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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879191

ABSTRACT

Antiviral Oral Liquid is modified on the basis of Baihu Decoction in Treatise on Febrility Diseases by ZHANG Zhongjing and Qingwen Baidu Yin in Qing Dynasty, with effects in clearing toxic heat, repelling dampness and cooling blood. It is widely used in clinical treatment of common colds, influenza and upper respiratory tract infection, mumps, viral conjunctivitis and hand-foot-mouth disease, with a good clinical efficacy and safety. Based on a questionnaire survey of clinicians and a systematic review of study literatures on Antiviral Oral Liquid, the international clinical practice guidelines development method was adopted to analyze the optimal available evidences and expert experiences in the "evidence-based, consensus-based and experience-based" principles. The consensus was jointly reached by more than 30 multidisciplinary experts nationwide, including clinical experts of traditional Chinese and Western medicine in the field of respiratory diseases and infectious diseases, and methodological experts. In the study, literatures were retrieved based on clinical problems in the clinical survey as well as PICO clinical problems. The GRADE system was used for the classification and evaluation of evidence, and fully combined with clinical expert experience, so as to reach expert consensus by the nominal grouping method. This expert consensus recommended or suggested indications, usage and dosage, course of treatment, intervention time for treatment, and the safety and precautions of Antiviral Oral Liquid for treatment of influenza, and can provide reference for the rational use of this drug in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Consensus , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Humans , Influenza, Human/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879123

ABSTRACT

This paper introduced the basic definition, application scope, advantages and challenges of the master protocol, basket design, umbrella design and platform trial, and put forward the idea of using master protocol, basket design and umbrella design in Chinese medicine(CM) by considering the characteristics of CM and research experiences. The author pointed out that master protocol, basket design and umbrella design, as a high-efficiency research and design strategy, can be used in the clinical research on the treatment of the same disease with different therapies, the treatment of different diseases with the same therapy and the combination of diseases and CM syndromes. In particular, the exploration from the classification of CM syndromes can supplement the gaps in the cli-nical research on CM syndromes. In the application of such designs, it is also necessary to pay attention to their potential challenges and develop reasonable and feasible plans on research implementation, management and statistical analysis in advance to meet these challenges.


Subject(s)
Dietary Supplements , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Precision Medicine , Records , Research Design
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773212

ABSTRACT

In 2013,China pharmaceutical regulatory department issued guiduance on postmarketing drug safety monitoring for industry. It aimed to encourage industry to carry out postmarketing drug safety monitoring including hospital-based intensive monitoring of postmarketing Chinese patent medicine. Subsequently,more and more such kind of studies have been performed all over China. However,in view of the current situation in this field,the development of hospital-based intensive monitoring of postmarketing Chinese patent medicine lacks standardization,such as unreasonable design,omission of reports about adverse drug reactions,inadequate process of quality control,non-standardized interpretation of adverse reactions,etc. Therefore,it is necessary to formulate relevant technical specifications to guide this area. The developing of this technical specification refered to the international post-marketing safety monitoring model and advanced design concepts and methods. We developed it under the guidance of relevant laws,regulations and technical documents in China. Meanwhile the characteristics of Chinese patent medicines and the real situation in this area were considered. The aim of this technical specification is to obtain the incidence,type,degree and clinical manifestation of adverse drug reactions of Chinese patent medicines,to find new risk signals of adverse reactions,to identify risk factors,and to provide a basis for the formulation of risk management and control plans. This specification has been approved by China association of Chinese medicine which is numbered T/CACM011-2016.


Subject(s)
Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems , China , Hospitals , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Product Surveillance, Postmarketing
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256019

ABSTRACT

In order to obtain the characteristics and incidence of adverse reactions of Shuxuening injection (Xingxue), the design method of a multi-center, large sample intensive monitoring in the hospitals was adopted. The hospitalized patients with use of Shuxuening injection from 27 medical institutions were enrolled as the research subjects to monitor their entire process of treatment cycle. The main content of monitoring included the patients' general information, diagnostic information, medication information, and adverse event information. A total of 30 209 patients with Shuxuening injection were enrolled; adverse reactions occurred in 34 cases, with an incidence of 0.113%, which belonged to the rare adverse reactions. Adverse reactions were characterized by headache, dizziness, pruritus, palpitations, nausea, et al. All the above results showed that Xingxue Shuxuening injection had high safety in clinical application.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262685

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate Chinese medicine (CM) patterns and epidemiological characters of patients with influenza-like illness (ILI) syndromes in clinics in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A prospective multi-center observational epidemiology survey on the clinical CM patterns of ILI and its prevalence was conducted from September 2009 to April 2010. A unified survey questionnaire was developed for data collection of ILI symptoms and CM patterns. Totally 45 hospitals from 22 provinces, municipality cities and autonomous regions of China participated this study. The collected data were input by EPI-data v3.1 and analyzed by SPSS 18.0, which included descriptive analysis and Chi-square test for group comparison.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 5,967 ILI patients were included in the study. The proportion of the 18-34 aged group (56.2%) was the largest; students (41.0%) were more than other occupations. Majority of the patients had the wind-heat invading Lung (Fei) syndrome (76%), while in Southwest China mainly wind-heat invading Lung syndrome and wind-cold tightening the exterior syndrome occurred. The typical symptoms of ILI were ranked as fatigue (80.9%), cough (72.2%), sore throat (67.2%), muscular soreness (67.1%), headache (65.4%), aversion to cold (60.1%), thirst (55.1%) and nasal obstruction (48.1%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The ILI patients in clinics were mainly teenagers and young adults. In regard to CM syndrome, wind-heat invading Lung syndrome prevailed in all regions except the Southwest China. The characteristics of CM syndrome of ILI patients may be relevant to age and region distribution.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Distribution , Body Temperature , China , Epidemiology , Female , Hospitals , Humans , Influenza, Human , Epidemiology , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Seasons , Sex Characteristics , Syndrome , Time Factors , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238582

ABSTRACT

It is of vital significance to conduct active post-marketing surveillance of Chinese medicine, as an active response to laws, rules and guidelines issued by the China food and drug administration. The standards for technological specifications based on expert consensus have been drafted. These will provide technological support in evaluating adverse drug reactions (ADRs) or adverse drug events (ADEs). The technological specifications for post-marketing surveillance focus on two surveillance designs; one is a large sample registry study to explore general population ADR/ADE characteristics, the other is a nested case-control study to explore the characteristic and mechanisms of ADRs.


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Drug Monitoring , Reference Standards , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Epidemiology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Hospital Information Systems , Humans , Product Surveillance, Postmarketing , Methods , Reference Standards
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338018

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical adverse drug reactions (ADR) of Shuxuetong Injection (SXTI) comprehensively for its proper use and post-marketing reevaluation.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Electronic searching of the online Chinese and English medical databases were carried out from their inception to Feb. 2012, studies were screened and data were extracted according to inclusion and exclusion criteria; total number of ADR were calculated by study type respectively, ADR incidence rate was calculated by number of ADRs in experimental arm of clinical trials with control groups divided by total number of experimental groups.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Eighty and eight papers published concerning ADRs report of SXTI were included, including 65 clinical trials, 20 case reports, and 3 ADRs surveillance or analysis report. 174 ADRs were reported, mainly in circulation system, nervous system, the digestive system, skin and appendages. Adverse reaction type is mainly rash (44.3%) and the digestive system response (23.0%). The incidence rate calculated by data extracted from 65 clinical trials was 4.3%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Allergic reaction is the most common ADR type of SXTI. Incidence rate of different studies varies, so a rigorously designed prospectively ADR surveillance study is needed to reevaluate its incidence rate, and analyze reasons of the heterogeneity. Information concerning ADR in literatures is always absent, the quality of reporting is relative poor, thus it is suggested that active, standardized, and systematic ADR reporting should be focused on in clinical trials.</p>


Subject(s)
Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems , Clinical Trials as Topic , Drug Therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 882-886, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298360

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility,reliability,validity and responsiveness of a Chinese Menopause Rating Scale (CMRS).Methods Cross-sectional survey and convenience sampling were adopted. Participants:women with menopause syndrome and those in menopause but without menopause syndrome were recruited.All participants were asked to complete the CMRS,Kupperman Index,WHOQOL-BREF and MENQOL.The Self-control observation design was adopted when the responsiveness was evaluated.Patients were treated with TCM for weeks.MRSTCM was evaluated before and after the treatment.Results (1) Feasibility:3343 participants including 2320 patients and 1023 menopause women,were surveyed in 8 different settings.The recovery rate of CMRS was 100%,with a response rate as 99.7%.The completion of the CMRS took 10.30 minutes on average.(2)Reliability:Cronbach's alpha of CMRS,soma dimension,psychology dimension and community dimension of CMRS were 0.93,0.87,0.89 and 0.73 respectively,with the correlation coefficient of split half of the CMRS.Soma dimension,psychology dimension and community dimension were 0.92,0.89,0.86 and 0.73 respectively and the test-retest correlation coefficient of MRSTCM,the soma dimension,psychology dimension and community dimension were as 0.88,0.91,0.85 and 0.77 respectively.(3) Validity:CMRS was established on the basis of connotation of menopause syndrome,and a series of steps were adopted to modify the scale.CMRS was applicable for patients with menopause syndrome.CMRS seemed to have had good content-related validity.The result of exploratory factor analysis was accorded with the theory frame of CMRS by and large.The correlations between CMRS and KI,CMRS and WHOQOLBREF,CMRS and MENQOL seemed good.The CMRS was able to discriminate between groups of people with or without menopausal syndrome and bad good discriminative validity.(4) Responsibility:The CMRS was measured based on 174 patients with menopausal syndrome before and after the TCM therapy.Our result showed that the CMRS having the ability to measure the clinically important differences.Conclusion CMRS was suitable for outcome assessment of menopausal syndrome.This primary research proved that the CMRS had good feasibility,reliability,validity as well as responsiveness.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 985-988, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298341

ABSTRACT

Objective To select the items from the Chinese menopause rating scale(CMRS)through pre-tcsting those people with menopausal syndromes.Methods 293 people were surveyed in Guangzhou in 2005.among which 196 people with menopausal syndromes and others without.Psychometrics methods were employed to develop the scale.The item pools were all round.Methods used would include:focus group discussion and interviews,subjective evaluation method and Delphi method,to preliminarily screen the items.Data on scales measured from 196 cases with and 97 subjects without menopausal syndromes during the menopausal period,were collected.Again,seven statistical methods were employed to select the items.Results The 40-items scale for menopausal syndrome was formed to include:a)three domains:somatic(18-items),psychological(14-items)and social(5-items);b)one general appraisaIitem:c)two lie-test iterns.Conclusion The Chinese menopausal syndrome scale we used seemed to possess good content validity.feasibility and intra-class reliability.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234827

ABSTRACT

Starting from the thinking characteristics of TCM in the holistic approach of syndrome and process of syndrome differentiation, the problems in the criteria of syndrome diagnosis was analyzed, combining with the outcome of investigation on macrocosmic diagnosis of syndrome carried on twice by expert group nationwide in China, a concept for designing basic framework of standard for macrocosmic diagnosis of syndrome was advocated in this study. In order to recognize and master fully the standard, the following items would be the contents of the framework: give a standardized term of each syndrome; the basic clinical features of a syndrome; the qualitative parameters which could be used to distinguish the nature of a syndrome, and indexes to be used to judge the affected location of a syndrome during identifying process for a syndrome; the order of pertinent indexes with their given score, and the threshold for quantitative diagnosis. It is considered that the above framework defined the sufficient criteria which is constructed on the bases of the approaches with integrated qualitative and quantitative methods. It may enable the syndrome differentiation to access the real world of a patient to be used appropriately this framework.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Syndrome , Yang Deficiency , Diagnosis , Yin Deficiency , Diagnosis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232135

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To introduce Menopause-Specific Quality of Life (MENQOL) into China, and to evaluate the quality of its Chinese Version.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MENQOL was translated into Chinese language and the reverse translation was done by several specialists. After retest study on 30 cases, validity, reliability and responsiveness were implemented in 409 cases with menopause syndrome in the multicenter study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>7 components were extracted in factor analysis, and the total cumulative contribution was 59.476%. By correlation analysis, 7 components were divided into four domains: vasomotor, psychosocial, physical and sexual items, same as in the English Version. The test-retest reliability of four domains were 0.806, 0.804, 0.941, 0.940 respectively. Cronbach alpha of four domains were 0.7258, 0.8234, 0.8475, 0.8641 respectively. There had been significant changes after treatment noticed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The measurement properties of MENQOL-Chinese Version including effectueness, reliability were met with satisfaction and seemed to be adaptable to Chinese menopause women.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Climacteric , Physiology , Psychology , Female , Health Status Indicators , Humans , Menopause , Physiology , Psychology , Middle Aged , Personal Satisfaction , Psychometrics , Quality of Life , Women's Health
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