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1.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 431-447, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982204

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Abnormal type I collagen (COL1) expression is associated with the development of many cardiovascular diseases. The TGF-beta/Smad signaling pathway and circRNAs have been shown to regulate COL1 gene expression, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are still not fully understood.@*METHODS@#Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were prformed to study the effect of circZBTB46 on the expression of alpha 2 chain of type I collagen (COL1A2). Co-immunoprecipitation assay was performed to observe the interaction between two proteins. RNA immunoprecipitation assay and biotin pull-down assay were performed to observe the interaction of circZBTB46 with PDLIM5.@*RESULTS@#In this study, we investigated the role of circZBTB46 in regulating COL1A2 expression in human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We found that circZBTB46 is expressed in VSMCs and that TGF-beta inhibits circZBTB46 formation by downregulating KLF4 expression through activation of the Smad signaling pathway. CircZBTB46 inhibits the expression of COL1A2 induced by TGF-beta. Mechanistically, circZBTB46 mediates the interaction between Smad2 and PDLIM5, resulting in the inhibition of Smad signaling and the subsequent downregulation of COL1A2 expression. Furthermore, we found that the expression of TGF-beta and COL1A2 is decreased, while circZBTB46 expression is increased in human abdominal aortic aneurysm tissues, indicating that circZBTB46-mediated regulation of TGF-beta/Smad signaling and COL1A2 synthesis in VSMCs plays a crucial role in vascular homeostasis and aneurysm development.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CircZBTB46 was identified as a novel inhibitor of COL1 synthesis in VSMCs, highlighting the importance of circZBTB46 and PDLIM5 in regulating TGF-beta/Smad signaling and COL1A2 expression.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6519-6525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008851

ABSTRACT

Since the emergence of the term "materia medica", scholars have proposed different opinions on its concept. This term has been used to refer to traditional Chinese medicines, or medical books, or traditional pharmacology. Due to the differences in the concept of materia medica, scholars also have controversies about the concept of herbalism. Herbalism is usually understood as traditional Chinese pharmacology. After years of evolution, the term "herbalism" has now possessed the characteristics of an independent discipline, which can be defined as an applied basic discipline that comprehensively utilizes traditional and modern technological methods to study the formation, development, and changes of traditional pharmacology and reveal the basic theories and application laws of traditional medicine. At present, the research content of herbalism mainly includes three aspects: materia medica history, materia medica literature, and traditional pharmacology. This study explores the disciplinary concepts and main research content of herbalism based on a systematic review of the literature about the concepts of materia medica and herbalism, with the aim of attracting more attention to promote the establishment and development of the discipline of herbalism.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Herbal Medicine , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Technology
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(8): e9469, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132537

ABSTRACT

This is a retrospective, single-center observational study to explore the predictors of chest drainage for neonatal pneumothorax. A total of 183 neonates (age ≤28 days) who presented to the Children's Hospital of Soochow University between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2018 for pneumothorax or developed pneumothorax during a hospital stay were included. Demographic data, clinical presentation, and imaging characteristics of neonatal pneumothorax were collected and analyzed. We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses to determine significant predictors of chest drainage of pneumothorax in neonates. Pneumothorax occurred within 24 h after birth in 131 (71.6%) cases, between 24 and 48 h after birth in 41 (22.4%) cases, and 48 h after birth in 11 (6.0%) cases. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that lung collapse ≥1/3 on initial chest X-ray (OR 4.99, 95%CI 2.25-11.07), chest retractions (OR 8.12, 95%CI 2.88-22.89), cyanosis (OR 2.25, 95%CI 1.08-4.66), and frothing from mouth (OR 2.49, 95%CI 1.12-5.49) (P<0.05 for all) were significant predictors of the need for chest drainage due to pneumothorax. In conclusion, the thorough evaluation of the above predictive factors can guide treatment and improve patient outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pneumothorax , Meconium Aspiration Syndrome , Retrospective Studies , Dyspnea , Length of Stay
4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 334-337, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778888

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of FibroScan combined with gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-to-platelet ratio (GPR) in predicting liver fibrosis stage in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). MethodsA total of 278 patients who were diagnosed with CHB by liver biopsy in Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital from January 2012 to December 2016 were enrolled. The value of GPR and FibroScan used alone or in combination in predicting liver fibrosis stage (F0-F4) was analyzed. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for further comparison between two groups. The Spearman’s correlation coefficient was used for correlation analysis. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to evaluate liver fibrosis stage. ResultsWith liver biopsy as the gold standard, of all patients, 50 had stage F1 fibrosis, 104 had stage F2 fibrosis, 92 had stage F3 fibrosis, and 32 had stage F4 fibrosis. Liver stiffness measurement by FibroScan gradually increased with the increase in liver fibrosis stage (P<0.05), and GPR also increased gradually in patients with stage F1, F2, and F3 liver fibrosis (P<0.05). GPR and FibroScan were positively correlated with liver fibrosis (r=0.419 and 0.481, both P<0.001), and GPR was positively correlated with FibroScan (r=0.436, P<0.001). According to AUC, FibroScan combined with GPR had a better diagnostic efficiency than FibroScan (0.793 vs 0.739, Z=3.044, P=0.002) or GPR (0.793 vs 0.740, Z=2.389, P=0.037) alone in predicting progressive liver fibrosis (≥F3); FibroScan combined with GPR had a better diagnostic efficiency than GPR alone (0.782 vs 0714, Z=2.130, P=0.033) in predicting marked liver fibrosis (≥F2). ConclusionFibroScan combined with GPR has a certain advantage in predicting progressive liver fibrosis (≥F3) in CHB patients and can improve diagnostic efficiency.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 1133-1141, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734104

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze clinical features and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (cHCC) patients after liver resection, so as to clarify the prognostic risk factors. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data of patients who underwent mesohepatectomy for cHCC at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Cancer Hospital between October 2006 and December 2014. The patients were assigned into three subgroups according to disease-free survival (DFS): high risk (DFS≤1 year), middle risk (1 year<DFS≤3 years), and low risk (DFS>3 years). Clinicopathological characteristics were compared and prognostic factors were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: In total, 173 patients were reviewed. The median overall survival (OS) in the high-risk group was 13.5 months compared with 24.0 months in the middle-risk group and 45.5 months in the low-risk group. Univariate analysis showed that liver capsule invasion (P=0.022), tumors adjacent to major vascular vessels (<1 cm) (P<0.01), HCC size>50 mm (P=0.012), presence of microvascular invasion (P<0.001), tumor invasive growth (P<0.001), and preoperative transarterial chemoembolization (TACE; P=0.028) were significant risk factors for recurrence. The main risk factors for OS were male gender (P=0.013), alpha-fetoprotein >200 ng/mL (P=0.005), tumor size >50 mm (P=0.013), adjacent to major vascular vessels (P<0.001), high Edmondson-Steiner differentiation grade (P=0.003), preoperative TACE (P=0.010), and tumor invasive growth (P=0.001). Cox multivariate analysis demonstrated that tumors adjacent (<1 cm) to major vascular trunks and tumor invasive growth were inde-pendent prognostic factors for both DFS and OS. In total, 40.5% patients in the high-risk group had both risk factors; this percentage was 13.4% in the middle-risk group and 3.1% in the low-risk group (P=0.001). A prognostic model including the above 9 factors were created based on Logistic regression to predict the percentage of patients belonging to the high-risk group. The results showed that the prediction accuracy continued to increase with the number of more factors added. When all the 9 factors were included, the pre-dictive percentage was 82.1%. Conclusions: cHCC patients in the high-risk group had more risk factors than those in the middle-and low-risk groups. A prognostic model containing these factors may provide accurate prediction of survival or risk stratification, and cHCC patients with these risk factors should be candidates for aggressive following-up and adjuvant therapy.

6.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 449-452, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617321

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a polymerase spiral reaction (PSR) method for rapid detection of influenza A/H1N1 virus.Methods Six sets of primers were designed for influenza A/H1N1 virus HA gene, and the results were determined with real time kinetic turbidimetric assay and colorimetry method.Results and Conclusion The best primers were selected from six sets of primers, and the best temperature was determined as 65 degrees Celsius.Further experiments showed that the best primer had good specificity for detection of influenza A/H1N1 virus,without cross reactions with 14 other respiratory tract pathogenic nucleic acids.The sensitivity was up to 100 copies,and consistent with that of PCR.So a PSR method is established for rapid detection of the influenza A/H1N1 virus, which is simple, quick, highly specific and sensitive,and especially applicable to field and grass-roots units.

7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 211-215, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512500

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the adsorption effect of activated charcoal suspension on paraquat (PQ) in gastrointestinal tract of beagles exposed to PQ.Methods Twenty healthy male beagles were randomly divided into experimental group and control group,with 6 beagles in each group.20% PQ solution (a dose of 30 mg/kg) was prescribed through stomach for beagles in both groups.After exposure to PQ for 30 minutes,the beagles in experimental group were given activated charcoal suspension (1.0 g/kg of type Ⅰ activated charcoal powder mixed with 100 mL of normal saline) by gavage,while the control group was only given equal volume of normal saline.After exposure to PQ for 10 minutes,30 minutes,and 1,2,4,8,12,24,and 48 hours,blood was collected from hepatic portal veins and peripheral veins to detect the PQ concentration change in the plasma.The toxicokinetics software DAS 2.1.1 was applied to analyze PQ concentration and compare the change in toxicokinetics parameters between the both groups.The change in vital signs including heart rate (HR),respiratory rate (RR) and pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2) was dynamically monitored 10 minutes before exposure,4 hours and each day from the 1st to the 7th day after exposure.Results After exposure to PQ,the poison concentration in the plasma of hepatic portal veins and peripheral veins in the control group rose quickly and reached peak 4 hours later.It fell quickly at first,and fell slowly 8 hours later.But in the experimental group,the increase rate to the peak was significantly slow.Besides,PQ peak fell more obviously than that in the control group and it was about 50% of the control group (μg/L:123.50 ± 11.67 vs.255.18 ± 12.29 in blood from hepatic portal veins,122.35± 11.72 vs.250.86± 11.15 in blood from peripheral veins).After 8 hours it fell much more quickly than that of the control group.After exposure to PQ for 48 hours,PQ concentration in the plasma was still lower than that of the control group (μg/L:0.53 ± 0.18 vs.15.98 ± 5.58 in blood from hepatic portal veins,0.31 ± 0.01 vs.15.03 ± 4.82 in blood from peripheral veins,both P < 0.01).With the toxicokinetics analysis,compared with the control group,the maximum concentration (Cmax) and area under the curve (AUC) of PQ in the plasma of hepatic portal veins and peripheral veins in the experimental group were significantly decreased [Cmax (μg/L):125.07 ± 9.49 vs.255.18 ± 12.29 in blood from hepatic portal veins,123.38 ± 9.52 vs.250.86 ± 11.15 in blood from peripheral veins;AUC (mg· L-1· h-1):1.6±0.2vs.3.3 ± 0.4 in blood from hepatic portal veins,1.5 ± 0.2 vs.3.2 ± 0.3 in blood from peripheral veins],time to the peak (Tmax) of PQ was slowed (hours:5.3 ± 1.9 vs.4.0 ± 0.0 in blood from hepatic portal veins,4.7 ± 1.5 vs.4.0 ± 0.0 in blood from peripheral veins),and PQ plasma half-life (t1/2) and mean retention time (MRT) were significantly shortened [t1/2 (hours):3.8 ± 1.2 vs.15.4± 3.7 in blood from hepatic portal veins,3.5 ± 1.0 vs.15.5 ± 2.7 in blood from peripheral veins;MRT (hours):8.0± 1.5 vs.13.4± 1.2 in blood from hepatic portal veins,7.6± 1.3 vs.13.3± 1.2 in blood from peripheral veins;all P < 0.01].After exposure to PQ,HR and RR in both the experimental group and the control group increased and reached to the peak about the 4th day and then the increase rate began to slow down gradually;SpO2slowed down gradually and reached to the valley about the 4th day and then it began to recover,but the change range of vital signs in the experimental group was smaller than that of the control group,and the parameters were significantly better than those of control group [4-day HR (bpm):134.50±3.00 vs.142.00±6.43,4-day RR (times/min):31.00±0.58 vs.34.33±0.94,4-day SpO2:0.900±0.006 vs.0.873±0.005,all P < 0.05].Conclusion Activated charcoal administrated at 30 minutes after PQ poisoning can slow down the increase rate of PQ concentration in the plasma,decrease the peak concentration and has less influence on vital signs in beagles.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1088-1093, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737780

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this research was to study the prevalence and differences of depressive symptoms and related factors in elderly in both urban and rural areas so as to develop relative strategies on this issue.Methods Ten-question-version of the Center Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D) was applied to score the depressive status.Data used in this research was from the 2013 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS).Binary logistic regressions method was applied to examine the influential factors related to depression symptoms.Results In the elderly population,the mean score on depressive symptoms was 8.3 ± 5.9,with a prevalence as 26.8%.The incidence rates on ‘Elderly depression'in urban and rural areas were 16.4% and 30.0% respectively.The prevalence of depressive symptoms was relatively low (P<0.05)with protective factors including:being male,status related to self-rated health,without chronic diseases,active participation in social activities etc.noticed,among elderly in both urban and rural areas.Age and alcohol consumption appeared factors that influencing the depressive symptoms of the elderly in rural areas,while the average income was an influencing factor on the elderly in urban areas.Incidence of depression was relatively low in age ≥75 years group in rural areas.However,elderly in the rural areas with abstinence of alcohol intake showed higher incidence of depressive symptoms (P<0.05).Incidence of depression was reltively low (P<0.05) among elderly with high income in the urban areas.Conclusions Incidence of depression appeared high among the elderly and even higher in the rural areas.Strategies would include the following points:to strengthen the construction of urban-rural integration,improving and strengthening the rural pension insurance system,upgrading the urban social assistance for low-income elderly,strengthening the psychological consultation service of primary medical institutions and actively developing the three-tier levels related to the prevention of chronic diseases.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1088-1093, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736312

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this research was to study the prevalence and differences of depressive symptoms and related factors in elderly in both urban and rural areas so as to develop relative strategies on this issue.Methods Ten-question-version of the Center Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D) was applied to score the depressive status.Data used in this research was from the 2013 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS).Binary logistic regressions method was applied to examine the influential factors related to depression symptoms.Results In the elderly population,the mean score on depressive symptoms was 8.3 ± 5.9,with a prevalence as 26.8%.The incidence rates on ‘Elderly depression'in urban and rural areas were 16.4% and 30.0% respectively.The prevalence of depressive symptoms was relatively low (P<0.05)with protective factors including:being male,status related to self-rated health,without chronic diseases,active participation in social activities etc.noticed,among elderly in both urban and rural areas.Age and alcohol consumption appeared factors that influencing the depressive symptoms of the elderly in rural areas,while the average income was an influencing factor on the elderly in urban areas.Incidence of depression was relatively low in age ≥75 years group in rural areas.However,elderly in the rural areas with abstinence of alcohol intake showed higher incidence of depressive symptoms (P<0.05).Incidence of depression was reltively low (P<0.05) among elderly with high income in the urban areas.Conclusions Incidence of depression appeared high among the elderly and even higher in the rural areas.Strategies would include the following points:to strengthen the construction of urban-rural integration,improving and strengthening the rural pension insurance system,upgrading the urban social assistance for low-income elderly,strengthening the psychological consultation service of primary medical institutions and actively developing the three-tier levels related to the prevention of chronic diseases.

10.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 585-589, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615118

ABSTRACT

Objective:By exploring the epidemic level and related factors of depressive symptoms,to provide the references for improving mental health of the physical disabled.Methods:The data were from the 2013 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study database.Persons with self-reported physical disabled were selected as subjects,and a total of 974 valid ones were obtained,with the average age of (62 ± 10) yeats.The depressive symptoms were measured with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D),with the cut-off score of equal or higher than 10 as having depressive symptom.The independent variables included age,gender,education level,marital status,urban and rural areas,self-rated general health,self-rated heating,self-rated memorizing,life satisfaction,smoking,drinking,sleep duration,chronic diseases,activity of daily life,social activity,family support,and disability periods.Chi-square test was used to analyze the effect of each factor on prevalence of depressive symptoms.Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the effect of multi-factors.Results:The prevalence of depressive symptom among the physical disabled was 46.1%.The subjects who were female,single,suffered from chronic disease,without family support,short-time sleeper were more likely to have depressive symptoms than the controls (OR =1.35,1.62,1.60,1.67,2.58;P <0.05).The subjects who had better self-rated general health,better self-rated hearing,better self-rated memorizing,better life satisfaction were less likely to have depressive symptoms than the controls (OR =0.38,0.53,0.47,0.09;P < 0.05).Conclusion:It suggests that the prevalence of depressive symptoms is higher among the physical disabled aged 45 years of age or older.It should take appropriate measures to reduce emotinal problems for them.

11.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 310-312, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621509

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an animal model by placing one end of PICC in the hepatic portal vein of a beagle dog and leaving the other end out of its body.Methods Six Beagle dogs were given respiration anesthesia through orotracheal intubation.An incision was made through the right rectus abdominalis to locate the superior mesenteric vein (SMA) and the main hepatic portal vein.The left branch of SMA was separated and cut to put PICC into the main hepatic portal vein before being ligated and fixed.The other end of PICC was elicited through the right abdominal wall and passed beneath the skin to the back neck and fastened in case of movement.Results The anesthetic effect was good and all the operations were successful.The mean operation time was about an hour and the mean blood loss was about 15 ml.The incision healed 5-7 d after operation.Conclusion The establishment of the model can improve the effects of liver-targeting drugs,which can cut down the dosage,lower the cost of treatment and experiment and reduce the adverse effect of medicines.Through PICC,we can directly draw blood from the hepatic portal vein to measure the blood concentration before the first pass elimination.Then according to the concentration,we can calculate the absorption rate in the gastrointestinal tract,which can facilitate related experimental studies.

12.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 34-39, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658253

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish osteoarthritis model of the knee joint in mice on the basis of knocking out SIRT1 gene and to observe the differences in the morphology of the cartilage tissue using single staining and compound staining. Methods The knee joint specimens were divided into two groups: SIRT1 -/ - control group ( group A, n=6 ) and SIRT1 -/ - osteoarthritis model group ( group B, n=6 ) . The knee anterior cruciate ligament was traversed, and the ipsilateral medial meniscus was cut to establish an osteoarthritis model of knee joint. HE staining, safranin O-fast green staining, safranin O-alcian blue staining, safranin O staining, fast green staining, alcian blue staining were used to observe the morphological changes in the articular cartilage of the knee. Results Safranin O-fast green staining and safranin O-alcian blue staining showed better results in observation of the morphology of chondrocytes, the structure of cartilage layers, the presence of type II collagen, tide line and the changes of subchondral bone. While the safranin O staining and alcian blue staining had certain advantages in the observation of the defects of cartilage tissue. Conclusions Compared with the single staining, the compound staining used in this study have obvious advantages in obtaining useful information of the cartilage structure in the observation of morphology of cartilage tissues in SIRT1 gene knock-out mice.

13.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 34-39, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661128

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish osteoarthritis model of the knee joint in mice on the basis of knocking out SIRT1 gene and to observe the differences in the morphology of the cartilage tissue using single staining and compound staining. Methods The knee joint specimens were divided into two groups: SIRT1 -/ - control group ( group A, n=6 ) and SIRT1 -/ - osteoarthritis model group ( group B, n=6 ) . The knee anterior cruciate ligament was traversed, and the ipsilateral medial meniscus was cut to establish an osteoarthritis model of knee joint. HE staining, safranin O-fast green staining, safranin O-alcian blue staining, safranin O staining, fast green staining, alcian blue staining were used to observe the morphological changes in the articular cartilage of the knee. Results Safranin O-fast green staining and safranin O-alcian blue staining showed better results in observation of the morphology of chondrocytes, the structure of cartilage layers, the presence of type II collagen, tide line and the changes of subchondral bone. While the safranin O staining and alcian blue staining had certain advantages in the observation of the defects of cartilage tissue. Conclusions Compared with the single staining, the compound staining used in this study have obvious advantages in obtaining useful information of the cartilage structure in the observation of morphology of cartilage tissues in SIRT1 gene knock-out mice.

14.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 767-772, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503975

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a multiplex loop-mediated isothermal amplification(mLAMP)method for simultaneous detection of Salmonella,Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VPH)and Listeria monocytogenes (LM).Methods Three sets of mLAMP primers were designed to specifically target bcfD of Salmonella and tlh of VPH and iap of LM.The respective single LAMP assay of the three kinds of bacteria was developed,and the ratio of primer concentration was optimized to develop a multiplex LAMP system.The specificity and sensitivity of multiplex LAMP were observed.Results Turbidity monitoring results in real time suggests that the mLAMP was highly specific and amplification could be obtained within 45 min under isothermal conditions.The sensitivity of this mLAMP was found to be 300 fg/μl genomic DNAs for Salmonella and 4.2 pg/μl for VPH and 4.5 pg/μl for LM,which was consistent with conventional PCR.Conclusion The mLAMP described can potentially facilitate simultaneous detection of three kinds of bacteria in a large number of food samples, which could be used as a primary screening method and as a supplement to classical detection methods.

15.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1176-1178, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485882

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of enhanced external counterpulsation on coronary heart diseas epatients who suffer from insomnia .Methods Ninety-two cases of coronary heart disease patients with insomnia were divided into observation group and control group randomly ,46 cases in each group .The cases in control group were given routine drug treatment and nursing for coronary heart disease and insomnia .On this base ,the cases in observation group were given EECP .Use the pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) to evaluate the sleep quality of two groups on day of admission and 30d after treatment .The dimensions score and total score of two groups in each time were compared and analyzed .Results After the intervention of 30 d ,PSQI scores in the observation group were lower than those before intervention ,and lower than that of control group ,and there was statistical signifi-cance(P<0 .05) .Conclusion The EECP can relieve the insomnia of coronary heart disease patients ,and improve there sleep quali-ty .

16.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 698-700, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483071

ABSTRACT

Total 967 patients with diabetes mellitus treated in Morindawa People's Hospital from June 2012 to June 2014 were included in the study,among them 425 (44.0%) were of Daur nationality and 542 (56.0%) were of Han nationality.The clinical data and laboratory tests were analyzed and compared between two groups.Compared with Han nationality,Daur patients presented a younger average age[(55 ± 1 1) y vs.(58 ± 1 0) y,P=0.000],an earlier age of onset[(50±10)y vs.(53 ± 1 1) y,P=0.000],a higher percentage of males (54.8% vs.46.9%,P =0.008),a higher percentage of rural residents (42.1% vs.36.2%,P =0.034),a lower level of fasting blood-glucose (FBG) [(9.25 ± 3.37) mmol/L vs.(10.28 ±4.33) mmol/L,P =0.000],higher levels of HbA1c [(7.61 ± 1.71)% vs.(7.29 ± 1.63)%,P=0.008],triglyceride (TG) [(2.91 ±2.06) mmol/L vs.(2.36 ±2.13) mmol/L,P =0.008],low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) [(3.22 ± 1.06) mmol/L vs.(3.01 ±0.92)mmol/L,P=0.020],systolic blood pressure (SBP) [(139.48 ± 21.58) mmHg (1 mmHg =0.133 kPa) vs.(136.37 ± 23.44) mmHg,P =0.002],diastolic blood pressure (DBP) [(87.23 ± 12.59) mmHg vs.(85.32 ± 12.52) mmHg,P =0.019],blood uric acid [(324.97 ± 106.45) μmol/L vs.(285.32 ± 98.69) μmol/L,P =0.000] and the ratio of urine microalbumin to urine creatinine [(2.29 ±5.57) mg/g vs.(0.12 ±0.98) mg/g,P =0.000].The results show that Daur diabetic patients are.younger in age,with more severe disorders in HbA1 c,blood pressure,blood uric acid and lipids levels,which increase the probability of renal damage or cardiovascular diseases in these patients.

17.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 751-758, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229566

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the correlations between the incidence of tuberculosis and meteorological factors over the same period and previous periods including 1, 2 and 3 years ago, defined according to the Chinese medicine theory of five circuits (Wu Yun) and six qi, to establish medical-meteorological forecast models for the Beijing area of China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data regarding the incidence of tuberculosis between 1990 and 2004 were obtained from the Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and the data regarding the meteorological factors (including daily average temperatures, wind speeds, precipitations, relative humidities, vapor pressures and low cloud covers) between 1987 and 2004 were collected from the Beijing Meteorological Observatory and analyzed. Descriptive statistics and a back-propagation artificial neural network were adopted to analyze the data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were significant correlations between the incidence of tuberculosis and the meteorological factors in the corresponding year and previous years. Among these correlations, wind speed was the factor with the strongest influence on tuberculosis (the standardized significance was 100%). Additionally, all prediction models would successfully established, suggesting the use of a collection of meteorological factors spanning from three years ago to the present is superior to the use of single data.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The incidence of tuberculosis in Beijing area is correlated to meteorological factors in the current year and previous years, which verifies the practicality of the theory of five circuits and six qi.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Beijing , Epidemiology , Forecasting , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meteorological Concepts , Tuberculosis , Epidemiology
18.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 568-571, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297383

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the scientificity of Yunqi theory based on incidence of disease related recognitions such as year evolutive phase, host climatic qi, six climatic factors, celestial manager qi, qi in the earth by analyzing data of hypertension incidence.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1,265 inpatients with confirmed first diagnosis as hypertension were recruited at Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine from February 4, 1999 to February 4, 2011. Each period (including year evolutive phase, host climatic qi, guest climatic qi) was deducted based on Yun-qi theory. Their ratios of different phases and qi in the total number of hypertension inpatients number were calculated and statistically tested.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was statistical difference in ratios at year evolutive phase, celestial manager qi, and qi in the earth (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The incidence of hypertension has certain difference in each period, which is consistent with Yun-qi theory.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Beijing , Epidemiology , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Incidence , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Qi , Research
19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 907-2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778043

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the differences in clinical characteristics between patients with HBsAg(+) and HBsAg(-)/HBcAb(+) primary hepatic carcinoma (PHC) treated by hepatectomy. MethodsForty-three HBsAg(+) and 18 HBsAg(-)/HBcAb(+) patients who underwent liver resection against PHC from October 2009 to November 2014 in Guangzhou 8th People′s Hospital were selected for the study. The clinical data of the subjects, including sex, age, histological differentiation, intravascular tumor thrombi, and hepatic cirrhosis, were compared, using t test for continuous data, chi-square test for categorical data, and Mann-Whitney U test for non-parametric data. ResultsNo significant differences existed between patients with HBsAg(+) and HBsAg(-)/HBcAb(+) PHC in terms of the age of onset (50.77±12.93 years vs 54.28±9.89 years, t=-1.031, P>0.05), the incidence of cholangiocarcinoma (2.3% vs 167%, χ2=2.24, P>0.05), the incidence of hepatic cirrhosis (62.8% vs 44.4%, χ2=1.746, P>0.05), alpha-fetoprotein level (3638±7869 ng/ml vs 3577±9628 ng/ml, t=0.026, P>0.05), histological differentiation (Z=-1.085, P>0.05), and the rate of intravascular tumor thrombi (34.9% vs 22.2%, χ2=0.949, P>0.05). ConclusionThere are no significant differences in the age of onset and progression of disease between patients with HBsAg(+) and HBsAg(-)/HBcAb(+) PHC treated by hepatectomy. However, given the possibility of occult hepatitis B virus infection, it is necessary to monitor hepatic carcinoma even post HBsAg seroconversion

20.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 801-807, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439993

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the metabolism and function of the intestinal microbiota from liver cirrhosis patients.Methods Sixteen cases of liver cirrhosis and twenty normal individuals were selected , whose intestinal microbiota metagenomic DNA was extracted , followed by high-throughput Solexa sequencing and the bioinformatics analysis of metabo-lism and function annotation to compare the differences between the patients and normal subjects and find out about the cir -rhosis-related functions .Results The functional diversity was significantly reduced in the intestinal microbiota of cirrhotic patients.At the module or pathway level , the intestinal microbiota of patients showed an enrichment in metabolisms of drugs, essential amino acid , propanoate metabolism and inflammatory reaction , whereas an opposite tendency was observed in the metabolic ability of butyrate , bile acid and cell cycle .Conclusion Under the influence of liver cirrhosis , the growth environment in the intestine is destroyed , causing, the intestinal microbiota the exhibit some compensation to adapt to the changed intestinal micro-environment .

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