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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907940


Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of adenovirus (HAdVs) pneumonia in children.Methods:The clinical manifestations, laboratory results, imaging features and treatment courses of 541 children with HAdVs pneumonia treated in Shenzhen Children′s Hospital from January 2017 to August 2019 were retrospectively studied.Results:The number of children diagnosed with HAdVs pneumonia increased year by year.A total of 541 patients were included in this study (214 females and 327 males, median age 31 months). The majority of patients (89.3%, 483/541 cases) were less than 6 years of age.Cough (98.3%, 532/541 cases) was the most common symptom, followed by fever (93.7%, 507/541 cases), tachypnea (36.6%, 198/541 cases) and wheeting (32.5%, 176/541 cases). Thirteen point three percent patients (72/541 cases) had existing primary diseases.Severe HAdVs pneumonia was observed in 33.8% of patients (183/541 cases), the most common intrapulmonary complication were pleural effusion(18.6%, 101/541 cases) and respiratory failure (7.0%, 38/541 cases). In co-infection cases, 46.9% of the patients (254/541 cases) suffered from co-infection with mycoplasma pneumoniae, 21.6% of the patients (117/541 cases) suffered from bacterial co-infection.Ninety-eight point five percent of the patients (533/541 cases) were cured, and 1.5% of the patients (8/541 cases) died or discharged voluntarily.Convulsions [ P=0.026, OR=7.312 (95% CI: 1.267-42.191)] and bacterial co-infections [ P=0.030, OR=2.724 (95% CI: 1.101-6.741)] were independently correlated with the occurrence of severe HAdVs pneumonia. Conclusions:Pre-school aged children are at higher risks of developing HAdVs pneumonia.The majority of patients presents with fever and cough as primary manifestations.Tachypnea and wheezing are also common clinical features of HAdVs pneumonia patients.Approximately a third of children with HAdVs pneumonia may develop into severe pneumonia.The presentation of convulsion and the exis-tence of bacterial co-infections may help to predict the development of severe HAdVs pneumonia in pediatric patients.

China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 319-323, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881903


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the application value of 40 Hz auditory event related potential(40 Hz AERP) in hearing assessment in workers exposed to noise by observing the consistency between pure tone audiometry(PTA) and 40 Hz AERP. METHODS: A total of 240 ears of 120 workers who exposed to noise with PTA high-frequency hearing threshold > 25 dB were selected as the research subjects using the convenient sampling method. The thresholds of PTA and 40 Hz AERP at different frequencies were investigated. According to the average hearing threshold of PTA language frequency, the workers were divided into normal hearing group and mild-, medium-, medium-severe-, severe-hearing loss groups, and the difference and correlation between the thresholds of 40 Hz auditory potential and PTA were analyzed. RESULTS: The response thresholds of 40 Hz AERP of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 kHz in ears of normal hearing group, and mild-and moderate-hearing loss groups were higher than the PTA hearing threshold(P<0.01), while the 40 Hz AERP response thresholds of 0.5 kHz in the ears of medium-severe-and severe-hearing loss groups were lower than the hearing thresholds of PTA(P<0.05). The different value of the response threshold of 40 Hz AERP and PTA of 1.0 and 2.0 kHz in ears of normal hearing group was higher than 0.5 kHz(median: 25.0 vs 15.0 dBHL, 30.0 vs 15.0 dBHL, P<0.01). Except for 0.5 and 1.0 kHz of mild-hearing loss group, the different value of the response threshold of 40 Hz AERP and PTA in ears of the other hearing loss groups were lower than that of the normal hearing group(P<0.01). The 40 Hz AERP response threshold was frequency-specific and correlated well with PTA at the same frequency. The correlation coefficients of 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 kHz were 0.744, 0.732 and 0.665 respectively(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: It is feasible to evaluate PTA in noise-exposed workers using 40 Hz AERP response threshold, but the 40 Hz AERP cannot completely replace PTA. The measurement frequency and the degree of hearing loss should be considered simultaneously.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753469


Simulation-based medical education can ensure medical safety, reduce medical errors and improve students' clinical skills. At present, the main problems in medical teaching are the conflict between doctors and patients, the contradiction between medical teaching and ethics, the shortage of teaching resources and the lack of a universal assessment standard. The advantages of simulation-based medical education are its safety, repeatability, standardization, controllability, relative authenticity, and the cultivation of humanistic spirit and teamwork for students. Simulation-based medical education has two major limits. First, its teaching effect relies on the function and quality of each model. Second, simulation cannot replace clinical practice. This article proposes the following ways and means for promoting the simulation-based medical education: training of faculty is the core, establishment of courses is the focus, cooperation and communication is an important way to promote development, and phased and refined development is the future direction.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510861


Objective To discuss the influence of microRNA(miR)-155/miR-21 on toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in children with sepsis.Methods Fifty children with sepsis who were hospita-lized in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit,Shenzhen Children's Hospital,were enrolled in the study,and 15 healthy children at the same age were selected as healthy control group.Expression levels of TLR4 protein and human leukocyte antigen(HLA)-DR in CD14 + monocytes (MC) were detected by using flow cytometry,and sepsis patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether they exceeded the value of HLA-DR by 30% or not.Expression level of programmed cell death factor 4 (PDCDM) and inositol phosphatases 1 containing SH2 (SHIP1) were detected at the same time.MC were separated by CD14 + immune magnetic bead,and expression level of miR-155,miR-21 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),interleukin-10 (IL-10) mRNA in CD14 + MC were detected by using real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR.Results Sepsis group consisted of 27 male and 23 female,and their ages were (2.34 ± 0.79) years old,among whom 9 patients died.There were 36 patients in the HLA-DR increase group and 14 patients in the HLA-DR decrease group.Expressions ofTLR4(2.33±0.90),miR-155[(7.19±3.75) ×10 3] and TNF-α[(21.98±14.15) ×10-2 pg/L] in CD14 + MC were higher in the HLA-DR increase group than those in the HLA-DR decrease group [1.24±0.60,(4.83 ±1.17) × 10-3,(14.18±5.45) ×10-2 μg/L] and healthy control group[1.57±0.55,(3.99 ± 1.29) × 10-3,(1.61 ± 0.84) × 10 2 pg/L],and the differences were statistically significant(F =11.943,7.583,18.538,all P <0.05),while the expressions of miR-21 (12.10 ±5.66),IL-10[(29.74 ± 12.55) × 10-4 μg/L] in CD14 + MC were lower in the HLA-DR increase group than those in the HLA-DR decrease group[4.68 ± 2.07,(12.50 ± 5.73) × 10-4 μg/L] and healthy control group [2.39 ± 0.86,(2.04 ± 0.92) × 10-4 μg/L],and the differences were statistically significant(F =41.673,54.991,all P < 0.05).The levels of SH1P1 and PDCD4 decreased in sepsis compared with healthy control group[0.70 ±0.36)vs.(1.59 ±0.48);(1.55 ±0.56) vs.(3.01 ±0.70)],and the differences were statistically significant (t =7.682,8.339,all P < 0.05),but SHIP1 decreased more significantly in the HLA-DR increase group than that in the HLA-DR decrease group [(0.60 ± 0.34) vs.(0.97 ± 0.26)],and the difference was statistically significant (F =39.214,P < 0.05).PDCD4 decreased more significantly in the HLA-DR decrease group than that in the HLA-DR increase group (0.94 ±0.19 vs.1.79 ±0.47),the difference was statistically significant(F =65.367,P < 0.05).Conclusions Regulation imbalance of miR-155/miR-21 may be one of the reasons for abnormal expression of TLR4 in children with sepsis,and it plays a role in enlarged or inhibited expression of TLR4 in the sepsis process which results in different immune status in sepsis patients.