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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931338

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct an evaluation index system of teaching accomplishment of nursing part-time teachers and to provide a scientific standard for objectively evaluating the teaching level of nursing part-time teachers.Methods:Through literature analysis and semi-structured interview to screen indicators, Delphi method was used to conduct 2 rounds of letter consultation among 25 experts from all over the country, and an evaluation index system of teaching accomplishment of nursing part-time teachers was established. SPSS 22.0 software was used for data statistical analysis, and the weight of each index was determined by the precedence chart method.Results:The evaluation index system consists of 3 first-level indexes, 14 second-level indexes and 42 third-level indexes, including teaching knowledge, teaching ability and teaching quality.Conclusion:The evaluation index of teaching accomplishment of nursing part-time teachers is suitable for evaluating the teaching knowledge, ability and quality of nursing part-time teachers.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of solution-focused approach on medication adherence in patients with cerebral ischemic stroke.Methods:A total of 120 patients with cerebral ischemic stroke from May to August 2019 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University were divided into the experimental group and the control group by random digits table method with 60 cases in each group. The patients in the control group received the routine nursing in the hospital and extended nursing outside the hospital, while patients in the experimental group received the solution-focused approach based on the control group. The intervention effects of the two groups were evaluated by Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8), Beliefs about Medication Questionnaire(BMQ), Richard Gray's scoring method of medication compliance confidence and willingness to take medication, and the changes of blood pressure.Results:Finally, 57 cases were included in the control group and 58 cases in the experimental group. There was no significant difference in the scores of medication compliance between the two groups before intervention( P>0.05). The scores of the control group and the experimental group were 5.110 ± 1.194, 6.160 ± 1.064 at 1 month after intervention and 5.044 ± 1.010, 6.306 ± 0.685 at 3 months after intervention, the differences were statistically significant ( t=4.98, 7.83, both P<0.05).There was no significant difference in medication belief score, medication compliance confidence score, willingness to take medication score, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure between the control group and the experimental group before intervention( P>0.05). One month after intervention, those index mentioned above were (2.561 ±2.605) points, (7.123 ± 1.310) points, (6.368 ± 1.234) points, (131.86 ± 13.13) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), (84.33 ± 7.05) mmHg in the control group, and (4.345 ± 3.006) points, (7.603 ± 1.388) points, (6.948 ± 1.527) points, (126.52 ± 12.44) mmHg, (83.95 ± 8.07) mmHg in the experimental group. Three months after intervention, those index mentioned above were (1.667 ± 2.149) points, (6.737 ± 1.218)points, (5.702 ± 1.362) points, (130.47 ± 13.77) mmHg, (84.25 ± 7.71) mmHg in the experimental group, and (4.879 ± 2.760) points, (7.793 ± 1.321) points, (7.207 ± 1.373) points, (125.71 ± 11.18) mmHg, (82.98 ±7.41) mmHg in the control group. One month and three months after intervention, the scores of medication belief and willingness to take medication in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group, and the systolic blood pressure was lower than that in the control group. Three months after interevention, medication compliance confidence was higher than that in the control group. The differences were statistically significant ( t values were -2.24-6.96, all P < 0.05). Repeated measurement analysis of variance showed that there were interactions between the group effect and time effect of medication compliance, medication belief, medication compliance confidence, willingness to take medication and systolic blood pressure ( F values were 12.81-26.17, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Solution-focused approach can significantly improve patients' medication adherence, beliefs about medication, medication compliance confidence, willingness to take medication, and effectively control blood pressure fluctuations.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805116

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To effectively reduce the concentration of poisons in cleanroom, protect the health of workers, realize the optimization and automatic control of the new return air device. And the influence of initial concentration, air volume, temperature and relative humidity of formaldehyde on the purification effect of the new return air device was explored.@*Methods@#The purification effect of the new return air device installed with the activated carbon and the photocatalyst purification net or ordinary activated carbon purification network was tested in a 60 m3 simulated cleanroom. The concentration of formaldehyde was determined by solution absorption-phenol reagent spectrophotometry. Based on the single factor experiment to determine the combination of two purification nets. The effects of air volume, initial formaldehyde concentration, temperature and relative humidity on the purification effect of the new return air device were investigated by orthogonal test. Then, the performance parameters of the return air device to purify formaldehyde were determined.@*Results@#The formaldehyde purification efficiency of the two types of purification nets in the new return air device was higher than that of the ordinary activated carbon purification network (P<0.05) . The combination of activated carbon and photocatalyst purification net has no effect on the formaldehyde purification efficiency of the return air device (P>0.05) . According to the direct analysis and variance analysis, air volume was the most sensitive factor (F value is 18.894, P<0.05) , followed by initial concentration (F value is 16.128, P<0.05) , while temperature and relative humidity have little effect (F value is 0.041 and 0.599, respectively, P>0.05) . LSD analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the purification efficiency of formaldehyde between 475 m3/h and 626 m3/h (P>0.05) . From the perspective of formaldehyde purification efficiency and energy saving, when the air volume is set to 475 m3/h, the new return air device has higher purification efficiency for high concentration of formaldehyde.@*Conclusion@#The new return air device consisting of activated carbon and photocatalyst purification net can play a good purification role in cleanroom with different temperatures and different humidity. Its formaldehyde purification efficiency is affected by air volume and initial concentration.

4.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 1-9, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698830

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors of postoperative delirium among ICU patients. Methods Meta analysis was done by retrieving POD-relevant literature through electronic databases.The included papers by quality assessment were analyzed by Revman 5.3. Results 14 papers,10 English and 4 Chinese,were included for the analysis,involving 5,661 patients.Meta-analysis showed that the alcoholism, renal function impairment, mechanical ventilation, stroke, hypertension and diabetes, LVEF<50% and emergency operation were the risk factors of postoperative delirium(all P<0.05). Conclusions The risk factors of postoperative POD in ICU patients include alcoholism,renal function impairment,mechanical ventilation,stroke,hypertension and diabetes,LVEF<50% and emergency operation. Medical staffs should pay more attentions to the intervention into those risk factors in order to reduce the incidence rate of POD and improve the quality of clinic treatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 454-457, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505672

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate current status of knowledge-attitude-behavior about unplanned extubation (UEX) of central venous catheter among infusion nurses in Guangdong Province.Methods The nurses who attended the 2015 intravenous therapy nursing training provided by Guangdong Nursing Association were selected as participants.A self-designed questionnaire about nurses' knowledge-attitude-behavior about UEX of central venous catheter was used to investigate 450 nurses.Results The proportion of nurses who reached good level in knowledge were 41.1%,nurses who had positive attitude were 71.0%,nurses who had positive behaviors were 30.0%.There were significant differences among nurses with different educational background,different titles and different hospital ranks(P<0.05).Conclusion The knowledge-attitude-behavior of nurses are not satisfactory,especially those who are junior or have lower education or work in non-tertiary hospital.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508935

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effective procedures and practices to solve the ethical dilemma of nursing, and to building nursing ethics decision path. Methods Using inductive-deductive method, summarize predecessors′ research on nursing ethics mode and decision-making process, and establish nursing ethical decisions paths, then display the application based on clinical case. Results Six-steps-Nursing ethics decision path was established, and tested. Conclusions Pay attention to strengthen the cultivation of nurses nursing ethics accomplishment and ability of the decision.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508933

ABSTRACT

Patients in intensive care unit were more critically ill, and often accompanied by dottiness and restless. In order to avoid the adverse events and self-injury, body constraints were often used on the patients. Therefore, this paper would discuss the ethics of body constraints and give the suggestions. According to the literature review and the analysis of the clinical nursing experience of relevant ethical principles, data was collected. The principle of informed consent, respect, and harmless was hard to decide on the issue of body constraints for patients in ICU. Nurses might pay attention to the application of ethical principles, and strengthen the humanistic care. On the issue of body constraints for ICU patients, nurses might pay special attention to the application of possible ethics principles in nursing process and reduce the application of the body constraints, and promote the physical and mental comfort of patients. It reflected the progress of the humanistic solicitude in the current clinical nursing and important value.

8.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 278-281, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460460

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy and adverse reaction of Chuanxiongqingnaokeli for children with migraine. Methods One hundred children patients with migraine were randomly divided into treatment group( n = 50 ) and control group( n = 50 ). Patients in treatment group were given Chuanxiongqingnaokeli,10 g/once,and three times one day,while in control group were given Flunarizine Hydrochloride Capsules,2. 5 mg/once,and who's body mass ﹥50 kg with 5. 0 mg/once,and one times each night. Three months as one course of treatment,and compared the efficacy of two groups after tree course of treatment. Results The hemodynamics of two groups all decreased after treatment compared with before treatment,but ACA,MCA,PCABA and VA in treatment group(( 81. 10 ± 11. 95 ),( 93. 3 ± 14. 16 ),( 70. 2 ± 11. 57),(70. 6 ± 13. 02),(65. 5 ± 12. 6)cm/s respectively)decreased more significantly than that of control group(( 104. 2 ± 12. 63 ),( 116. 2 ± 15. 82 ),( 93. 5 ± 11. 91 ),( 93. 5 ± 12. 71 ),87. 4 ± 12. 92 ) cm/s respectively),and the differences were significant( P﹤0. 05). The headache frequency and duration in treatment group were(1. 0 ± 0. 6)and(3. 3 ± 1. 0),less than that of control group((2. 3 ± 0. 9)and(5. 6 ± 1. 7);t= -3. 345,-3. 269;P﹤0. 05). The total effective rate in treatment group was 90. 0%(45/50),higher than that of control group(74. 0%(37/50);χ2 =4. 336,P﹤0. 05). There was no severe adverse reaction in both two groups. Conclusion The Chuanxiongqingnaokeli is safe and effective for treatment of children with migraine.

9.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 27-30,31, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599733

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate effect of famitinib malate on adverse reactions by radiotherapy and chemotherapy in treatment of advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma and the nursing strategies.Methods From November 2011 to December 2013, 20 cases of advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma in our hospital were treated with famitinib malate combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.During the treatment,we observed the adverse reactions and gave the symptomatic treatment.Results The rates of adverse reactions such as hypertension,renal toxicity,oral mucositis,myelosuppression,gastrointestinal reactions,nasal bleeding, abnormal liver function,and hand-foot skin reaction were 60.0%,70.0%,90.0%,100.0%,85.0%,10.0%,45.0%and 25.0%respectively.After symptomatic treatment,all completed the treatment.Conclusions The incidence rate of adverse reactions of famitinib malate combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy for treating advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma is high.Close monitoring and observation during treatment courses can ensure the successful completion of treatment.

10.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 67-70, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459864

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate training of the ultrasound-guided modified Seldinger technique(MST)for cannulation of PICC.Method Twenty-nine nurses trained with the traditional training on ultrasound-guided MST during December 2009 to December 2011 were set as control group and another 29 nurses trained with the systematic training during December 2011 to December 2013 were as experiment group.The training effect were compared between the two groups after 2 months training.Results The theoretical knowledge in the experiment group was improved significantly compared with the control group. Moreover, the success rate of catheterization in the experiment group was 100.0%,significantly higher than that in the control group(both P<0.01).Conclusion Systematic training system is more effective than the traditional training.It can improve the nurses’technical and theoretical knowledge on ultrasound-guided MST for PICC.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431678

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the difference among neonatal rat models of hypoxia-ischemia induced white matter injury of brain by three different methods and to provide theory basis on choosing the proper animal model for deep study on white matter injury of premature infants.Methods Three different hypoxia-ischemia methods were applied to induce brain white matter injury model of Wistar rats of postnatal 3rd day which were left carotid artery ligation followed by 6% oxygen for 30 minutes and for 4 hours respectively,and bilateral carotid artery ligation followed by 8% oxygen for 30 minutes.Compared brain pathological results of rats in different groups,changes in white matter of brain by glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and myelin basic protein (MBP) immunostaining,and changes in time of opening eyes and eyes appearance.Results Left carotid artery ligation followed by 6% oxygen for 30 minutes resulted in sparse and vague periventricular white matter without necrotic lesions,and the degree of GFAP intensity [(5 021.63 ± 358.92) OD] increase and MBP intensity [(18 488.63 ± 1 822.62) OD] decrease were lowest (P < 0.000 1),as well as the delay of opening time of the left eye.Left carotid artery ligation followed by 6% oxygen for 4 hours resulted in necrotic lesions of periventricular white matter,with the degree of GFAP intensity [(6 069.13 ± 458.61) OD] and MBP intensity [(15 003.38 ± 1 559.11) OD],and also the delay of opening time of the left eye.Bilateral carotid artery ligation followed by 8% oxygen for 30 minutes caused cystic necrosis of bilateral periventricular white matters,and the degree of GFAP intensity [(6 194.50 ±432.69) OD] increase and MBP intensity [(10 119.35 ± 735.16) OD] decrease of the left side were highest(P < 0.000 1),as well as the delay of opening time and cataract in both eyes.Conclusion Left carotid artery ligation followed by 6% oxygen for 30 minutes is more suitable for investigating mild brain white matter injury.Left carotid artery ligation followed by 6% oxygen for 4 hours and bilateral carotid artery ligation followed by 8% oxygen for 30 minutes are more proper for the investigation of severe periventricular leukemacia cases.

12.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 18-22, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445283

ABSTRACT

Objectives To analyze comparatively the adverse reactions of Nedaplatin(NDP)and Cisplatin(DDP)in concurrent chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma and summarize the nursing points as well.Methods From March 2012 to March 2013,112 patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma were randomly divided into NDP group and DDP group.Besides intensity modulated radiotherapy for both groups,NDP group were treated with intravenous drop infusion of NDP by 100 mg/m2 and the control group with intravenous drop infusion of DDP by 100 mg/m2 both for three courses of once every three weeks (e.g.day one,day 22 and day 43 during the course).The two groups were compared in terms of therapeutic effects and incidences of adverse reactions.Results The complete remission rates of the NDP group and DDP group were 87.5%and 85.7%,respectively (P>0.05).The incidences of adverse reactions like gastrointestinal reactions and radioactive mucositis in the NDP group were significantly lower than those in the DDP group(P0.05). Conclusions Chemotherapy with NDP combined with radiotherapy for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma has fewer adverse effects and is easy to be accepted by patients so that their quality of life can be improved.In the application of the two kinds of chemotherapy,we should pay attention to the adverse reactions on patients in order to give pertinent care.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419209

ABSTRACT

Leukemia inhibitory factor(LIF) is a multifunctional cytokine.In recent years,investigations have made some advancement in the effect of LIF on central nervous system.LIF shows a high expression in various central nervous system diseases and related animal models,which shows a neuroprotective effect most time in central nervous system injuries.LIF is defined as a neurotrophic factor.It might provide a new strategy for the therapy of central nervous system diseases to undertake further studies on leukemia inhibitory factor and central nervous system diseases.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391089

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the pressure of hospitalized patients and protrudent problem of mental stress.Methods Choosing 150 non-psychiatric patients in random for investigation using mental status scale in non-psychiatric patients.At last, data were analyzed to find out the stressors they were bear-ing in hospital.Results There existed mental pressures in hospitalized patients in some degree."to ex-pect to recover health early" was the highest score (7.21±3.17), and "to worry about their position de-creased after disease" got the lowest score, (2.56±2.15).The mental stress of hospitalized patients was cor-related with age, sex, education degree, income and marital status.Conclusions There existed mental pressures in hospitalized patients in some degree.Different mental stressor shows different psychological re-action, we should take different measures to improve the life and nursing quality of hospitalized patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399770

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the feasibility of developing psychological pressure assessment tools coping with hospitalized patients based on Neuman systems model. Methods We analyzed the fea-sibility of developing assessing tools specifically by theoretical analysis, literature review and case study.Results It was proved that Neuman systems model was suitable for guiding the development and applica-tion of assessment tools for evaluating the psychological pressure. Conclusions Neuman Systems Model could effectively evaluate the psychological pressure of non-psychiatric settings. Therefore, it can be con-cluded that the model is suitable for developing the psychological assessment tools for hospitalized patients.

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