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Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 343-347, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988991


Objective:To investigate clinical efficacy and safety of venetoclax (VEN)-based regimens in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Methods:The clinical data of 41 AML patients treated with venetoclax-based regimens from January 2021 to December 2021 in Ruijin Hospital North of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were retrospectively analyzed. The treatment regimens included VEN+demethylating drugs ± gene mutation inhibitors or VEN+chemotherapy with a median number of 2 courses (1- 5 courses).Results:The median age of all patients was 60 years (18-73 years), and there were 24 males and 17 females. After 1 course of VEN-based therapy, 22 (53.7%) patients achieved complete remission (CR) or morphological complete remission without complete blood count recovery (CRi), including 5 patients achieving minimal residual disease (MRD) negative. After 2 courses of treatment, of 17 patients available for efficacy evaluation, 7 patients achieved MRD negative. Among 20 relapsed/refractory AML patients, 9 cases achieved CR/CRi after 1 course of treatment, of which 1 patient had MRD negative. Among 21 patients initially treated and re-treated, 13 cases achieved CR/CRi and 1 case achieved partial remission after 1 course of treatment, of which 4 cases had MRD negative.Conclusions:VEN-based treatment regimens for AML have a high remission rate and tolerable adverse effects.

Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 385-389, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751413


Objective To analyze the therapeutic effect and tolerability of decitabine monotherapy or combined with arsenic trioxide for the treatment of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Methods Clinical characteristics of 32 patients with primary MDS in North Hospital of Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Medical College of Shanghai Jiaotong University from January 2014 to April 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical data of these patients were collected, and the patients were followed up. Decitabine combined with arsenic trioxide was used in 23 cases, decitabine (20 mg·m-·2d-1) and arsenic trioxide (0.16 mg/kg) were administrated from day 1 to day 5 and was repeated every 4-6 weeks. For the remaining 9 cases, only decitabine was applied, decitabine(20 mg·m-2·d-1) was administrated from day 1 to day 5 and was repeated every 4-6 weeks. The clinicopathological characteristics and the effect of genetic mutations on the efficacy of treatment were investigated. Results Of the 32 patients with primary MDS, 18 were male and 14 were female. The patients were 17-72 years old with a median age of 56 years old. Genetic analysis revealed 10 cases with TP53 mutations, 8 cases with TET2 mutations, 4 cases with U2AF1 mutations, 3 cases with RUNX1 mutations, 3 cases with ASXL1 mutations, 2 cases with NRAS mutations, 2 cases with DNMT3A mutations and 1 case with JAK2 V617 mutation. The follow﹣up time was 2-23 months with a median follow﹣up time of 8 months. A total of 21 cases (65.6%) attained treatment response. Among them, there were 10 cases (31.3%) with complete remission (CR), 5 cases (15.6%) with bone marrow complete remission (MCR), and 6 cases (18.7%) with hematological improvement. There was no significant difference in the efficiency and CR rate between the combination group and the monotherapy group (P=0.441, P=0.681). Ten cases were found to have TP53 mutations, of which 7 cases had CR. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that TP53 mutation was an independent risk factor for CR (P= 0.037). All patients developed myelosuppression after treatment, of which 16 cases developed pulmonary infection. Conclusions Decitabine combined with arsenic trioxide in the treatment of MDS is effective and well tolerated. The therapeutic effects of decitabine monotherapy or decitabine combined with arsenic trioxide for treatment of patients with TP53 mutations are better than the average levels.