Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 106
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 257-260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989937

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the risk of perioperative concurrent venous thromboembolism (venous thromboembolism, VTE) has been significantly increased in patients with pancreatic cancer. Early prediction of VTE and strengthening the quality evaluation and clinical management of pancreatic surgery are the key to promote the prevention and treatment of VTE in pancreatic cancer patients. In view of the particularity of pancreatic surgery and the risk of related complications, clinicians should not only focus on the prevention of VTE, but also take into account the occurrence of serious complications such as postoperative bleeding, and strive to balance the two. Based on the relevant guidelines and the clinical experience of the center, the author's team elaborated on the early prediction of VTE in patients with pancreatic cancer, the indication and timing of perioperative VTE prevention and treatment in pancreatic surgery, in order to provide beneficial reference for the clinicians of VTE prevention and treatment in such patients.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1792-1799, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981396

ABSTRACT

Arrhythmia is an external manifestation of cardiac electrophysiological disorder. It exists in healthy people and patients with various heart diseases, which is often associated with other cardiovascular diseases. The contraction and diastole of myocardium are inseparable from the movement of ions. There are many ion channels in the membrane and organelle membrane of myocardium. The dynamic balance of myocardial ions is vital in maintaining myocardial electrical homeostasis. Potassium ion channels that have a complex variety and a wide distribution are involved in the whole process of resting potential and action potential of cardiomyocytes. Potassium ion channels play a vital role in maintaining normal electrophysiological activity of myocardium and is one of the pathogenesis of arrhythmia. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)has unique advantages in treating arrhythmia for its complex active components and diverse targets. A large number of TCM preparations have definite effect on treating arrhythmia-related diseases, whose antiarrhythmic mechanism may be related to the effect on potassium channel. This article mainly reviewed the relevant studies on the active components in TCM acting on different potassium channels to provide references for clinical drug use and development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Potassium Channels , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy , Heart Diseases/drug therapy , Ions
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 447-453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980743

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of needle-knife on the chondrocyte apoptosis of knee joint in rabbits with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) based on the CircSERPINE2-miR-1271-5P-E26 specific transformation-related gene (ERG) axis, and to explore the mechanism of needle-knife for KOA.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a needle-knife group and a sham needle-knife group, 9 rabbits in each group. The rabbits in the model group, the needle-knife group and the sham needle-knife group were treated with modified Videman method to prepare KOA model. After successful modeling, the rabbits in the needle-knife group were treated with needle-knife at cord adhesion and nodules near quadriceps femoris tendon and internal and external collateral ligament on the affected knee joint; the rabbits in the sham needle-knife group were treated with sham needle-knife baside the needle insertion point of the needle-knife group (needle-knife was only inserted, without any operation). The treatment was given once a week, 3 times in total. The Lequesne MG behavioral score was used to evaluate the knee joint damage in each group before and after intervention. After intervention, HE staining and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the cartilage tissue morphology and ultrastructure of chondrocytes in the knee joint in each group; TUNEL method was used to detect the level of chondrocyte apoptosis in the knee joint; real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression of CircSERPINE2, miR-1271-5P and ERG mRNA in knee cartilage tissue in each group.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, compared with the normal group, the Lequesne MG behavioral score in the model group was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the Lequesne MG behavioral score in the needle-knife group was decreased (P<0.01). In the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the number of chondrocytes and organelles was decreased, the cell nucleus was shrunk, mitochondria was swelling or disappeared; in the needle-knife group, the number of chondrocytes and organelles was increased, the cell nucleus was not obviously shrunk and the mitochondria was not obviously swelling. Compared with the normal group, the level of chondrocyte apoptosis in the model group was increased (P<0.01); compared with the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the level of chondrocyte apoptosis in the needle-knife group was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the expression of CircSERPINE2 and ERG mRNA in the model group was decreased (P<0.01), and the expression of miR-1271-5P mRNA was increased (P<0.01); compared with the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the expression of CircSERPINE2 and ERG mRNA in the needle-knife group was increased (P<0.01), and the expression of miR-1271-5P mRNA was decreased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Needle-knife could reduce the knee joint damage and chondrocyte apoptosis in KOA rabbits, which may be related to up-regulating the expression of CircSERPINE2 and ERG mRNA, and inhibiting the expression of miR-1271-5P mRNA.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Animals , Osteoarthritis, Knee/metabolism , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Knee Joint/surgery , Apoptosis , MicroRNAs/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 339-345, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986796

ABSTRACT

Objective: We aimed to explore the feasibility of a single-port thoracoscopy- assisted five-step laparoscopic procedure via transabdominal diaphragmatic(TD) approach(abbreviated as five-step maneuver) for No.111 lymphadenectomy in patients with Siewert type II esophageal gastric junction adenocarcinoma (AEG). Methods: This was a descriptive case series study. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) age 18-80 years; (2) diagnosis of Siewert type II AEG; (3) clinical tumor stage cT2-4aNanyM0; (4) meeting indications of the transthoracic single-port assisted laparoscopic five-step procedure incorporating lower mediastinal lymph node dissection via a TD approach; (5) Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) 0-1; and (6) American Society of Anesthesiologists classification I, II, or III. The exclusion criteria included previous esophageal or gastric surgery, other cancers within the previous 5 years, pregnancy or lactation, and serious medical conditions. We retrospectively collected and analyzed the clinical data of 17 patients (age [mean ± SD], [63.6±11.9] years; and 12 men) who met the inclusion criteria in the Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine from January 2022 to September 2022. No.111 lymphadenectomy was performed using five-step maneuver as follows: superior to the diaphragm, starting caudad to the pericardium, along the direction of the cardio-phrenic angle and ending at the upper part of the cardio-phrenic angle, right to the right pleura and left to the fibrous pericardium , completely exposing the cardio-phrenic angle. The primary outcome includes the numbers of harvested and of positive No.111 lymph nodes. Results: Seventeen patients (3 proximal gastrectomy and 14 total gastrectomy) had undergone the five-step maneuver including lower mediastinal lymphadenectomy without conversion to laparotomy or thoracotomy and all had achieved R0 resection with no perioperative deaths. The total operative time was (268.2±32.9) minutes, and the lower mediastinal lymph node dissection time was (34.0±6.0) minutes. The median estimated blood loss was 50 (20-350) ml. A median of 7 (2-17) mediastinal lymph nodes and 2(0-6) No. 111 lymph nodes were harvested. No. 111 lymph node metastasis was identified in 1 patient. The time to first flatus occurred 3 (2-4) days postoperatively and thoracic drainage was used for 7 (4-15) days. The median postoperative hospital stay was 9 (6-16) days. One patient had a chylous fistula that resolved with conservative treatment. No serious complications occurred in any patient. Conclusion: The single-port thoracoscopy-assisted five-step laparoscopic procedure via a TD approach can facilitate No. 111 lymphadenectomy with few complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diaphragm/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Feasibility Studies , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Laparoscopy/methods , Gastrectomy/methods , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Thoracoscopy
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 481-485, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985787

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the preliminary effect of laparoscopic extraperitoneal colostomy anterior to posterior sheath of rectus abdominis-transversus abdominis for the prevention of parastomal hernia after abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer. Methods: This study is a prospective case series study. From June 2021 to June 2022, patients with low rectal cancer underwent laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection combined with extraperitoneal colostomy anterior to posterior sheath of rectus abdominis-transversus abdominis at the First Department of General Surgery, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital were enrolled. The clinical data and postoperative CT images of patients were collected to analyze the incidence of surgical complication and parastomal hernia. Results: Totally 6 cases of patient were enrolled, including 3 males and 3 females, aging 72.5 (19.5) years (M(IQR)) (range: 55 to 79 years). The operation time was 250 (48) minutes (range: 190 to 275 minutes), the stoma operation time was 27.5 (10.7) minutes (range: 21 to 37 minutes), the bleeding volume was 30 (35) ml (range: 15 to 80 ml). All patients were cured and discharged without surgery-related complications. The follow-up time was 136 (105) days (range: 98 to 279 days). After physical examination and abdominal CT follow-up, no parastomal hernia occurred in the 6 patients up to this article. Conclusions: A method of laparoscopic extraperitoneal colostomy anterior to posterior sheath of rectus abdominis-transversus abdominis is established. Permanent stoma can be completed with this method safely. It may have a preventive effect on the occurrence of parastomal hernia, which is worthy of further study.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Colostomy/methods , Rectus Abdominis , Laparoscopy/methods , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects
6.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 112-118, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009800

ABSTRACT

We investigated the impact and predictive value of bladder function in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) on the efficacy of transurethral prostatectomy. Symptomatic, imaging, and urodynamic data of patients who underwent transurethral prostatectomy at West China Hospital of Sichuan University (Chengdu, China) from July 2019 to December 2021 were collected. Follow-up data included the quality of life (QoL), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and IPSS storage and voiding (IPSS-s and IPSS-v). Moreover, urinary creatinine (Cr), nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and prostaglandin estradiol (PGE2) were measured in 30 patients with BPH and 30 healthy participants. Perioperative indicators were determined by subgroup analyses and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Among the 313 patients with BPH included, patients with severe micturition problems had more improvements but higher micturition grades postoperatively than those with moderate symptoms. Similarly, good bladder sensation, compliance, and detrusor contractility (DC) were predictors of low postoperative IPSS and QoL. The urinary concentrations of BDNF/Cr, NGF/Cr, and PGE2/Cr in patients were significantly higher than those in healthy participants (all P < 0.001). After evaluation, only DC was significantly related to both urinary indicators and postoperative recovery of patients. Patients with good DC, as predicted by urinary indicators, had lower IPSS and IPSS-v than those with reduced DC at the 1st month postoperatively (both P < 0.05). In summary, patients with impaired bladder function had poor recovery. The combined levels of urinary BDNF/Cr, NGF/Cr, and PGE2/Cr in patients with BPH may be valid predictors of preoperative bladder function and postoperative recovery.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6500-6508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008849

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of Jiaotai Pills on protein expression in the hippocampus of the rat model of chronic unpredictable mild stress(CUMS)-induced depression by quantitative proteomics and explore the anti-depression mechanism of Jiaotai Pills. The SD rats were randomized into control, model, Jiaotai Pills, and fluoxetine groups(n=8). Other groups except the control group were subjected to CUMS modeling for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks of continuous administration, the changes of behavior and pathological morphology of the hippocampal tissue were observed. Proteins were extracted from the hippocampal tissue, and bioinformatics analysis was performed for the differentially expressed proteins(DEPs) identified by quantitative proteomics. Western blot was employed to verify the key DEPs. The results showed that Jiaotai Pills significantly alleviated the depression behaviors and hippocampal histopathological changes in the rat model of CUMS-induced depression. A total of 5 412 proteins were identified in the hippocampus of rats, including 65 DEPs between the control group and the model group and 35 DEPs between the Jiaotai Pills group and the model group. There were 16 DEPs with the same trend in the Jiaotai Pills group and the control group, which were mainly involved in sphingolipid, AMPK, and dopaminergic synapse signaling pathways. The Western blot results of Ppp2r2b, Cers1, and Ndufv3 in the hippocampus were consistent with the results of proteomics. In conclusion, Jiaotai Pills may play an anti-depression role by modulating the levels of Ppp2r2b, Cers1, Ndufv3 and other proteins and regulating sphingolipid, AMPK, and dopaminergic synapse signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Depression/drug therapy , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Proteomics , Hippocampus , Stress, Psychological/metabolism , Sphingolipids/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
8.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 138-162, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971541

ABSTRACT

Major advances have been made over the past few decades in identifying and managing disorders of consciousness (DOC) in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI), bringing the transformation from a conceptualized definition to a complex clinical scenario worthy of scientific exploration. Given the continuously-evolving framework of precision medicine that integrates valuable behavioral assessment tools, sophisticated neuroimaging, and electrophysiological techniques, a considerably higher diagnostic accuracy rate of DOC may now be reached. During the treatment of patients with DOC, a variety of intervention methods are available, including amantadine and transcranial direct current stimulation, which have both provided class II evidence, zolpidem, which is also of high quality, and non-invasive stimulation, which appears to be more encouraging than pharmacological therapy. However, heterogeneity is profoundly ingrained in study designs, and only rare schemes have been recommended by authoritative institutions. There is still a lack of an effective clinical protocol for managing patients with DOC following ABI. To advance future clinical studies on DOC, we present a comprehensive review of the progress in clinical identification and management as well as some challenges in the pathophysiology of DOC. We propose a preliminary clinical decision protocol, which could serve as an ideal reference tool for many medical institutions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation/methods , Consciousness Disorders/etiology , Brain Injuries/complications , Consciousness , Neuroimaging
9.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 533-540, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008100

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the optimal dosage and intervention duration of reserpine to establish a rat model of hypotension.Methods According to the body weight and systolic blood pressure (SBP),60 male Wistar rats were assigned to six groups (n=10),including a control group and five observation groups with different doses.The control group was administrated with 10 ml/kg 0.5% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose solution,and the observation groups with 0.016,0.032,0.064,0.128,and 0.160 mg/kg reserpine suspensions,respectively.All the groups were administrated by gavage twice a day,and the body weights of rats were monitored daily.SBP and heart rate (HR) were measured before modeling and 1-6 weeks after administration.After 6 weeks of administration,the blood samples of inner canthus were collected.The levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH),creatine kinase MB isoenzyme (CK-MB),alanine aminotransferase,aspartate aminotransferase (AST),serum creatinine,and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were measured by an autoanalyzer.Three rats in each group were randomly selected for observation of the changes in SBP after drug withdrawal and the rest rats were sacrificed for measurement of the levels of norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain.Results Compared with the control group,different doses of reserpine lowered the SBP of rats (F=28.492,P<0.001).The decline in SBP increased in a concentration-dependent manner.SBP reached the lowest value after 1 week,rose slightly later,and was stable after 3 weeks of administration.There was no significant difference in SBP between 0.016 mg/kg reserpine group and the control group after the 5th week (P>0.05).The SBP levels of rats in 0.032,0.064,0.128,and 0.160 mg/kg reserpine groups showed no significant difference between each other (P=0.204) and were lower than that in the control group (all P<0.001).One week after drug withdrawal,the SBP of rats in the observation groups rose to the baseline level and remained stable.HR showed similar changes among groups,first increasing and then decreasing.There was no significant difference in HR among different groups at the same time point (F=0.922,P=0.475).Compared with the control group,reserpine of different doses reduced the norepinephrine content in the hippocampus (all P<0.001),and 0.128 mg/kg (P=0.045) and 0.160 mg/kg (P=0.042) reserpine lowered the dopamine level in the striatum,which showed no significant differences between different reserpine groups(P=0.343,P=0.301).The levels of LDH,CK-MB,and BUN in the serum increased with the increase in reserpine concentration,and the levels of LDH (P=0.001),CK-MB (P=0.020),AST (P=0.007),and BUN (P=0.001) in the 0.160 mg/kg reserpine group were significantly different from those in the control group.Conclusions The rat model of hypotension can be induced by gavage with reserpine.The gavage with reserpine at a dose of 0.032 mg/kg,twice a day for three consecutive weeks is the optimal scheme for the modeling.After the model establishment,continuous administration is essential to maintain the hypotension.


Subject(s)
Male , Rats , Animals , Reserpine , Dopamine , Rats, Wistar , Hypotension/chemically induced , Norepinephrine
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 481-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970485

ABSTRACT

Based on network pharmacology, molecular docking, and in vitro experimental verification, this study aims to explore the effect of Albiziae Cortex-Tribuli Fructus combination on HSC-LX2 pyroptosis. Specifically, the targets of Albiziae Cortex, Tribuli Fructus, and hepatic fibrosis were retrieved from an online database and CNKI, and "drug-component-target" network and "drug-component-target-disease" network were constructed. Protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was established based on STRING. Metascape was employed for Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment, and the mechanism of Albiziae Cortex-Tribuli Fructus combination against liver fibrosis was predicted. Molecular docking was used to verify some of the results of network pharmacology, and in vitro experiment was carried out to further verify the above conclusions. According to the results of network pharmacological analysis, 25 active components and 439 targets of Albiziae Cortex-Tribuli Fructus combination and 152 anti-liver fibrosis targets were screened out, including nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain and leucine-rich-repeat-and pyrin-domain-containing 3(NLRP3) and caspase-1. The key targets were involved in 194 KEGG pathways in which the NOD-like receptor signaling pathway topped. The binding common targets were related to pyroptosis. The results of in vitro experiment showed that the pair-containing serum reduced the proliferation rate of HSC-LX2 and the content of reactive oxygen species(ROS), interleukin-18(IL-18), and interleukin-1β(IL-1β)(P<0.05). Western blot and qRT-PCR suggested that the protein and gene expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), and gasdermin D(GSDMD) in HSC-LX2 increased after AngⅡ stimulation, and the expression decreased after the intervention of pair-containing serum(P<0.05). In summary, the pair-containing serum can inhibit the classic pathway of pyroptosis, which may be the anti-liver fibrosis mechanism. This is consistent with the predicted results of network pharmacology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Network Pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Caspase 1/genetics , Fibrosis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 586-590, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935431

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the suitable teaching mode of epidemiology for postgraduates, so as to provide techniques for improving and enhancing the teaching quality. Methods: The course was divided into three stages according to the teaching progress, which was, traditional teaching, traditional teaching and case discussion, online learning and case discussion. The test scores in three stages were compared respectively, and the students' willingness to teaching methods was investigated by questionnaire. Results: The scores of 214 students showed an upward trend in three stages, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.001). Most students paid more attention to the knowledge systematization and important knowledge. Most students proposed that the teaching time between theoretical knowledge and case discussion should be evenly distributed. More students chose Chinese literature related to their major as teaching cases. Most students believed that case discussion improved the skills of self-study and communication. Conclusion: The epidemiology course for postgraduate should integrate the traditional teaching and case discussion, with online learning as a supplementary, and take effective methods to evaluate, so as to improve the teaching quality of postgraduate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires , Teaching
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 425-429, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935231

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological factors and prognostic status of young Mammary Paget's disease (MPD) patients with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). Methods: In this study, we defined the age at diagnosis below 40 years old as young patients, and retrospectively analyzed data from 123 MPD-IDC patients who were admitted at the Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from June 2002 to February 2019. Patients were divided into the young group (≤40 years old, 15 cases) and the old group (>40 years old, 108 cases) according to the age of onset, and the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of the two groups were compared. Cox regression model analysis was used to analyze the prognosis influencing factors. Results: The proportions of patients in the young group with non-menopausal, axillary lymph node metastasis, and Ki-67 index ≥15% were 93.3% (14/15), 73.3% (11/15), and 86.7% (13/15), respectively, which were higher than those in the old group [45.4% (49/108), 39.8%(43/108), and 60.2% (65/108), respectively] , with statistically significant differences (P<0.05). At an average follow-up of 63.2 months, patients in the young group had a significantly shorter disease-free survival (DFS) compared with that of the old group (P=0.012), while the difference in overall survival (OS) between the two groups was not statistically significant (P=0.161). Multifactorial Cox regression analysis showed that axillary lymph node status was an independent influencing factor on OS (HR=3.339, 95% CI: 1.121-9.943) in patients with MPD-IDC, while age was not. Conclusion: Compared with the old group, young patients with MPD-IDC have a higher incidence of axillary lymph node metastasis, high Ki-67 expression, and a shorter DFS, but age is not an independent influencing factor on DFS or OS in patients with MPD-IDC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/surgery , Ki-67 Antigen , Lymphatic Metastasis , Paget's Disease, Mammary/metabolism , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 256-266, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940717

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is a metabolic disease mainly characterized by hyperglycemia due to inadequate insulin secretion. And persistent hyperglycemia can cause chronic damage or dysfunction of eyes, kidneys, heart, blood vessels and nerves. Polysaccharides are high molecular carbohydrates polymerized by glycosidic bonds from more than 10 monosaccharide molecules of the same or different types. They have the advantages of wide sources, high safety and low toxic and so on. As one of the important effective components of traditional Chinese medicine, polysaccharides have biological activities such as immune regulation, anti-oxidation, anti-tumor, lowering blood sugar and so on. The structure is directly related to biological activities, and the advanced structure of polysaccharides is based on the primary structure. Exploring the primary structure of polysaccharides is the key task of lowering blood sugar and improving diabetic complications. This paper summarizes the monosaccharide composition of the primary structure of Chinese medicine polysaccharides, and the mechanism of Chinese medicine polysaccharides improving diabetes is emphasized by increasing the secretion and release of insulin, increasing the islet β cell number, upregulating insulin receptor level, improving glucose and lipid metabolism, inhibiting inflammatory response, improving oxidative stress and regulating phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt), mitogen activated protein kinase, cyclic adenosine monophosphate(cAMP)/protein kinase A(PKA) and adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase(AMPK) signaling pathways. At the same time, we also summarized the prevention and treatment of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in diabetic nephropathy, diabetic cardiomyopathy, diabetic ophthalmopathy and diabetic peripheral neuropathy, in order to provide a theoretical basis for new drug development and clinical application of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in the intervention of diabetes and its complications.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 194-203, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940403

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo reveal the medication rules of the clinical prescriptions containing Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, and to provide a basis for the modern clinical application of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, the development of health products and the research and development of new drugs. MethodThe clinical prescriptions containing Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang Data, and VIP, and then a basic database of prescriptions was established via the traditional Chinese medicine inheritance auxiliary platform (V2.5), IBM SPSS V20, and Excel (Microsoft Office 2016). The frequency and association rules of the medicines in prescriptions (compatible medicines) and the corresponding syndromes were then mined. ResultThe prescriptions were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A total of 458 clinical prescriptions containing Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus were collected, involving 388 Chinese medicines, and the total frequency of medicines reached 6 199. The core compatible medicines (frequency > 130) of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus included Poria (frequency of 222), Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma (217), Paeoniae Radix Alba (196), Bupleuri Radix (159), and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium (142). The Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus-compatible medicines with frequency > 49 were selected for further analysis, which included 34 medicines with the cumulative frequency of 3 131 (50.51% of the total frequency). These medicines mainly have the functions of tonifying Qi, invigorating Qi, tonifying blood, alleviating edema and promoting urination, promoting digestion, and activating blood and relieving pain. They are mainly warm, cold, or mild-natured, taste bitter, sweet, or acrid, and have the tropism in the spleen, liver, stomach, or lung meridians. The association rule analysis demonstrated that 14 medicine combinations were commonly used, and the core combinations were Poria-Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma-Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, Paeoniae Radix Alba-Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, Bupleuri Radix-Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma-Poria-Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium-Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. The clinical prescriptions containing Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus were mainly used to treat 52 diseases corresponding to 11 types of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes. Three representative syndrome types, including spleen and stomach syndromes, Qi-blood-body fluid syndromes, and gynecological syndromes were selected for further association rule analysis. In the treatment of spleen and stomach syndromes, the core compatible drugs were Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Poria, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Bupleuri Radix, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, and Pinelliae Ehizoma, which, together with Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, formed 25 commonly used medicine combinations (16 combinations composed of 2 medicines and 9 combinations composed of 3 medicines). In the treatment of Qi-blood-body fluid syndromes, the core compatible drugs were Poria, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Astragali Radix, Hordei Fructus Germinatus, and Bupleuri Radix, which, together with Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, formed 23 common medicine combinations (17 combinations composed of 2 medicines, 5 combinations composed of 3 medicines, and 1 combination composed of 4 medicines). In the treatment of gynecological syndromes, the core compatible medicines were Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Astragali Radix, Cyperi Rhizoma, and Poria, which constituted 25 common medicine combinations (15 combinations composed of 2 medicines and 10 combinations composed of 3 medicines). ConclusionWe employed the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) inheritance auxiliary platform to explore the compatibility of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus-containing clinical prescriptions and the corresponding TCM syndromes, which intuitively showcased the medication rules of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. Specifically, Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus was mainly combined with the medicines for tonifying Qi, invigorating Qi, tonifying blood, alleviating edema and promoting urination, promoting digestion, and activating blood and relieving pain to treat different TCM syndromes. While soothing liver, regulating Qi, harmonizing stomach, and relieving pain, the combinations tonify and activate blood, invigorate spleen, and resolve dampness. The findings are of great significance to the rational application of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, the development of health food, and the research of new drugs and will bolster the development of Chinese medicine industry.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 273-282, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940379

ABSTRACT

The incidence and mortality of cancer are increasing year by year, seriously threatening human health. At present, the chemotherapy-based treatment of cancer can prolong the survival time of patients, but its severe side effects and adverse reactions often lead to poor prognosis. Therefore, searching for anti-cancer drugs with high efficiency and low toxicity has become the focus of clinical attention from all over the world. The effective components of Chinese medicine have the advantages of mild side effect and multi-target regulation, and their anti-tumor activities are highly favored by many researchers. Shikonin, a naphthoquinone compound, is the main effective component of Arnebiae Radix, with anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and other pharmacological effect. Studies have shown that shikonin possesses significant anti-tumor activities against a variety of tumor cells, and it can inhibit the development of many cancers, such as breast cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, colon cancer, and prostate cancer. The anti-tumor mechanism of shikonin is mainly related to multi-pathway and multi-target inhibition of tumor cell proliferation, the promotion of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, induction of tumor cell apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and tumor cell autophagy, and the inhibition of tumor cell migration and invasion. In addition, shikonin can increase the sensitivity of tumor cells to anti-tumor drugs and reverse the drug resistance of tumor cells. The signaling pathways involved in the anti-tumor effect of shikonin include phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), PI3K/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), pyruvate kinase M2/signal transducer and activator of transcription protein 3 (PKM2/STAT3), and Kelch-like epichlorohydrin-related protein 1/nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Keap1/Nrf2). The anti-tumor effects are mainly achieved through the regulation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Based on the relevant literature on the anti-tumor effect and mechanism of shikonin in China and abroad, the present study reviewed the research progress in the past three years to provide useful references for the further study of the anti-tumor effect of shikonin and the research and development of new antineoplastic drugs.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 401-406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of conventional treatment plus long-term transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on consciousness recovery in patients with minimally conscious state (MCS) after traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 60 patients with MCS after TBI admitted to Zhejiang Armed Police Corps Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020, including 38 males and 22 females, aged 19-60 years [(45.7±11.4)years]. Course of disease was 3-6 months [(4.6±0.9)months]. Of all, 30 patients received internal medicine, hyperbaric oxygen, rehabilitation and other conventional treatment (conventional treatment group), and 30 patients received tDCS stimulation on the basis of conventional treatment (tDCS treatment group). The tDCS stimulation contained 4 cycles for 28 days with each cycle lasting for 7 days (stimulation for 5 days, rest for 2 days). Coma recovery scale-revised (CRS-R) total score, brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) score and clinical effictive rate (significantly effective+effective) were compared between the two groups before treatment, during 4 cycles of treatment and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment. Complications induced by tDCS were also evaluated.Results:There was no significant difference in CRS-R total score and BAEP score between the two groups before treatment (all P>0.05). CRS-R total score and BAEP score in tDCS treatment group were significantly higher than those in conventional treatment group during 4 cycles of treatment and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment (all P<0.05). CRS-R total score and BAEP score in both groups gradually increased during 4 cycles of treatment and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment (all P<0.05). The clinical effective rate in tDCS treatment group was 73% (22/30) when compared to 57% (17/30) in conventional treatment group ( P<0.05). In tDCS treatment group, 10 patients had local reversible slight redness at the cathodal position, while no other serious adverse effects, such as local burns, ulceration, exudation or epilepsy. Conclusion:Compared with conventional treatment, conventional treatment plus long-term tDCS can be more effective in improving the state of consciousness without serious adverse effects for MCS patients after TBI.

17.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 454-461, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936102

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety and learning curve of Da Vinci robotic single-anastomosis duodenal-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) in the treatment of obesity patients. Methods: A descriptive case series study was performed. Clinical data of obesity patients who were treated with Da Vinci robotic SADI-S in China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University from March 2020 to May 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. Case inclusion criteria: (1) uncomplicated obese patients with body mass index (BMI)≥37.5 kg/m(2); (2) patients with BMI of 28 to <37.5 kg/m(2) complicated with type 2 diabetes or two metabolic syndrome components, or obesity comorbidities; (3) patients undergoing SADI-S by Da Vinci robotic surgery system. Those who received other bariatric procedures other than SADI-S or underwent Da Vince robotic SADI-S as revisional operation were excluded. A total of 77 patients were enrolled in the study, including 31 males and 46 females, with median age of 33 (18-59) years, preoperative body weight of (123.0±26.2) kg, BMI of (42.2±7.1) kg/m(2) and waistline of (127.6±16.3) cm. According to the order of operation date, the patients were numbered as 1-77. The textbook outcome (TO) and Clavien-Dindo grading standard were used to analyze the clinical outcome of each patient and to classify surgical complications, respectively. The standard of textbook outcome was as follows: the operative time less than or equal to the 75th percentile of the patient's operation time (210 min); the postoperative hospital stay less than or equal to the 75th percentile of the patient's postoperative hospital stay (7 d); complication grade lower than Clavien grade II; no readmission; no conversion to laparotomy or death. The patient undergoing robotic SADI-S was considered to meet the TO standard when meeting the above 5 criteria. The TO rate was calculated by cumulative sum analysis (CUSUM) method. The curve was drawn by case number as X-axis and CUSUM (TO rate) as Y-axis so as to understand the learning curve of robotic SADI-S. Results: The operative time of 77 robotic SADI-S was (182.9±37.5) minutes, and the length of postoperative hospital stay was 6 (4-55) days. There was no conversion to laparotomy or death. Seven patients suffered from complications (7/77, 9.1%). Four patients had grade II complications (5.2%), including one with duodeno-ileal anastomotic leakage, one with abdominal bleeding, one with peritoneal effusion and one with delayed gastric emptying; two patients were grade IIIb complications (2.6%) and both of them were diagnosed with gastric leakage; one patient was grade IV complication diagnosed with postoperative respiratory failure (1.3%), and all of them were cured successfully. A total of 51 patients met the textbook outcome standard, and the TO rate was positive and was steadily increasing after the number of surgical cases accumulated to the 46th case. Taking the 46th case as the boundary, all the patients were divided into learning stage group (n=46) and mastery stage group (n=31). There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of gender, age, weight, body mass index, waist circumference, ASA classification, standard liver volume, operative time and morbidity of postoperative complication (all P>0.05). The percent of abdominal drainage tube in learning stage group was higher than that in mastery stage group (54.3% versus 16.1%, P<0.05). The length of postoperative hospital stay in learning stage group was longer than that in mastery stage group [6 (4-22) d versus 6 (5-55) d, P<0.05)]. Conclusion: The Da Vinci robotic SADI-S is safe and feasible with a learning curve of 46 cases.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Learning Curve , Obesity/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1739-1753, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928171

ABSTRACT

Curcuma kwangsiensis root tuber is a widely used genuine medicinal material in Guangxi, with the main active components of terpenoids and curcumins. It has the effects of promoting blood circulation to relieve pain, moving Qi to relieve depression, clearing heart and cooling blood, promoting gallbladder function and anti-icterus. Modern research has proved its functions in liver protection, anti-tumor, anti-oxidation, blood lipid reduction and immunosuppression. Considering the research progress of C. kwangsiensis root tubers and the core concept of quality marker(Q-marker), we predicted the Q-markers of C. kwangsiensis root tubers from plant phylogeny, chemical component specificity, traditional pharmacodynamic properties, new pharmacodynamic uses, chemical component measurability, processing methods, compatibility, and components migrating to blood. Curcumin, curcumol, curcumadiol, curcumenol, curdione, germacrone, and β-elemene may be the possible Q-markers. Based on the predicted Q-markers, the mechanisms of the liver-protecting and anti-tumor activities of C. kwangsiensis root tubers were analyzed. AKT1, IL6, EGFR, and STAT3 were identified as the key targets, and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction signaling pathway, nitrogen metabolism pathway, cancer pathway, and hepatitis B pathway were the major involved pathways. This review provides a basis for the quality evaluation and product development of C. kwangsiensis root tubers and gives insights into the research on Chinese medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Curcuma/chemistry , Liver , Neoplasms , Terpenes/pharmacology
19.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 175-181, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015474

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the temporal and spatial expressions of G protein-coupled receptor, putative receptor protein related to angiotensin type 1 receptor (APJ), in mammal cochlea postnatal development. Methods The cochlear tissues of each group 11 C57BL/ 6 mice at postnatal day 7 (P7), P14, P28 and postnatal month 2(P2M) were taken out under a stereo microscope. Real-time PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescent staining were used to detect the expressions of APJ in hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons. Results The expression pattern of APJ in cochleae showed an upward trend during the period from P7 to P2M. The temporal expressions of APJ in hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons increased obviously at P14 and P2M. The spatial expression patterns of APJ in hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons followed a declined gradient from base turns to apex turns at P14. Conclusion APJ expression exhibits a specific spatial and temporal pattern during mouse cochlea postnatal development, and may play a role in cochleae maturation and hearing formation.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 645-652, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014412

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effects of ginkgolide K (GK) on neurovascular unit injured by ischemic stroke and the potential mechanism associated with hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) pathway. Methods The BV-2 cells and EA. hy926 cells suffered from oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/R) were applied to mimic the injury of neurovascular unit induced by cerebral ischemia in vitro. After 4 h OGD insult, BV-2 cells and EA. hy926 cells received reperfusion and treated with GK. The levels of inflammatory cytokines in the supernatant of BV-2 cells were detected, while the protective effects of GK on EA. hy926 cells were also evaluated after GK administration for 24 h. The p-Akt and p-Erk expressions were examined by Western blot after 1 h of GK treatment, while HIF-1α was detected after 6 h of GK treatment. In addition, PI3K inhibitor LY294002 was applied to further verify the potential mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of GK. The expressions of p-Akt after 1 h of GK treatment, and the protein levels of HIF-1α pathway after 6 h of GK treatment were also analyzed by Western blot. Results GK significantly inhibited the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β in supernatant of BV-2 cells injured by OGD/R, through increasing p-Akt and decreasing p-Erk expressions, and then affecting HIF-1α pathway. In addition, LY294002 reduced the regulatory effect of GK. Furthermore, GK significantly improved viability and inhibited the release of LDH in supernatant of EA. hy926 cells suffered from OGD/R, and up-regulated the expressions of p-Akt, HIF-1α, HO-1 and VEGF, while cleaved caspase-3/9 was inhibited. Conclusions GK exerts multi-effects on reducing neurovascular unit injury induced by ischemic stroke, and the potential mechanism might be associated with the different regulatory effects of HIF-1α in different cells.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL