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1.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 914-920, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912496

ABSTRACT

Objective:We aimed to explore a colorectal cancer risk prediction model through machine learning algorithm based on the big data in laboratory medicine.Methods:According to the labeling of colonoscopy combined with pathology or referring to the ICD-10 code, the colonoscopy patients in Shanghai Changhai Hospital from 2013.1.1 to 2019.6.30 and the outpatients and inpatients from 2010.1.1 to 2019.6.30 were divided into colorectal cancer groups and non-colorectal cancer group. Four machine learning algorithms, Extreme gradient boosting(Xgboost),Artificial Neural Network(ANN),Support Vector Machine(SVM),Random Forest(RF), are used to mine all routine laboratory test item data of the enrolled patients, select model features and establish a classification model for colorectal cancer. And the effectiveness of the model was prospectively verified in patients in the whole hospital of Changhai Hospital from 2019.7.1 to 2020.8.31.Result:A colorectal cancer risk prediction model (CRC-Lab7) including 7 characteristics of fecal occult blood, carcinoembryonic antigen, red blood cell distribution width, lymphocyte count, albumin/globulin, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and hepatitis B virus core antibody was constructed by the XgBoost algorithm. The AUC of the model in the validation set and prospective validation set were 0.799 and 0.816, respectively, which was significantly higher than that of fecal occult blood (AUC was 0.68 and 0.706, respectively). It also has high diagnostic accuracy for colorectal cancer with negative fecal occult blood or under 50 years old.Conclusion:In this study, a colorectal cancer risk prediction model was established by mining routine laboratory big data. The model′s performance is better than fecal occult blood, and it has high diagnostic accuracy for colorectal cancer in patients with negative fecal occult blood and younger than 50 years old.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 615-620, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704639

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prepare zedoary turmeric oil compound liposomes (ZTOC-LPS) and evaluate its quality.METHODS: The preparation method of liposome, the addition amount of soybean phosphatidylcholine (SPC), ratio of SPC to cholesterol (CH) in lipid, drug-lipid ratio of zedoary turmeric oil (ZTO), drug-lipid ratio of tretinoin in formulation, and water bath temperature were screened using encapsulation efficiency and drug-loading amount of ZTO (represented by germacrone) and tretinoin as investigation indexes. Quality evaluation and primary stability investigation were conducted for liposomes prepared by optimal preparation technology. RESULTS: The optimal preparation method was ethanol injection method; The optimal preparation technology were SPC 4 mg in 1 mL lipid, the mass ratio of SPC to CH 3:1, the ratio of ZTO to lipid 1:9, the ratio of tretinoin to lipid 1:70, water bath temperature of 55 ℃. Encapsulation efficiencies of ZTO and tretinoin were (64. 63 ± 1. 00)% and (90. 33 土 0. 72)% in 3 batches of ZTOC-LPS, respectively. Drug-loading amount of ZTO and tretinoin were (9. 09 ± 0. 14)% and (1. 43 ± 0. 02)%, respectively. Particle size was (257. 41 ± 7. 58) nm, Zeta potential was (-38. 77 ± 0. 81) mV,PDI was 0. 10 ± 0. 04; the results of centrifugal acceleration test showed that the liposomes had good physical stability. No obvious change was found in each investigation index of ZTOC-LPS that stored at (4 ± 2) ℃ for 1 month. CONCLUSIONS: Established preparation technology is simple and feasible, the quality of the prepared ZTOC-LPS conforms to the requirements, and it can provide reference for the following research of ZTOC-LPS.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 199-204, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711389

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the immunoregulatory effects of emodin on macrophages during Brucella infection and to provide theoretical and experimental basis for developing new drugs to treat brucello-sis. Methods Bone marrow cells were isolated from BALB/c mice and cultured with MG-CSF to induce differentiation. Flow cytometry was used to detect the differentiation of bone marrow cells into macrophages (MΦ) by using FITC-labeled mouse anti-F4/80 antibody and PE-labeled anti-CD11b antibody. MTT meth-od was used to detect the influences of various concentrations of emodin on the survival rate of MΦ. Doxy-cycline was used as the control to compare half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of the two drugs. MΦ were cultured with Brucella at a ratio of 100 : 1 for 4 h. MΦ and Brucella were further cultured for 1, 6,12,24 and 48 h after adding emodin. Effects of emodin on the survival of MΦ were analyzed by colony counting method. ELISA was performed to detect the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IFN-γ in culture superna-tants. Results On day 8 of culturing,91.28% of bone marrow cells differentiated into macrophages. The IC50of emodin(608.4 μg/ml) was significantly higher than that of doxycycline(225.5 μg/ml). The logC-FU values of emodin stimulation groups (6,12,24 and 48 h) were significantly lower than those of blank control groups. Among all emodin stimulation groups, the 24 h group had the lowest logCFU value, which was also lower than that of the doxycycline treatment group. The levels of TNF-α,IL-6 and IFN-γ in 6,12 and 24 h emodin stimulations group increased significantly as compared with those of the corresponding con-trol groups. The levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IFN-γ peaked at 24 h of culturing Brucella-infected MΦ with emodin. No significant difference in IFN-γ level was found between the 12 and 24 h emodin stimulation groups [(74.233 ±4.416) pg/ml vs (78.328 ±8.932) pg/ml]. Conclusion Emodin may enhance the ability of macrophages to kill Brucella through promoting the expression of TNF-α,IL-6 and IFN-γ.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 251-254, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335143

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the serological and genetic characteristics of an individual with B(A) phenotype of the ABO subtype and his family members.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Serological assaying was carried out to characterize the erythrocyte phenotype of the discrepant samples. Exons 6 and 7 of the ABO gene were amplified with PCR and subjected to direct sequencing. Exon 7 of the ABO gene was also subjected to single strand sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serological results of two samples from the family were prelimilarily typed as AwB and genotyped as B(A)04/O1 by sequence-specific primer PCR (PCR-SSP). Direct and single strand sequencing confirmed that the three samples all carried a B(A)04 allele and had a nt640A>G mutation in exon 7 of the ABO gene.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The nt640A>G mutation of the B allele has resulted in an amino acid substitution (Met214Val), which probably underlies the B(A)04 subtype. Blood samples with serological typing difficulty may be resolved by pedigree analysis using molecular methods such as PCR-SSP and DNA sequencing.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , ABO Blood-Group System , Genetics , Alleles , Base Sequence , Exons , Genotype , Molecular Sequence Data , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype
5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1291-1297, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614197

ABSTRACT

Aim To look for cold-protective drugs treating cryogenic freezing that may bring great damage to animal physiological system.Methods The protective effect of curcumin on frozen damage and the changes of thyroid function in mice were studied in this study.Quantitative analysis of the changes in survival time and metabolic indexes in mice disposed at(-20±1)℃ was conducted.Mouse serum free triiodothyronine(FT3) and free thyroxine(FT4) contents were detected by ELISA kit.HE staining was used to observe thyroid tissue morphological items.The expression of genes related to thyroid function was assessed via real-time quantitative PCR.Results The intraperitoneal injection of curcumin(12.5~50 mg·kg-1) could remarkably prolong the survival time of mice when exposed to cryogenic freezing.HE staining results displayed a recovered thyroid injury in morphology in the curcumin group, further with a notably improved metabolic indexes and evidently increase in serum FT3 and FT4 levels.The real-time quantitative PCR results indicated that the expressions of sodium iodide symporter(Nis), thyroglobulin(Tg) and thyroid peroxidase(Tpo) were up-regulated, and the expression of thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor(Tshr) was down-regulated.Sodium levothyroxine collabrated with the promoting thyroid effects of curcumin, while propylthiouracil inhibited the effects.Conclusion Curcumin can prolong the survival time of the cryogenic freezing mice, which is closely related to its ability to promote thyroid function.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 882-885, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate toxic reaction of Compound zedoary turmeric oil cream in experimental rats with long-term consecutive transdermal administration,and to provide reference for safe use of it in the clinic. METHODS:60 SD rats were randomly divided into blank control (cream matrix) group,Compound zedoary turmeric oil cream intact skin and damaged skin low-dose and high-dose(5%,10%)groups,with 12 rats in each group,half male and half female. All of them were given relevant medicine twice a day. 92 d consecutive medication later,general situation of rats were observed,and body weight,blood routine(WBC,RBC,HGB,LYMPH,etc.)and blood biochemical indicators(AST,ALT,PA,etc.)were all detected;systemati-cal observation of organs,organ coefficient calculation and histopathology examination were carried out. RESULTS:There was no statistical significance in those indicators between Compound zedoary turmeric oil cream groups and blank control group (P>0.05),except hemoglobin decreased in intact skin low-dose group,while hemoglobin decreased,LYMPH and PA increased in dam-aged skin high-dose group(P<0.05). Pathology results showed that Compound zedoary turmeric oil cream had no significant toxici-ty for the main organs. CONCLUSIONS:Compound zedoary turmeric oil cream has no long-term toxicity to experimental rats.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-596701

ABSTRACT

0.05),but these positive rates were notable decreased comparing with nPCR and immunohistochemistry techniques(P

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-530690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To detect the blood drug level of digoxin in order to offer reference about clinical safety and utility and rational use of cardiac glycoside drugs. METHODS: The plama concentration of digoxin was determined by fluorescence polarization immunization, and the monitoring rssults were subjected to statistical analysis. RESULTS: Of the total 126 cases who treated with digoxin, the blood drug concentration in 32(25.4%) was above 2.0 ng?mL-1,and it was 0.8~2.0 ng?mL-1 in 83(65.9%) and less than 0.8 ng?mL-1 in 11(8.7%); Toxic symptoms were noted in 16 cases(12.7%). CONCLUSION: To ensure clinical efficacy and reduce incidence of toxic reactions, it is of great importance to monitior the blood drug level and formulate individual dosage regimen.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-532210

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the pharmacokinetics of emodin(an active component of Qingyi-Ⅱgranula) in rats after i.g administration of Qingyi-Ⅱgranula.METHODS:Rats were i.g administered with Qingyi -Ⅱgranula(2.5 g?kg~(-1) and 5.0 g?kg~(-1)).Serum concentrations of emodin were determined at different time points by HPLC,and the pharmacokinetic parameters were computed.RESULTS:The pharmacokinetic parameters of emodin in rats after administration of Qingyi-Ⅱgranula(2.5g?kg~(-1) and5.0g?kg~(-1)) were asfollows:t_(1/2?):(9.468?8.46) hand(21.68?17.867) h;t_(1/2?):(15.388?5.46) h and.(39.63?24.39) h;t_(max):(2.500?3.479) h and(5.333?3.266) h;C_(max):(0.058?0.004) mg?L~(-1)and(0.101?0.007) mg?L~(-1);CL:(33.027?9.365) L?h~(-1)?kg~(-1) and(9.405?5.846) L?h~(-1)?kg~(-1);AUC_(0-∞):(0.652?0.201) mg?h~(-1)?L~(-1)and (1.364?0.267) mg?h~(-1)?L~(-1).The pharmacokinetic process was in line with two-compartment model.CONCLUSION:The method for the detection of serum concentration of emodin in rats and the related pharmacokinetic parameters had been established in our study,which serves as a theoretic basis for the pharmacokinetic study of Qingyi-Ⅱgranula.

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