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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608462

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the quality of outpatient prescriptions for patients of different age groups at both township and village level,for the purpose of evaluating the outcomes and problems of the ongoing healthcare reform at primary levels.Methods 100 outpatient prescriptions of April 2015 were mechanically sampled randomly from two township hospitals and 8 village clinics in counties A and B in Hubei province.These prescriptions were analyzed for the drug count per prescription,percentage of intravenous prescriptions,that of antibiotics,that of hormones and average cost per prescription.Results At the township hospitals,the drug count per prescription(2.02)of county A was less than that of county B(3.26),while the percentage of intravenous prescriptions(30.30%),that of antibiotics(47.98%)and hormones(6.57%)of county A were significantly less than those of county B(50.65%,69.08% and 15.13% respectively).At village clinic level,the percentage of intravenous prescriptions(31.05%)of county A was higher than that of county B(20.34%),the average prescription costs(¥29.28)of county A was less than county B(¥31.45);while in terms of children′s prescriptions,average drug count of county A(2.50)was higher than county B(2.09),and its proportion of antibiotics(65.91%)was higher than county B(45.56%).Conclusions General primary care reform is faced with challenges of poor control of intravenous injection and use of antibiotics,particularly at village clinics and pediatric drug use in terms of prescription quality control.Both township and village levels should strengthen the supervision over the drug suppliers,guide the demand side to rationally use drugs and focus on the reasonableness of the medication of village clinics and children.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467986

ABSTRACT

Objective By comparing the organ system based medical integration teaching mode and traditional teaching mode to evaluate the effect of the integration of curriculum implemen-tation. Methods Through a questionnaire survey of 63 students who implement integrated curriculum and 183 students who are not implementing integrated curriculum as well as 76 teachers, we evaluate students' emotional, cognitive and motor skills, using SPSS statistical analysis, chi-square test. Results In the affective domain, most of the teachers thought the experimental class was superior to the com-mon one in learning interest, lifelong learning and independent learning, critical thinking, the contrast of the two classes were P=0.000, P=0.031 and P=0.001 respectively, all of significant difference. In the cognitive domain, the contrast of the two classes in memory, understanding and application were P=0.000, all of significant difference. The experimental class has high degree of recognition. In the psychomotor domain, more than 55.3%(42/76) of the teachers thought that the experimental class was superior to the common class. According to the students' questionnaire survey, the contrast of the two classes in clinical operation skills, Interpersonal communication skills were P=0.077, P=0.031 respec-tively. There was no statistically significant difference. Conclusions The integrated curriculum teach-ing model can greatly promote students' abilities in most areas such as interest in learning, lifelong learning awareness, clinical thinking ability; interpersonal communication skills etc. In some respects the differences remains to be further studied such as memory of knowledge, systematic knowledge, and clinical operation skills, etc.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470858

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide reference for focusing and improving policy efficiency in China by establishing the conceptual model and index system of effectiveness of Township and Village Health Services Integration Policy(TVI).Methods The conceptual model and index system of TVI effectiveness were established by literature review and Delphi method.Comprehensive Index Method and Weighted TOPSIS Method were used in index consistency check.Results The conceptual model and index system of TVI effectiveness contain four conceptual modules,8 policy goals and 27 evaluation indexes.The positive coefficient of experts is 0.95 and authoritative grades of experts are more than 0.90.Conclusion Based on SPO Model,the conceptual model and index system of TVI effectiveness in China have been established,which consists three aspects:construction of organization system,health services and satisfaction.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436579

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide reference for improving the performance of public health by establishing performance evaluation framework of public health in rural areas of China.Methods The performance evaluation framework of public health in rural areas is established by literature research,theoretical derivation and Delphi method.The results of expert consultation are tested by W test of Kendall coordination coefficient and chi-square test.Results The performance evaluation framework of public health in rural areas contains four conceptual modules,ten performance goals and twenty-eight performance evaluation indexes.The positive coefficient of experts is 0.889.The average values of authoritative grade of experts are between 0.681~0.715.The Kendall W uniformity coefficients of the necessity,sensitivity and maneuverability of the indexes are respectively 0.167,0.209 and 0.185.The P values are less than 0.01.Conclusion The performance evaluation framework of public health in rural areas has certain application value.It is necessary to pay attention to scientific nature and applicability in developing performance evaluation of public health in rural areas.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432442

ABSTRACT

For the purpose of resolving such current problems as low inclusion ratio and high exit ratio in the single-disease clinical pathway management,the paper proposed an idea of clinical pathways grouping management,in line with DRG management and based on traditional clinical pathway management practice and China' s conditions.Proposed in the paper are such measures for government service procurement,as quality control mechanism,price negotiation mechanism,performance-based payment mechanism,and supervision mechanism.These measures are designed to provide incentives for medical institutions and medical workers,control irrational rise of medical expense,optimize expense makeup,and improve both quality of care and patient satisfaction.Thanks to the China Rural Health Development Project in place in Henan province where DRG-based clinical pathway grouping management and government service procurement are in trials,the following outcomes are achieved.Namely,significant expansion of diseases coverage and population coverage,efficient control of per-patient/per-visit expenses,and a steady rise of surgery and treatment expenses which embody value of service of medical workers.Other benefits include 50% to less than 30%drop of drugs proportion,gradual optimization of medical expenses makeup,obvious improvement of quality of care.These measures have made hospitals,insurance providers and patients satisfactory.

6.
Iranian Journal of Public Health. 2013; 42 (4): 358-367
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-140704

ABSTRACT

This paper focus on the impact on the performance of health workers at village and township levels in the provision of a government stipulated package of basic public health service, which adopted the performance-related contracts mode. The concept of balanced scorecard was adopted and developed to gather the 11 evaluation indicators distributed in four quadrants. These were implemented using on-site questionnaire and interview design. Four thousand and twenty-one respondents at 30 administrative villages including 2674 respondents at 20 pilot villages and 1347 at 10 control villages were investigated. Meanwhile, 62 administration officials from three counties and nine townships were interviewed. Eight of 11 evaluation indicators were obviously better in pilot counties than in Control County, The remaining three indicators respectively represented that equal, inferior to control county, and could not clear judge. The performance of health workers at village and township levels in the provision of basic public health service in pilot counties, which adopted the performance-related contracts mode, is better than before and control county

7.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2013; 29 (4): 1012-1017
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-130366

ABSTRACT

To explore healthcare disparities in rural China two years after the implementation of the Essential Public Health Service [EPHS] reform in 2009. A cross-sectional study was conducted by surveying 930 hypertension patients [HPs] from different regions in rural China in 2011. The percentages of patients using recommended four or more follow-up visits in a year were calculated by patient socio-demographic characteristics and statistically examined using chi-square and logistic regression to uncover disparities and correlated factors in EPHS use. The rates were not significantly different by age, gender, education, insurance status or income, but significantly different by region and hypertension history [p < 0.01]. Higher rates were also observed on patients who sought actively follow-up service at clinics, making appointment for the next follow-up with doctors, awareness of the need of follow-up, more satisfied with the follow-up services, and better medication adherence [p < 0.01]. There were no disparities observed among HPs in the use of follow-up services, suggesting that the reform has to some extent achieved its goal in ensuring equal access to EPHS. In this regard, regional implementation of the national policies and improvement of EPHS management at local level should be further improved


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Public Health , Hypertension , Rural Population , Rural Health Services , Health Surveys
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428940

ABSTRACT

This paper studied the development stages in terms of the public nature of public hospitals in China and analyzed the causes for their weakened public benefits.It proposed the principle of government guidance,achieving government purchasing of healthcare services as the roadmap,as well as building and improving the service purchasing system,performance appraisal system,and payment review system along with supervision system.These measures are designed to make public hospitals in their public benefit nature with scientific system design,powerful institutional guarantee,and efficient execution strategies.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428936

ABSTRACT

This paper made systematic description of the three objectives of sustainable development designed for the policy based on the sustainability theory for the health sector.The essential drug system for secondary hospitals comprises the list coverage and allocation percentage of essential drugs,requirements for bidding and purchasing as well as pricing practice; management and conditions of these hospitals,including leadership determination and competency,doctors prescription behavior,and supportive reforms at these hospitals; external policies and social environment,including government financial subsidy,medical service prices adjustment,medical insurance,and the awareness and attitude of the people on essential drugs.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428455

ABSTRACT

An analysis of the fundamental concepts for public hospital reform further defined public hospitals and other hospitals,business and non-business in nature,public benefits and welfare,as well as public benefits and profit-oriented hospitals.These distinctions can help reformers of public hospitals clarify their concepts,make clear the purpose and direction of the public hospitals reform,so as to speed up the reform with theory support.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429022

ABSTRACT

Within the KABP model as a framework,the authors studied these behaviors at the following three levels,namely knowledge and learning,beliefs and attitude,and behavior.Such aspects as the education background and training,drug expertise,drug infonmation sources,personal experience and habits,attitudes,needs of physicians and patients',socio-demographic characteristics were discussed among others to probe into how physicians' personal behavior affects their prescription behavior.Recommendations raised include education and training,provision of correct drug information,greater publicity,better compensation mechanism of public hospitals,strengthened supervision,establishment of the system of prescription audit,etc.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419630

ABSTRACT

Objective To give an empirical study on the interests claims of employees in public hospitals. Methods By questionnaire investigation, to sum up data using factor analysis and pairedsamples T test, and to compare difference between different kinds of patients using ANOVA. Results The interests claims of employees can be summed up to seven factors and there is some significant difference between different kinds of employees. Conclusion At current stage, public hospitals need pay more attention to material interests claims of employees.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419629

ABSTRACT

Objective To give an empirical study on the interests claims of patients in public hospitals. Methods By questionnaire investigation, to sum up data using factor analysis and pairedsamples T test, and to compare difference between different kinds of patients using ANOVA. Results The interests claims of patients can be summed up to six factors and there is no significant difference between different kinds of patients. Conclusion At current stage, public hospitals need improve medical technique and cut down medical expenses.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419580

ABSTRACT

Objective To confirm the connotation, constitution and classification of the stakeholders in public hospital. Methods The stakeholders of public hospital were proposed through the brainstorm method and literature search. On this basis, the expert consultation scale was developed by using the score-based approach for reference The stakeholders of public hospital were confirmed and classified through two-round expert consultation. Results The research confirms 16 stakeholders of public hospital on the 80% level of support ratio by experts. There were 10 core stakeholders, 5 latent stakeholders and 1 marginal stakeholder. Conclusion Appropriate stakeholder management strategy should be taken for different types of stakeholders.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383469

ABSTRACT

A field survey of three counties in a province in west China analyzed the public health performance from the dimensions of input, output and outcomes, and computed the composite evaluation indexes for public health performance of the sample areas. The indexes so obtained are as follows: Low public health input in general; gap of public health outcomes among various public health programs;generally high outcome performances. The paper proposed to improve the fund raising mechanism for rural public health, build a performance-based investment mechanism, balanced provision of primary public health services, and secure supports from all the society, in an effort to promote public health development in rural areas.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383101

ABSTRACT

Object Through performing the service satisfaction survey,to learn their interest claim and discover the service defects ,so as to provide advice and countermeasures.Method Using field survey methods and statistics analysis to study.Result The satisfaction of relatives of pediatric patients at the level of "relatively good" and "good" is about 60% both in medical treatment environment and equipment ,over 70% in medical treatment effect,doctor capacity,nursing capacity and overall assessment,but only 5.1% in medical expenses.Conclusion Relatives of pediatric patients have high satisfaction in treatment capability of medical staff,medical treatment effect as well as overall assessment ,normal satisfaction in medical environment and equipment,but lowest satisfaction in medical expenses,and the satisfaction in tertiary hospital is not high.Relatives in some districts demand much in some aspects,such as improving hospital environment,attaching importance to ward hygiene ,improving service attitude,and providing single ward ect.

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