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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907047

ABSTRACT

@#Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common malignant tumor of the head and neck. In recent years, the incidence rate has been increasing. Mitochondria are dynamic organelles involved in various cell behaviors in eukaryotic cells. Mitochondrial dysfunction is closely related to tumor development. As a switch that determines cancer cell death, targeting mitochondria has become the focus of OSCC treatment. This article reviews the relationship between mitochondria and tumorigenesis and development, OSCC treatment, and cisplatin resistant OSCC. Current studies have found that mitochondrial dysfunction promotes cell carcinogenesis, and the mitochondrial morphology and function of cancer cells are significantly changed. The increase of mitochondrial fission improves the invasiveness of cancer cells, and mitophagy dysfunction can induce cancer cell apoptosis. The emergence of drugs and the development of nanotechnology in targeted drug delivery systems have opened up new methods for targeting mitochondria to treat OSCC, reducing the side effects of systemic medication. The cisplatin resistance of OSCC is generated through the mitochondrial pathway, and the mitochondrial function and mutation mechanism of mitochondrial DNA are clarified in order to provide new ideas for targeting mitochondria to treat cisplatin resistant OSCC.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effects in repairing dorsal complex tissue defect of finger with the flap based on superficial palmar branch of radial artery (SPBRA) with palmaris longus tendon.Methods:From May, 2011 to October, 2017, dorsal complex tissue defects of 15 fingers and thumbs in 15 patients were treated by the flaps which were based on SPBRA with palmaris longus tendon. There were 10 males and 5 females, in an average of 35.8 (19-51) years. All the defects (3 thumbs, 5 index, 2 middle and 5 ring fingers) were dorsal complex tissue defects and all had extensor tendon defects. The areas of soft tissue defect measured 2.0 cm×1.5 cm to 4.0 cm×2.0 cm. The lengths of tendon defect measured 2.0-4.0 cm. All patients received emergency surgery. The time before the surgery was 1.5-3.0 hours. The surgery time was 3.0-4.5 hours, 3.6 hours in an average. Postoperative regular follow-up.Results:All of the wounds healed in stage I and all flaps survived. Texture of the flaps was soft with rosy color. No obvious swelling occurred. All the donor sites healed in stage I. The patients were followed-up for 4-18 months, 8 months in an average. The appearance and function of the repaired fingers and thumbs were satisfactory. The pain, temperature and touch sensations were good. The color of flaps was similar to the normal finger without swelling. The wear resistance of the flaps was good. Thin-line scars were in the wrist donor sites without contracture. The range of motion of active palmar flexion of the wrist was from 0° to 80° and active hyperextension was from 0° to 70°. No obvious limitation was found.Conclusion:It is able to achieve a satisfactory clinical effects by using the flap that is based on SPBRA with palmaris longus tendon in repairing the dorsal complex tissue defect of hand. The advantages of the technique are that the donor site is concealed. The wound is small, and the flap is easy to be harvested and anastomosed.

3.
Virologica Sinica ; (4): 212-217, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634277

ABSTRACT

Illegally paid blood donation was a risk factor for HIV acquisition exclusively in Henan and Hubei Provinces of China, and not in Shanghai. Nucleotide sequences in the gag and env genes of HIV-1 were compared between isolates from Henan and Shanghai regions of China to test whether an expected higher degree of a common source of infections from this unique blood donation transmission risk would be evident as decreased variation among Henan isolates in an exploratory cross-sectional analysis. Among 38 isolates studied, 23 of 23 (100%) from Henan and 8 of 15 (54%) from Shanghai were subtype B. In addition, fewer sequence differences were found in gp41 of subtype B isolates from Henan than from Shanghai isolates. Further studies with additional controls are therefore warranted to confirm the role of the degree of a common source of infections in differences in HIV variation across populations.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332183

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the implication of karyotype analysis in diagnosis and prognosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The chromosomes were prepared with direct method, brief culture of cells and R-banding techniques, and then the karyotypic analysis was performed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Seventy-seven out of 283 patients (27.21%) had karyotypic abnormalities, including the numeral abnormalities of chromosomes and structural alterations. The most common chromosomal aberrations were +8, -20/20q-, -Y, translocation, -7/7q-, +9, -5/5q-. The rate of abnormal karyotype in refractory anemia with erythroblasts (RAEB) and refractory anemia erythroblasts-transformation (RAEB-t) was much higher than in refractory anemia (RA). Patients with abnormal karyotype or higher IPSS scores had a higher risk of transformation into acute leukemia than patients with normal karyotype or lower IPSS scores (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MDS is a highly heterogenous disorder and karyotype analysis is helpful for its diagnosis and prognosis estimation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Genetics , Female , Humans , Karyotyping , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Genetics , Prognosis , Translocation, Genetic , Genetics
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