahepatic bile duct calculi and can maintain the integrity of Oddi sphincter. This technology is easy to spread to the basic-level hospital to benefit the majority of patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495112

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether the risk of intravesical recurrence increases in patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUT-UC) and diabetes mellitus (DM) after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) with bladder cuff excision. Methods:We ret-rospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of 282 UUT-UC patients with no history of bladder neoplasm and who underwent RNU with bladder cuff excision in the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from January 2005 to December 2013. The recurrence-free survival (RFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were compared between the non-diabetic (233 patients) and diabetic (49 patients) patients. The factors influencing intravesical recurrence in patients with UUT-UC after RNU were analyzed. These factors included age, DM, pathologic grade, and stage. Results:Among the 282 patients included in the study, 80 (28.4%) patients developed intravesical recurrence during the median fol ow up of 41 months, and the median time to recurrence was 11 months. Non-diabetic patients had a significantly longer duration of bladder neoplasm RFS than diabetic patients (P=0.013). Multivariate analysis using Cox's regression model indicated that DM (P=0.014), renal pelvis and ureter tumor (P=0.001), and postoperative chemotherapy (P=0.024) were independent influential factors for intravesical recurrence in patients with UUT-UC after RNU with bladder cuff excision. Conclusion:DM posed an increased risk for intravesical recurrence after RNU with bladder cuff excision in patients with UUT-UC. Therefore, these patients need to be closely monitored, and their blood glucose must be controlled.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431712

ABSTRACT

Comprehensive treatment dominated by surgery is the mainstay in the treatment of hepatic cancer,and hepatectomy is still the most effective treatment method.Bile duct reconstruction after hepatectomy is still the difficult point for the treatment of hepatic cancer complicated by bile duct invasion.A 45-year-old patient with hepatic cancer and gallstone was admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College,magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and enhanced computed tomography indicated that intrahepatic duct was dilated and tumor had invaded both left and right hepatic ducts.Cholecystectomy,mesohepatectomy,duct to duct anastomosis of left hepatic duct and common hepatic duct,duct to duct anastomosis of right hepatic duct and cystic duct were performed during the operation.The patient was cured 2 weeks after surgery.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382017

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the diagnostic value of confoeal laser endomicroscopy(CLE) in histological gastritis.Methods A total of 149 patients underwent CLE.Standard locations and focal lesions were examined by confocal imaging, and specimens were taken by targeted biopsy.The relationship between confocal images and histological findings were studied systemically.Results The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of CLE in diagnosis of atrophy were 83.6%,99.6%and 97.5%,respectively;and those in moderate to severe neutrophil infiltration were 81.9%,99.3%,and 95.8%,respectively.The mean kappa values for inter-and intra-observer agreement on the classification of confocal images in groups were 0.749 and 0.811 respectively.Conclusion The validity and reproducibility of CLE in diagnosis of histologic gastritis are promising,which might warrant its further application in clinical practice.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 724-727, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381560

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of confocal laser endomicroscopy(CLE)for the assessment of the grading of gastric intestinal metaplasia(GIM)in vivo.Methods Patients with known GIM underwent CLE(Pentax EC-3870K).The presence of GIM was indentified immediately by the endoscopist during the procedure.The updated Sydney Classifycation System as reference,GIM was subdivided as mild,moderate and severe according to the area of intestinal metaplasia glands and the number of goblet cells.The histological evaluation remained the gold standard for the final diagnosis of GIM.The presence of the dysplasia and the expression of the Ki67 were examined.Results A total of 151 GIM positive areas were found in 58 patients with mild in 92,moderate in 34.and severe in 25 by CLE. One hundred and forty-six GIM areas were examined histopathologically with positive rate of 96.7%(mild in 82,moderate in 36 and severe in 28).The sensitivity and specificity of CLE were 90.2%and 73.9%in diagnosis of mild GIM,69.4 oA and 92.2%in moderate GIM,71.4% and 95.9%in severe GIM.The kappa coefficient of CLE criteria and the histopathological grading for mild,moderate and severe GIM were 0.65,0.63 and 0.70,respectively.The more severe the GIM,the higher the ratio of incomplete GIM,the ratio of dysplasia and the stronger expression of Ki67.Conclusions CLE may offer an instant and reliable diagnosis for GIM with high accuracy.It is helpful in grading of GIM.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-587680

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the RNA interference action of recombined pSUPER-NRF2 vectors for the expression of NRF2 gene in colon cancer cells.Methods Two sequences targeting at the ORF of NRF2 were cloned into RNA polymerase III based expression vector pSUPER.These recombinants were transfected into Caco-2 cells.Fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry were performed after transfection with pEGFP-N1 plasmids to observe the lipfectin transfection efficiency.The stable cells were selected in medium(48 h) after co-transfected pEGFP-N1 with G418. The expression of NRF2 was assayed by RT-PCR and Western blot.Results The construction of the recombinant expression vector pSUPER-NRF2-A1、B1 and its control vector pSUPER-NRF2-A2、B2 were successfully confirmed by the results of enzyme digestion,electrophoresis and sequencing. The transfection efficiency was 45.6%,74.3%,53.0% and 46.5% respectively in 24,48,72 and(96 h).We compared the ability of these vectors to inhibit NRF2 in a transient and stable expression experiment.Importantly,pSUPER-NRF2-B1 was able to knockdown NRF2 expression.pSUPER-NRF2-A1 only had a moderate activity,whereas pSUPER-NRF2-A2、(B2 were) inactive in this assay.Conclusion The constructed pSUPER-NRF2-A1、B1 showed an interfering effecton the expression of NRF2 and product the stable cells with low NRF2 expression.Therefore,the pSUPER vector constitutes a new and powerful system to analyze NRF2 gene function in colon cancer.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-624367

ABSTRACT

Through the analysis of current situation of the setup of local professional institutions,the principles and characteristics,the author put forward countermeasures and suggestions to optimize the local medical professional institutions’ setup,to help local medical institutions’development and improve the quality of medicinal higher education.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-624200

ABSTRACT

The specialized teacher troop is the discipline construction,the development key,the teaching leading force and the personnel training quality guarantee. At present stage the quantity and quality of the specialized public health management teacher staff in our school have gradually become the bottleneck for the career development. Only by sharpening teachers' scientific research ability unceasingly, enhances teachers ' individual accomplishment and the teacher troop's overall quality,improving their work quality,can we adapt to the career devel-opment under the new situation.

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