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Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 394-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994725


Objective:To analyze the risk factors of three-vessel disease (TVD) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD).Methods:The clinical data of 447 patients with SCAD diagnosed in Zhongshan Hospital from May 2019 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 108 cases with the single-vessel disease (SVD), 136 cases with the two-vessel disease, and 203 cases with three-vessel disease. The general data and hematological indexes were compared between patients with SVD and those with TVD; the related factors for TVD in SCAD patients were analyzed with univariate and multivariate logistic regression.Results:There were 244 males (78.5%) and 67 females (21.5%) with a median age of 57 years (64, 69). Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in diabetes history ( χ2=7.75, P=0.005), uric acid ( Z=-2.10, P=0.036), glycosylated hemoglobin ( Z=-2.77, P=0.006) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ( Z=-2.99, P=0.003) levels between SVD and TVD groups. Multivariate analysis showed that the high level of blood uric acid ( OR=1.01, 95% CI: 1.00-1.01, P<0.05) and the low level of HDL-C ( OR=3.29, 95% CI:1.23-8.85, P<0.05) were related risk factors of TVD. Conclusion:High blood uric acid level and low HDL-C level are related factors for TVD in patients with SCAD.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1350-1360, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910722


Objective:To analyze the predictive value of enhanced MRI in the outcome of prolapsed and sequestrated lumbar disc herniation through a retrospective analysis.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the data of 64 patients with prolapsed and sequestrated lumbar disc herniation from January 2015 to December 2018, including 38 males and 26 females; age 35.72±12.44 years (range, 22-64 years) ; 43 cases of prolapsed type, 21 cases of sequestrated type. Conservative treatment was the first choice for all patients, in case of surgical indications during the treatment, percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy or fenestration discectomy will be performed. Enhanced MRI was performed at the first and last inspections, the volume of the protrusion, the thickness of rim enhancement (Tr), and the extent of rim enhancement (Er) were measured and calculated at the same time. According to the ring around the protrusion, the size of the rim-enhancement area was divided into type I-III; then compared the relationship between the rim-enhancement signal differentiation and the resorption rate of protrusions, and the correlation between Tr, Er values and the resorption rate of protrusions during the initial inspection.Results:Among the 64 patients, 42 patients completed conservative treatment, and 22 received surgical treatment. According to the rim-enhancement signal differentiation, 23 cases were treated conservatively for type I, 3 cases were treated by surgery; 16 cases were treated for type II conservatively, 7 cases were treated by surgery; 3 cases were treated for type III conservatively, and 12 cases were treated by surgery. All patients were followed up for 12 to 34 months. Among 42 conservatively treated patients, The volume of the protrusion before treatment was 2 645.67±690.86 mm 3, and the volume of the protrusion after treatment was 842.76±573.35 mm 3. The volume of protrusions before and after treatment was statistical significance ( t=11.897, P<0.001), Tr was 1.38±0.83 mm, and Er was 73.08%±34.39%, the resorption rate of protrusions was 65.10%±24.50%, and 39 cases (92.86%, 39/42) reached the standard for protrusion resorption (resorption rate ≥30%); 23 cases of type I , the resorption rate was 76.54%±18.62%; 16 cases of type II had an resorption rate of 56.81%±21.44%; 3 cases of type III had an resorption rate of 21.58%±12.19%. The resorption rate of type III were compared by single factor analysis of variance, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=12.885, P<0.001); 32 cases of both type I and II (82.05%, 32/39) had significant resorption (resorption rate ≥50%), and no case of type Ⅲ had significant resorption, comparing with type I and II, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.010); Tr was positively correlated with resorption rate ( r=0.569, P<0.001), Er was positively correlated with resorption rate ( r=0.677, P<0.001). Conclusion:Under close clinical observation, parts of the prolapsed or sequestrated lumbar disc herniations can be conservatively treated, and the herniated disc can be resorption in many people and the clinical symptoms were alleviated. Rim-enhancement signal differentiation by enhanced MR has a better predictive value for the outcome of the herniation, type I is more prone to resorption, preferred conservative treatment, type Ⅲ is not easy to resorption, preferred surgery treatment, and the higher thickness of rim enhancement, the greater extend the rim-enhancement, the more prone to resorption phenomenon.

Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 274-278, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809913


Objective@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of rotational atherectomy in the interventional treatment of coronary chronic total occlusion lesions.@*Methods@#In this retrospective study,a total of 31 consecutive patients with coronary chronic total occlusion(CTO) lesions underwent rotational atherectomy in our hospital from February 2004 to December 2016 were enrolled,and the clinical features were analyzed. Coronary atherectomy was performed if balloon failed to cross the CTO lesions or balloon could not be fully dilated in the CTO lesions after wire crossing. The definition of procedure success was defined as residual stenosis less than 20% after implantation of drug eluting stent and rotational atherectomy. After the procedure, the patients were followed up to observe major adverse cardiac and cerebral vascular events which including cardiogenic death, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, and target lesion revascularization.@*Results@#The 1.25 mm diameter burr was firstly selected in 80.6% (25/31) patients,and 96.8%(30/31) patients used only 1 burr to complete the rotational atherectomy procedure. The complication rate was 9.8% (3/31) including 1 patient with coronary dissection and 3 patients with slow flow or no flow. There was 1 patent with both coronary dissection and slow flow. The procedure success rate was 96.8%(30/31). Interventional treatment related myocardial infarction occurred in 3 patients during hospitalization.The 30 patients with procedure success were followed up 36(11, 96) months. The incidence rate of major adverse cardiac and cerebral vascular events was 13.3% (4/30), of which the cardiogenic death rate was 3.3% (1/30), the myocardial infarction rate was 6.7% (2/30), cerebrovascular accident rate was 3.3%(1/30),and the target lesion revascularization rate was 6.7% (2/30).@*Conclusion@#Rotational atherectomy is safe and effective in the interventional treatment of coronary CTO lesions.

Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2018; 34 (3): 671-675
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-198391


Objectives: To analyze the related factors for delayed healing of facial muscle spasm after microvascular decompression

Methods: After microvascular decompression, 116 of 425 patients with delayed healing were followed up, and their clinical data were analyzed

Results: The incidence rate of postoperative delayed healing was 27.3%, which was not correlated with gender, age or intraoperative vascular compression. However, it was correlated with disease course, severity of preoperative symptoms, arteriosclerosis and abnormal facial muscle response. The duration of delayed healing was positively correlated with preoperative disease course

Conclusions: Delayed healing is a common phenomenon after microvascular decompression for facial muscle spasm, with an elusive reason. Therefore, the treatment outcomes should be evaluated after one year of follow-up

Chinese Journal of Interventional Cardiology ; (4): 307-312, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611400


Objective To observe the efficacy of antithrombotic treatment of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients with failure primary percutaneous coronary intervention because of high thrombus burden,and its effect on elective percutaneous coronary intervention.Methods Eight acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients were enrolled,who suffered from failure of primary percutaneous coronary intervention because of high thrombus burden.Summarize the antithrombotic strategies in perioperative and postoperative period,the operative strategies and the follow-up coronary intervention were recorded and reviewed.Results All the patients were male and most of them had acute inferior myocardial infarction with right coronary occluded because of high thrombus burden.Four patients received thrombus aspiration and balloon dilation.One patient received thrombus aspiration and the other three patients did not receive coronary intervention.Tirofiban were given in perioperative period to all the patients.Low molecular weight heparin was given to 6 patients.Dual antiplatelet therapy was given to 6 patients (aspirin 100 mg/day plus clopidogrel 75 mg/day) and 1 patient required up-titration of aspirin to 200 mg/day.Coronary angiography were repeated (29.00 ± 23.25) days later,and the thrombus in the culprit vessels disappeared in two patients,and coronary stent implantation was performed in three patients.Conclusions The routine antithrombotic strategies play limited roles in thrombus clearance in acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction patients with failure primary percutaneous coronary intervention because of high thrombus burden.The time for the thrombus to be totally organized and the timing of elective percutaneous coronary intervention are still uncertain and need to be further studied.

Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 39-42, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489401


Objective To evaluate the application of multi-slice computed tomographic coronary angiography in diagnosis of chronic total occlusion (CTO) of coronary artery.Methods Six hundred and thirty eight patients were diagnosed as CTO disease with coronary angiography (CAG) from June 2011 to December 2012 in Zhongshan Hospital;236 of them received multi-slice computed tomographic coronary angiography in 60 days before.Results In total 708 vessels of the 236 patients,244 vessels were proved totally occluded,128 (52.5%) of which were located in left anterior descending artery,31 (12.7%) were located in left circumflex coronary artery and 85 (34.8%) located in right coronary artery.Multi-slice computed tomographic coronary angiography was superior to CAG in judgment of stump anatomy (64.3% vs.52.5%,F =7.09,P =0.010),plaque calcification (40.2% vs.26.2%,F =10.68,P =0.001) and distal vessel interpretability (93.9% vs.74.6%,F =34.06,P < 0.001).There was no significant difference in judging side branch,tortuosity and lesion length between multi-slice computed tomographic coronary angiography and CAG (all P > 0.05).Conclusion Multi-slice computed tomographic coronary angiography provides more detailed anatomy information of CTO lesions and is of value in diagnosis and treatment of CTO lesions.

Chinese Journal of Interventional Cardiology ; (4): 349-352, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451470


Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 135 cm Corsair microcatheter inpercutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) with antegrade approach via radial artery. Methods From June 2010 to February 2014, a total of 81 patients with CTO lesions treated with 135cm Corsair microcatheter (Asahi Intec Co, Japan) and transradial antegrade approach was enrolled in this study. The success rate of CTO-PCI, the rate of Corsair microcatheter crossing the CTO lesions and the number of balloon catheters utilization were retrospectively analyzed. Unique complications related to the Corsair microcatheter were also documented. Results Success recanalization of CTO were achieved in 73 (90.1%) patients. Crossing the CTO body with Corsair microcatheter was found in 56(84.8%) patients. The number of balloon utilized after Corsair microcatheter crossing the CTO was much lower than that of patients who Corsair microcatheter failed to cross (1.3±0.6 per patient versus 2.8±1.2per patient, P < 0.05). The success recanalization rate of combined using Fielder XT guidewire with Corsair microcatheter was 51.5%. There was no complications related to Corsair microcatheter during the index procedure, no major adverse cardiac events during in-hospital clinical follow-up. Conclusions Corsair microcatheter was safe and effective in the recanalization for CTO with transradialantegrade approach. It can simplify the CTO-PCI procedure and reduce the number of balloon catheters.

Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589268


Objective To investigate the relationship between inflammatory factors, coronary artery dilation, and their clinical significance. Methods The cases undergone coronary angiography in our hospital last year were collected and divided into three groups: the first one included 11 patients whose angiography showed coronary artery dilation, the second group included 35 cases of atherosclerosis, and the third includes 24 cases with normal angiography. sES, MMP9 and TIMP1 were measured by ELISA method. Results Patients with coronary artery dilation were found to have significantly higher sES and MMP-9 level in comparison with atherosclerosis group and normal group[(153.7?152.7)ng/L,(90.1?54.2)ng/L,(76.5?37.2)ng/L, respectively](P