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Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1516-1519, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477348


AIM:Toinvestigatewhetherandhowhumanchorionicgonadotropin(HCG)treatmentameliorates endometriosis in the endometriotic rat model .METHODS:The rat model of endometriosis was established and the model rats were divided into 4 groups.The rats in HCG groups were treated with 19.4, 25.8 and 51.6 IU/100 g of HCG every day (low-dose HCG, medium-dose HCG and high-dose HCG, respectively).The rats in control group were treated with 0.9%NaCl.After 15 days (3 estrous cycles), the ectopic lesion volume and ultrastructural characteristics in eutopic and ectopic endometria were investigated .RESULTS: After HCG treatment , the volume of endometriotic lesions was signifi-cantly smaller than that before treatment .Numerous and mitochondrial , endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes were ob-served in the cytoplasm of eutopic and ectopic endometrium before treatment .After treatment , some cell structures were not clear , and mitochondrial cristae decreased or disappeared partly .Some cells were densed and shrinkage , autophagosome in cytoplasm increased , and mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum swelt .CONCLUSION:HCG therapy appears to be an effective treatment for endometriosis in rats attributed to its influence on cell metabolism dysfunction of eutopic and ectopic endometria .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291725


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the feasibility of using methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA) for the detection of DNA methylation in placenta tissue.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>For blood cells from 13 non-pregnant women and 9 euploid placenta, the ratios of DNA methylation were evaluated for 4 genes including CGI149, CGI113, HLCS and ACTB with MS-MLPA and bisulfite sequencing, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The methylation ratio of the ACTB gene was 0-0.1 for the blood cells when the digestion control was completely digested. The cutoff value for the methylation ratio of MS-MLPA has been determined as 0.1. For the 9 placenta samples, results of MS-MLPA and bisulfite sequencing were concordant for all of the four genes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MS-MLPA is an effective alternative to bisulfite sequencing for the assessment of methylation ratios in placental tissues.</p>

Actins , Genetics , Adult , Carbon-Nitrogen Ligases , Genetics , CpG Islands , Genetics , DNA Methylation , Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport , Genetics , Feasibility Studies , Female , Humans , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Placenta , Metabolism , Pregnancy , Reproducibility of Results , Ribosomal Proteins , Genetics , Young Adult
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1651-1655, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456789


AIM:To explore the characteristics of hepatitis B virus S gene mutation in the vertical transmission after active and passive vaccination .METHODS:Fifteen cases of immunoprophylaxis failure were enrolled in the study . HBV S gene (including pres-S and S) from the mothers, newborns before active and passive vaccination and 7-month-old infants with immunoprophylaxis failure were detected by PCR amplification .The characteristics of HBV S gene mutation were compared among the 3 groups.RESULTS: The genotype of HBV in the newborns and the infants was the same as that in the mothers .The frequencies of mutation in the 2 fragments of the HBV S gene had no significant difference between the 3 groups.The homology tree model based on HBV S gene was analyzed in the 3 groups, in which every group had their own cluster.There were 15 different mutation sites between 7 pairs of mothers and newborns .There were 3 different muta-tion sites between 3 pairs of newborns and infants (nt273A→A/G, nt512C→C/T and nt1139C→A), among which the first 2 were located in the S gene region but not in the “a” determinant , and the latter was located in the overlap region of S and X genes .There were 25 different mutation sites between 9 pairs of mothers and infants , but only 1 case had a differ-ent mutation site between the mother , newborn and infant .CONCLUSION: The HBV species in newborns and infants with immunoprophylaxis failure were transmitted from the mothers .The mutations in the HBV S gene with immunoprophy-laxis failure happened before and after active and passive vaccination , mainly before vaccination .The relationship between HBV S gene mutations and immunoprophylaxis failure should be further explored .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426715


Objective To investigate hepatitis B virus (HBV) mother-to-child transmission rate in hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive pregnant women.MethodsA total of 1355 HBsAg-positive pregnant women and their 1360 newborns (included 5 twins)were collected prospectively.All newborns received hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) 200 U intramuscularly within 6 hours of birth as early as possible,and were administered with routine 10 μg recombinant hepatitis B vaccine (at 0,1,6 months of birth).The venous blood HBV markers and HBV DNA levels were detected in all newborns at 0,7,12 months of age.The measurement data were analyzed by t test.Qualitative data were analyzed by chi square test,rank sum test or Fisher exact test.Results The intrauterine HBV infection rate of 1360 infants were 1.54% (21/1360) during 12 months of follow-up.The rate of intrauterine infection in HBeAg positive mothers was significant higher than that of HBeAg negative mothers (4.44% vs 0,χ2 =35.99; P<0.05); the rate of intrauterine infection in HBV DNA positive mothers was significant higher than that of HBV DNA negativemothers (3.13% vs 0,χ2 =21.84; P<0.05).When maternal serum HBV DNA≥1 × 107 IU/mL,the rate of intrauterine infection was 6.01 %,which was significantly higher than that of maternal serum HBV DNA< 1 × 107 IU/mL (χ2 =39.43,P<0.05).ConclusionsAfter strict combined active-passive immunization,the rate of HBV intrauterine infection is 1.54%.When mothers are HBeAg positive or with high level of HBV DNA,the rate of HBV intrauterine infection increases significantly.Intrauterine infection is the main cause of failure in immunoblockade of HBV mother-to-child transmission.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404214


[Objective] To investigate the value of HBV-M and HBV DNA of newborns born to HBsAg-positive mother, which were tested before combined immunization of hepatitis B. [Method] A total of 420 infants born to HBsAg-positive mothers delivered in Obstetric Department of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from June 2006 to February 2008 were followed up at least 6 months and rechecked HBV-M to confirm the diagnosis of HBV intrauterine infection, which included 33 HBsAg or HBV DNA positive newborn babies and 6 newborns with both HBsAg seropositive and HBV DNA seropositive. [Result] HBV intrauterine infection rate was 0.95%. Using newborn both HBsAg positive and HBV DNA positive as diagnostic criterion to diagnose HBV intrauterine infection, the positive likelihood ratio was 208.3, while using newborn HBsAg positive or HBV DNA positive as diagnostic criterion, it was 14.3. [Conclusion] Newborn both HBsAg positive and HBV DNA positive obtained before combined immunization of hepatitis B may predict HBV intrauterine infection, and it may play as a clinical index of preliminary diagnosis of HBV intrauterine infection.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528451


Objective To investigate the relationship of insulin resistance and secretion during late pregnancy in women with glucose intolerance.Methods Immunoenzymetric assay was used to measure the fasting serum insulin levels in 122 pregnant women which including of 36 pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM),34 pregnant women with gestational impaired glucose tolerance(GIGT),and 52 pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance(NGT).The fasting plasma glucose levels were measured by glucose oxidase method.The insulin sensitivity index(ISI) and islet secretive function index(IFI) were compared between the three groups.Results ISI had an increasing trend from NGT group,GIGT group to GDM group(P