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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 69-73, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of a foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to repair soft tissue defects in the shoulder and back.@*METHODS@#Between August 2018 and January 2023, the foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps were used to repair soft tissue defects in the shoulder and back of 8 patients. There were 5 males and 3 females with the age ranged from 21 to 56 years (mean, 35.4 years). Wounds were located in the shoulder in 2 cases and in the shoulder and back in 6 cases. The causes of injury were chronic infection of skin and bone exposure in 2 cases, secondary wound after extensive resection of skin and soft tissue tumor in 4 cases, and wound formation caused by traffic accident in 2 cases. Skin defect areas ranged from 14 cm×13 cm to 20 cm×16 cm. The disease duration ranged from 12 days to 1 year (median, 6.6 months). A pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap was designed and harvested. The flap was divided into A/B flap and then were folded to repair the wound, with the donor area of the flap being pulled and sutured in one stage.@*RESULTS@#All 7 flaps survived, with primary wound healing. One patient suffered from distal flap necrosis and delayed healing was achieved after dressing change. The incisions of all donor sites healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 6 months to 4 years (mean, 24.7 months). The skin flap has a good appearance with no swelling in the pedicle. At last follow-up, 6 patients had no significant difference in bilateral shoulder joint motion, and 2 patients had a slight decrease in abduction range of motion compared with the healthy side. The patients' daily life were not affected, and linear scar was left in the donor site.@*CONCLUSION@#The foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap is an ideal method to repair the soft tissue defect of shoulder and back with simple operation, less damage to the donor site, and quick recovery after operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Myocutaneous Flap/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Superficial Back Muscles/transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Wound Healing , Treatment Outcome , Perforator Flap
2.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1501-1504, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009090

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of plantar medial thin skin flaps preserving plantar fascia with its superficial fascia tissue to repair skin defects in hands and feet.@*METHODS@#Between July 2017 and January 2023, 35 cases of hand and foot defects were repaired with plantar medial thin skin flaps preserving plantar fascia with its superficial fascia tissue (13 pedicled flaps and 22 free flaps). There were 18 males and 17 females, with an average age of 38.8 years (range, 8-56 years). Thirty cases of defects were caused by trauma, and the interval between injury and admission ranged from 2 to 6 hours (mean, 3.3 hours). Three cases were ulcer wounds with a course of 3.0, 3.8, and 7.0 months, respectively. Two cases were malignant melanoma. Eight cases of wounds located in the fingers, 13 cases in the palm, 12 cases in the heel, and 2 cases in the distal foot. The size of skin defects ranged from 4.0 cm×3.5 cm to 12.0 cm×10.0 cm, and the size of flap ranged from 5.0 cm×4.5 cm to 13.0 cm×11.0 cm. The donor sites were repaired with skin grafts.@*RESULTS@#All flaps were survived and the wounds healed by first intention after operation. The partial necrosis at the edge of the skin graft occurred in 1 case, which healed after dressing change; the other skin grafts survived successfully. All patients were followed up 6-24 months (mean, 18 months). The flaps exhibited similar color and thickness to the surrounding hand and foot skin. Two-point discrimination ranged from 7 to 10 mm in the flaps with an average of 8 mm. The donor sites had no painful scars or sensory abnormalities. Foot and ankle functions were good and gaits were normal.@*CONCLUSION@#Application of plantar medial thin skin flaps preserving plantar fascia with its superficial fascia tissue to repair skin defects in hands and feet had good flap shape, high survival rate of skin graft at the donor site, and no obvious complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Subcutaneous Tissue/surgery , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Fascia , Free Tissue Flaps , Treatment Outcome , Perforator Flap
3.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1418-1422, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To conduct anatomical study on the iliac crest chimeric tissue flap and summarize its effectiveness of clinical application in repairing limb wounds.@*METHODS@#Latex perfusion and anatomical study were performed on 6 fresh adult cadaver specimens with 12 sides, to observe the initial location, distribution, quantity, and direction of the common circumflexa iliac artery, the deep circumflexa iliac artery, and the superficial circumflexa iliac artery, and to measure their initial external diameter. Between December 2020 and September 2022, the iliac crest chimeric tissue flap repair was performed on 5 patients with soft tissue of limbs and bone defects. There were 3 males and 2 females, with an average age of 46 years (range, 23-60 years). Among them, there were 3 cases of radii and skin soft tissue defects and 2 cases of tibia and skin soft tissue defects. The length of bone defects was 4-8 cm and the area of skin soft tissue defects ranged from 9 cm×5 cm to 15 cm×6 cm. The length of the iliac flap was 4-8 cm and the area of skin flap ranged from 12.0 cm×5.5 cm to 16.0 cm×8.0 cm. The donor sites were directly sutured.@*RESULTS@#Anatomical studies showed that there were 10 common circumflex iliac arteries in 5 specimens, which originated from the lateral or posterolateral side of the transition between the external iliac artery and the femoral artery, with a length of 1.2-1.6 cm and an initial external diameter of 0.8-1.4 mm. In 1 specimen without common circumflexa iliac artery, the superficial and deep circumflex iliac arteries originated from the external iliac artery and the femoral artery, respectively, while the rest originated from the common circumflex iliac artery. The length of superficial circumflex iliac artery was 4.6-6.7 cm, and the initial external diameter was 0.4-0.8 mm. There were 3-6 perforator vessels along the way. The length of deep circumflex iliac artery was 7.8-9.2 cm, and the initial external diameter was 0.5-0.7 mm. There were 3-5 muscular branches, 4-6 periosteal branches, and 2-3 musculocutaneous branches along the way. Based on the anatomical observation results, all iliac crest chimeric tissue flaps were successfully resected and survived after operation. The wounds at recipient and donor sites healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 8-24 months, with an average of 12 months. The tissue flap has good appearance and soft texture. X-ray film reexamination showed that all the osteotomy healed, and no obvious bone resorption was observed during follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#The common circumflex iliac artery, deep circumflex iliac artery, and superficial circumflex iliac artery were anatomically constant, and it was safe and reliable to use iliac crest chimeric tissue flap in repairing the soft tissue and bone defects of limbs.


Subject(s)
Adult , Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Ilium/surgery , Perforator Flap/blood supply , Skin Transplantation/methods , Lower Extremity/surgery , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1410-1417, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009076

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of tibial transverse transport (TTT) combined with modified neurolysis in treatment of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) through a prospective randomized controlled study.@*METHODS@#The patients with DFU and diabetic peripheral neuropathy, who were admitted between February 2020 and February 2022, were selected as the research objects, of which 31 cases met the selection criteria and were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups by random number table method. The 15 patients in the trial group were treated with TTT combined with modified neurolysis, and the 16 patients in the control group received treatment with TTT alone. There was no significant difference in gender, age, duration of DFU, ulcer area, Wagner classification, as well as preoperative foot skin temperature, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, ankle-brachial index (ABI), motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) of the common peroneal nerve, MNCV of the tibial nerve, MNCV of the deep peroneal nerve, two-point discrimination (2-PD) of heel, and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the common peroneal nerve between the two groups ( P>0.05). The time for ulcer healing, foot skin temperature, VAS scores, ABI, 2-PD of heel, and CSA of the common peroneal nerve before operation and at 6 and 12 months after operation were recorded and compared between groups. The differences in MNCV of the common peroneal nerve, MNCV of the tibial nerve, and MNCV of the deep peroneal nerve between pre-operation and 12 months after operation were calculated.@*RESULTS@#All patients in both groups were followed up 12-24 months (mean, 13.9 months). The surgical incisions in both groups healed by first intention and no needle tract infections occurred during the bone transport phase. Ulcer wounds in both groups healed successfully, and there was no significant difference in the healing time ( P>0.05). During the follow-up, there was no ulcer recurrences. At 12 months after operation, the MNCV of the common peroneal nerve, the MNCV of the tibial nerve, and the MNCV of the deep peroneal nerve in both groups accelerated when compared to preoperative values ( P<0.05). Furthermore, the trial group exhibited a greater acceleration in MNCV compared to the control group, and the difference was significant ( P<0.05). The foot skin temperature, VAS score, ABI, 2-PD of heel, and CSA of the common peroneal nerve at 6 and 12 months after operation significantly improved when compared with those before operation in both groups ( P<0.05). The 2-PD gradually improved over time, showing significant difference ( P<0.05). The 2-PD of heel and VAS score of the trial group were superior to the control group, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in ABI, foot skin temperature, and CSA of the common peroneal nerve between groups after operation ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with TTT alone, the TTT combined with modified neurolysis for DFU can simultaneously solve both microcirculatory disorders and nerve compression, improve the quality of nerve function recovery, and enhance the patient's quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetic Foot/surgery , Microcirculation , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Diabetes Mellitus
5.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 601-607, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995452

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect on scar in donor area of small-and medium-sized anterolateral thigh perforator flap(ALTPF) harvested from superficial and deep layer of the superficial fascia.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 31 patients who had small-and medium-sized soft tissue defects in the extremities and admitted to the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery of the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from January 2020 to February 2021. All the patients were repaired with ALTPFs. The sizes of defect ranged from 5.0 cm×3.5 cm to 17.0 cm×6.0 cm, and the flaps sized from 6.0 cm×4.0 cm to 20.0 cm×6.0 cm. Fifteen ALTPFs were harvested from superficial layer of superficial fascia (modified group), and 16 harvested from deep layer of superficial fascia (traditional group). The flap donor sites were sutured directly using the "Zunyi suture method". Appearance of scars was assessed within the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) and in addition the width of scars was been recorded. The data of the 2 groups were statistically analyzed. There was statistically significant difference when P<0.05. Results:All flaps were successfully viable. All wounds healed in Ⅰ stage and donor incisions healed in Ⅰ stage at 2-3 weeks after the surgery. All patients entered postoperative follow-up for 6 to 26 months, with a mean of 10.7 months. There was no ischaemic necrosis at the donor margin. There was no significant difference between circumference of thighs between the modified group and traditional group [ (0.10±0.40) cm and (0.03±0.39) cm, respectively]( P>0.05). VSS were found lower in the modified group (2.00±1.46) than that in the traditional group (3.06±1.61)( t=2.132, P=0.039), as well as the scars were found smaller at the widest point[(6.67±3.85) cm and(16.06±6.63) cm, respectively. t=2.807, P=0.005]. The differences were statistically significant( P<0.05). Conclusion:Small-and medium-sized ALTPFs, harvested in the superficial layer of superficial fascia, can reduce the width of the donor scar, improve the surgical outcome and increase patient satisfaction.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 141-145, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of the anterolateral thigh perforator chimeric flap in the treatment of the wound of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) .Methods:From January, 2018 to December, 2019, 14 cases wound of DFU of type II diabetic were treated by anterolateral thigh chimeric perforator flap. The patients were 10 males and 4 females, at 49 to 58 years old. Of the 14 patients, 10 with simple peripheral neuropathy, 4 with peripheral neuropathy complicated with vascular disease, and none with single vascular disease. With strict control of patients' blood glucose, antibiotics blended bone cement was applied or filled onto grade 2 or higher grade Wagner's DFU after debridement. In addition, the anterolateral thigh chimeric perforator flap was transferred 2 to 3 weeks later. The size of flap was 8 cm×3 cm-27 cm×7 cm. Regular followed-up were made after surgery.Results:Thirteen flaps survived in one stage after surgery. The other 1 flap had venous vascular crisis, and survived completely after active exploration. The patients were followed-up for 6-12 months. All the flaps survived well in good shape and texture. The donor and recipient areas healed well. The functional recoveries of the DF were satisfactory.Conclusion:Application of anterolateral thigh perforator chimeric flap in repair of the refractory wound of DF achieves a good clinical outcome and effectively improves the life quality of patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 900-905, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909955

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the therapeutic effect of modified cross-leg free skin flaps in repairing soft tissue defects of the lower leg.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze clinical data of 8 patients with soft tissue defects of the lower leg admitted to Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from June 2018 to June 2020. There were 6 males and 2 females with the age range of 23-60 years[(39.6±5.7)years]. Area of defect was from 10.0 cm×4.5 cm to 21.0 cm×9.0 cm,with the size of flap from 12 cm×5 cm to 25 cm×10 cm. The free flaps were harvested to repair the wound of the affected leg and the blood vessels were anastomosed by cross-leg with the contralateral posterior tibial artery and vein at the first stage,including lateral circumflex femoral artery flap for 6 patients,superficial circumflex iliac artery flap for 1 and latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for 1. At the same time,the pedicled posterior tibial artery perforator flap or random flap was cut to wrap the vascular pedicle. After operation,both legs were placed in a parallel and straight position. After pedicle cleavage at the second stage,the posterior tibial artery and distal artery were re-anastomosed,and the flap was sutured to its original position. Incidences of pressure sores and deep venous thrombosis of the lower leg and patients' acceptance of the position were documented during leg crossing at the first stage. The survival of the flap was observed after pedicle amputation at the second stage. The appearance,texture,function of the affected limb and influence on the healthy leg were observed at the last follow-up. Simultaneously,the lower extremity functional score(LEFS)was used to evaluate the overall function of the affected leg and the Kofoed score to evaluate ankle function.Results:All patients were followed up for 6-18 months[(8.3±1.8)months]. There reported none of pressure ulcer or deep venous thrombosis of the lower leg,without resistance to body position at stage I. All flaps survived after pedicle amputation at stage II. The shape,texture and function of the injured leg were good,with no impact on function of the healthy leg at the last follow-up. The LEFS score of the affected leg and the Kofoed score of the ankle were increased from(31.5±6.9)points and(51.0±10.5)points preoperatively to(51.7±9.8)points and(84.8±8.1)points at the last follow-up( P<0.01). Conclusion:For patients with soft tissue defects of the lower leg,the treatment with modified cross free flap has advantages of relatively comfortable position,no impact on function of the healthy leg,good appearance and texture of the flap and satisfactory recovery of the affected leg.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 688-693, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness of ramified flap of the lateral circumflex femoral artery for repairing complex wounds of lower extremity.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed on 25 patients with complex wounds of lower extremity treated in Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from September 2018 to September 2020. There were 18 males and 7 females at age of 18-69 years[(42.2 ± 3.7)years]. The wounds were located at the calf in 7 patients,at the ankle in 7 and at the dorsum of foot in 11. Single wide irregular wound was noted in 15 patients for an area of 10 cm × 9 cm to 18 cm × 12 cm,and 2 to 3 sites of wounds occurred in 10 patients with each wound ranging from 4 cm × 3 cm to 12 cm × 5 cm. All wounds were covered using ramified flap of the lateral circumflex femoral artery. All donor sites were closed directly. At the latest follow-up,appearance and texture of the flap,formation of scar on the donor sites and walking function of the affected limb were observed. One month after operation and at the latest follow-up,British Medical Research Association(BMRC)grade and Vancouver Scar Scale(VSS)score were used to evaluate the recovery of sensory function of the flap and scar formation of the donor sites,respectively.Results:All patients were followed up for 7-30 months[(12.1 ± 1.8)months]. At the latest follow-up,good appearance and soft texture of the flap were observed,leaving only linear scar at the donor sites and normal function of the affected limb. At the latest follow-up,there were 23 patients with BMRC at grade of S3 and S4 compared to none at 1 postoperative month( P < 0.01),and the VSS score was 4-8 points[(6.0 ± 1.3)points]compared to 7-13 points[(9.9 ± 1.6)points]at postoperative 1 month( P < 0.01). Conclusion:For complex wounds of lower extremity,ramified flap of the lateral circumflex femoral artery has advantages of good recovery of the appearance,texture and sensory function of the recipient sites and only linear scar in the donor sites.

9.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 824-827, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801195

ABSTRACT

With the change of disease spectrum and the progress in the aging of society, chronic wound has gradually become one of the major diseases that threaten human health, and also one of the major economic burdens of family and society. According to the different etiology, the pathogenesis of chronic wound is different, including both systemic factors and local factors. The treatment of chronic wound is a multi-disciplinary integrated treatment process, including internal medicine treatment, surgical treatment, vascular interventional therapy, platelet-rich plasma treatment, and biological therapy, etc. Each treatment regimen has its own indications and pros and cons. To make a treatment regimen, a combination of a variety of options should be chosen according to the patient′s wound conditions. The traditional chronic wound treatment mode is multi-disciplinary team (MDT) treatment mode, which requires the participation of surgeons from multiple departments such as intervention department, plastic surgery department, orthopedics department, etc., and it is also the mainstream mode for treating chronic wound in western countries. According to the domestic medical situation and the experience of our department, we put forward the integrated surgical wound treatment (ISWT) mode, that is to integrate multiple surgical techniques of wound treatment. Compared with the traditional MDT treatment mode, to apply the ISWT mode can make a more reasonable treatment plan, improve the efficiency of diagnosis and treatment, shorten the hospitalization period, and improve the diagnosis and treatment ability of the team. With the increasing incidence of chronic wound, the ISWT mode needs to be further explored and improved, and the team needs more specialized experts to join in.

10.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 209-212, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756313

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of venous superdrainage technique based anterolateral thigh flap based on oblique branch for the soft tissue defect of proximal shank.Methods Between October,2012 and March,2017,11 cases of the soft tissue defect in proximal shank were treated.There were 8 males and 3 females with a mean age of 43 (range,26-59) years.Causes of injury:7 cases of traffic injury,3 cases of bruise,1 case of machine wound;The defect sizes ranged from 10 cm×5 cm to 13 cm×10 cm,with fracture or plate exposure.Accord ing to the size of the defect,the distally based anterolateral thigh flap was designed to repair the defect.The flap sizes ranged from 14 cm×6 cm to 16 cm×8 cm.The oblique branch and their accompanying vein with great saphenous vein was anastomosed to construct the venous superdrainage,and the donor site suture directly.Three cases followed-up by WeChat,and 8 cases by return visit.Results Distally based anterolateral thigh flaps were derived from oblique branches,and no arteriovenous crisis occurred postoperatively.Eleven flaps healed well after operation.There were no distal end blood supply disorder.Followed-up for 6-12 months,the flaps survived well.The texture was closed to the surrounding skin,and no ulcer exposed.There were no serious complications in donor site.And the thighs were linear scars.Conclusion The distally based anterolateral thigh flap based on oblique branch have a long vascular pedicle.The venous superdrainage technique can effectively avoid venous crisis,and improve the survival quality of the flap and the survival rate.

11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 486-489, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805622

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical effects of free superficial femoral artery femoral triangle perforator flap in the repair of skin and soft tissue defects in extremities.@*Methods@#From January 2016 to November 2017, 14 patients (9 males and 5 females, aged 19 to 54 years) with skin and soft tissue defects in extremities accompanied with tendon and bone exposure were admitted to our unit. The size of skin and soft tissue defects after debridement ranged from 7 cm×3 cm to 10 cm×7 cm. The defects were repaired with free superficial femoral artery femoral triangle perforator flaps, with size ranging from 13.0 cm×2.0 cm to 20.0 cm×4.5 cm. The medial femoral cutaneous nerve was applied to the flap. The perforator flap was grafted onto the medial femoral cutaneous nerve in 6 patients. The donor sites were sutured directly. The survival of flaps and the follow-up of patients were observed.@*Results@#All flaps of 14 patients survived successfully. The recipient sites and donor sites were healed completely in 13 patients, and 1 patient with partial skin necrosis at the edge of flap was healed after treatment. All patients were followed up for 6 months to 1 year after the operation. The flaps were in good shape, with nearly normal color and soft texture and no cicatrix contracture deformity. The flaps recovered protective sense in 6 patients who had medial femoral cutaneous nerve grafting, and the sensory recovery of the flap was slightly worse in the remaining 8 patients. There was no significant complications on the appearance and walking of the donor thigh in 14 patients, only a linear scar was left on the inner thigh, and no numbness was felt in the donor sites of patients.@*Conclusions@#The free superficial femoral artery femoral triangle perforator flap is an ideal therapy for repairing skin and soft tissue defects in extremities.

12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 481-485, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805621

ABSTRACT

In 600 BC, the first pedicled direct cutaneous artery perforator flap—the supravicular artery perforator flap was harvested by Sushruta. In 1973, the first free perforator flap—the superficial circumflex iliac artery flap in the groin was reported by Daniel and Taylor. In 1982, the septocutaneous perforator flap was reported by academician Zhong Shizhen. In 1989, the misculocutaneous perforator flap was reported by Koshima. Reviewing the history of flap surgery, there was a fact that the main evolutionary line was the course of perforator flap. In the future, the clinical application of the traditional random flap (reticulated blood supply flap) and traditional axial flap will be more and more less, whereas the clinical application of perforator flap, especially the direct cutaneous perforator flap and the special type of perforator flap will be more and more extensive.

13.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 571-576, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805411

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the feasibility of preoperative designing for anterolateral femoral flap using three longitudinal and five transversal strategy.@*Methods@#From September 2015 to January 2017, 71 patients (73 pieces) were treated using anterolateral thigh flap in the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University. There were 48 males and 23 females, with the age of (36±18) years. The three longitudinal and five transversal designing was performed before operation. Portable Doppler ultrasound was used to detect the piercing-out position (P point) of perforators in Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ areas. The diameter, direction and length (lower subcutaneous segment of perforators) of perforators after leaving piercing-out position were observed during the operation. The piercing-in positions on superficial fascia and the dermis were observed.@*Results@#The data of 71 adults (73 legs) were evaluated. Before and during the operation, all the perforations were found in Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ areas. The number of perforators in region Ⅰ was 1.32±0.33, with the diameter of perforator at the piercing-out position was (0.79±0.13) mm. The length of subfascial segment of perforators was (1.54±0.97) cm, and the direction was oblique superolateral. The number of perforators in Ⅱ region was 1.21±0.53, with the diameter of perforator at the piercing-out position was (0.63±0.13) mm. The length of subfascial segment of perforators was (2.25±0.54) cm, and the direction was oblique inferoanterior. The distance form piercing-in position to line L was (0.84±0.42) cm. The number of perforators in the Ⅲ area was 2.22±0.49, with the diameter of perforators at the piercing-out position was (0.53±0.12) mm. The length of subfascial segment of perforator was (1.96±0.44) cm, and the direction was oblique inferoanterior. The distance between piercing-in positions to line L was (0.74±0.51) cm. The number of perforators in region Ⅳ was 1.41±0.72, with the length of subfascial segment of perforators was (1.22±0.45) cm and the direction was oblique inferolateral. There were 27 cases with oblique perforators, accounting for 37% of the total number of thighs.@*Conclusions@#This three longitudinal and five transversal designing is helpful to detect the expenditure point in the anterolateral femoral region, and is assistant to skin flap designing.

14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 367-370, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805219

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical effects of superior gluteal artery perforator island flap in repair of sacral pressure ulcer.@*Methods@#From May 2012 to May 2017, 20 patients with sacral pressure ulcers (14 males and 6 females, aged 27 to 67 years) were admitted to our department. According to the consensus staging system of National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel in 2016, 6 cases were in 3 stages, 14 cases were in 4 stages, with the area of pressure ulcers ranging from 5.0 cm×4.0 cm to 10.0 cm×8.0 cm. After debridement and vacuum sealing drainage, the superior gluteal artery perforator island flaps were used to repair the pressure wounds, with the area of flaps ranging from 6 cm×5 cm to 13 cm×8 cm. The donor sites were sutured directly. The survival of flaps after operation, the healing of wounds, and the follow-up of patients were observed.@*Results@#After surgery, flaps of 20 patients survived well without reoperation. The length of hospital stay of patients was 20 to 40 days, with an average of 25 days. Eighteen patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months, with an average of 12.2 months. The flaps were in good shape and elastic recovery. There were no complications such as seroma or hematoma in the donor sites. Both the patients and family members expressed satisfaction with the shape and texture of the flap and shape of hip.@*Conclusions@#The superior gluteal artery perforator island flap is reliable in blood supply and easy to rotate. The flap can carry a little muscle to increase the anti-infective ability. Moreover, the donor site can be directly sutured with slight damage. Thus, it is one of the good methods for repairing sacral pressure ulcers.

15.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 356-361, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805217

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of the perforator flap of the proper digital artery on the ulnar or radial side of the finger in the treatment of webbed scar contracture of the same finger in child.@*Methods@#From January 2012 to January 2016, 26 children who were treated with dressing change after burn of finger and then had webbed scar contracture along with growth and development were hospitalized in our unit, involving a total of 50 fingers. There were 14 males and 12 females among the children aged from 2 to 14 years. After the scar was dissected and released, the wound area ranged from 1.6 cm×1.0 cm to 5.0 cm×2.6 cm. The perforator flap of the proper digital artery of the ulnar or radial side of the same finger was used to repair the wound. The flap area ranged from 1.8 cm×1.0 cm to 4.6 cm×1.8 cm. The donor sites were sutured directly. The residual wounds in donor and recipient sites were repaired by full-thickness skin graft collected from inguinal area/adjacent area or adjacent perforator flap. The postoperative development and function of the fingers were followed up and observed. The range of motion of the fingers was evaluated according to the Chinese Medical Association Hand Surgery Society′s upper limb functional evaluation trial standard, the Kantor Scar Cosmesis Assessment and Rating Scale was used to score the scar of finger, and the latest data were recorded.@*Results@#The flaps and skin grafts survived successfully after operation. The patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months. The perforator flaps of the proper digital artery on the ulnar or radial side of the finger survived well at the latest follow-up, with good color and texture and a two-point discrimination distance of 9 to 12 mm. There was no contracture of the fingers, a little pigmentation in the skin graft area, no flexion deformity of the fingers, no lateral bending of the fingers to the flap-harvesting side, and no scar contracture at the webs of the fingers. Compared with that of healthy side, the development of finger was not obviously abnormal. The range of motion of the fingers was excellent in 38 fingers and good in 12 fingers, and the scar score of the fingers was 2-3 points in 31 fingers, 4-7 points in 15 fingers, and 8-10 points in 4 fingers.@*Conclusions@#The efficacy of perforator flap of the proper digital artery of the ulnar or radial side of finger in the treatment of the webbed scar contracture of the same finger in child is reliable, with high postoperative survival rate of the flap, better color and texture, and fewer complications, which can avoid the risk of re-contracture of the finger in a short period after operation, and does not affect the growth and development of the finger.

16.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 414-418, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804994

ABSTRACT

Lips play an important role in maintaining facial aesthetics and individual physiological functions. There are many subunits of lip aesthetics, and the principles of repairing different subunits are different. At present, there are many method to repair lip defects, ranging from different types of local skin flaps to free skin flaps, but in general, functional repair and appearance recovery should be taken into account. This article reviews the main repair method of lip defect caused by acquired factors such as tumors and trauma.

17.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 390-394, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804988

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical application of facial artery perforator flap in repairing medium-size midfacial defects.@*Methods@#Sixteen patients with facial tumors or trauma were admitted in the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, from October 2017 to March 2018. The patients were 41—74 years of age, including 8 males and 8 females. The tissue defects were caused by basal cell carcinoma(BCC, n=10), trauma (n=4), and squamous cell carcinoma (SqCa, n=2). The size of tumor and trauma ranged from 0.3 cm×2 cm to 2 cm×4 cm. Patients with skin tumors undergone extended radical resection, according to the nature of the tumor. Debridement was performed routinely in patients with trauma. Facial artery perforator flap was designed based on the size and shape of defect area. The scar of donor site was as parallel or hidden in the nasolabial groove. The perforator branch of the lateral nasal artery was used as the pivot point, to cover the wound surface without tension. The ipsilateral secondary relay flap pedicled with the perforator of the nasal artery was designed, which was in triangular shape and slightly larger in size than the primary flap. The pedicle was located in the middle of the flap, then the flap was pushed to cover the donor site of primary flap. The postoperative results were evaluated by patients.@*Results@#All primary and secondary relay skin flaps survived. The follow-up period of the first stage was 3—12 months, with an average of 7.5 months. There was no obvious scar, no eyelid eversion or angular deviation, and no recurrence of tumor was observed. The primary and secondary flaps have similar appearance and matched color with normal skin. Ten patients were very satisfied with the surgical outcome, and 6 were satisfied, at the latest follow-up.@*Conclusions@#The facial artery perforator relay skin flap is an alternative method to repair medium facial defect.

18.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 324-330, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804977

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) are currently the research hotspot on promoting wound healing and preventing organ fibrosis. The application of MSCs has reached the clinical trial stage, however, its nomenclature and biological mechanism are still controversial. Early researchers believed that MSCs play the biological role by its multi-directional differentiation, to repair damaged tissues. In recent years, researchers have found that the conditioned medium of MSCs has the same effect as MSCs in promoting wound healing and preventing fibrosis organ. This suggested that the biological effects of MSCs may be mainly caused by its paracrine mechanism. In this paper, the nomenclature evolution, biological mechanism of MSCs, and the existing problems are briefly reviewed. The hypothesis of " MSCs microenvironment extracellular vesicles" is proposed and discussed.

19.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 218-220, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804891

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical effects of heel lateral flap in repair of skin and soft tissue defects at posterior heel region.@*Methods@#From September 2007 to April 2016, 24 patients (17 males and 7 females, aged 16-70 years) with skin and soft tissue defects at posterior heel region were admitted to our department. The size of skin and soft tissue defects after debridement ranged from 3.0 cm×2.0 cm to 5.0 cm×4.0 cm. The defects were repaired with heel lateral flaps, with size ranging from 3.5 cm×2.5 cm to 6.0 cm×5.0 cm. The flaps were transferred to the donor sites through the loose subcutaneous tunnel. The donor site was repaired by full-thickness skin graft collected from inguinal region. The survival of flaps and the follow-up of patients were observed.@*Results@#All flaps of 24 patients survived successfully. The recipient sites and donor sites were all healed. The patients all had follow-up of 6 to 24 months. At the last follow-up, the flaps were in good shape, with nearly normal color and soft texture. There were 6 cases of grade S3 sensation and 16 cases of grade S3+ sensation. The distance of two-point discrimination of flaps ranged from 6 to 11 mm. The lateral foot skin grafts healed well, and the skin of the lateral foot was numb in the range of 4.0 cm×2.0 cm to 9.0 cm×3.0 cm.@*Conclusions@#Heel lateral flap can not only repair the skin and soft tissue defects in the posterior region, but also reconstruct the sensory function of the posterior region. It is an ideal method to repair the skin and soft tissue defects in the posterior region.

20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 205-208, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804889

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of free mini-flap on tibial side of third toe on repairing skin and soft tissue defect of finger pulp at the end of finger.@*Methods@#From August 2013 to May 2017, 18 patients with skin and soft tissue defect of finger pulp at the end of finger were admitted to our unit, with 12 men and 6 women aged 16 to 54 years. As the skin and soft tissue defect sites, there were 3 cases of thumb, 8 cases of index finger, 4 cases of middle finger, and 3 cases of ring finger. The area of defects ranged from 2.0 cm×1.4 cm to 3.5 cm×2.4 cm. Free mini-flaps on tibial side of third toes were designed according to area and shape of defects, and the length and width of flaps were 0.1 to 0.2 cm longer than the length and width of the defects, respectively. The area of flaps ranged from 2.1 cm×1.5 cm to 3.7 cm×2.6 cm. The end-to-end anastomosis of subcutaneous veins of flaps and superficial veins of the finger-palm side or superficial dorsal digital vein, the end-to-end tension-free anastomosis of the base metatarsal arteries on tibial side of third toe and proper digital arteries of recipient finger were performed. Besides, anastomosis of base metatarsal nerve on tibial side of third toe and proper digital nerve of recipient finger was performed. The donor sites on feet were sutured directly or repaired with full-thickness skin grafts on medial upper leg of the same side. The survival of flaps after operation and the follow-up of patients were observed.@*Results@#All flaps survived well, with good blood supply. Among the 18 patients, 2 patients lost to follow-up, and 16 patients were followed up for 4 to 36 months. The shape and texture of flaps were good. After reconstruction, finger pulps at the end of finger were plump, with fingerprint. Function of the finger restored well, and the two-point discriminatory distances of flaps were 5 to 10 mm. The donor sites on feet of 14 patients healed after the operation, the other 2 patients had necrosis on edge and central area of skin grafts, and the necrotic area healed after dressing change. The skin graft areas on feet were wear-resistant, with slight damage to donor sites and did not influence shoes wearing and walking. Besides, patients did not feel uncomfortable.@*Conclusions@#Skin and soft tissue defects of finger pulp at the end of finger repaired by free mini-flaps on tibial side of third toe are with good shape and slight damage to donor sites, and the operation is simple. It is worthy of popularization and application in clinic.

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