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Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 101-105, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907092


Objective @#To establish a microwave-assisted digestion-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) with an octopole reaction system for simultaneous determination of six heavy metals in peanuts, including Cr, Ni, As, Cd, Pb, Hg. @*Methods @#Peanut samples were shelled and crushed evenly, and 0.350 0 g was accurately weighed and digested with 5 mL nitric acid and 1 mL hydrogen peroxide in a digestion tank. Following microwave-assisted digestion, pure water was used to quantify the samples, and internal standards and an octopole reaction system were used to remove the interference. Then, the contents of six heavy metals were determined in peanuts by ICP-MS. The accuracy and precision of ICP-MS were evaluated using national criteria ( GBW 10013 and GBW 10044 ) and spike-and-recovery testing. @*Results @#The six heavy metals showed good linearity at the selected linear range ( r≥0.999 8 ). The detection limits of ICP-MS ranged from 0.001 4 to 0.023 8 ng/mL, and the spike-and-recovery rates ranged from 94.7% to 98.8%, with the relative standard deviations ranging from 0.7% to 3.6%. In addition, the determination results of the standard reference materials were all within the normal reference range. The detection of six heavy metals was 100.0% in 60 peanut samples, and the contents of six heavy metals were all low.@*Conclusion @#The established ICP-MS assay is feasible for simultaneous determination of multiple heavy metals in peanuts.

Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 326-331, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731949


@#Objective To explore the hemodynamic assessment after radical surgery in children with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) by both echocardiography and Mostcare monitor. Methods Clinical data of 63 children with TOF who underwent radical surgery in our hospital from February 2016 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 34 males and 29 females, aged 6-24 (9.82±5.77) months. There were 19 patients undergoing transannular patch reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract (a transannular patch group) while 44 patients retained the pulmonary valve annulus (a non-transannular patch group) . The echocardiography and Mostcare monitor parameters were recorded and brain natriuretic peptide was tested at the time points of 0, 8, 12, 24 and 48 hours after operation (T 0, T 1, T 2, T 4) to analyze their correlations and the change trend at different time points after radical surgery. Results The left ventricular ejection fraction at T 1 (43.49%±3.82%) was lower than that at T 0 (48.29%±4.55%), T 2 (45.83%±3.69%), T 3 (53.76%±4.43%) and T 4 (60.54%±3.23%, P<0.05). The cardiac index at T 1 (1.85±0.35 L·min−1·m−2) was lower than that at T 0 (2.11±0.38 L·min−1·m−2), T 2 (2.07±0.36 L·min−1·m−2), T 3 (2.42±0.37 L·min−1·m−2) and T 4 (2.82±0.42 L·min−1·m−2, P<0.05). The cardiac circulation efficiency at T1 (0.19±0.05) was lower than that at T 0 (0.22±0.06), T 2 (0.22±0.05), T 3 (0.28±0.06) and T 4 (0.34±0.06, P<0.05). The right ventricular two-chambers view fraction area change at T 1 (23.17%±3.11%) was lower than that at T 0 (25.81%±3.74%), T 2 (25.38%±3.43%), T 3 (30.60%±4.50%) and T 4 (36.94%±5.85%, P<0.05). The pulse pressure variability was the highest at T 0 (18.76%±3.58%), followed by T 1 (14.81%±3.32%), T 2 (12.44%±2.94%), T 3 (10.39%±2.96%) and T 4 (9.18%±1.92%, P<0.05). The blood brain natriuretic peptide was higher at T 1 (846.67±362.95 pg/ml) than that at T 0 (42.60±18.06 pg/ml), T 2 (730.95±351.09 pg/ml), T 3 (510.98±290.39 pg/ml) and T 4 (364.41±243.56 pg/ml, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiac circulation efficiency and heart index between the two groups (P>0.05). The right ventricular two-chambers view fraction area change of the transannular patch group was significantly lower than that of the nontransannular patch group at each time point (P<0.05). The blood brain natriuretic peptide and pulse pressure variability of the transannular patch group were significantly higher than those of the non-transannular patch group (P<0.05). Left ventricular ejection fraction was positively correlated with cardiac index (r=0.637, P=0.001) and cardiac circulation efficiency (r=0.462, P=0.001) while was significantly negatively correlated with blood brain natriuretic peptide (r=–0.419, P=0.001). Conclusion Both methods can accurately reflect the state of cardiac function. Mostcare monitor has a good consistency with echocardiography. Using transannular patch to recontribute right ventricular outflow tract in operation has more influence on right ventricular systolic function. The Mostcare monitor can guide the hemodynamic management after surgery in real time, continuously and accurately.