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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878417

ABSTRACT

Speech could be used, because it was a neuromuscular movement without teeth contact. The method was stable, however it was used more in vertical relation deciding. More study was needed in the horizontal relation deciding. This article was to explain why and how to use phonetic method to decide jaws relation, through literature review.


Subject(s)
Denture Design , Denture, Complete , Jaw , Phonetics
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 173-178, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807922

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To provide baseline data for the development of physical activity and health promotion strategies and public health policy among Chinese children and adolescents by systematically evaluating accelerometermeasured moderatetovigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior(SB).@*Methods@#The study search was carried out using China National Knowledge Infrastructure, SPORTDiscus with Full Text, and Web of Science, including studies that published from January 1, 2009 to February 28, 2019. The studies were selected by inclusion (based on PICOS principles) and exclusion criteria, and were assessed through quality assessment items based on revised STROBE statement. The information about MVPA and SB were extracted, and Comprehensive Metaanalysis Software (CMA V2) was used to pool the findings from the included studies into a Metaanalysis.@*Results@#Sixteen studies published from 2012 to 2019 were included the Metaanalysis. Sample sizes of eligible studies ranged from 96 to 2 163 participants. Metaanalysis found that Chinese children and adolescents separately spent 37.66 min/day, 539.61 min/d in MVPA and SB. Boys were more likely to have higher level of MVPA in minutes compared to the girls’(P<0.01). Children and adolescents spent more time in MVPA on weekdays than weekends(P<0.05), and also spent more SB on weekdays than weekends(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Chinese children and adolescents are physically inactive and live a sedentary lifestyle in general, especially among girls. MVPA and SB time among children and adolescents spent on weekdays are higher than weekends.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several COVID-19 patients have overlapping comorbidities. The independent role of each component contributing to the risk of COVID-19 is unknown, and how some non-cardiometabolic comorbidities affect the risk of COVID-19 remains unclear.@*Methods@#A retrospective follow-up design was adopted. A total of 1,160 laboratory-confirmed patients were enrolled from nine provinces in China. Data on comorbidities were obtained from the patients' medical records. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio ( @*Results@#Overall, 158 (13.6%) patients were diagnosed with severe illness and 32 (2.7%) had unfavorable outcomes. Hypertension (2.87, 1.30-6.32), type 2 diabetes (T2DM) (3.57, 2.32-5.49), cardiovascular disease (CVD) (3.78, 1.81-7.89), fatty liver disease (7.53, 1.96-28.96), hyperlipidemia (2.15, 1.26-3.67), other lung diseases (6.00, 3.01-11.96), and electrolyte imbalance (10.40, 3.00-26.10) were independently linked to increased odds of being severely ill. T2DM (6.07, 2.89-12.75), CVD (8.47, 6.03-11.89), and electrolyte imbalance (19.44, 11.47-32.96) were also strong predictors of unfavorable outcomes. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease on admission (5.46, 3.25-9.19), while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes (6.58, 1.46-29.64) within two weeks.@*Conclusion@#Besides hypertension, diabetes, and CVD, fatty liver disease, hyperlipidemia, other lung diseases, and electrolyte imbalance were independent risk factors for COVID-19 severity and poor treatment outcome. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease, while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/virology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873500

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the epidemiological characteristics and influencing factors of fall of elderly aged ≥ 60 years in Guangzhou from 2014 to 2018 ,so as to provide evidence for effective prevention and control measures. Methods Data on fall of the elderly was collected from the first diagno- sis in injury surveillance hospitals in Guangzhou from 2014 to 2018,and distribution description and epi- demiological analysis were adopted. Results 9 503 cases of fall of the elderly were reported in 5 injury surveillance hospitals,accounting for 49.41% of injuries in the elderly,and had occupied the first place in the cause of injury in 5 consecutive years. The sex ratio of men to women was 1 ∶ 1.67. Most of the patients had a primary or junior school degree,high rate in October-December,mainly occurred at home when doing leisure activities or life activities. The fall mainly led to injuries of head or lower extremities, contributed to contusion /bruise or fracture. And most of them were mild and moderate injury. Logistic re- gression showed that female,old age,high educational level,December to February,at home,walking, leisure activities and life activities were risk factors for falling among the elderly in Guangzhou ( all P < 0.001) . Conclusions Fall is the primary cause of injuries to the elderly in Guangzhou,especially the elderly female population. The targeted prevention and intervention measures should be developed ac- cording to their distribution characteristics.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 554-557, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821425

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between fundamental movement skills(FMS) and physical-related fitness(PF) in 5-6 aged children in Beijing and to provide the corresponding theoretical basis for the further development of the scien tific research work of children sports activities.@*Methods@#M-ABC-2(Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2)was used to assess FMS of the children aged 5-6 in 3 kindergartens of Beijing; “National Physical Fitness test Standards Manual-Preschool Part” was used as the standard for assessment of children’s PF; Canonical Correlation Analysis was used to analyze the relationship between FMS and PF.@*Results@#A total of 107 children’s complete data were obtained. The overall development level of 5-6 yearold children’s physical fitness could positively predict their the manual dexterity (B=0.24, P<0.05); In the test of individual PF, the muscle strength and balance ability exhibited by the tennis throwing and walking balance wood were also strongly correlated with the manual dexterity (r=0.43, P<0.01), and the standing long jump and the continuous jump of both feet also showed a positive correlation with the manual dexterity (r=0.35, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#There is a certain relationship between the PF and FMS of children aged 5-6. The development of coordination and stability will play a positive role in promoting the development of their FMS. At the same time, parents and teachers should pay attention to the development of children's fine motor skills to promote their overall healthy growth.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827788

ABSTRACT

Schisandra chinensis Turcz. (Baill.) is a plant species with fruits that have been well known in Far Eastern medicine for a long time. It has traditionally been used as a stimulating and fortifying agent in cases of physical exhaustion and to inhibit fatigue. The major bioactive compounds found in S. chinensis are lignans with a dibenzocyclooctadiene skeleton, but little is known about their biosynthesis in plants. S. chinensis is the ideal medicinal plant for studying the biosynthesis of lignans, especially the dibenzocyclooctadiene skeleton. Genomic information for this important herbal plant is unavailable. To better understand the lignan biosynthesis pathway, we generated transcriptome sequences from the fruit during ripening and performed de novo sequence assembly, yielding 136 843 unique transcripts with N50 of 1778 bp. Putative functions could be assigned to 41 824 transcripts (51.57%) based on BLAST searches against annotation databases including GO (Gene ontology) and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes). Furthermore, 22 candidate cytochrome P450 genes and 15 candidate dirigent proteins genes that were most likely involved in the lignan biosynthesis pathway were discovered based on transcriptome sequencing of S. chinensis. The genomic data obtained from S. chinensis, especially the identification of putative genes involved in the lignan biosynthesis pathway, will facilitate our understanding of lignan biosynthesis at the molecular level. The lignan metabolite profiles were analyzed by metabolomes, the accumulation patterns of 30 metabolites involved in the lignan pathway were studied. Co-expression network of lignan contents and transcriptional changes showed 355 strong correlations (correlation coefficient, R > 0.9) between 21 compounds and 153 transcripts. Furthermore, the comprehensive analysis and characterization of the genes involved in lignan pathways and the metabolite profiles of lignans are expected to provide better insight regarding the diversity of the chemical composition, synthetic characteristics, and regulatory mechanisms of this medical herb.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1542-1545, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750535

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To investigate the effect of the severity of monocular visual field loss on binocular visual field loss patients with primary angle-closure glaucoma, primary open angle glaucoma and normal tension glaucoma. <p>METHODS: According to the stage of binocular monocular field loss, 30 healthy and 120 glaucoma patients participants were classified as normal, early, moderate or severe. Binocular vision was determined by integrating the field of view and Esterman binocular field assessment. The monocular and binocular visual field parameters were compared within and between groups. <p>RESULTS:For patients with one eye at normal or early stage and the other with severe stage, the mean deviation of binocular comprehensive visual field was -2.8±1.1dB and -5.5±1.9dB, respectively, and Esterman's average score were 99.1%±1.7% and 95.6%±4.7%, respectively. When both eyes developed moderate or severe injury(moderate/moderate, moderate/severe or severe/severe), the mean deviation of binocular comprehensive visual field is lower than -6dB, and the Esterman average score of moderate/moderate group and moderate/severe group was 94.2%±6.0% and 94.3%±4.9%, respectively. However, when both eyes in the stage of severe injury, the average score of Esterman's rapidly decreased from more than 90% to 68.4%±26.3%.<p>CONCLUSION: If one eye is in a normal or early stage, the binocular vision can remain relatively intact. When the binocular progression to the moderate or severe stage, the mean deviation of binocular visual field defects measured by the binocular comprehensive visual field is significant, and only when the binocular progression to the severe stage, significant Esterman binocular visual field defects are detected.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the X-ray characteristics in youth neck type of cervical spondylosis with upper crossed syndrome(UCS).@*METHODS@#The patients who had a neck type of cervical spondylosis with or without UCS were selected from January to October 2017, 20 cases in each group, and 10 normal volunteers were chosen in the study. X-ray examination of lateral and hyperextension-hyperflexion of cervical spine were performed to observe cervical spine angle, angular displacement and adjacent vertebral body slip.@*RESULTS@#The cervical spine angle was (-0.40±9.64)° in the UCS group, significantly less than (14.35±9.01)° in the normal group and (12.34±5.65)° in the non-UCS group(0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In young patients who has a neck type of cervical spondylosis with UCS, the cervical curvature prone to straighten or reverse, the upper cervical flexion and extension are limited, while the lower cervical is in a flexion.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cervical Vertebrae , Humans , Neck , Radiography , Spondylosis , X-Rays
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817746

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To explore colonoscopy adherence and related factors among preliminary screened-positive population in Guangzhou. 【Methods】This study was a part of the Guangzhou Community-based Colorectal Cancer Screening Program. We retrospectively analyzed the 1-year follow-up data of population aged 50~74 years old and positive in preliminary colorectal cancer screening in 2015. Kaplan- Meier method was used to describe the respond time to colonoscopy examination. Cox proportional hazard model was performed to identify factors associated with colonoscopy adherence. The effect of studied factors on colonoscopy adherence was reported according to hazard ratio(HR).【Results】 A total of 18 604 preliminary screened-positive residents were included ,among whom 4 014 completed colonoscopy examination within one year,with a colonoscopy adherence of 21.6% . Colorectal lesions were found in 2 012 cases (50.1%),of which 96(2.4%)were colorectal cancers. The adherence of 1 month,3 months and 6 months were 9.7% ,15.8% ,and 18.6% respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that those who were female ,in older age , unmarried/widowed/divorced,without health insurance,and had a history of chronic cholecystitis or cholecystectomy were less likely to undergo colonoscopy;while those who were fecal occult blood test- positive,had colonoscopy preferential policies,worked in government or public institution,had medical insurance for urban workers,had a history of chronic diarrhea,a history of chronic constipation,a history of mucous and/or blood stool,and a history of bad life incidents were more likely to undergo colonoscopy. 【Conclusions】 This study suggested that the colonoscopy adherence of preliminary screened- positive population in Guangzhou was low and such low adherence was associated with different factors. Community health workers should timely track the completion of colonoscopy of preliminary screened-positive residents , and take targeted measures to promote colonoscopy adherence.

10.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 984-988, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703914

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate whether remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) applied to patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) could affect circulating miR-208b level or not. Methods:Patients diagnosed with STEMI undergoing PCI from January 2016 to July 2017 were enrolled from the Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University.The patients were randomly allocated to two groups: (1) control group (n=25), PCI alone; (2) RIC group (n=50), PCI combined with RIC (three cycles of 5 min inflation and 5 min deflation of the right lower limb with blood pressure cuff performed before reperfusion). Serum miR-208b was measured before and immediately, at 24 h, and 48 h after PCI with real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: The expression of miR-208b was significantly higher immediately post PCI than that before operation in the control group (84.1±9.0 vs 77.8±9.4; P=0.032), while it was significantly lower immediately post PCI than that before operationin RIC group (71.0±9.3 vs 77.4±8.8; P=0.028).miR-208b level was similar before PCI between the control and RIC groups (P=0.874), which was significantly reduced immediately post PCI in RIC group as compared with the control group (P=0.021).The peak value of creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) in the limb RIC group was significantly lower than that in the control group ([135.2±18.6] U/L vs [167.7±17.2] U/L; P=0.038).The area under the CK-MB curve of the RIC group was significantly smaller than that of the control group ([3 060.7±17.1] U/L vs [3 635.9±15.1] U/L); P=0.047]. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in RIC group was significantly higher than that in the control group ([57.8±7.8]% vs [51.9±7.9]%; P=0.003) post PCI. The expression level of serum miR-208b was positively correlated with CK-MB AUC in RIC group (r=0.498, P<0.001). Conclusions: RIC of the lower limb prior to PCI could reduce miR-208b level and improve cardiac functionin STEMI patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691141

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the operative characteristic, safety, clinical effect of percutaneous endoscopic interlaminar discectomy (PEID) in treating displacement-type lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion on L₂-L₅.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Form November 2015 to October 2016, 15 patients with displacement-type lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion were treated with percutaneous endoscopic interlaminar discectomy. There were 9 males and 6 females, aged from 19 to 63 years old with an average of 42 years. All the patients with single-segment displacement-type lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion were diagnosed by clinical and iconography data, and complicated with low back pain and single lower limbs radioactivity pain. Lesion occurred in L₄,₅ of 8 cases, L₃,₄ of 4 cases, L₂,₃ of 3 cases. The patients were divided into 4 regions according to Lee standard (displaced nucleus pulposus location on spinal canal), I region was 2 cases, II region was 3 cases, III region was 5 cases, IV region was 5 cases.Preoperative, postoperative 3 months, final follow-up, lumbago-leg pain and lumbar function were assessed by VAS, JOA scores;at final follow-up, MacNab was used to evaluate the clinical effect;postoperative 3 months, rechecked lumbar MRI to observe discectomy condition.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the operations were successfully complete under local anesthesia, and no complications such as injuries of nerve root and dural sac, postoperative hemorrhage, local infection were found. Operative time was 45 to 90 min with an average of 54.8 min;and hospitalization time was 3 to 4 days with an average of 3 days. All 15 cases were followed up for 12 to 13 months with an average of 12.2 months, no recurrence was found. Preoperation, postoperative 3, 12 months, VAS scores were 8.2±1.4, 3.0±0.6, 1.7±0.5, JOA scores were 8.76±3.32, 23.61±2.14, 24.82±3.43, respectively. Postoperative VAS, JOA scores were obviously improved(<0.05). According to MacNab standard to evaluate the clinical effect, 9 cases obtained excellent results, 5 good, 1 fair.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PEID is a micro-trauma surgical method and has advantage of safe and effective in treating displacement-type lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion on L₂-L₅, but requires laminoplasty during operation, and under local anesthesia to operation maybe can induce neurostimulation.</p>

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691134

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effects of modified lamina osteotomy replantation versus traditional lamina osteotomy replantation in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation with lumbar instability.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 146 patients with unilateral lumbar disc herniation with lumbar instability underwent surgical treatment from March 2008 to March 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to osteotomy replantation pattern. There were 77 patients in the traditional group (underwent traditional lamina osteotomy replantation), including 42 males and 35 females with an average age of (49.4±18.5) years;the lesions occurred on L₄,₅ in 46 cases, on L₅5S₁ in 31 cases. There were 69 patients in modified group (underwent modified lamina osteotomy replantation), including 37 males and 32 females with an average age of (49.8±17.9) years;the lesions occurred on L₄,₅ in 40 cases, on L₅S₁ in 29 cases. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, complication rate during operation, lamina healing rate, recurrence rate of low back and leg pain were compared between two groups. Visual analogue scales (VAS) and Japanese Orthopadic Association (JOA) scores were used to evaluate the clinical effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The operation time and intraoperative blood loss were similar between two group (>0.05). There was significantly different in nerve injury rate(5.80% vs 16.9%) and dural injury rate(1.45% vs 9.09%) between modified group and traditional group(<0.05). The recurrent rate of low back pain of modified group was higher (91.30%, 63/69) than that of traditional group (76.62%, 59/77), and the intervertebral fusion rate of modified group was lower(8.70%, 6/69) than that of traditional group (29.9%, 23/77) at 3 years after operation. Postoperative VAS scores of all patients were significantly decreased at 6 months, 1, 2, 3 years, and JOA scores were obviously increased (<0.05). At 1, 2, 3 years after operation, VAS scores of modified group were significantly lower than that of traditional group(<0.05), and JOA scores of modified group were higher than that of traditional group(<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Modified lamina osteotomy replantation has better long-term efficacy(in the aspect of recurrent rate of low back pain, intervertebral fusion rate, VAS and JOA score at three years follow-up) in treating lumbar disc herniation with instability.</p>

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689990

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic BEIS technology for lumbar lateral recess stenosis in the elderly.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February 2014 to May 2016, 21 patients with lumbar lateral recess stenosis in elderly were treated with percutaneous endoscopic BEIS. There were 13 males and 8 females, aged from 70 to 85 years old with an average of 74.3 years. Preoperative, 1 and 12 months postoperative visual analogue scale(VAS) scores and Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) were statistically analyzed. MacNab was used to assess the clinical effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the operations were successful. The time ranged from 90 to 130 min with an average of 110 min. All the patients were followed up for 12 to 38 months with an average of 18 months. Preoperative, 1 and 12 months postoperative VAS scores were 8.47±1.23, 1.78±0.72, 0.68±0.32, and ODI scores were 32.48±10.03, 19.53±3.55, and 5.15±1.02, respectively. Postoperative scores of VAS and ODI were obviously improved(<0.05). According to modified MacNab standard to evaluate the clinical effects, 14 cases obtained excellent results, 5 good, 2 fair. Lower limb paresthesia occurred in 1 case, and the condition was restored at 3 months postoperatively with conservative treatment. One patient was complicated with emphysema before operation secondary to pulmonary infection, and was effectively controlled with regulate antibiotic therapy. No infection of vertebral body or intervertebral space, no injuries of blood vessels or nerve root, no tear of dura, or the leakage of cerebrospinal fluid were found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic BEIS is a safe and effective method for lumbar lateral recess stenosis in the elderly.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Lumbosacral Region , Pathology , Male , Spinal Stenosis , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688030

ABSTRACT

According to the width and height of the maxillary alveolar ridge, the maxillary edentulous jaws can be divided into three categories by using modified lip-tooth-ridge (MLTR) classification. Class Ⅰ is characterized by sufficient bone available for implants in the vertical and horizontal aspects and is suitable for fixed implant-supported prostheses. Class Ⅱ is characterized by sufficient bone amount available for implants in a horizontal aspect but insufficient for lip support and is suitable for a fixed detachable implant-supported prosthesis. Class Ⅲ is characterized by inadequate amount of bone for implants (with vertical or horizontal components) and is suitable for the use of zygomatic implants or traditional complete denture. Patients belonging to Class Ⅰ can be further classified into two sub-categories according to the height of the alveolar ridge. The first subclass is characterized by minimal bone deficiency and is suitable for a conventional implant-supported "crown and bridge" prosthesis. The second subclass is characterized by a larger vertical deficiency than that of the first subclass and is suitable for implant-supported hybrid prosthesis. The MLTR classification system can help the dentist to determine whether the patient is suitable for implanting dentures and whether fixed denture or removable denture is appropriate for the patient, select indications, reduce complications, and achieve long-term results.

15.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 2090-2093, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660560

ABSTRACT

AIM To study the chemical constituents from the leaves of Castanopsis fordii Hance.METHODS The 80% ethanol extract from C.fordii leaves was isolated and purified by Sephadex LH-20,MCI,silica and semi-preparative column,then the structures of obtained compounds were identified by spectral data.RESULTS Nine compounds were isolated and identified as quercetin (1),quercetin 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (2),myricetin 3-rhamnoside (3),myricetin-3-O-(2"-O-galloyl)-α-rhamnopyranoside (4),quercetin 3-O-(2"-O-galloyl)-α-rhamnopyranoside (5),kaempferol-3-O-glucorhamnoside (6),3,5,7,3',5'-pentahydroxy-(2R,3R)-flavanonol 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (7),astilbin (8),isastilbin (9).CONCLUSION Compounds 2,3 are isolated from this plant for the first time,compounds 1,4-9 are first obatined from genus Castanopsis.

16.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 2090-2093, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657957

ABSTRACT

AIM To study the chemical constituents from the leaves of Castanopsis fordii Hance.METHODS The 80% ethanol extract from C.fordii leaves was isolated and purified by Sephadex LH-20,MCI,silica and semi-preparative column,then the structures of obtained compounds were identified by spectral data.RESULTS Nine compounds were isolated and identified as quercetin (1),quercetin 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (2),myricetin 3-rhamnoside (3),myricetin-3-O-(2"-O-galloyl)-α-rhamnopyranoside (4),quercetin 3-O-(2"-O-galloyl)-α-rhamnopyranoside (5),kaempferol-3-O-glucorhamnoside (6),3,5,7,3',5'-pentahydroxy-(2R,3R)-flavanonol 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (7),astilbin (8),isastilbin (9).CONCLUSION Compounds 2,3 are isolated from this plant for the first time,compounds 1,4-9 are first obatined from genus Castanopsis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333446

ABSTRACT

To perform a systemic review and meta-analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of PET (CT) and metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) for diagnosing neuroblastoma (NB),electronic databases were searched as well as relevant references and conference proceedings.The diagnostic accuracy of MIBG and PET (CT) was calculated for NB,primary NB,and relapse/metastasis of NB based on their sensitivity,specificity,and area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve (AUSROC) in terms of per-lesion and per-patient data.A total of 40 eligible studies comprising 1134 patients with 939 NB lesions were considered for the meta-analysis.For the staging of NB,the per-lesion AUSROC value of MIBG was lower than that of PET (CT) [0.8064±0.0414 vs.0.9366±0.0166 (P<0.05)].The per-patient AUSROC value of MIBG and PET (CT) for the diagnosis of NB was 0.8771±0.0230 and 0.6851±0.2111,respectively.The summary sensitivity for MIBG and PET (CT) was 0.79 and 0.89,respectively.The summary specificity for MIBG and PET (CT) was 0.84 and 0.71,respectively.PET (CT) showed higher per-lesion accuracy than MIBG and might be the preferred modality for the staging of NB.On the other hand,MIBG has a comparable diagnosing performance with PET (CT) in per-patient analysis but shows a better specificity.

18.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1098-1103, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792670

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of berberine (BBR) extracted from Chinese Goldthread Rhizome on the expression of claudin-1 in ulcerative colitis mice. Methods UC model was established by dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) . Sixty BALB/c mice were randomly divided into a blank control group, a model control group, a low dose BBR group, a high dose BBR group and a salazosulfapyridine (SASP) positive control group. Then daily gavage administration was given for 7 days. During the course of experiment, the general conditions of mice were observed, and disease activity index (DAI) were assessed. At the end of treatment, colon tissue were dissected, its macroscopic damage index (CMDI) and tissue damage index (TDI) were evaluated, and the contents of claudin-1 protein and mRNA were detected by immunohistochemical method and real-time PCR separately. Results Compared with model control group, the clinical and pathological symptoms of colitis in BBR groups and SASP group were improved to various degrees, the DAI, CMDI and TDI in high dose BBR group and SASP group were all reduced (P<0.01) . The expression levels of claudin-1 mRNA in five groups were 1.00±0.03、 0.12±0.02、 0.21±0.02、 0.63±0.03 and 0.81±0.03, respectively. The expression levels of claudin-1 and its mRNA of colonic tissue in UC mice were all markedly lower than normal mice (P<0.01), which were all increased after BBR or SASP treatment when comparing with blank control group, whose difference was statistically significant. Conclusion Berberine can effectively relieve the colitis in UC mice by raising the expression of claudin-1, but the therapeutic effect was a little weaker than SASP.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287168

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of Weipixiao (胃痞消, WPX) on Wnt pathway-associated proteins in gastric mucosal epithelial cells from rats with gastric precancerous lesions (GPL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, model, vitacoenzyme (0.2 g·kg(-1)·day(-1)), WPX high-dose (H-WPX, 15 g·kg(-1)·day(-1)), WPX medium-dose (M-WPX, 7.5 g·kg(-1)·day(-1)) and WPX low-dose (L-WPX, 3.75 g·kg(-1)·day(-1)) groups. After successfully establishing the GPL model, the rats were consecutively administered WPX or vitacoenzyme by gastrogavage for 10 weeks. Differential expression of Leucine-rich repeat-containing G-proteincoupled receptor 5 (Lgr5), matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7), Wnt1, Wnt3a, and β-catenin in gastric mucosal epithelial cells in all groups were immunohistochemically detected, and the images were taken and analyzed semiquantitatively by image pro plus 6.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Gastric epithelium in the model group showed significantly higher expression levels of Lgr5, MMP-7, Wnt1, Wnt3a and β-catenin than those of the control group(P<0.01). Interestingly, we also observed Lgr5+ cells, which generally located at the base of the gastric glandular unit, migrated to the luminal side of gastric epithelium with GPL. The expression levels of Lgr5, MMP-7, Wnt1, and β-catenin were all down-regulated in the L-WPX group as compared with those of both model and vitacoenzyme groups (P<0.05). A similar, but nonsignificant down-regulation in expression level of Wnt3a was noted in all WPX groups (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our findings suggested that the therapeutic mechanisms of WPX in treating GPL might be related with its inhibitory effects on the expressions of Lgr5, MMP-7, Wnt1, β-catenin and the aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Gastric Mucosa , Pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 7 , Metabolism , Precancerous Conditions , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Metabolism , Staining and Labeling , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Wnt Proteins , Metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304287

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the causes of muscular paralysis due to C₅ nerve root injury after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) and explore its prevention way.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2005 to December 2015, 310 patients underwent ACDF in our hospital. Of them, 9 cases occurred muscular paralysis due to C₅ nerve root injury after operation. The clinical data of 9 patients were retrospectively analyzed. There were 8 males and 1 female, aged from 51 to 84 years with an average of 64 years. Two cases underwent internal fixation and intervertebral fusion with one segment, 6 cases with two segments, 1 case with three segments. Simple deltoid muscle weakness, pain, numbness happened in 7 cases, simultaneously biceps brachii muscle weakness, pain, numbness in 2 cases. Muscle strength was 0 grade in 1 case, 1 grade in 3 cases, 2 grades in 4 cases, 3 grades in 1 case.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The follow up time of 9 patients was more than 12 months and the longest was 24 months with an average of 14 months. Muscle strength of 7 patients recovered to 4-5 grades. Recovering time after operation was directly proportional to the degree of injury, those patients with muscle strength level more than 2, usually could have significant improvement within 3 weeks. The JOA score improved from 10.89±1.89 preoperatively to 8.92±1.91 postoperative C₅ nerve root palsy to 14.48±2.10 at final follow up, with significant difference(<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>More complicated factors result in C₅ nerve root injury after ACDF. Except those suffered severe grinding contusion and amputation, most of the patients can get satisfactory prognosis. Strict control of the operation indication, selection of the right surgical segment with accurate manipulation, control of the distraction of intervertebral space and the width of the multilevel anterior cervical corpectomy, are main methods to prevent the complication.</p>

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