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Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 75-82, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775251


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the developmental characteristics of resilience in children aged 3-5, and to explore the relationship between temperament, parenting style and resilience.@*METHODS@#A total of 570 preschoolers aged 3-5 years in Hangzhou participated in this study. The children's teachers completed the assessment of the resilience scale of DECA-P2 (Devereux Early Childhood Assessment for Preschoolers Second Edition); the children's parents completed assessment of temperament questionnaire CBQ (Children's Behavior Questionnaire) and parenting style questionnaire PSDQ (Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire).@*RESULTS@#Totally 432 valid questionnaires were retrieved with a recovery rate of 75.79%. The levels of initiative and self-regulation of 5-y children were higher than those of children aged 3 or 4 (all <0.01); the level of attachment/relationship of 5-y children was higher than that of children aged 4 (<0.01); the levels of initiative and self-regulation of girls were higher than those of boys (<0.05 or <0.01). The negative affect dimension of temperament was negatively correlated with resilience (all <0.05), while the effortful control and authoritative parenting styles were positively correlated with resilience (all <0.05). The negative affect and effortful control were able to partially predict resilience of children through authoritative parenting style (mediating effect were-0.0143 and 0.0363).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Preschoolers aged 3-5 years with different age and gender show differences in resilience, and parenting styles may play a mediating effect between temperament and resilience.

Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Child Behavior , Parenting , Resilience, Psychological , Sex Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Temperament