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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462090


Objective To study the effect of corrected TIMI frame count (CTFC) of infarction related artery on systolic function of infarct area of myocardium after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods One hundred and six patients with AMI having undergone successful PCI in Cangzhou Central Hospital were selected, and they were divided into two groups (each, 53 cases). The standard of fast or slow flow was in accord to the CTFC of infarction related artery (IRA) measured soon after successful PCI. The patients with greater value of CTFC were enrolled in the slow flow group, while the patients with smaller such value were assigned in the fast flow group. At 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours after PCI, the venous plasma MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB) level was measured. And at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after PCI, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was measured by cardiac ultrasound, and the levels of radial strain (RS) and longitudinal strain (LS) of the infarct area were measured via speckle tracking imaging (STI). The differences in CTFC, CK-MB, RS and LS between the two groups were analyzed, and the correlations between the strains and CTFC, CK-MB were analyzed by Pearson linear correlation method. Results After successful PCI, the CK-MB of fast flow group was higher than that of the slow flow group at 6 hours. However, the CK-MB of slow flow group was higher than that of the fast flow group after 12 hours, appearing separate phenomenon, and the statistical significance occurred beginning from 24 hours after PCI (U/L, 24 hours:98.43±11.65 vs. 86.43±18.97, 48 hours:51.09±8.94 vs. 49.80±6.92, both P 0.05). RS and LS in fast flow group were higher than those in slow flow group, and the statistically significant difference appeared from 1 month after PCI (1 month RS:29.74±6.66 vs. 26.86±5.61, LS:-16.37±3.91 vs. -15.27±3.22, 3 months RS: 30.03±6.31 vs. 27.63±5.67, LS: -17.74±3.96 vs. -15.75±4.17, all P 0.05). Both RS and LS at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months were of significantly positive correlation with CTFC of each group (fast flow group:r value of CTFC and RS was respectively-0.526,-0.515,-0.532, r value of CTFC and LS was respectively-0.532,-0.541,-0.572;slow flow group:r value of CTFC and RS was respectively-0.691,-0.685,-0.702, r value of CTFC and LS was respectively-0.621,-0.584,-0.605, all P<0.01). Conclusion CTFC has some relationship with the recovery of the systolic function in area of infarct myocardium after PCI, and can be regarded as an important index to predict the long-term prognosis in patients with AMI.