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Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(7): e9491, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132532


In the present study, we aimed to compare the detoxifying effects of two fat emulsions containing either long-chain triglyceride or a mixture of medium-chain and long-chain triglycerides in the propafenone-poisoned rat model. Rats were randomly divided into 3 groups according to the fat emulsions used: long-chain triglyceride-based fat emulsion (LL) group; medium-chain and long-chain triglyceride-based fat emulsion (ML) group; normal saline (NS) group. Propafenone was continuously pumped (velocity=70 mg/kg per h) until the mean blood pressure dropped to 50% of basal level. Then, LL/ML fat emulsions or NS was intravenously infused instantly with a loading-dose (1.5 mL/kg) and a maintenance dose (0.25 mL/kg per min) for 1 h. Subsequently, the propafenone was added to plasma (3.5 μg/mL) in vitro, mixed with three doses of LL or ML (1, 2, or 4%). Finally, after centrifugation, the concentration of propafenone was measured. Rats treated with LL exhibited accelerated recovery, characterized by higher blood pressure and heart rate. Rats in both the LL and ML groups demonstrated decreased propafenone in plasma (time-points: 15, 25, and 60 min). However, rats that received LL showed lower propafenone in myocardial tissue at the end of detoxification treatment. Rats in the ML group had the lowest value of pH, the minimum content of HCO3-, and the highest production of lactic acid at the end. In the in vitro experiments, propafenone decreased more dramatically in the LL group compared to the ML group. Long-chain triglyceride fat emulsion had a better effect on treating propafenone poisoning in rats.

Animals , Male , Rats , Poisoning/drug therapy , Triglycerides/administration & dosage , Propafenone/poisoning , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal
Clinics ; 70(2): 120-125, 2/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741425


OBJECTIVES: To explore the microendoscopic discectomy technique and inclusion criteria for the treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation and to supply feasible criteria and technical notes to avoid complications and to increase the therapeutic effect. METHODS: A consecutive series of 25 patients who underwent posterior microendoscopic discectomy for recurrent lumbar disc herniation were included. The inclusion criteria were as follows: no severe pain in the lumbar region, no lumbar instability observed by flexion-extension radiography and no intervertebral discitis or endplate damage observed by magnetic resonance imaging. All patients were diagnosed by clinical manifestations and imaging examinations. RESULTS: Follow-up visits were carried out in all cases. Complications, such as nerve injuries, were not observed. The follow-up outcomes were graded using the MacNab criteria. A grade of excellent was given to 12 patients, good to 12 patients and fair to 1 patient. A grade of excellent or good occurred in 96% of cases. One patient relapsed 3 months after surgery and then underwent lumbar interbody fusion and inner fixation. The numerical rating scale of preoperative leg pain was 7.4± 1.5, whereas it decreased to 2.1±0.8 at 7 days after surgery. The preoperative Oswestry disability index of lumbar function was 57.5±10.0, whereas it was 26.0±8.5 at 7 days after surgery. CONCLUSION: In these cases, microendoscopic discectomy was able to achieve satisfactory clinical results. Furthermore, it has advantages over other methods because of its smaller incision, reduced bleeding and more efficient recovery. .

Humans , Centrifugation/methods , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Transfection/methods , Cell Survival/physiology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , RNA Interference/physiology , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics