Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 148-153, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804736

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the anatomy and clinical application of stepladder V-Y advanced flaps based on the lateral calcaneal artery perforator.@*Methods@#Twenty-four lower extremities from 12 adult cadavers were dissected to investigate the perforators emerging along the lateral edge of the achilles tendon, in terms of amount and distribution, relative to the tip of the lateral malleolus. Based on the anatomical findings, stepladder V-Y advanced flaps, based on the perforator(s) of the lateral calcaneal artery (LCA) or the peroneal artery (PA), were used for reconstruction of lower-posterior heel defects in 22 cases.@*Results@#Twenty-four lower extremities from 12 adult cadavers were successfully dissected. The peroneal artery continued to be the lateral calcaneal artery at the level of (6.0±1.4) cm above the tip of the lateral malleolus. Both of them have the perforators distributed to the skin in the achilles tendon area. In the space from the tip of the lateral malleolus to 8.0 cm and above, a total of 71 perforators with diameter larger than 0.5 mm were found in all extremities. Among them, 9%(7/71) were originated from peroneal artery, and 91%(64/71) were the lateral calcaneal artery. In the 22 cases of clinical application, the pedicle of flaps were used, based on the perforator of lateral calcaneal artery and (or) peroneal artery. The size of flaps ranged from 3.5 cm×9.0 cm to 5.0 cm×10.0 cm.There were 3 cases of skin necrosis at the tip of the flap, which were healed after dressing change. The other flaps had completely survived, and the wound healed in the first stage. Follow-up last for 8-24 months after operation. All patients had well recovery of ankle flexion, extension and appearance. They were able to weight-bearing walk, with natural gait. The texture and sensation of the flaps were similar to that of the surrounding skin. There were few obvious scar or contracture deformity. The functional recovery was satisfied.@*Conclusions@#The blood supply in the achilles tendon region is mainly from the lateral calcaneal artery, and partly from the peroneal artery. Stepladder V-Y advanced flap based on the lateral calcaneal artery perforator can be used with reliable blood supply and sensation reconstruction, which is a good choice to repair small to medial wounds in heel area.

2.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 568-572, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735013

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the anatomy of the radial proper digital arteries and their dorsal vessels of index fingers, and the relative position and orientation of them were summarized. To explore the surgical method and clinical appilication of the stepladder advancement flap pedicled with the radial proper digital artery of index finger in the finger tip defects. Methods From June, 2013 to June, 2016, 6 hand specimens were injected into the brachial artery with red latex to carry out the microanatomy of the index finger’s radial proper digital arteries and their dorsal vessels. And 1 vascular cast of hand specimen were observed the origin, number and oriention of the artery and its dorsal vessel. Ten cases with soft tissue defects of index finger in finger tip, were repaired with stepladder advance-ment flap pedicled with the radial proper digital artery. The evaluations and analysis were made in survival rate and finger's function by the postoperative regular consultations. Results There were 2 (4 hands) or 3 (2 hands) dorsal vessels in the proximal, and 2(6 hands) in middle segments of the radial proper digital arteries of index fingers in 6 hand specimens respectively. While the vascular cast of hand specimen showed that 3 dorsal vessels in the proximal, and 2 in the middle segments of the radial proper digital artery. Ten patients were performed the operation. The blood flow after the surgery were good and all flaps survived well. Followed-up time was 10-14 months. The color, feeling, contour and texture of flaps was good. The function of flexion and extension of the finger was good too, and no defor-mity of the purlicue. The resolution of static two points was 5.5-9.0 mm, averaged of 7.2 mm. Conclusion The stepladder advancement flap pedicled with the radial proper digital artery of index finger can extend the donor site. It is safe, reliable and effective, providing a alternation for the repair of the soft tissue defects of the index finger tip.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 780-784, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454866

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the features of cervical vertebra X-ray examination and transcranial Doppler (TCD) in children with cervical vertigo, and investigate the mechanism of the disease. Methods X-ray examination of cervical vertebra and TCD were performed on 80 children with cervical vertigo, and the features of the results were analyzed. Results The abnormal results of cervical X-ray examina-tion mainly showed atlantoaxial joint or/and C2, C3 vertebral joint disorders, some of which combined with cervical instability, cervical cur-vature straightened and even reverse curvature, cervical scoliosis. The abnormal results of TCD showed the blood flow velocity in single or multiple branch of artery increased mainly, some of which decreased or became asymmetrial. Conclusion The cervical vertigo in children may result from various kinds of disorders of the atlas, axis or/and C2, C3 vertebrae.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 780-784, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934866

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To analyze the features of cervical vertebra X-ray examination and transcranial Doppler (TCD) in children with cervical vertigo, and investigate the mechanism of the disease. Methods X-ray examination of cervical vertebra and TCD were performed on 80 children with cervical vertigo, and the features of the results were analyzed. Results The abnormal results of cervical X-ray examination mainly showed atlantoaxial joint or/and C2, C3 vertebral joint disorders, some of which combined with cervical instability, cervical curvaturestraightened and even reverse curvature, cervical scoliosis. The abnormal results of TCD showed the blood flow velocity in single or multiple branch of artery increased mainly, some of which decreased or became asymmetrial. Conclusion The cervical vertigo in children may result from various kinds of disorders of the atlas, axis or/and C2, C3 vertebrae.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL