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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 199-208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973150

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a frequently and commonly occurring disease in clinic. In recent decades, with the development in pathophysiology and drug researches, modern medicine has achieved remarkable progress and results in diagnosis and treatment. However, the treatments for non-erosive reflux disease, refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease, proton pump inhibitor resistance, overlap of disease symptoms, and extraesophageal symptoms are limited and ineffective. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was widely used in clinical practice, which has been proved effective in relieving symptoms and improving the quality of life. Sponsored by China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) and undertaken by the Spleen and Stomach Disease Branch of CACM, "the 12th Youth Salon of Clinical Predominance Disease Series (GERD)" invited 18 authoritative digestive experts of TCM and western medicine to discuss "the difficulties of clinical diagnosis and treatment of GERD and TCM advantages". The focus issues such as modern medical diagnosis and treatment achievements and contributions, improvement and maintenance of symptoms, response to overlapping disease symptoms, reduction and withdrawal of acid suppressors, and treatment of extra-esophageal symptoms were discussed in depth. TCM and western medicine exchanged and complemented each other's strengths, combing the difficulties of modern medical diagnosis and treatment, which clarified the positioning and advantages of TCM and provided guidance for clinical and scientific research.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 268-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965672

ABSTRACT

This article reviews the clinical studies about the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in recent years. AR is a common and frequently occurring disease in the department of otolaryngology. The common manifestations of AR include nasal congestion, sneezing, runny nose, and nasal itching. AR, belonging to the category of rhinitis, is a dominant disease in the TCM treatment of otorhinolaryngologic diseases and head and neck diseases. The ancient literature has laid a solid theoretical basis on the etiology and pathogenesis of AR. According to the ancient literature, the theoretical basis, and their own experience, modern doctors classified the causes of AR into the disorders in Zang-fu organs and six meridians. Most of the explanations focus on the disorders in Zang-fu organs, especially the lung, spleen, and kidney. The clinical studies in this field mainly involve TCM treatment alone, integrated TCM and Western medicine treatment, and TCM external treatment. These therapies have good efficacy in the clinical treatment of AR. Among them, TCM treatment alone has significant advantages in alleviating the symptoms and nasal signs, declining the scores of related scales, and reducing the eosinophil count (EOS) of nasal secretions, with definite long-term efficacy. Integrated TCM and Western medicine treatment can complement with each other. The TCM external treatment methods include acupuncture, moxibustion, acupoint catgut embedding, acupoint application, and nasal irrigation with TCM, which are safe, simple, acceptable by patients and have good therapeutic effect. Finally, the clinical research status of TCM treatment of AR was summarized, and suggestions were put forward from three aspects: standardizing the clinical research protocol of TCM, encouraging pure TCM research, and exploring the mechanism of TCM treatment on the basis of frontier research achievements. This review aims to provide higher-level evidence for subsequent clinical research and promote the research on dominant AR diseases.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 196-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996521

ABSTRACT

Ménière's disease (MD) is an inner ear disease characterized by vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss, and ear stuffiness. Modern therapies such as drugs, surgery, and vestibular function rehabilitation have limited effects in relieving the symptoms and reducing the recurrence. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) can alleviate the symptoms of MD with simple operation and mild adverse reactions while emphasizing psychological adjustment. The TCM treatment of MD is individualized depending on different stages and pathogenic factors. The internal treatment mainly targets phlegm, dampness, water, wind, fire, deficiency, and blood stasis. External interventions include acupuncture and moxibustion. This paper reviewed the published articles about the treatment of MD with TCM. In recent five years, the published studies were mainly clinical trials and experience discussion (or case reports), and few reports of fundamental research were published. In these studies, the Western medicine diagnosis of MD mostly refers to the Diagnostic Basis and Efficacy Evaluation of Ménière's Disease (Guiyang, 2006) and the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Ménière's Disease (2017), while the TCM diagnosis mostly refers to the Criteria of Diagnosis and Therapeutic Effect of Diseases and Syndromes in Traditional Chinese Medicine issued by the National Administration of TCM in 1994. The efficacy was mostly evaluated based on clinical efficacy, scales, syndrome scores, pure tone audiometry, etc., while caboratory indexes were rarely used. The available clinical studies about the treatment of MD with TCM generally have low quality of evidence and single intervention means. In the future, the research on the treatment of MD with TCM can be improved by standardizing the research program, improving the quality of evidence, exploring more intervention methods, and strengthening basic research.

4.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 1401-1405, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749153

ABSTRACT

Although the concept of united airway disease has been widely accepted, most scholars emphasize only the effect of rhino-sinusitis while ignoring the pharyngeal factors to the lower airway, especially to the allergic pharyngitis (AP), which still lacks enough awareness. First of all, absence of unified diagnostic standard leads to the lack of epidemiological data, which, results in doctors' personal experience but no guideline in treatments. In addition, it is still not clear that the role of AP in the allergic airway diseases and its relationship with asthma. However, the number of patients with AP has been increasing obviously in daily clinic practice. Combined with the previous observation, this paper does a systematic review about the clinical problems of AP, expecting to give a hand to the clinical diagnosis and treatment of AP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asthma , Pharyngitis , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Sinusitis
5.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 713-717, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747403

ABSTRACT

The datas of epidemiological, clinical, and immunopathology demonstrate there is an important link between upper and lower airways. The upper airways diseases including the allergy rhinitis, the professional rhinitis, the sleep apnea and hypoventilation syndrome, nose polyposis (with/without aspirin sensitive), the chronic rhinosinusitis and so on, have an important contacting with lower airways diseases. Understanding how the upper airway does affect the lower airway disease, has the influential role to diagnosis, the treatment and the prognosis. This article made the brief summary on the important relation about among the nose, the paranasal sinus and the lung recent years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asthma , Lung Diseases, Obstructive , Rhinitis , Sinusitis
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