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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 319-25, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457252

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the impact of depression caused by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) on in vivo activity of six kinds of CYP450 isoforms in rats. According to 'Katz' method, the model of CUMS was established. Tolbutamide, chlorzoxazone, theophylline, midazolam, omeprazole and dextromethorphan were chosen as probe substrates of CYP2C6, CYP2E1, CYP1A2, CYP3A2, CYP2D1 and CYP2D2 of rats. Plasma concentration of six kinds of CYP450 in control group and model group were determined by LC-MS/MS and computed pharmacokinetic parameters. Consequently, metabolism of theophylline and chlorzoxazone accelerated significantly (P < 0.01), but tolbutamide, dextromethorphan, omeprazole and midazolam had no significant difference. The present study proved that depression caused by CUMS had strong induction to CYP1A2 and medium induction to CYP2E1.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 273-277,278, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600731

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish a LC-MS/MS method for determination of 5-HT, NE, DA and observe the con-centration of 5-HT, NE, DA in rat plasma of CUMS. Methods Twenty-two male SD rats were divided into control group and model group. Model group was given 9 kinds chronic unpredictable mild stimulating factors every day. 21 days later, behavior and orbital blood were measured before and after modeling. Using benzo-yl chloride as a pre-column derivatization reagent, three analytes and IS were derivatized before LC-MS/MS detection. Change in three kinds of neurotransmit-ter concentration was measured in rat plasma before and after modeling. Results After modeling, com-pared with control group, the weight of rats in model group was declined significantly ( P<0. 05 ) . Horizon-tal scores, vertical scores and sugar consumption were declined significantly ( P <0. 01 ) . Calibration curves of 5-HT, NE, DA were linear between 1. 47 ~752, 1. 75 ~898 , 2. 05 ~1 053 μg · L-1 and LOQ were 1. 47, 1. 75, 2. 046μg·L-1 ,respectively. The recov-ery of 5-HT, NE, DA from plasma was over than 70%, and RSD of inter-day and intra-day assay was limited in 15%. Compared with control group, the con-centration of 5-HT, NE, DA in rat plasma of model group was declined to ( 3. 99 ± 1. 21 ) , ( 6. 24 ± 1. 94), (6. 07 ± 1. 98) μg·L-1(P <0. 01). Con-clusion After making CUMS model of depression, three kinds of neurotransmitters in rat plasma are de-creased.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1402-1407, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454526

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish a LC-MS/MS method for the determination of hydroxysafflor yellow A ( QA ) in human plasma. Methods After being added into 0. 2M ammonium acetate (1∶1,V/V), QA was extrac-ted using solid-phase extraction technique, and the eluent was directly injected into LC-MS/MS systems. Agilent ZORBAX SB C18 (3. 0 × 100 mm, 3. 5 μm) column and isocratic elution system composing of meth-anol and 0. 2 mM ammonium acetate (70 ∶ 30, V/V) provided chromatographic separation of QA and internal standard isorhamnetin-3-O-neohespeidoside ( SLS) fol-lowed by detection with mass spectrometry. The mass transition ion-pair was followed as m/z 611 . 131→490. 900 for QA and m/z 623. 032→298. 800 for SLS. Results The retention time of QA and SLS was 2. 7 min and 3. 9 min respectively, with no interference in human blank plasma. The proposed method showed good linearity over the concentration range of 8. 57 ~4185 μg·L-1 for QA with a correlation coefficient≥ 0 . 9949 . The lower limit of quantitation was 8. 570 μg ·L-1 . The intra-batch and inter-batch precision and accuracy were within 7%. The average matrix effect ranged from 115. 72% to 119. 06% with RSD less than 5%. The average extraction recovery ranged from 77. 75% to 80. 76% with RSD less than 5%. Stability of human samples after 4 h at room temperature, after the three freeze-thaw cycles and after 31 days at -70℃, and post-preparative stability of the processed sam-ples after 24 h was acceptable. Plasma samples with the concentration beyond the upper quantitation limit could be accurately determined after being diluted using 6. 25 times ( V/V ) of human blank plasma. Conclusion Our current LC-MS/MS method is sensitive, accurate and convenient, and is proved to be suitable for the sys-tematic study on clinical pharmacokinetics of QA.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1739-1742, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458713

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the influence of sarpog-relate hydrochloride (SH)on the pharmacokinetic pro-file of dextromethorphan (DM),the typical substrate of CYP2D1 /2,in rats when they were administered co-instantaneously.Methods A total of 1 2 SD rats were randomly divided into two groups:the control group (DM,1 0 mg·kg-1 )and the sarpogrelate group (SH, 1 0 mg·kg-1 ;DM,1 0 mg·kg-1 ),which received in-tragastric administration.Plasma samples were collected immediately before and at different time points after drug administration.A LC-MS /MS method was used to determine the concentrations of DM in rat plasma. Pharmacokinetic parameters were analyzed using Drug and Statistics (DAS 2.0).Results There were signif-icant differences in the pharmacokinetic parameters of DM,including T1 2 (2.49 h ±0.93 h vs 1 .47 h ±0.20 h,P <0.05 ),Cmax (325.7 μg·L -1 ±1 33.2 μg· L -1 vs 1 04.5μg·L -1 ±52.4 μg·L -1 ,P <0.05), AUC0 -t(785.5 μg·L -1 ·h ±451 .9 μg·L -1 ·h vs 244.8 μg·L -1 ·h ±1 68.3μg·L -1 ·h,P <0.05) and AUC0 -∞(804.7 μg·L -1 ·h ±445.6 μg·L -1 ·h vs 251 .4 μg·L -1 ·h ±1 73.4 μg·L -1 ·h,P<0.05 )between the two groups.Conclusion SH could significantly inhibit the elimination of DM,the substrate of CYP2D1 /2 in rats.

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