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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 70-75, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013603

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the neuroprotective effects of Herba siegesbeckiae extract on cerebral ischemia/ reperfusion rats and its mechanism. Methods Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into model group, low, middle and high dose groups of Herba siegesbeckiae, and Sham operation group, and the drug was given continuously for seven days. The degree of neurologic impairment was evaluated by mNSS, and the infarct volume was measured by MRI. The number of Nissl-posi- tive cells was detected by Nissl staining, and the apop- tosis was accessed by Tunel staining. Furthermore, the expression of Bax, Bcl-2 and NeuN was observed by Western blot, and the expression of NeuN was detected by immunofluorescence staining. The expression of IL- 1β, TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA was performed by RT- qPCR. Results The mNSS score and the volume of ischemic cerebral infarction in the model group were significantly increased, and Herba siegesbeckiae extract treatment significantly decreased the mNSS score and infarct volume (P<0.05, P<0.01). Herba siegesbeckiae extract could increase the number of Nissl-pos- itive cells and the expression of NeuN (P<0.01), and reduce the number of Tunel-positive cells (P<0.01). Western blot showed that Herba siegesbeckiae extract inhibited the expression of Bax, increased Bcl-2 and NeuN in ischemic brain tissue (P<0.01). RT-qPCR showed that Herba siegesbeckiae extract inhibited the expression of IL-1 β, TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA in the is-chemic brain tissue (P<0.01). Conclusions Herba siegesbeckiae extract can reduce the cerebral infarction volume, improve the neurological function damage, inhibit the apoptosis of nerve cells and the expression of inflammatory factors and promote the expression of NeuN, there by exerting protective effects on MCAO rats.

2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 593-596, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980764

ABSTRACT

In view of the limitations of the high operational difficulty, safety hazards and adverse reactions of traditional fire needle, and unclear treatment parameters of existing electric fire needles, a new digital electric fire needle instrument was designed and developed in this study. This instrument is a gun type structure, consisting of a gun body, a power supply interface on the gun body, a display unit and a drive unit, a heating unit, a cooling unit, a positioning unit, and a needle inserting unit in the gun body. This instrument can digitally realize the regulation of parameters such as fire needle inserting temperature, depth and speed, and it has the advantageous features of intelligent needle burning, precise positioning, and safe and easy operation. This instrument meets the needs of more patients, medical professionals and scientific researchers, and is conducive to promoting the development of fire needle acupuncture therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Needles , Heating , Research Personnel , Temperature
3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 481-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992625

ABSTRACT

Chronic refractory wound (CRW) is one of the most challengeable issues in clinic due to complex pathogenesis, long course of disease and poor prognosis. Experts need to conduct systematic summary for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW due to complex pathogenesis and poor prognosis, and standard guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW should be created. The Guideline forthe diagnosis and treatment of chronic refractory wounds in orthopedic trauma patients ( version 2023) was created by the expert group organized by the Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons, Chinese Orthopedic Association, Chinese Society of Traumatology, and Trauma Orthopedics and Multiple Traumatology Group of Emergency Resuscitation Committee of Chinese Medical Doctor Association after the clinical problems were chosen based on demand-driven principles and principles of evidence-based medicine. The guideline systematically elaborated CRW from aspects of the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, postoperative management, complication prevention and comorbidity management, and rehabilitation and health education, and 9 recommendations were finally proposed to provide a reliable clinical reference for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW.

4.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 35-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971147

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) responsive self-assembled nanomicelle loaded with pyroptosis inhibitor on full-thickness skin defects in diabetic rats. Methods: Experimental research methods were employed. A nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD) 1/2 inhibitor (NOD-IN-1) was encapsulated with nanomicelle polyethylene glycol-block-polypropylene sulfide (PEG-b-PPS), and the resulting product was called PEPS@NOD-IN-1. The morphology and hydration particle size of PEG-b-PPS and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 were observed by transmission electron microscope and particle size analyzer, respectively, and the encapsulation rate and drug loading rate of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 to NOD-IN-1 and the cumulative release rate of NOD-IN-1 by PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in phosphate buffer solution (PBS) alone and hydrogen peroxide-containing PBS within 40 h were measured and calculated by microplate reader, and the sample number was 3. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 6-7 weeks were injected with streptozotocin to induce type 1 diabetes mellitus. Six full-thickness skin defect wounds were made on the back of each rat. The injured rats were divided into PBS group, NOD-IN-1 group, PEG-b-PPS group, and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group with corresponding treatment according to the random number table, with 6 rats in each group. The wound healing was observed on post injury day (PID) 3, 7, and 12, and the wound healing rate was calculated. The ROS levels in wound tissue were detected by immunofluorescence method on PID 3. On PID 7, the granulation tissue thickness in wound was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, the mRNA expressions of NOD1 and NOD2 were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and the protein expressions of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals were detected by Western blotting. Six wounds from different rats in each group were taken for detection of the above indicators. Wound tissue (3 samples per group) was taken from rats in PBS group and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group on PID 7, and transcriptome sequencing was performed using high-throughput sequencing technology platform. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) significantly down-regulated in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group as compared with PBS group were screened, and the enrichment analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) was performed. The DEG heatmap of the NOD-like receptor pathway, a pyroptosis-related pathway, was made. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis of DEGs in heatmap was performed through the STRING database to screen key genes of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 regulating the NOD-like receptor pathway. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, and Tukey test. Results: PEG-b-PPS and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 were in spherical structures of uniform size, with hydration particle sizes of (134.2±3.3) and (143.1±2.3) nm, respectively. The encapsulation rate of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 to NOD-IN-1 was (60±5)%, and the drug loading rate was (15±3)%. The release of NOD-IN-1 from PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in PBS alone was slow, and the cumulative release rate at 40 h was only (12.4±2.3)%. The release of NOD-IN-1 from PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in hydrogen peroxide-containing PBS within 10 h was very rapid, and the cumulative release rate at 10 h reached (90.1±3.6)%. On PID 3 and 7, the wounds of rats in the four groups were gradually healed, and the healing in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group was better than that in the other three groups. On PID 12, the wound scab area in PBS group was large, the wound epithelialization in NOD-IN-1 group and PEG-b-PPS group was obvious, and the wound in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group was close to complete epithelialization. Compared with those in PBS group, NOD-IN-1 group, and PEG-b-PPS group, the wound healing rates on PID 7 and 12 in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group were significantly increased (P<0.05), the level of ROS in wound tissue on PID 3 was significantly decreased (P<0.05), the thickness of granulation tissue in wound on PID 7 was significantly thickened (P<0.05), and the mRNA expressions of NOD1 and NOD2 and the protein expressions of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals in wound tissue on PID 7 were significantly decreased (P<0.05). KEGG pathway analysis showed that DEGs significantly down-regulated in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group as compared with PBS group were significantly enriched in NOD-like receptors, hypoxia-inducible factors, mitogen-activated protein kinases, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) pathways. In the DEG heatmap of NOD-like receptor pathway, the genes regulating pyroptosis mainly involved NOD1, NOD2, NOD-like receptor thermoprotein domain-related protein 3, Jun, signal transduction and transcriptional activator 1 (STAT1), TNF-α-induced protein 3. The PPI results showed that NOD1, NOD2, and STAT1 were the key genes of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 regulating the NOD-like receptor pathway. Conclusions: PEPS@NOD-IN-1 can down-regulate the level of local ROS in wounds and the expression of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals, the key regulators of pyroptosis, thereby promoting the repair of full-thickness skin defect wounds in diabetic rats. PEPS@NOD-IN-1 can also significantly down-regulate the pyroptosis, inflammation, and hypoxia-related pathways of wounds, and regulate NOD-like receptor pathways by down-regulating key genes NOD1, NOD2, and STAT1.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Reactive Oxygen Species , Wound Healing , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Hydrogen Peroxide , Pyroptosis , Skin Abnormalities , Soft Tissue Injuries , NLR Proteins , Hypoxia , RNA, Messenger
5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 543-548, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013834

ABSTRACT

Aim To develop a ultra-high performance liquid chromatography electrospray-ionization tandem mass spectrometry ( UPLC-MS/MS ) method for the simultaneous determination of salidroside derivative pOBz in rat plasma and brain tissue, and to study the pharmacokinetic profile and penetration of the blood-brain barrier in rats after a single dose intravenous administration of pOBz. Methods SD rats were administered pOBz at a dose of 50 mg • kg

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 728-736, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012221

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze and compare therapy responses, outcomes, and incidence of severe hematologic adverse events of flumatinib and imatinib in patients newly diagnosed with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) . Methods: Data of patients with chronic phase CML diagnosed between January 2006 and November 2022 from 76 centers, aged ≥18 years, and received initial flumatinib or imatinib therapy within 6 months after diagnosis in China were retrospectively interrogated. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed to reduce the bias of the initial TKI selection, and the therapy responses and outcomes of patients receiving initial flumatinib or imatinib therapy were compared. Results: A total of 4 833 adult patients with CML receiving initial imatinib (n=4 380) or flumatinib (n=453) therapy were included in the study. In the imatinib cohort, the median follow-up time was 54 [interquartile range (IQR), 31-85] months, and the 7-year cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) were 95.2%, 88.4%, 78.3%, and 63.0%, respectively. The 7-year FFS, PFS, and OS rates were 71.8%, 93.0%, and 96.9%, respectively. With the median follow-up of 18 (IQR, 13-25) months in the flumatinib cohort, the 2-year cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) were 95.4%, 86.5%, 58.4%, and 46.6%, respectively. The 2-year FFS, PFS, and OS rates were 80.1%, 95.0%, and 99.5%, respectively. The PSM analysis indicated that patients receiving initial flumatinib therapy had significantly higher cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) and higher probabilities of FFS than those receiving the initial imatinib therapy (all P<0.001), whereas the PFS (P=0.230) and OS (P=0.268) were comparable between the two cohorts. The incidence of severe hematologic adverse events (grade≥Ⅲ) was comparable in the two cohorts. Conclusion: Patients receiving initial flumatinib therapy had higher cumulative incidences of therapy responses and higher probability of FFS than those receiving initial imatinib therapy, whereas the incidence of severe hematologic adverse events was comparable between the two cohorts.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Adolescent , Imatinib Mesylate/adverse effects , Incidence , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Pyrimidines/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Benzamides/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase/drug therapy , Aminopyridines/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use
7.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 404-406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942367

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the molluscicidal effect of 25% wettable powder of pyriclobenzuron sulphate (WPPS) against Oncomelania snails in hilly schistosomiasis-endemic regions and test its toxicity to fish. Methods In October 2020, a snail-infested setting which had been cleared was selected in Nanjian County, Yunnan Province and divided into several blocks, and the natural snail mortality was estimated. 25% WPPS was prepared into solutions at concentrations of 1 and 2 g/L, and 25% wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (WPNES) was prepared into solutions at a concentration of 2 g/L. The different concentrations of drugs were sprayed evenly, and the same amount of water was used as blank control. Snails were surveyed using the systematic sampling method 1, 3 and 7 days post-treatment, and snail survival was observed. A fish pond was selected in Nanjian County, and 2 kg 25% WPPS was evenly sprayed on the water surface to allow the effective concentration of 20 g/L. Fish mortality was estimated 8, 24, 48 and 72 h post-treatment. Results One-day treatment with 1 and 2 g/L WPPS and 2 g/L WPNES resulted in 97.99%, 97.99% and 94.11% adjusted snail mortality rates (χ2 = 3.509 and 3.509, both P values > 0.05), and the adjusted snail mortality was all 100% 3 d post-treatment with 1 and 2 g/L WPPS and 2 g/L WPNES, while 7-day treatment with 1 and 2 g/L WPPS and 2 g/L WPNES resulted in 91.75%, 86.57% and 57.76% adjusted snail mortality rates (χ2 = 14.893 and 42.284, both P values < 0.05). Treatment with 2 g/L WPPS for 72 h resulted in a 0.67% cumulative mortality rate of fish. Conclusion 25% WPPS is effective for snail control and highly safe for fish, which is feasible for use in hilly schistosomiasis-endemic regions.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 23-31, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932206

ABSTRACT

Lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is one of the main complications in patients with traumatic fractures, and for severe patients, the DVT can even affect arterial blood supply, resulting in insufficient limb blood supply. If the thrombus breaks off, pulmonary embolism may occur, with a high mortality. The treatment and rehabilitation strategies of thrombosis in patients with lower extremity fractures have its particularity. DVT in traumatic fractures patients has attracted extensive attention and been largely studied, and the measures for prevention and treatment of DVT are constantly developing. In recent years, a series of thrombosis prevention and treatment guidelines have been updated at home and abroad, but there are still many doubts about the prevention and treatment of DVT in patients with different traumatic fractures. Accordingly, on the basis of summarizing the latest evidence-based medical evidence at home and abroad and the clinical experience of the majority of experts, the authors summarize the clinical treatment and prevention protocols for DVT in patients with traumatic fractures, and make this consensus on the examination and assessment, treatment, prevention and preventive measures for DVT in patients with different fractures so as to provide a practicable approach suitable for China ′s national conditions and improve the prognosis and the life quality of patients.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 545-548, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923263

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the effect of blocking short wave visible light(400-500nm)on tear film stability in healthy people. <p>METHODS: In this prospective intervention experiment, 26 college students were selected, including 12 males and 14 females, aged 22.1±1.4 years, from February to March 2020. At the same time of two adjacent days, the subjects watched the video for 1h under the same environmental conditions. For the first time, there was no short wave visible light blocking, and for the second time, they wore short wave visible light blocking myopia or flat glasses. The subjects were examined the radius of curvature of lacrimal River curved surface, tear osmolality, tear film rupture time, corneal fluorescein sodium staining score, the basic state before watching the video and after watching the video respectively. And the questionnaire of visual perception was completed at the end of the experiment. <p>RESULTS: There were significant differences in the radius of curvature of lacrimal River curved surface, tear osmolality, tear film rupture time, corneal fluorescein sodium staining score between the basic state and the short wave visible unstopped state(<i>t</i>=4.50, 5.72, 4.437, 3.245, <i>P</i><0.05). There was no significant difference between the short wave visible light blocking and the basic state(<i>t</i>=1.972, 1.993, 1.921, 1.641, <i>P</i>>0.05). There was also significant difference between the short wave visible light blocking and the short wave visible light unblocking(<i>t</i>=2.825, 3.771, 2.610, 3.028, <i>P</i>< 0.05). The results of the questionnaire showed that: eighteen subjects(69%)said that wearing the short wave visible light blocking glasses or without wearing short wave visible light blocking glasses had slight eye dryness, pain, foreign body sensation, visual fatigue and other discomfort after watching the video. Sixteen subjects(62%)said that they were more comfortable after blocking the short wave visible light. Twenty-four subjects(92%)said that they were willing to block the short wave visible light. <p>CONCLUSION: The stability of tear film could be reduced by watching the display screen for a short time. Blocking the short wave visible light could protect the stability of tear film of the ocular surface.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1795-1802, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887594

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It remains unclear whether the outcomes of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) during off-hours are as favorable as those treated during on-hours, especially those with a first medical contact-to-device (FMC-to-device) time within 90 min. We aimed to determine whether off-hours admission impacted late outcomes in patients undergoing PPCI and with an FMC-to-device time ≤90 min.@*METHODS@#This multicenter retrospective study included 670 STEMI patients who underwent successful PPCI and had an FMC-to-device time ≤90 min from 19 chest pain centers in Beijing from January 2018 to December 2018. Patients were divided into on-hours group and off-hours group based on their arrival time. Baseline characteristics, clinical data, and key time intervals during treatment were collected from the Quality Control & Improvement Center of Cardiovascular Intervention of Beijing by the "Heart and Brain Green Channel" app.@*RESULTS@#Overall, the median age of the patients was 58.8 years and 19.9% (133/670) were female. Of these, 296 (44.2%) patients underwent PPCI during on-hours and 374 (55.8%) patients underwent PPCI during off-hours. Compared with the on-hours group, the off-hours group had a longer FMC-to-device time and fewer patients with FMC-to-device time ≤60 min (P  0.05). According to the Cox regression analyses, off-hours admission was not a predictor of 2-year MACEs (P = 0.788). Similarly, the Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the risks of a MACE, all-cause death, reinfarction, and target vessel revascularization were not significantly different between the two groups (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#This real-world, multicenter retrospective study demonstrated that for STEMI patients who underwent PPCI within 90 min, off-hours admission was safe, with no difference in the risk of 2-year MACEs compared with those with on-hours admission.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Beijing , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873465

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 540-544, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873464

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the characteristics and related influencing factors of subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT)changing with time in children with myopia. <p>METHODS: Totally 60 eyes of 60 children with myopia aged 6-15 years old who were admitted to the Eye Hospital of Nanchang University from July 2018 to September 2018 were included. IOP, axial length, equivalent spherical degree and SFCT were measured at baseline and 6mo of follow-up, respectively. Analyze the changes of the above-mentioned eye parameters and related influencing factors of SFCT. <p>RESULTS: Compared with baseline, follow-up for 6mo, myopic children's SFCT decreased by 8±14μm(<i>P</i><0.001), the axial length increased by 0.15±0.16mm(<i>P</i><0.001), and the equivalent spherical degree increased by -0.34±0.33D(<i>P</i><0.001), and there is a significant correlation between the SFCT change value and the axial length and equivalent spherical power change value(<i>r</i>s=-0.701, 0.633, both <i>P</i><0.001), indicating faster axial growth and myopia increasing is related to more thinning of the membrane thickness. Multiple linear regression analysis shows that SFCT is significantly correlated with axial length(<i>P</i>=0.001).<p>CONCLUSION: The SFCT of myopic children becomes thinner over time, and the axial length is negatively correlated with SFCT, and children with faster axial growing and greater myopia increasing are usually accompanied by more SFCT thinning.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 540-544, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873463

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the characteristics and related influencing factors of subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT)changing with time in children with myopia. <p>METHODS: Totally 60 eyes of 60 children with myopia aged 6-15 years old who were admitted to the Eye Hospital of Nanchang University from July 2018 to September 2018 were included. IOP, axial length, equivalent spherical degree and SFCT were measured at baseline and 6mo of follow-up, respectively. Analyze the changes of the above-mentioned eye parameters and related influencing factors of SFCT. <p>RESULTS: Compared with baseline, follow-up for 6mo, myopic children's SFCT decreased by 8±14μm(<i>P</i><0.001), the axial length increased by 0.15±0.16mm(<i>P</i><0.001), and the equivalent spherical degree increased by -0.34±0.33D(<i>P</i><0.001), and there is a significant correlation between the SFCT change value and the axial length and equivalent spherical power change value(<i>r</i>s=-0.701, 0.633, both <i>P</i><0.001), indicating faster axial growth and myopia increasing is related to more thinning of the membrane thickness. Multiple linear regression analysis shows that SFCT is significantly correlated with axial length(<i>P</i>=0.001).<p>CONCLUSION: The SFCT of myopic children becomes thinner over time, and the axial length is negatively correlated with SFCT, and children with faster axial growing and greater myopia increasing are usually accompanied by more SFCT thinning.

14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 141-147, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880500

ABSTRACT

Due to its own internal laws of development, Chinese medicine (CM) seems more inclined to empirical medicine in a relatively long historical period. It is considered to be lacking objective and unified clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), and the difficulties in diagnosis and therapeutic effect evaluation comes with it, have restricted its further inheritance, development and international communication. Over the years, our research group has been committed to improving the standardization theory and methodology of CM, also perfecting relative techniques for further application, which are all based on the stratified evidence scoring method. We have already applied this method to 45 issued guidelines, including 5 national guidelines, 3 industrial guidelines, and 37 formulation/revision social organization guidelines. The stratified evidence scoring method has been recognized and used widely. It helps scholars and applicators to study, formulate, publish and popularize the acupuncture therapy clinical practice guidelines better, thus further promotes the development of acupuncture therapy.

15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 698-703, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014421

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the neuroprotective effect and mechanism of salidroside (Sal) on rats with permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion model (pMCAO) by regulating the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway. Methods A total of 80 healthy adult SPF male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group (sham group), model group (pMCAO group), drug administration group (pMCAO + Sal group) and inhibitor group (pMCAO + Sal + YL group). After the pMCAO model rats were prepared by the line bolt method, salidroside (50 mg · kg

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 584-589, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014402

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the neuroprotective effect of rhubarb extract on MCAO model rats and explore its mechanism of action. Methods Forty-five SPF male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group, MCAO group, and MCAO + rhubarb group. MCAO model was prepared by silk plug method, and rhubarb extract was administered at a concentration of 200 mg · kg

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1869-1874, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922215

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the overview of thrombosis in myeloproliferative neoplasms(MPN) patients, and to explore the risk factors of thrombosis at diagnosis and during follow-up.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 388 MPN patients treated in our hospital were collected. The patients were followed up by outpatient and phone. The risk factors of thrombosis were analyzed by statistical methods.@*RESULTS@#Among 388 MPN patients, 161 patients (41.49%) showed thromboses at diagnosis or during follow-up. Among them, 92.55% were arterial thromboses, 146 cases (96.27%) were complicated with thromboses at diagnosis, and 36 cases (11.46%) showed newly thromboses or progression of previous thromboses among the 314 received full follow-up patients. Age (P<0.001, HR:1.033, 95%CI:1.016-1.051), JAK2V617F mutation (P=0.037, HR:1.72, 95%CI: 1.033-2.862), hypertension (P<0.001, HR:2.639, 95%CI:1.659-4.197) and hyperlipidemia (P<0.001, HR:2.659, 95%CI:1.626-4.347) were the independent risk factors affecting thrombosis at diagnosis of the patients. During the follow-up, age (P=0.016, HR:1.032, 95%CI: 1.006-1.059) and previous thrombosis history (P=0.019, HR:2.194, 95%CI: 1.135-4.242) were the independent risk factors affecting the progression of thrombosis at different sites or on the basis of the previous thrombosis in the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with advanced age, JAK2V617F mutation or complicated with hypertension and hyperlipidemia shows a higher risk of thrombosis at diagnosis, while the patients with advanced age or previous thrombosis history shows a higher risk of progression of thrombosis during the follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Neoplasms , Philadelphia Chromosome , Risk Factors , Thrombosis
18.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 570-577, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888671

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect and safety of bloodletting puncture at hand twelve Jing-Well points (HTWPs) in acute stroke patients with conscious disturbance.@*METHODS@#In this multi-center and randomized controlled trial, 360 patients suffered from ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke with conscious disturbance within 48 h from the onset of symptom were divided into bloodletting (180 cases) and control (180 cases) groups using a block randomization. Patients in both groups received routine Western medicine, and patients in the bloodletting group received additional bloodletting puncture at HTWPs on admission immediately before conventional treatment. The primary outcome measure was Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score and the secondary outcomes included blood pressure, respiratory rate and pulse rate. All variables were evaluated at baseline (before bloodletting), 0 (after bloodletting immediately), 15, 30, 50 and 80 min post bloodletting.@*RESULTS@#At 80 min post bloodletting, the proportion of patients with improved consciousness in the bloodletting group was greater than the control group (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The bloodletting puncture at HTWPs was safe and could improve conscious levels of ischemic stroke patients, highlighting a first-aid intervention for acute stroke. (Registration No. ChiCTR-INR-16009530).

19.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 530-544, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826998

ABSTRACT

Astrocytes are the most abundant cell type in the central nervous system (CNS). They provide trophic support for neurons, modulate synaptic transmission and plasticity, and contribute to neuronal dysfunction. Many transgenic mouse lines have been generated to obtain astrocyte-specific expression of inducible Cre recombinase for functional studies; however, the expression patterns of inducible Cre recombinase in these lines have not been systematically characterized. We generated a new astrocyte-specific Aldh1l1-CreER knock-in mouse line and compared the expression pattern of Cre recombinase between this and five widely-used transgenic lines (hGfap-CreER from The Jackson Laboratory and The Mutant Mouse Resource and Research Center, Glast-CreER, Cx30-CreER, and Fgfr3-iCreER) by crossing with Ai14 mice, which express tdTomato fluorescence following Cre-mediated recombination. In adult Aldh1l1-CreER:Ai14 transgenic mice, tdTomato was detected throughout the CNS, and five novel morphologically-defined types of astrocyte were described. Among the six evaluated lines, the specificity of Cre-mediated recombination was highest when driven by Aldh1l1 and lowest when driven by hGfap; in the latter mice, co-staining between tdTomato and NeuN was observed in the hippocampus and cortex. Notably, evident leakage was noted in Fgfr3-iCreER mice, and the expression level of tdTomato was low in the thalamus when Cre recombinase expression was driven by Glast and in the capsular part of the central amygdaloid nucleus when driven by Cx30. Furthermore, tdTomato was clearly expressed in peripheral organs in four of the lines. Our results emphasize that the astrocyte-specific CreER transgenic lines used in functional studies should be carefully selected.

20.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 705-718, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826791

ABSTRACT

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common mood disorder that affects almost 20% of the global population. In addition, much evidence has implicated altered function of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAergic) system in the pathophysiology of depression. Recent research has indicated that GABA receptors (GABARs) are an emerging therapeutic target in the treatment of stress-related disorders such as MDD. However, which cell types with GABARs are involved in this process is unknown. As hippocampal dysfunction is implicated in MDD, we knocked down GABARs in the hippocampus and found that knocking down these receptors in astrocytes, but not in GABAergic or pyramidal neurons, caused a decrease in immobility in the forced swimming test (FST) without affecting other anxiety- and depression-related behaviors. We also generated astrocyte-specific GABAR-knockout mice and found decreased immobility in the FST in these mice. Furthermore, the conditional knockout of GABARs in astrocytes selectively increased the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor protein in hippocampal astrocytes, which controlled the decrease in immobility in the FST. Taken together, our findings contribute to the current understanding of which cell types expressing GABARs modulate antidepressant activity in the FST, and they may provide new insights into the pathological mechanisms and potential targets for the treatment of depression.

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