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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influence of different feeding patterns on mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in pregnant women with high viral loads who received antiviral medication during pregnancy to the day of delivery.Methods:This prospective cohort study was conducted in Beijing You'an Hospital. From January 1, 2019, to March 31, 2020, and 574 pregnant women with positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and HBV DNA>2×10 5 IU/ml were enrolled. All participants received tenofovir, telbivudine, lamivudine, or propofol tenofovir from 24-28 weeks of gestation and discontinued on the day of delivery, and their neonates were postnatally given routine passive-active immunoprophylaxis. Based on the feeding patterns, the subjects were divided into three groups: breastfeeding ( n=257), bottle-feeding ( n=241) and mixed feeding groups ( n=76). The follow-up data were obtained from liver functions and HBV DNA level of the mothers at 6-8 weeks postpartum and HBV serological markers of infants at 7-12 months. One-way ANOVA, Student-Newman-Keuls, Chi-square test or Fisher exact test, and repeated measures ANOVA were used to analyze the data. Results:The average maternal HBV DNA levels before antiviral treatment did not differ significantly between the three groups [(7.90±0.67), (7.82±0.70), (7.83±0.70) log 10 IU/ml, F=0.912, P>0.05]. HBV DNA level before delivery in the mixed feeding group was slightly lower than that in the breastfeeding and bottle-feeding group [(3.87 ±1.08) vs (4.21±1.17) and (4.30±1.28) log 10 IU/ml, q= 3.052 and 3.831, both P<0.05], while the comparison between the latter two groups showed no significant differences ( P>0.05). After delivery, HBV DNA level in the bottle-feeding group was slightly lower than that in the breastfeeding group [(7.42±0.93) vs (7.69±0.90) log 10 IU/ml, q=4.583, P<0.05]. Among 580 infants (including six pairs of twins), only one bottle-fed infant (0.4%, 1/243) was infected with HBV through MTCT, and none in the breastfeeding or mixed feeding group ( P=0.553). Conclusions:For pregnant women with high viral loads of HBV who have received antiviral medication during pregnancy, although HBV DNA level will rebound after discontinuation upon delivery, breastfeeding is recommended considering it does not increase the risk of MTCT.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883615

ABSTRACT

The department of radiology, as one of the public platforms for standardized residency training, is very crucial to the training of high level clinicians and essential to improve quality of medical care. According to the present situation and existing problems of standardized residency training for the non-imaging professional residents in the department of radiology in China, combining with our practice, this article primarily explores the improvement of the rules and regulations, the specific arrangement of the rotation, daily and graduation examination forms, and training quality supervision, etc. We hope to improve the training quality of the non-imaging professional residents' rotation in the department of radiology and explore more suitable and effective medical educative strategies.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804704

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the epidemiologic features of the rabies in Xishuang banna prefecture of Yunnan province, China in 2008-2017 and the viral molecular-evolution characteristics.@*Methods@#The data of rabies case questionnaire were collected. The brain tissue samples from mad dogs, suspicious sick dogs and human brain tissue, saliva and cerebrospinal fluid samples from rabies patients were collected in Xishuangbanna. Coding region of nucleoprotein and glycoprotein genes were amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced. Homology and phylogenetic analysis were performed using the relevant bioinformatics software.@*Results@#A total of 62 cases of human rabies were occurred in 28 districts of the 3 counties, Xishuangbanna prefecture in 2008-2017. Of them, 37 cases in Jinghong county, 15 in Menghai county and 10 in Mengla county. In which 48 cases were bitten by domestic dogs (77.42%), 11 cases were bitten by wild dogs (17.74%). Rabies case was occurred every year in the past decade. The seasonal incidence was not obvious. The majority of patients were aged from 30 to 59 years-old, with the youngest 1 year-old and the eldest 91 year-old. The male to female ratio was 1.70∶1, most cases were farmers. The nucleotide sequences of nucleoprotein gene of 9 virus strains (7 from Jinghong, 1 from Menghai and 1 from Mengla) were obtained from the samples of dogs and patients. Homology and phylogenetic analyses indicated that the 5 strains belonged to clade China-Ⅰ, 3 clade China-Ⅱ and 1 clade China-Ⅵ. The nucleotide sequences of glycoprotein gene of 5 virus strains (3 from Jinghong, 1 from Menghai and 1 from Mengla) were obtained from these positive samples, and all were clade China-Ⅰ, it is same with nucleoprotein genes analysis result from these 5 virus strains. These China-Ⅰ and China-Ⅱ strains from Xishuangbanna have a closer genetic relationship with same clade strains isolated from Pu’er and other prefectures of Yunnan province as well as Sichuan, Guizhou and Guangxi. The China-Ⅵ strain from Xishuangbanna share high homology and genetic relationship with China-Ⅵ strains isolated from southwestern Yunnan and neighbouring countries such as Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam in recent years.@*Conclusions@#In Xishuangbanna, rabies mainly occurred in rural area and domestic dog was the main source of transmission. These RABV clades China-Ⅰ, China-Ⅱ and China-Ⅵ were found in this region and the China-Ⅰ was principal clade. The transmission source of China-Ⅰ and China-Ⅱ were from adjacent areas in the province and China-Ⅵ was from Myanmar and Laos.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743204

ABSTRACT

Objective The protective effect of oleanolic acid on acute cholestatic liver injury in rats. Methods Thirty male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups ( n= 10 per group): sham group, bile duct ligated (BDL) group, and bile duct ligated with oleanolic acid (BDL+OA ) group. After 7 days, liver samples in all rats were collected. Expressions of bile acids pump and nuclear receptors at mRNA and protein levels were detected by RT- qPCR and Western blotting. Results At mRNA level, the expression of Mrp4 and Oatp1 expression in the BDL and BDL+OA groups were increased as compared with that in the sham group. The expression of Mrp4 increased 1.8 times in the BDL group and increased 2.3 times in the BDL+OA group (P<0.05), but the expression of Oatp1 was not statistically significant; AhR was increased 1.7-fold in the BDL group and 2.8 times in the BDL+OA group, Nrf2 was increased 1.5-fold in the BDL group and 2.1 times in the BDL+OA group with statistically significant difference. At the protein level, in the BDL group, Mrp4 expression increased 1.3 times, Oatp1 expression increased 1.5 times, AhR expression increased 1.3 times, Nrf2 expression increased 1.4 fold; in the BDL+OA group, Mrp4 expression increased 1.8 fold, AhR expression increased 1.9 fold, with statistical significance between the two groups. Oatp1 expression increased 1.4-fold in the BDL+OA group as compared with the BDL group showing no statistical significance. Conclusions Oleanolic acid stimulates the hepatic expression of bile acids pump Mrp4 associated with the activation of nuclear receptors AhR and Nrf2 in acute bile ductligated rats.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806176

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To illustrate the epidemical characteristics of the dog-biting events and molecular evolution of rabies virus (RV) strains prevalent in Shuangbai county of Yunnan province, China.@*Methods@#Epidemical investigation on the dog-biting events and human cases were conducted and the brain tissues of the biting dogs and human cases were sampled post-mortem. Nucleoprotein (N) genes of the RVs were sequenced. Homology and phylogenetic analysis were performed using the relevant bioinformatics software.@*Results@#A total of 12 dog-biting events took place between 2011-2017 in Shuangbai county and 35 persons were bitten. Of the 12 events, 11 were investigated in time and 32 bitten persons received proper wound management and a full post-exposure vaccination course. Rabies has not developed in these wounded cases until now. However, due to failure to receive medical intervention and post-exposure treatment in time, 1 of 3 bitten persons in a single event died of rabies. RV N genes from 5 dogs and 1 person were sequenced. Phylogenetic tree showed that RV strains prevalent in Shuangbai county were closely related with the ones found in neighboring counties/cities such as Chuxiong, Lufeng, Jingdong and Xiangyun. All these strains were related to the ones denoted as clade China-I and prevalent in Sichuan province. Homology analysis showed 99.6%-100% homology in nucleotide and amino acid among the 6 RVs prevalent in Shuangbai county and those prevalent in Chuxiong, Lufeng, Xiangyun and clade China-I of Sichuan province. Compared with the China-I strains prevalent in Chuxiong, Zhaotong and Qujing prefectures between 2006-2007, the homology of nucleotide and amino acid were 97.1%-99.3% and 99.1%-99.6%, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Surveillance on the dog-biting events can prevent rabies in humans effectively. RV strains prevalent in Shuangbai county belong to clade China-I and have a close relationship with those of neighboring prefectures, cities, counties and the ones prevalent in Sichuan province.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808652

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the molecular evolution characteristics of the nucleoprotein (N) genes and epidemiological feature of 118 rabies virus (RABV) strains isolated in Yunnan province, China from 2006 to 2015.@*Methods@#The brain tissue samples from mad dogs, suspicious sick dogs, sick cow, and human brain tissue, saliva and CSF samples from rabies patients were collected in Yunnan province to detect the viral antigen by direct immunofluorescence assay (DFA). The viral RNA from positive samples was extracted. Coding region of N gene was amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced. The phylogenetic tree was constructed by Neighbor-Joining method of MEGA5.0 software.@*Results@#The sequences of N genes of 91 RABV strains in Yunnan from 2012 to 2015 were obtained. With the sequences of N genes of 27 RABV strains in Yunnan from 2006 to 2011 and 29 RABV strains from Southeast Asian Countries, the phylogenetic analysis was performed. RABV strains in Yunnan were divided into clades YN-A (105 strains), YN-B (6 strains), YN-C (7 strains), which belonged to clades China-I, China-VI, China-II respectively. Clade YN-A was epidemic every year from 2006 to 2015, of them, 14 strains from 2006 to 2011 and 91 strains from 2012 to 2015 were distributed in 13 prefectures (cities) of Yunnan. Clades YN-B and YN-C were epidemic only from 2006 to 2010 and from 2008 to 2011 respectively. The regional distribution of clades YN-B and YN-C was limited. The strains of YN-A and YN-C were closely related to the strains of clades China-I and China-II from neighboring Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi and Hunan provinces. The strains of YN-B were closely related to the strains from Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia.@*Conclusions@#Three RABV clades with multiple transmission sources were identified in Yunnan. Clade YN-A was widely distributed in rabies endemic area in Yunnan from 2006 to 2015, and it has strong ability to spread as principal clade in Yunnan. Since 2012, clades YN-B and YN-C were not found again in Yunnan.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668368

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the antibiotic resistance of clinical isolates in Shandong Provincial Hospital during 2016.Method The antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates was tested by using VITEK 2-Compact system or disk diffusion method.All the data were analyzed by WHONET 5.6 software according to CLSI 2016 breakpoints.Results A total of 4 810 non-duplicate clinical strains were collected during 2016,of which gram-negative bacilli and gram-positive cocci accounted for 70.2% and 29.8%,respectively.The most common specimen source was respiratory tract (38.1%),followed by skin and soft tissue (21.1%) and urine (17.5%).Escherichia coli was the most frequently isolated bacteria,followed by Staphylococcus aureus,Pseudomonas aeruginosa,Klebsiella and Enterococcus,accounting for 24.3%,10.2%,9.9%,9.8% and 9.6%,respectively.The prevalence of ESBLs-positive E.coli and K.pneumoniae was 55.0% and 37.9%,respectively.Carbapenem-resistant E.coli and K.pneumoniae accounted for 1.6% and 4.2%,respectively.The percentage of P aeruginosa resistant to imipenem and meropenem was 24.3% and 21.9%,respectively.More than 40% of the A.baumannii strains were resistant to all the antibiotics tested except minocycline (33.2%).The prevalence of beta-lactamase positive strains was 70.1% in H.influenzae and 97.5% in M.catarrhalis.The prevalence of methicillin-resistant S.aureus (MRSA) was 31.4%.No staphylococcal strains were found resistant to vancomycin,teicoplanin or linezolid.E.faecium strains showed higher resistance rate to most antibiotics tested than E.faecalis.One strain of E.faecium was resistant to both vancomycin and teicoplanin.A total of 191 strains of S.pneumoniae were isolated,of which 143 (74.9%) isolates were from pediatric wards.None of the non-meningitis strains was resistant to penicillin.Other hemolytic Streptococcus strains were sensitive to penicillin,cephalosporins and vancomycin.Conclusions Bacterial resistance is still on rise.We should pay more attention to strengthening antimicrobial resistance surveillance and improving rational use of antimicrobial agents.

8.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 161-169, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296202

ABSTRACT

We wished to sequence the full-length genomes of the DHL10M110 strain of the Akabane virus (AKV) isolated from mosquitoes in Yunnan Province, China, in 2010. We also wished to analyze the characteristics of these complete nucleotide sequences. The complete genomic sequence of the DHL10M110 strain from Yunnan Province was obtained by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. We found that the length of the L, M and S gene nucleotide sequences of the DHL10M110 strain were 6 869-bp, 4 309-bp and 856-bp, respectively, including the open reading frame (ORF) nucleotide sequences of 6 756-bp (L), 4 206-bp (M) and 702-bp (S), encoding 2252, 1402 and 234 amino-acid polyproteins, respectively. Phylogenetic analyses based on L-fragment ORF showed that the DHL10M110 strain had a close relationship with the OBE-1 strain of the AKV from Japan and AKVS-7/SKR/2010 strain of the AKV from South Korea. Phylogenetic analyses based on M- and S-fragment ORF showed that the DHL10M110 strain had a close relationship with the epidemic strains of the AKV from Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, but that the DHL10M110 strain had a lone evolutionary branch. In terms of nucleotide (amino acid) homology, the similarity of L-, M- and S-fragment ORFs of the DHL10M110 strain to the OBE-1 strain from Japan was 92.6% (98%), 88.5% (94%) and 96.4% (99.1%), respectively. When comparing the DHL10M110 strain with the OBE-1 strain, we noted 45, 84, and 2 different sites in the amino acids of L, M and S fragments, respectively. Homology and phylogenetic analyses also suggested that the DHL10M110 strain had a distant relationship with the epidemic strains of the AKV from Kenya and Australia. Also, we confirmed by complete genomic sequence analyses that the DHL10M110 strain was clade-Asia of the AKV. However, differences between the DHL10M110 strain compared with strains from Japan and South Korea were also noted. These results suggest that the DHL10M110 strain harbored relatively stable genetic characteristics and distinct regional features. This is the first time that full-length genomic sequences of the DHL10M110 strain of the AKV in mainland China have been obtained.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Base Sequence , Bunyaviridae Infections , Virology , China , Culicidae , Virology , Female , Genome, Viral , Humans , Insect Vectors , Virology , Male , Molecular Sequence Data , Open Reading Frames , Orthobunyavirus , Classification , Genetics , Phylogeny , Sequence Alignment , Viral Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 51-57, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280295

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the prevalence of mosquito-borne viruses in Manshi and Ruili (Yunnan Province, China), we collected 2 149 mosquitoes (17 species) in August 2010. Virus isolation was undertaken by the cul- ture of baby hamster kidney cells (BHK-21 cells). Two virus-like isolates were obtained: DHL10M117 was isolated from collected in Mangshi; DHL10M110 was obtained from Anopheles vagus collected in Rui- li. Both isolates caused cytopathic effects,illness and death in suckling mice inoculated with these isolates via the intracerebral route. Two positive amplicons, 702-bp from the S segment and 456-bp from the M segment,were obtained using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using primers specific for the Akabane virus (AKV). Phylogenetic analysis suggested that these two virus stains had a distant relation- ship with AKVs from Kenya and Australia,but were genetically close to those from Japan,South Korea, and Taiwan. However,they were separate from other Asian strains and grouped into a small branch. The highest nucleotide and amino-acid sequence identity of the S segment was found with the CY-77 strain from Taiwan (96.6% and 99.6% for DHL10M117 and 96.7% and 100% for DHL10M110,respectively). Com- parison of the M segment showed they shared the highest amino acid identity with CY-77 (99.6% and 100%, respectively), whereas the highest nucleotide identity was found with the Iriki strain from Japan (99.6% and 100%, respectively). Compared with the MP496 strain from Kenya,they displayed lower lev- els of sequence homology, at 69.7% and 70.0% for nucleotide sequences of the two loci,and 91. 0% for a- mino acids. Our results identified that DHL10M117 and DHL10M110 were strains of AKV,and provided molecular biological evidence for the existence of AKV in Yunnan Province. These AKV strains that are circulating in Yunnan Province share a close genetic relationship with strains from the rest of Asia. Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Anopheles vagus may serve as transmission vectors.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Anopheles , Virology , Base Sequence , Bunyaviridae Infections , Virology , China , Cricetinae , Female , Humans , Insect Vectors , Virology , Male , Mice , Orthobunyavirus , Classification , Genetics , Physiology , Phylogeny , Sequence Homology , Viral Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 528-532, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737364

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution patterns of mosquitoes and mosquito-borne viruses in Dehong prefecture,Yunnan province,China. Methods Mosquito samples were collected using the mosquito traps from five counties of Dehong prefecture on July,2007 and 2010. Mosquitoes were cell cultured for viral isolation,and positive isolates were identified using RT-PCR and sequence analysis. Results A total of 43 634 mosquitoes comprised of 29 species representing six genera were collected. Culex tritaeriorhynchus and Anopheles sinensis comprised 78.69% and 14.77% of the total. Six strains of viruses were isolated from the mosquito pools. RT-PCR and phylogenetic analysis revealed three strains from Cx. tritaeriorhynchus,identified as genotypeⅠJapanese encephalitis virus(JEV). One strain was identified from Cx. tritaeriorhynchus,as Getah virus (GETV). Two strains isolated from Cx. tritaeriorhynchus and Anopheles vagus were identified as Culex pipiens pallens Densovirus(CppDNV). Conclusion Cx. tritaeriorhynchus had been the major species of mosquitoes and mainly transmitting vector of mosquito-borne viruses in Dehong prefecture. GenotypeⅠJEV,GETV and CppDNV were the vectors causing transmission of mosquitoe-borne diseases in this area. Data from phylogenetic analysis showed that these newly discovered isolates seemed to have had close relationship with those viruses previously circulating in Yunnan and other provinces of China.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 528-532, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735896

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution patterns of mosquitoes and mosquito-borne viruses in Dehong prefecture,Yunnan province,China. Methods Mosquito samples were collected using the mosquito traps from five counties of Dehong prefecture on July,2007 and 2010. Mosquitoes were cell cultured for viral isolation,and positive isolates were identified using RT-PCR and sequence analysis. Results A total of 43 634 mosquitoes comprised of 29 species representing six genera were collected. Culex tritaeriorhynchus and Anopheles sinensis comprised 78.69% and 14.77% of the total. Six strains of viruses were isolated from the mosquito pools. RT-PCR and phylogenetic analysis revealed three strains from Cx. tritaeriorhynchus,identified as genotypeⅠJapanese encephalitis virus(JEV). One strain was identified from Cx. tritaeriorhynchus,as Getah virus (GETV). Two strains isolated from Cx. tritaeriorhynchus and Anopheles vagus were identified as Culex pipiens pallens Densovirus(CppDNV). Conclusion Cx. tritaeriorhynchus had been the major species of mosquitoes and mainly transmitting vector of mosquito-borne viruses in Dehong prefecture. GenotypeⅠJEV,GETV and CppDNV were the vectors causing transmission of mosquitoe-borne diseases in this area. Data from phylogenetic analysis showed that these newly discovered isolates seemed to have had close relationship with those viruses previously circulating in Yunnan and other provinces of China.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 528-532, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348630

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution patterns of mosquito and mosquito-borne viruses in Dehong prefecture, Yunnan province, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mosquito samples were collected using the mosquito traps from five counties of Dehong prefecture on July, 2007 and 2010. Mosquito were cell cultured for viral isolation, and positive isolates were identified using RT-PCR and sequence analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 43 634 mosquito comprised of 29 species representing six genera were collected. Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Anopheles sinensis comprised 78.69% and 14.77% of the total. Six strains of viruses were isolated from the mosquito pools. RT-PCR and phylogenetic analysis revealed three strains from Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, identified as genotype I Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). One strain was identified from Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, as Getah virus (GETV). Two strains isolated from Cx. tritaeniorhynchus and Anopheles vagus were identified as Culex pipiens pallens Densovirus (CppDNV).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cx. tritaeniorhynchus had been the major species of mosquito and mainly transmitting vector of mosquito-borne viruses in Dehong prefecture. Genotype I JEV, GETV and CppDNV were the vectors causing transmission of mosquito-borne diseases in this area. Data from phylogenetic analysis showed that these newly discovered isolates seemed to have had close relationship with those viruses previously circulating in Yunnan and other provinces of China.</p>


Subject(s)
Alphavirus , Animals , Arboviruses , Classification , China , Culicidae , Virology , Disease Vectors , Classification , Encephalitis Virus, Japanese
13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 977-981, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469639

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the supplementary roles of MRI in the diagnosis of fetal abnormalities in twin fetuses.Methods MRI manifestations of 22 twins were retrospectively analyzed after abnormalities were found by prenatal ultrasonography (US) from Sep 2005 to Dec 2012.Two rapid scanning sequences were used in the study,fast-imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA) and fast inversion recovery motion insensitive (FIRM).MRI findings were compared with those of prenatal US,induced labour or postpartum diagnosis.Results A total of 22 twins were reported with 23 abnormal fetuses in 20 twins and 2 normal twins.MRI confirmed central nervous system abnormalities in 3 abnormal fetuses which were anencephalus,meningoencephalocele and enlargement of lateral ventricles respectively.The case of meningoencephalocele was showed brain tissue protruding from the occipital defect on MRI,which was misdiagnosed as a cystic lymphagioma by US.The MRI diagnosis of anencephalus and enlarged lateral ventricles were accordant with US.MRI made the definite diagnosis in 5 chest abnormalities,which were left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in 5 abnormal fetuses.They were diagnosed as possible CDH by US.Abdominal abnormalities (n=7,8 abnormal fetuses) included two fetuses in one twin with expanded digestive tract,one fetus with expanded colon and rectus and five fetuses with omphalocele.MRI diagnosis was compatible with US diagnosis in the 7 cases.Twins micromelia were found in one case with 2 abnormal fetuses.Conjoined twins in chest and abdomen were found in another case,which manifested as two hearts,one shared liver and independent urinary tracts and gastrointestinal tracts on MRI.One fetus in twin was dead (n=1,1 abnormal fetus).MRI showed small size and skin edema of the dead fetus.One acephalus acardius of twins (n=2,2 abnormal fetuses) was proved.Normal MRI manifestations were indicated in 2 cases which were suspected by US for abnormal digestive tract and cryptorachischisis respectively.Conclusions MRI,an important supplementary method of prenatal US diagnosis,shows valuable advantages including multi-plane manifestations,more extensive visual field and good soft tissue contrast.It is especially helpful in the diagnosis and treatment of multiple pregnancy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 1272-1280, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457841

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT:In recent years ,there has been high prevalence of murine typhus in Yunnan Province ,People's Republic of China .A large outbreak of murine typhus occurred in Xishuangbanna Prefecture ,Yunnan Province in 2010 .However ,not all cases were confirmed by laboratory assays ;therefore ,field epidemiologic and laboratory investigations of murine typhus in Xishuangbanna Prefecture were conducted in 2011 .Blood samples were collected from clinical diagnostic cases at the acute and convalescence stages of murine typhus in Xishuangbanna Prefecture ,Yunnan Province ,from June to September of 2011 ,and blood and spleen samples were collected from mice sharing the same habitats as the patients .Immunofluorescence assays were used to test for the presence of IgM and IgG antibodies against Rickettsia typhi in sera from patients and mice .Real‐time PCR was used to detect the groEL gene of R .typhi in blood clots from patients at the acute stage and in spleen tissue from mice .A total of 1 157 clinically diagnosed murine typhus cases occurred in Xishuangbanna Prefecture ,Yunnan Province in 2011 ,with an incidence of 102 .10/100 000 .Of these cases ,80 were investigated by laboratory assays and 74 of 80 patients were confirmed to have murine typhus .The coincidence rate between the clinical diagnosis and laboratory detection was 92 .50% .The positivi‐ty rate for IgG antibodies against R .typhi was 14 .0% (14/100) for Rattus f lavipectus ,while the rate by PCR was 9 .0%(9/100) .That laboratory diagnoses confirmed that the severity of the murine typhus outbreak in Xishuangbanna cannot be ig‐nored .The distribution of host animals transmitting R .typhi underscores this conclusion .

15.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 8-12, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438370

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the psychological status of nursing students of Tibetan and Han nationality.Method The questionnaire of Symptom Checklist 90(SCL-90)was distributed to 120 nursing students of Tibetan and Han nationality by random sampling.Results SCL-90 total scores of Tibetan nursing students and Han nursing students were(136.96±30.76)and (129.78±28.99),respectively.There was a statistically significant difference(P<0.001).The scores of Tibetan nursing students was higher than that of Han nursing students on factors of somatization,force symptoms,sensitivity to social relations,depression, hostility,paranoid and psychosis,but the scores of Han nursing students were higher than Tibetan nursing students on factors of anxiety and terror,with significant significance(P<0.01).The results of SCL-90 showed that the scores of somatization,force symptoms,sensitivity to social relations depression,paranoid and hostility in the Tibetan nursing students of 1st grade were significantly higher than those in the Hannrusing students of the 1st grade score(P<0.05).The score of force symptoms,depression and psychosis in the Tibetan nursing students of 2nd grade were significantly higher than those in the Han nursing students of 2nd grade (P<0.05).The scores on force symptoms,sensitivity to social relations,depression and anxiety in Tibetan nursing students of the 3rd grade were higher than those in the Han nursing students of the 3rd grade(P<0.05).Conclusion Tthe psychological status of Tibetan nursing students is outstanding in contrast to Han nursing studetns,and Tibetan nursing students were given directed intervention of mental health problem according to their risk factors.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436760

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of methylprednisolone pulse therapy on the acute treatment of multiple sclerosis.Methods 46 cases of the acute phase of patients with multiple sclerosis treatment in the hospital's department of neurology were chosen,who were divided in accordance with the principle of randomized controlled study group and the control group,each group of 23 patients.The study group was given methylprednisolone in the treatment and control group were given dexamethasone treatment.The clinical efficacy and complications of the treatment of patients were compared.Results The study group markedly in 14 cases,effective 54 cases,the total effective rate was 82.6% ;the control group,10 casesmarkedly effective in 4 cases,9 cases ineffective,the total effective rate was 60.9% ; compared the two sets of data decline before treatment,there was a statistically significant difference (x2 =5.236,P < 0.05).After the treatment,the two groups of patients with EDSS scores compared with EDSS scores of the study group was significantly lower than that of the control group,the difference was statistically significant(t =3.135,P < 0.05).Conclusion In acute phase of patients with multiple sclerosis,methytprednisolone pulse therapy can reduce the incidence of complications,and reduce the patient's nervous system damage,which can improve the quality of life in patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435897

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn about the status of stress to the life affairs of Tibetan nursing students on 9+3 free Education Programs,and corresponding intervention of mental health problem were put forward.Methods 120 Tibetan nursing students through random sampling were evaluated with Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC).Results The average scores of items such as study pressure,interpersonal relationship and health adaptation were above the median level.The scores of interpersonal relationship,punishment and loss in the 1st grade were significantly higher than those in the 2nd grade and 3rd grade.The score of study pressure in the 2nd grade was higher compared with that in the other grades.In comparison with the other grades,the score of health adaptation in the 3rd grade was higher,and there was significant difference.Conclusions Influence of stress to the life affairs on psyche of Tibetan nursing students in different grades is different.Tibetan nursing students should be given directed intervention of mental health problem according to their risk factors of stress to the life affairs.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434462

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the status of stress to the life affairs between Tibetan nursing students on 9+3 free education programs and mainland nursing students.According to the diversity of them,corresponding nursing interventions of mental health were put forward.Methods The questionnaire of Adolescent Self-rating Life Events Check List(ASLEC)was distributed to 120 nursing students in each group through random sampling,and the SPSS 17.0 statistical software package was used for data analysis.Results The scores of Tibetan nursing students were higher than mainland nursing students on factors of study pressure,personal relationship and health adaptation,which showed significant difference.The results of ASLEC showed that the scores of personal relationship,deserved punishment and loss in the Tibetan nursing students of 1st gradewere significantly higher than those in the Mainland nursing students of 1st grade score.The scores of study pressure in the Tibetan nursing students of 2nd grade were significantly higher than those in the Mainland nursing students of 2nd grade.The scores of personal relationship and health adaptation in Tibetan nursing students of 3rd grade were higher than those in the Mainland Nursing Students of 3rd grade score.Conclusions Influence of stress to the life affairs on psyche of Tibetan nursing students is outstanding in contrast to Mainland nursing students,and Tibetan nursing students were given directed intervention of mental health problem according to their risk factors of stress to the life affairs.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419167

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of PET-CT and CT in the assessment after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in lung cancer.Methods Eighteen patients were randomly divided into short-term group ( 8 cases) and long-term group ( 10 cases).Patients in short-term group received PET-CT and CT examination within 10 days after RFA therapy,whereas those in long-term group got PET-CT and CT examination within 2 months after RFA therapy.The value of PET-CT and CT after RFA therapy through the result of the image was compared between two groups.Results All patients were classified as stable disease in CT,while in PET-CT assessment,33.33% (6/18) of the patients presented complete remission and 66.67% (12/18)presented partial remission.37.50% (3/8) of short-term group presented complete remission,62.50% (5/8) of short-term group presented partial remission.30.00% (3/10) of long-term group presented complete remission,70.00%(7/l0) of long-term group presented partial remission.Conclusion PET-CT is superior to CT in the assessment of the effectiveness of RFA therapy,and there is no difference between short-term and long-term PET-CT examination,therefore early PET-CT is more with clinical significance.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415725

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and significance of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in the retinal neovascularization by metabolic acidosis in newborn rats. Methods One hundred and twenty newborn SD rats were randomly divided into acidosis (experiment) and normoxia (control) groups. A total of 60 newborn rats in experiment group underwent tubal feeding day for 6 days and followed by a period of recovery. The rats in the two groups were sacrificed at the 3rd, 5th, 8th, 10th, 13th and 20th day after birth, respectively. The morphologic changes of retinal vessels were estimated by observing the vascular pattern in adenosine diphosphatase stained retina flat mounts. The newborn vessels were quantified by HE staining. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect HIF-1α expression. Results In experiment group, numerous neovascularization and un-perfused area at the periphery of vessels occurred on the 10th day. The result of HE staining showed that in experiment group of 10-day old,the number of neovascular nuclei extending into the vireo was 28.78±7.53, and that of the control group was 1.22±1.48 (t=11.169,P<0.01). The results of immunohistochemistry revealed that the expression of HIF-1α protein were stronger in the experiment group than in the control group on the 8th, 10th and 13th day, and there were significant differences between the two groups (108.87±15.21, 183.68±26.58 and 129.42±9.85 vs 74.98±4.50, 76.38± 3.38 and 74.78±1.86, t=4.625, 9.023 and 9.672,P<0.05). Conclusions HIF-lα might play an important role in retinal neovascularization.

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