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China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2490-2499, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981325


The effect of Tujia medicine Berberidis Radix on endogenous metabolites in the serum and feces of mice with ulcerative colitis(UC) induced by dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) was analyzed by metabolomics technology to explore the metabolic pathway and underlying mechanism of Berberidis Radix in the intervention of UC. The UC model was induced in mice by DSS. Body weight, disease activity index(DAI), and colon length were recorded. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-10(IL-10) in colon tissues were determined by ELISA. The levels of endogenous metabolites in the serum and feces were detected by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS). Principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed to characterize and screen differential metabolites. The potential metabolic pathways were analyzed by MetaboAnalyst 5.0. The results showed that Berberidis Radix could significantly improve the symptoms of UC mice and increase the level of the anti-inflammatory factor IL-10. A total of 56 and 43 differential metabolites were identified in the serum and feces, respectively, belonging to lipids, amino acids, fatty acids, etc. After the intervention by Berberidis Radix, the metabolic disorder gradually recovered. The involved metabolic pathways included biosynthesis of phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan, linoleic acid metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism, and glycerophospholipid metabolism. Berberidis Radix can alleviate the symptoms of mice with DSS-induced UC, and the mechanism may be closely related to the re-gulation of lipid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and energy metabolism.

Mice , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Interleukin-10 , Metabolomics/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 19-22, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776566


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of Bianyanning on acute pharyngitis in rats, and to provide evidence and experimental data for its clinical application.@*METHODS@#The acute pharyngitis of rats was induced by spraying ammonia directly to their throat. The model rats were randomly divided into model control group, the high-, medium- and low-dose group of Bianyanning, while normal rats were used as control group, 10 in each group. After the corresponding drug treatment, the symptoms and manifestations of each group were observed and recorded; 24 hours after last gavaging, blood samples of each group were collected from the abdominal aorta. The serum contents of interleukin 1-beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA. HE method was used to observe the characteristic of the lung tissues and the transmission electron microscopy method was used to observe the trachea cilia.@*RESULTS@#After the treatment, compared with the model control group, the high-, medium- and low-dose group of Bianyanning, the symptoms of acute pharyngitis such as inflamed and congestive throat were relieved obviously. The morphological changes of lung and bronchus tissues were apparently improved. The contents of IL-1β and TNF-α in serum were decreased significantly.@*CONCLUSION@#Compound Bianyanning can promote the recovering process of acute pharyngitis, improve the morphology of lungs and bronchus, which may be related to inhibiting the releasing of the IL-1β and TNF-α in serum.

Animals , Rats , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Pharyngitis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 50-56, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773804


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Coriaria Sinica Maxim's extract(CSME) on microcirculation and oxidative stress of wounds in rats with deep second-degree burn.@*METHODS@#One hundred and eighty rats were randomly divided into normal saline group(NS), white petroleum group(WPL), silver sulfadiazine group (SSD), Coriariasinica Maxim's extract group which were divided into low dose(CSME-L),middle dose(CSME-M) and high dose(CSME-H). After anesthesia with burn instrument to burn the hair removal area of rats, these wounds were confirmed by pathological results with deep second degree burns.And then,those drugs were applied respectively on the wounds,such as NS、WPL、SSD and different concentrations of CSME. After injury at 48 h, 7 d, 14 d and 21 d,the healing rate(HR) of wound was measured, and the microvessel density (MVD), tissue moisture (TM), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), model driven architecture (MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD) and hydroxyproline(HYP) were detected, too. All pathological sections of the wound tissue were observed.@*RESULTS@#The HR of CSME groups were obviously increased with a dose-dependent manner, which was significantly higher than that of NS and WPL (<0.05); On the 21 day, the diameter, number, distribution of the vessels and and the TM were less than other groups with a dose-dependent manner; On the 7 and 14 day after injury, CSME groups were significantly higher than the NS, WPL and SSD with a dose-dependent manner (<0.05), but, on the 21 day after injury, they were lower than NS, WPL and SSD with a dose-dependent (<0.05) manner. The levels of SOD, HYP, NO and ET in CSME groups were higher than those in other groups with dose-dependent on SOD activity, HYP, NO and ET content (<0.05), while MDA activity was weaker than other groups (<0.05). Similarly, pathological findings were also shown that CSME groups were better than other groups with a dose-dependent manner in decrease decreasing of wound repair time and hyperplasia of scar tissue.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CSME can relieve tissue edema, promote wound contraction, speed up the formation of eschar and accelerate the proliferation of granulation tissue, which are beneficial to the wound healing in the early stages. But, it can inhibit the hyperplasia of granulation tissue to prevent the excessive scar hyperplasia of burn wound in the later stages. Its mechanism is related to regulation what microcirculation, oxidativestress, NO and VEGF.

Animals , Rats , Burns , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hydroxyproline , Metabolism , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Microcirculation , Oxidative Stress , Random Allocation , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism , Wound Healing
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 804-808, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286981


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study hepatic NF-κB level following endotoxemic liver injury, and its relationship with hepatic TNF-α and IL-6 levels in young rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty 18-day-old rats were randomly assigned to a normal control and an endotoxemia group. Endotoxemia was induced by lipopolysaccharide injection (LPS, 5 mg/kg). The endotoxemia group was subdivided into four groups sampled at 2, 6, 12 and 24 hrs after LPS injection (n=8 each). Pathological changes in liver cells were observed under a light microscope. TNF-α and IL-6 levels in liver tissue homogenates were measured using ELISA. Reitman-Frankel was used to measure serum ALT concentrations. NF-κB activation level in liver tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Liver tissue injury was the most obvious 6 hrs after LPS injection under the light microscope, and the damage rating of liver tissues was significantly higher in the endotoxemia group than that in the normal control group at all time points (P<0.05). ALT levels in the endotoxemia group were significantly higher than those in the normal control group 6, 12 and 24 hrs after LPS injection (P<0.05). NF-κB p65 protein expression in liver cells (percentage of nuclear positive cells) in the endotoxemia groups was significantly higher than that in the normal control group (P<0.05). TNF-α and IL-6 levels in liver tissue homogenates in the endotoxemia groups were significantly higher than those in the normal control group 6 and 12 hrs after LPS injection (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Endotoxemia can cause liver injury, resulting in liver cell damage and changes in liver function. NF-κB activation is involved in endotoxemic liver injury which may be mediated by inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 synthesis.</p>

Animals , Female , Male , Rats , Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Behavior, Animal , Endotoxemia , Interleukin-6 , Liver , Chemistry , Pathology , Liver Diseases , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha