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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 793-801, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922901

ABSTRACT

Multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS) can simulate the structure and metabolic characteristics of tumors in vivo, which is of great significance to study the metabolic phenotype of tumor cells and the mechanism of drug intervention. In this study, esophageal cancer MCTS were constructed, and MCTS frozen sections were prepared after treated with different formulations of paclitaxel (PTX) including common PTX injection, PTX liposome and albumin bound PTX. MCTS mass spectrometry imaging analysis method was established by using air flow assisted desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry imaging (AFADESI-MSI). The visualization of the permeation and enrichment process of PTX in MCTs after PTX treatment was realized, and the spatially resolved metabolomics of PTX injection group was studied. The results showed that the permeation and enrichment behavior of PTX in MCTs model were related to the formulations. The changes of endogenous metabolites in MCTs of esophageal cancer after treated with PTX injection had temporal and spatial characteristics. The metabolic changes of MCTS during the initial 0-4 hours were dominated by the down-regulation of middle-high polarity metabolites and some lipids in the central region of MCTS, while the metabolic changes of MCTS during 8-72 hours were mainly up-regulated by lipid metabolites in the peripheral region of MCTS. The combination of in vivo tumor-associated MCTs model with label free, highly sensitive and high coverage mass spectrometry imaging technology provided a new method and strategy for the study of pharmacometabolomics.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3665-3677, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922433

ABSTRACT

Detailed knowledge on tissue-specific metabolic reprogramming in diabetic nephropathy (DN) is vital for more accurate understanding the molecular pathological signature and developing novel therapeutic strategies. In the present study, a spatial-resolved metabolomics approach based on air flow-assisted desorption electrospray ionization (AFADESI) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) integrated mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) was proposed to investigate tissue-specific metabolic alterations in the kidneys of high-fat diet-fed and streptozotocin (STZ)-treated DN rats and the therapeutic effect of astragaloside IV, a potential anti-diabetic drug, against DN. As a result, a wide range of functional metabolites including sugars, amino acids, nucleotides and their derivatives, fatty acids, phospholipids, sphingolipids, glycerides, carnitine and its derivatives, vitamins, peptides, and metal ions associated with DN were identified and their unique distribution patterns in the rat kidney were visualized with high chemical specificity and high spatial resolution. These region-specific metabolic disturbances were ameliorated by repeated oral administration of astragaloside IV (100 mg/kg) for 12 weeks. This study provided more comprehensive and detailed information about the tissue-specific metabolic reprogramming and molecular pathological signature in the kidney of diabetic rats. These findings highlighted the promising potential of AFADESI and MALDI integrated MSI based metabolomics approach for application in metabolic kidney diseases.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 823-828, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the functional imaging parameters that effectively distinguish isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) gene mutation status in clinical practice with long echo time (TE) point-resolved spectroscopy (PRESS) MRS.Methods:Totally 25 patients with suspected diagnosis of low grade gliomas(LGGs; Grade II) were recruited prospectively and divided into IDH mutation group and IDH wild group according to pathological results in the study. All patients were scanned with long TE PRESS MRS. In addition, IDH mutational status was determined by post-operation Sanger sequencing. The t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the differences of 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG), Glutamate (Glu), Glutamine (Gln) and 2HG/Glu+Gln between the IDH mutation group and the IDH wild group, then ROC curve was plotted with statistically significant indexes to obtain the efficacy of predicting IDH mutation status. Results:Of the 25 patients, 19 had IDH mutant gliomas and 6 had IDH wild-type gliomas. 2HG, Glu, Gln and 2HG/Glu+Gln in IDH mutated group were 1.42 (1.09, 1.93)mmol/L, (1.74±1.31)mmol/L, (1.68±0.66)mmol/L, 0.55 (0.28, 0.77), respectively; while the corresponding values were 0.00 (0.00, 1.30)mmol/L, (3.28±1.02)mmol/L, (2.55±1.47)mmol/L, 0.00 (0.00, 0.26) in IDH gene wild type group, respectively. The differences of 2HG, Glu, and 2HG/Glu+Gln between the two groups were statistically significant ( P values were 0.030, 0.016, 0.004, respectively). The area under the ROC curve of 2HG/Glu+Gln was the largest (0.877), and the sensitivity was the highest (84.2%). Conclusion:The integration of 2HG with Glu and Gln can effectively realize the noninvasive assessment of IDH mutation status.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1083-1093, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828822

ABSTRACT

Understanding of the nephrotoxicity induced by drug candidates is vital to drug discovery and development. Herein, an metabolomics method based on air flow-assisted desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry imaging (AFADESI-MSI) was established for direct analysis of metabolites in renal tissue sections. This method was subsequently applied to investigate spatially resolved metabolic profile changes in rat kidney after the administration of aristolochic acid I, a known nephrotoxic drug, aimed to discover metabolites associated with nephrotoxicity. As a result, 38 metabolites related to the arginine-creatinine metabolic pathway, the urea cycle, the serine synthesis pathway, metabolism of lipids, choline, histamine, lysine, and adenosine triphosphate were significantly changed in the group treated with aristolochic acid I. These metabolites exhibited a unique distribution in rat kidney and a good spatial match with histopathological renal lesions. This study provides new insights into the mechanisms underlying aristolochic acids nephrotoxicity and demonstrates that AFADESI-MSI-based metabolomics is a promising technique for investigation of the molecular mechanism of drug toxicity.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692308

ABSTRACT

Due to the diversity and complexity, the change of chemical components in medicinal plant according to the time, cultivated varieties or ecological condition is difficult to recognize using traditional phytochemistry method. In order to analyze the pharmacodynamics material basis in Uighur medicinal plant Artemisia rupestris L. in an effective and comprehensive way, a plant metabolomics approach was established based on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). This study firstly focused on the effect of extraction solvents,redissolve solvents and ultrasonic time on the untargeted metabolomics, then the optimal preparation condition was selected according to metabolites coverage. After methodology validation, the approach was applied to acquire metabolic information in root, stem, branchlet, leaf and flower of Artemisia rupestris L. The results showed that the metabolome in flower was obviously different with the other organs. Coupling with multivariate statistical analysis, a batch of differential metabolites were picked out, in which 61 flavonoids, 97 rupestonic acid derivatives, 7 chlorogenic acids and 15 other compounds were primarily recognized according to the characteristic fragmentation rules of specific structure type and database retrieval. Additionally,the distribution characteristics of the above 180 differential metabolites was illustrated by cluster heat map. In conclusion,this study provided important information about the rational utilization of effective parts from Artemisia rupestris L.,and offered a novel strategy for quality control,variety improvement and reasonable development of medicinal plants.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692264

ABSTRACT

As a promising new molecular imaging technique,mass spectrometry imaging(MSI) has attracted more and more attention in the field of biomedicine. A method of air flow assisted ionization-ultra high resolution mass spectrometry-based mass spectrometric imaging (AFAI-MSI) was developed to profile endogenous metabolites in rat kidney tissue in this study. Rat kidneys were collected and cut into frozen tissue sections,and then were analyzed on an AFAI-MSI system in positive ion mode using acetonitrile-isopmpyl alcohol-water (4:4:2,V/V,5 μL/min) as spray solvent,N2as spray gas(0.6 MPa) and air as assisting gas (45 L/min). The mass range and resolution were set to be 70-1000 Da and 70000, respectively. As a result,a total of 38 metabolites, including organic amines, sugars, vitamins, peptides, neurotransmitters, organic acids,phospholipids,sphingolipids,glyceride,and cholesterol esters, were identified and imaged to characterize their tissue-specific distribution in kidney tissues, and some metabolites, such as choline, acetylcoline,betaine,phoshocholine,and glycerophosphocholine were found to have distinct distribution along the cortex-medulla axis,which may be involved in the formation of osmotic pressure gradient in the kidney. The proposed ultra high resolution mass spectrometry based AFAI-MSI method could work without sample pretreatment, showed high sensitivity and wide metabolite coverage, and was expected to provide a new analytical approach for the research of in situ characterization and metabolic regulation mechanism of endogenous metabolites in kidney.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 235-241, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690915

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development and wide application of traditional Chinese medicine injection (TCMI), a number of adverse events of some TCMIs have incessantly been reported and have drawn broad attention in recent years. Establishing effective and practical analytical methods for safety evaluation and quality control of TCMI can help to improve the safety of TCMIs in clinical applications. In this study, a sensitive and rapid high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for the quantitative determination of potentially harmful substance 5,5'-oxydimethylenebis (2-furfural, OMBF) in TCMI samples. Chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 reversed-phase column (150 mm × 2.1 mm, 5 µm) by gradient elution, using methanol-water containing 0.1% formic acid as mobile phase at the flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. MS/MS detection was performed on a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer with positive electrospray ionization in the multiple reaction-monitoring mode. The method was sensitive with a limit of quantification of 0.3 ng/mL and linear over the range of 0.3-30 ng/mL (=0.9998). Intra- and inter-day precision for analyte was <9.52% RSD with recoveries in the range 88.0-109.67% at three concentration levels. The validated method was successfully applied to quantitatively determine the compound OMBF in TCMIs and glucose injections. Our study indicates that this method is simple, sensitive, practicable and reliable, and could be applied for safety evaluation and quality control of TCMIs and glucose injections.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 444-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779190

ABSTRACT

The study aims to develop a rapid, specific and sensitive method for quantitative analysis of trace impurities in levofloxacin formulation using LC-MS/MS. The quality of the different formulations from 19 plants was evaluated in the contents of the impurities. The results indicated that there were 5 impurities in the samples, and the content was different in the products with same formulation by different plants. The products of 3 plants were in good quality with impurities level under 0.01%. Levofloxacin N4'-methyl quaternary impurity was first reported as the formulation impurity. The impurities were tightly correlated to the reservation of drug, process control of formulation and storage during transportation. The results suggest that our method is sensitive and specific to detect the trace impurities in formulation, and can be used to monitor the quality of commercial drug product.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454914

ABSTRACT

The factor analysis method applied in imaging mass spectrometry data analysis was studied. The imaging mass spectrometric data were obtained by air flow-assisted ionization imaging mass spectrometry method. The sample contained some symbols which were drawn on slides using three different inks ( red, blue, black) . The imaging data analyzed by factor analysis method were divided into the background, black, blue and red factor. The results showed that the scores of m/z=443. 2, 478. 4, 322. 2(344. 2) in red, blue, black factor respectively were much larger than others. Therefore, they were markers of three inks. The results accorded with actual condition well and proved that the application of factor analysis in imaging mass spectrometric data analysis was feasible. The data analysis results of factor analysis and principal component analysis were compared. The results showed that the target sample markers could be extracted by factor analysis simply and quantitatively. It was of great potential in biomarker extraction, diseases diagnose and pharmacological analysis.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1705-9, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445454

ABSTRACT

To screen the harmful substance 5-hydroxymethyl furfural content in commercially available traditional Chinese medicine injection which are commonly used, and to preliminarily evaluate the quality of these injections, 5-hydroxymethyl furfural was taken as an index. The contents of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural in 56 samples which consist of 23 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine injections and glucose injection were determined using LC-MS/MS, and 5-hydroxymethyl furfural was detected in 52 of these samples. The minimal content was 0.0038 microg x L(-1) and the maximum content was 1420 microg x mL(-1). The contents of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural were significantly different in traditional Chinese medicine injection which came from different kinds, manufacturers or batches. The results showed the quality difference of commercially available traditional Chinese medicine injection is significant taking 5-hydroxymethyl furfural content as assessment index. More attention should be paid to the safety of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural in traditional Chinese medicine injection, and unified limitation standard should be set to improve medication safety of traditional Chinese medicine injection.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1705-1709, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298022

ABSTRACT

To screen the harmful substance 5-hydroxymethyl furfural content in commercially available traditional Chinese medicine injection which are commonly used, and to preliminarily evaluate the quality of these injections, 5-hydroxymethyl furfural was taken as an index. The contents of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural in 56 samples which consist of 23 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine injections and glucose injection were determined using LC-MS/MS, and 5-hydroxymethyl furfural was detected in 52 of these samples. The minimal content was 0.0038 microg x L(-1) and the maximum content was 1420 microg x mL(-1). The contents of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural were significantly different in traditional Chinese medicine injection which came from different kinds, manufacturers or batches. The results showed the quality difference of commercially available traditional Chinese medicine injection is significant taking 5-hydroxymethyl furfural content as assessment index. More attention should be paid to the safety of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural in traditional Chinese medicine injection, and unified limitation standard should be set to improve medication safety of traditional Chinese medicine injection.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Eleutherococcus , Chemistry , Furaldehyde , Glucose , Chemistry , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 643-648, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268624

ABSTRACT

To elucidate further sequence selectivity and nature of the binding of anticancer drugs to DNA, the interaction between anticancer drugs, which are minor groove ligands (distamycin A, DM and netropsin, NP) and intercalator (mitoxantrone, MT), and DNA were studied by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The 2 : 1 specific complex of DM and AT-rich DNA were observed principally, while only 1 : 1 specific complex of NP and AT-rich DNA were observed. MT specifically binds to GC-rich DNA. In addition, DM binds to DNA containing 5 A/T bases minor groove almost in a 2 : 1 mode and does not bind to DNA containing 3 A/T bases minor groove. NP binds most strongly to DNA containing 4 A/T bases minor groove. The 1 : 1 specific complex of MT and 6-mer DNA was also observed. The result of competitive binding experiment shows that DM binds more strongly to AT-rich DNA than NP does. These results provide bases for investigating the mechanism of interaction between the drugs and DNA and for improving the structure of target drug.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , DNA , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Methods
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 692-697, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268594

ABSTRACT

In this review, we provide information on hydroxyl radical generation, trapping and detection methods, including electron spin resonance (ESR), electrochemistry detection (ECD), fluorescence detection, UV detection, chemoluminescence and mass spectrometry (MS). In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of the above methods were discussed.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Methods , Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy , Methods , Electrophoresis, Capillary , Methods , Hydroxyl Radical , Chemistry , Luminescent Measurements , Methods , Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet , Methods , Spin Trapping , Methods
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 368-370, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251083

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To develop a sensitive and rapid HPLC method for the determination of tanshinone IIA (TS) in rat plasma and to study its pharmacokinetics in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>TS and 4-chlorodiphenyl (internal standard) were extracted from plasma with ethyl acetate. After liquid-liquid extraction, the sample was analyzed by HPLC with YMC C18 column (5 microns, 150 mm x 3.0 mm ID). The mobile phase consisted of acetontrile-water-acetic acid (74:26:1) at the flow rate of 0.3 mL.min-1, the UV detection wave length was 270 nm.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The calibration curve was linear (r = 0.9981) in the range from 0.05 to 6.40 mg.L-1. The lowest detectable concentration was 0.05 mg.L-1. The recoveries at the concentration of 0.05, 1.60 and 6.40 mg.L-1 were 98.9%, 102.1% and 100.4%, respectively. The inter- and intra-day RSDs were all less than 5%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This method is proved to be rapid, precise and reliable enough to be applied to the pharmacokinetics studies of TS in rats after a single dose of 15 mg.kg-1 by oral administration.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Infective Agents , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Area Under Curve , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Abietanes , Drug Stability , Male , Phenanthrenes , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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