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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921830

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzed literatures on the specificity study of electroencephalogram (EEG) in the diagnosis of depression since 2010 to 2020, summarized the recent research directions in this field and prospected the future research hotspots at home and abroad. Based on databases of China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and the core collection of Web of Science (WOS), CiteSpace software was used to analyze the relevant literatures in this research field. The number of relevant literatures, countries, authors, research institutions, key words, cited literatures and periodicals related to this research were analyzed, respectively, to explore research hotspots and development trends in this field. A total of 2 155 articles were included in the WOS database. The most published institution was the University of Toronto, the most published country was the United States, China occupied the third place, and the hot keywords were anxiety, disorder, brain and so on. A total of 529 literatures were included and analyzed in CNKI database. The institution with the most publications was the Mental Health Center of West China Hospital of Sichuan University, and the hot keywords were EEG signal, event-related potential, convolutional neural network, schizophrenia, etc


Subject(s)
Databases, Factual , Depression/diagnosis , Electroencephalography , Humans , Publications , Software , United States
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway in lung tissues in a rat model of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).Methods:Twenty-four clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 320-350 g, aged 12-16 weeks, were randomly divided into sham operation group (group S), CBP group, and dexmedetomidine group (group Dex), with 8 rats in each group.In group Dex, dexmedetomidine was intravenously infused in a dose of 5 μg/kg starting from 15 min before CPB followed by infusion of 5 μg·kg -1·h -1 during CPB.Blood samples were collected at 2 h after the end of CPB for blood gas analysis, and oxygenation index (OI) and respiratory index (RI) were calculated.Then the rats were sacrificed by bloodletting.The lung tissues were removed for microscopic examination of the pathological changes which were scored and for determination of wet/dry weight ratio (W/D ratio), contents of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)(by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), and expression of JAK2, STAT3, phosphorylated JAK2 (p-JAK2) and phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3) (by Western blot). The p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 ratios were calculated. Results:Compared with group S, the lung injury score, W/D ratio and RI were significantly increased, OI was decreased, the contents of TNF-α and IL-6, p-JAK2/JAK2 ratio and p-STAT3/STAT3 ratio were increased in the other two groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group CPB, the lung injury score, W/D ratio and RI were significantly decreased, OI was increased, the contents of TNF-α and IL-6, p-JAK2/JAK2 ratio and p-STAT3/STAT3 ratio were decreased in group Dex ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine attenuates CPB-induced lung injury may be related to inhibiting JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway and reducing inflammatory responses in lung tissues of rats.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690777

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the acupoint electrosensitivity and regularity for assisting the clinical diagnosis and treatment so as to improve the clinical therapeutic effects.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>By means of the computer retrieval (CBMdisc, CNKI, VIP, WanFang, PubMed and EMBASE) and manual retrieval, the relevant literature on acupoint electrosensitivity was reviewed and the modern literature database of acupoint electrosensitivity was established. Using bibliometric, the relations were analyzed among the detected indexes, acupoints, meridians and disorders in the conditions of acupoint electrosensitivity, and the potential regularity was explored.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The general detection indexes of acupoint electrosensitivity were resistance, inertia area, volt-ampere area, electric conduction quantity, electric potential, electric current and capacitance. The electrosensitive points included meridian points, auricular points and extraordinary points. Among those points, the electrosensitivity easily occurred at the special points.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The acupoint electrosensitivity is mainly reflected on the electrical impedance and volt-ampere characteristics. The relative specificity exists between acupoint electrosensitivity and disorders. In clinical practice, detecting acupoint electrosensitivity may assist the diagnosis and instruct acupoint selection to improve the clinical therapeutic effects.</p>

4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 284-291, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809915

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the difference of plasma myeloperoxidase (MPO) level in different types of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients, and the value of baseline MPO level in predicting short-term and long-term outcomes in patients with ACS.@*Methods@#The study cohort was derived from "the 12th Five-Year" National Science and Technology Support Program Project "Study on Comprehensive Intervention and Prognosis of Acute Coronary Syndrome" . We enrolled all hospitalized ACS patients who were enrolled in "the 12th Five-Year" cohort from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013. A total of 630 patients from 20 centers were enrolled. According to the diagnosis, the patients were divided into two groups: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) group and non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) group. Plasma levels of MPO were measured by ELISA method. Cardiovascular events in the hospital were recorded. All patients were followed-up by telephone, follow-up ended December 31, 2015. The occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, defined as cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, unscheduled coronary revascularization procedure and stroke) and all-cause death were recorded. Logistic regression analysis and Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate the predictive value of baseline MPO levels obtained during hospitalization and the long-term outcomes of ACS patients.@*Results@#A total of 597 ACS patients were enrolled in final analysis. Level of plasma MPO in STEMI patients was significantly higher than that of NSTE-ACS patients (34.02(19.31, 67.87) μg/L vs. 27.25(16.69, 52.92) μg/L, P=0.028) . MPO was not related to the in-hospital cardiovascular events (OR=0.797, 95%CI 0.366-1.737, P=0.569). Follow up was completed in 476 patients, median follow-up time was 796 (32, 1 816) days. There were 23 all-cause deaths and 51 MACE. Plasma MPO level was not an independent predictor for all-cause death (HR=1.434, 95%CI 0.502-4.100, P=0.501) and MACE (HR=1.271, 95%CI 0.662-2.442, P=0.471).@*Conclusion@#In hospitalized ACS patients, level of plasma MPO was significantly higher in STEMI patients than in NSTE-ACS patients, but MPO could not predict the short-term or long-term outcomes in patients with ACS.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161485

ABSTRACT

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of autoimmune disease that predominantly affects the spine and sacroiliac joints. However, the pathogenesis of AS remains unclear. Some evidence indicates that infection with bacteria, especially Gram-negative bacteria, may have an important role in the onset and progression of AS. Recently, many studies have demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) dysfunction may contribute to the pathogenesis of many rheumatic diseases. We previously demonstrated that MSCs from AS patients exhibited markedly enhanced osteogenic differentiation capacity in vitro under non-inflammatory conditions. However, the properties of MSCs from AS patients in an inflammatory environment have never been explored. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a proinflammatory substance derived from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, can alter the status and function of MSCs. However, whether MSCs from AS patients exhibit abnormal responses to LPS stimulation has not been reported. Autophagy is a lysosome-mediated catabolic process that participates in many physiological and pathological processes. The link between autophagy and AS remains largely unknown. The level of autophagy in ASMSCs after LPS stimulation remains to be addressed. In this study, we demonstrated that although the basal level of autophagy did not differ between MSCs from healthy donors (HDMSCs) and ASMSCs, LPS-induced autophagy was weaker in ASMSCs than in HDMSCs. Specifically, increased TRAF4 expression in ASMSCs impaired LPS-induced autophagy, potentially by inhibiting the phosphorylation of Beclin-1. These data may provide further insight into ASMSC dysfunction and the precise mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of AS.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , Autophagy , Bacteria , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Membranes , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Pathologic Processes , Phosphorylation , Rheumatic Diseases , Sacroiliac Joint , Spine , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Tissue Donors , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 4
6.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 454-457, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614043

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical effect of elastic intramedullary nail in the treatment of preschool children limb fractures.Methods Ninety-two 92 cases closed fracture of extremities of preschool children in Children ′s Hospital of Shenyang from July 2014 to February 2016 were selected,and randomly divided into control group and observation group,46 cases in each group.The control group were treated with open reduction and plate fixation treatment,observation group were treated with elastic intramedullary nail treatment.The surgical effect and prognosis index and the incidence of postoperative complications of two groups were compared.Results The operation time,the amount of bleeding,hospitalization time,fracture healing time and loading time of the observation group were significantly lower than the control group((63.57±3.12) min vs.(94.72±6.49) min,(52.43±11.35) ml vs.(134.26±23.50) ml,(6.10±1.44) d vs.(15.83±2.61) d,(8.34±1.13) weeks vs.(12.05±1.62) weeks,(10.85±2.71) weeks vs.(16.94±3.25) weeks,t=29.34,21.29,22.14,12.74,9.76,P<0.01).The incidence of complications in the observation group was 6.52%(3/46),significantly lower than the control group(19.54%(9/46),χ2=5.06,P=0.02).Conclusion The elastic intramedullary nail for treatment of fractures of extremities shaft closed preschool children can guarantee good clinical effect,and has little trauma high quality,healing of fracture,less postoperative complications and easy care,is a kind of efficient treatment technology,can be widely developed in clinic.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621482

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the optimal dose of dexmedetomidine for intravenous analgesia after open radical resection of intestinal neoplasms when mixed with flurbiprofen axetil and butorphanol.Methods A total of 120 patients of both sexes,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,aged 20-60 yr,weighing 45-80 kg,undergoing elective open radical resection of intestinal neoplasms,were divided into 4 groups (n =30 each) using a random number table:control group (group C)and different doses of dexmedetomidine groups (group DEX1,group DEX2,group DEX3).Group C received flurbiprofen axetil 2 mg/kg and butorphanol 0.05 mg/kg for intravenous analgesia.In DEX1,DEX2 and DEX3 groups,dexmedetomidine 0.3 μg/kg was intravenously infused starting from 30 min before the end of surgery,and the analgesia solution contained dexmedetomidine 1,2 and 3 μg/kg,respectively,which was mixed with flurbiprofen axetil 2 mg/kg and butorphanol 0.05 mg/kg in 100 ml of 0.9% normal saline,and the mixture was infused at a rate of 2 ml/h.Butorphanol 0.5 mg was intravenously injected as a rescue analgesic,postoperative pain was assessed using the visual analog scale at coughing,and visual analog scale score was maintained <4.The requirement for rescue analgesics was recorded within 48 h after operation.The occurrence of postoperative adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting,respiratory depression,somnolence,bradycardia,hypotension and over-sedation,patient's satisfaction with analgesia and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded.Results Compared with group C,the rate of rescue analgesia after operation was significantly decreased,and the degree of satisfaction with analgesia was increased in DEX2 and DEX3 groups,and the incidence of postoperative somnolence was significantly increased in group DEX3 (P<0.05).No other adverse effects were found in DEX1,DEX2 and DEX3 groups.Conclusion When mixed with flurbiprofen axetil and butorphanol,the optimal dose of dexmedetomidine for intravenous analgesia after open radical resection of intestinal neoplasms is 2 μg/kg.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808410

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study was to investigate the association of both peripheral and central systolic blood pressure (pSBP and cSBP) with urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) in a community-based population in Beijing.@*Methods@#A total of 3 479 Chinese subjects with questionnaire, UACR, pSBP, and cSBP data available were included from an atherosclerosis cohort of Peking University First Hospital in Shijingshan District, Beijing followed up from April to July in 2014. Multivariate linear regression analyses were used to examine the effect of pSBP and cSBP on lnUACR, and further tests for interactions were performed according to associated covariates.@*Results@#Subjects were (59.0±8.6) years old, 36.2% (n=1 260) were male, 46.0% (n=1 595) had hypertension, and 20.2% (n=700) had diabetes. The pSBP and cSBP was (126.9 ± 16.4) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and (136.3 ± 16.7) mmHg, respectively. P50 (P25-P75) of UACR was 6.2 (4.2-11.1) mg/g. Both pSBP and cSBP were linearly associated with lnUACR adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, drinking status, triglyceride, HDL-C, LDL-C, fasting glucose, creatinine, history of cardiovascular disease, antihypertensive and hypoglycemic agents (every 10 mmHg increase for pSBP: β=0.12, 95%CI: 0.10-0.15, P<0.001; for cSBP: β=0.11, 95%CI: 0.09-0.14, P< 0.001). The relationships were remained in subgroups such as non-hypertension group, non-diabetes group, normal UACR group, and 3-combination group (every 10 mmHg increase for pSBP: β=0.09, 95%CI: 0.05-0.13; β=0.12, 95%CI: 0.10-0.15; β=0.07, 95%CI: 0.06-0.09; β=0.08, 95%CI: 0.05-0.12. for cSBP: β=0.07, 95%CI: 0.04-0.11; β=0.11, 95%CI: 0.08-0.13; β=0.07, 95%CI: 0.05-0.08; β=0.06, 95%CI: 0.03-0.09, all P<0.001). Furthermore, analyses for interaction found that both pSBP and cSBP were more strongly associated with lnUACR in males, current smokers and subjects with high serum creatinine level (≥87 µmol/L) when compared with females, non-current smokers and subjects with low serum creatinine level (<87 µmol/L), respectively (all P for interaction<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The results showed that both pSBP and cSBP were independently associated with UACR in this Chinese community-based population even in low risk population suggesting well-controlled both peripheral and central blood pressure may reduce urinary albumin. Males, current smokers and subjects with higher serum creatinine should pay more attention to the impacts of pSBP and cSBP on UACR.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485666

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Ankylosing spondylitis is an autoimmune disease at high inflammatory state, and its pathogenesis is stil unclear. Besides, there is a lack of entirely satisfactory curative strategies. OBJECTIVE: To explore the immunoregulation capability of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels from ankylosing spondylitis patients on macrophages and the potential therapeutic use of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels from healthy donors on ankylosing spondylitis. METHODS: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels were extracted from 21 healthy donors and 25 ankylosing spondylitis patients respectively, and passage 4 cels were used in subsequent experiments. A human monocytic cel line was induced to differentiate into macrophages. The phenotypic markers of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels and macrophages were detected by flow cytometry. Expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α and tumor necrosis factor-α-stimulated gene 6 (TSG-6) proteins in the supernatant of co-culture system were detected by ELISA. Quantitative real-time PCR was applied to detect the mRNA level of cytokines secreted by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels and macrophages. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The typical mesenchymal stem cel surface markers were expressed in both bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels from healthy donors and patients with ankylosing spondylitis, and CD68 was detected positively in induced macrophages. The protein and mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor-α secreted by macrophages co-cultured with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels from patients with ankylosing spondylitis were obviously higher than those from healthy donors (P < 0.05). TSG-6 secreted by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels from patients with ankylosing spondylitis was lower than that by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels from healthy donors in both RNA transcriptional and protein levels (P < 0.05). Our study demonstrates that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels from patients with ankylosing spondylitis shows abnormal immunoregulatory function on inhibiting the tumor necrosis factor-α secretion from macrophages, which reveals a mechanism of immune disorder in ankylosing spondylitis. The therapeutic mechanism of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels from healthy donors may work by secreting enough TSG-6 to inhibit the activation of macrophages in patients with ankylosing spondylitis, and thereby to decrease the secretion of tumor necrosis factor-α. Cite this article:Sun SH, Wang P, Su CY, Xie ZY, Li YX, Li D, Wang S, Su HJ, Wu XH, Deng W, Wu YF, Shen HY. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels derived from patients with ankylosing spondylitis show abnormal immunoregulation capability on macrophages. Zhongguo Zuzhi Gongcheng Yanjiu. 2016;20(1):13-19.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443902

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Pain is the main clinical manifestation for ankylosing spondylitis. At present, nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs are oral y taken, but the effects are limited and toxic and side effects are more. Thus, there is no effective scheme for treatment of pain induced by ankylosing spondylitis. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the correlation between postoperative joint pain al eviation and al ogeneic blood transfusion, and the mechanisms. METHODS:We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 88 ankylosing spondylitis patients combined with kyphosis who received only one section of osteotomy surgery merging hip joint pain. We compared the visual analog scale score of hip joint and detected the variation of leucocytes, lymphocytes and immunoglobulin concentrations before and after the operation in the groups of fresh al ogeneic whole blood transfusion, autologous whole blood transfusion, and mixed transfusion of al ogeneic and autologous whole blood. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the number and ratio of peripheral blood Th17 cells and Treg cells which were both highly associated with autoimmune diseases. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The symptom of hip arthralgia obviously improved in both groups transfused by fresh al ogeneic whole blood or al ogeneic-autologous mixed whole blood. However, no obvious variation was detected in leucocytes, lymphocytes and immunoglobin concentration. However, flow cytometry results indicated that Th17/Treg proportion associated with autoimmune diseases was increased remarkably in peripheral blood of ankylosing spondylitis patients. Results suggested that al ogeneic whole blood transfusion can al eviate patients’ joint pain by correcting the imbalance of Th17/Treg which may improve their immune state.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451479

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of isoflurane anesthesia on inflammatory responses and long-term cognitive function in the hippocampi of neonatal rats .Methods Forty-six Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes , aged 7 days ,weighing 12-17 g ,were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=23 each):control group (group C) and isoflurane anesthesia group (group I ) .In group I ,the rats were exposed to 2.5% isoflurane for 3 min to induce anesthesia and then exposed to 1.5% isoflurane for 4 h to maintain anesthesia ,while in group C the rats were only exposed to air for 4 h .Eight rats in each group were sacrificed and hippocampi were removed for determination of the levels of interleukin-6 ,interleukin-1βand tumor necrosis factor-α.Open field and Morris water maze tests were carried out three weeks later in the left rats .Results Compared with group C ,the escape latency was significantly prolonged ,the time of staying at the central region was shortened ,the time of staying at the border region was prolonged ,the total distance was reduced , and the contents of interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-αwere increased in group I ( P<0.05) .Conclusion Isoflurane anesthesia results in decreased cognitive function ,which may be related to promotion of inflammatory responses in the hippocampi of neonatal rats .

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