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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(4): 639-647, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345247

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A fração de ejeção (FE) tem sido utilizada em análises fenotípicas e na tomada de decisões sobre o tratamento de insuficiência cardíaca (IC). Assim, a FE tornou-se parte fundamental da prática clínica diária. Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar características, preditores e desfechos associados a alterações da FE em pacientes com diferentes tipos de IC grave. Métodos: Foram incluídos neste estudo 626 pacientes com IC grave e classe III-IV da New York Heart Association (NYHA). Os pacientes foram classificados em três grupos de acordo com as alterações da FE, ou seja, FE aumentada (FE-A), definida como aumento da FE ≥10%, FE diminuída (FE-D), definida como diminuição da FE ≥10%, e FE estável (FE-E), definida como alteração da FE <10%. Valores p inferiores a 0,05 foram considerados significativos. Resultados: Dos 377 pacientes com IC grave, 23,3% apresentaram FE-A, 59,5% apresentaram FE-E e 17,2% apresentaram FE-D. Os resultados mostraram ainda 68,2% de insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção reduzida (ICFEr) no grupo FE-A e 64,6% de insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção preservada (ICFEp) no grupo FE-D. Os preditores de FE-A identificados foram faixa etária mais jovem, ausência de diabetes e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE) menor. Já os preditores de FE-D encontrados foram ausência de fibrilação atrial, baixos níveis de ácido úrico e maior FEVE. Em um seguimento mediano de 40 meses, 44,8% dos pacientes foram vítimas de morte por todas as causas. Conclusão: Na IC grave, a ICFEr apresentou maior percentual no grupo FE-A e a ICFEp foi mais comum no grupo FE-D.


Abstract Background: Ejection fraction (EF) has been used in phenotype analyses and to make treatment decisions regarding heart failure (HF). Thus, EF has become a fundamental part of daily clinical practice. Objective: This study aims to investigate the characteristics, predictors, and outcomes associated with EF changes in patients with different types of severe HF. Methods: A total of 626 severe HF patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV were enrolled in this study. The patients were classified into three groups according to EF changes, namely, increased EF (EF-I), defined as an EF increase ≥10%, decreased EF (EF-D), defined as an EF decrease ≥10%, and stable EF (EF-S), defined as an EF change <10%. A p-value lower than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Out of 377 severe HF patients, 23.3% presented EF-I, 59.5% presented EF-S, and 17.2% presented EF-D. The results further showed 68.2% of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) in the EF-I group and 64.6% of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in the EF-D group. The predictors of EF-I included younger age, absence of diabetes, and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The predictors of EF-D were absence of atrial fibrillation, lower uric acid level, and higher LVEF. Within a median follow-up of 40 months, 44.8% of patients suffered from all-cause death. Conclusion: In severe HF, HFrEF presented the highest percentage in the EF-I group, and HFpEF was most common in the EF-D group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Prognosis , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Heart Ventricles
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1564-1567, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904608

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to find out the myopia rate and related ocular biological parameters of grade 1-3 students in Peixian, Xuzhou City, and to establish a cohort observation population, so as to provide baseline reference for control strategies for myopia and reduce the myopia rate.@*Methods@#A total of 1 952 students from two nine year schools in Peixian were selected by stratified cluster sampling in June 2020. Visual examination was administered by trained personnel using uniformly equipped instruments, including uncorrected visual acuity, diopter, intraocular pressure, axial length.@*Results@#The overall myopia rate of students from grade one to grade three in two schools in Peixian was 21.77%, and the myopia rate of girls (23.81%) was significantly higher than that of boys (20.16%). With the growth of age and grade, the myopia rate increased continuously, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=134.10, 144.30, P <0.05). The myopia rate of 6-year-old group was 8.87 %. The axial length of the left and right eyes of the myopic group was significantly higher than that of the non myopic group ( t = 411.95, 366.85, P <0.01), the intraocular pressure and mean corneal curvature of the left eye of the myopic group were higher than those of the nonmyopic group ( t =5.91, 10.22 , P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The baseline survey results show that the myopia rate of grade 1-3 in Peixian of Xuzhou City is low, but myopia has occurred in the 6-year-old group. With the growth of age and grade, the myopia rate continues to rise. So it is urgent to explore effective and feasible myopia prevention and control measures.

3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(6): 1004-1012, Jun., 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131236

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A doença arterial coronariana (DAC) associada à quimioterapia está se tornando um tema emergente na prática clínica. Contudo, o mecanismo subjacente da quimioterapia associada à DAC permanence incerto. Objetivos O estudo investigou a associação entre a quimioterapia e as anomalias anatômicas ateroscleróticas das artérias coronárias dentre pacientes com cancer de pulmão. Métodos Foram incluídos pacientes submetidos à angiografia coronária (AGC), entre 2010 e 2017, com câncer de pulmão prévio. Os fatores de risco associados à DAC e os dados sobre o câncer de pulmão foram avaliados. Avaliamos as anomalias das artérias coronárias de acordo com o escore SYNTAX (SXescore) calculado à AGC. Na análise de regressão logística, o escore SYNTAX foi classificado como alto (SXescoreALTO) se ≥22. Os dados foram analisados através de estatística descritiva e análise de regressão. Resultados Ao todo, 94 pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. O SXescore foi mais alto no grupo com quimioterapia quando comparado com o grupo sem quimioterapia (25,25, IIQ [4,50-30,00] versus 16,50, IIQ [5,00-22,00]; p = 0,0195). A taxa do SXescoreALTO foi maior no grupo com quimioterapia do que no no grupo sem quimioterapia (58,33% versus 25,86; p = 0,0016). Tanto a análise de regressão logística univariada (OR: 4,013; 95% IC:1,655-9,731) quanto a multivariada (OR: 5,868; 95% IC:1,778-19,367) revelaram que a quimioterapia aumentou o risco de uma maior taxa do SXescoreALTO. A análise multivariada de regressão logística Stepwise mostrou que o risco para DAC anatômica mais grave aumenta com a quimioterapia como um todo em 5.323 vezes (95% IC: 2,002-14,152), e com o regime à base de platina em 5,850 vezes (95% IC: 2,027-16,879). Conclusões A quimioterapia está associada com a complexidade e gravidade anatômica da DAC, o que pode explicar, em parte, o maior risco de DAC associada à quimioterapia dentre pacientes com câncer de pulmão. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Chemotherapy-related coronary artery disease (CAD) is becoming an emerging issue in clinic. However, the underlying mechanism of chemotherapy-related CAD remains unclear. Objective The study investigated the association between chemotherapy and atherosclerotic anatomical abnormalities of coronary arteries among lung cancer patients. Methods Patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) between 2010 and 2017, who previously had lung cancer, were examined. Risk factors associated with CAD and information about lung cancer were evaluated. We assessed coronary-artery abnormalities by SYNTAX score (SXscore) based on CAG. In logistic-regression analysis, we defined high SXscore (SXhigh) grade as positive if ≥22. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics and regression analysis. Results A total of 94 patients were included in the study. The SXscore was higher in the chemotherapy group than in the non-chemotherapy group (25.25, IQR [4.50-30.00] vs. 16.50, IQR [ 5.00-22.00], p = 0.0195). The SXhigh rate was greater in the chemotherapy group than in the non-chemotherapy group (58.33% vs. 25.86; p = 0.0016). Both univariate (OR:4.013; 95% CI:1.655-9.731) and multivariate (OR:5.868; 95% CI:1.778-19.367) logistic-regression analysis revealed that chemotherapy increased the risk of greater SXhigh rates. Multivariate stepwise logistic-regression analysis showed the risk of more severe anatomical CAD is increased by chemotherapy as a whole by 5.323 times (95% CI: 2.002-14.152), and by platinum-based regimens by 5.850 times (95% CI: 2.027-16.879). Conclusions Chemotherapy is associated with anatomical complexity and severity of CAD, which might partly account for the higher risk of chemotherapy-related CAD among lung cancer patients. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Disease/chemically induced , Carotid Artery Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Severity of Illness Index , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780375

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To evaluate the spatiotemporal relationship between the root apex of mandibular molars and the inferior alveolar nerve canal (IANC) in adults. @*Methods@#Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images were collected in 236 patients, and the distances from the root apexes of mandibular molars to the IANC were measured in NNT 4.6 software. The relationship between distance and gender was evaluated. @*Results@#In two-rooted mandibular first molars, the distances from the mesial root and distal root to the IANC were 7.34 ± 2.07 mm and 6.69 ± 2.08 mm, respectively, in males and 6.47 ± 2.22 mm and 5.94 ± 2.11 mm in females. In three-rooted mandibular first molars, the distances from the mesial root, distobuccal root, and distolingual to the IANC were 7.29 ± 1.30 mm, 7.40 ± 2.33 mm, and 9.97 ± 2.19 mm, respectively, in males and 6.08 ± 2.57 mm, 6.35 ± 2.40 mm, and 9.01 ± 2.90 mm, respectively, in females. In one-rooted mandibular second molars, the distance from the root to the IANC was 4.09 ± 1.64 mm in males and 3.89 ± 1.76 mm in females. In two-rooted mandibular second molars, the distances from the mesial root and distal root to the IANC were 5.14 ± 2.08 mm and 4.39 ± 1.85 mm, respectively, in males and 3.78 ± 1.69 mm and 3.24 ± 1.72 mm, respectively, in females. There were no significant with in-gender differences between the left and right side in the distances from the root apexes to the IANC (P>0.05). The distances from the mandibular first molar were greater in males than in females. The longest average distance was from the distolingual root apexes of three-rooted mandibular first molars to the IANC, and the distances were longer from the distobuccal root apexes of three-rooted mandibular first molars to the IANC than from the distal root apexes of two-rooted mandibular first molars to the IANC (P<0.05). There was no within-gender difference in the distances from the root apexes of single-rooted mandibular second molars to the IANC (P>0.05), but the distances in two-rooted mandibular second molars were larger in males than in females (P<0.05). The distances from the root apexes to the IANC were smaller in mandibular second molars than in mandibular first molars (P<0.05). @*Conclusion @#There are significant differences between adult males and females in the distance from the root apex to the IANC for mandibular first molars and two-rooted mandibular second molars. The distances from the root apexes to the IANC were smaller in mandibular second molars than in mandibular first molars.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779407

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The objective of this study was to compare the early clinical effects of zirconia all⁃ceramic crowns using two different impression methods. Zirconia ceramic crowns were produced using digital models based on either a silicone rubber impression perfusion model in vitro or a 3D mouth scanner.@*Methods @#A total of 50 patients with a planned restoration of the first permanent molar with zirconia all⁃ceramic crowns after root canal therapy were se⁃ lected and randomly divided into two groups: a digital impression by intraoral 3D scanning group and a digital impres⁃ sion by extraoral scanning after silicone rubber impression group. Zirconia all⁃ceramic crowns were created by CAD/ CAM in both groups. Marginal adaptation, proximal contact, and occlusal contact were compared between groups. @*Results@#There was no significant difference between the two groups in marginal adaptation (P > 0.05). For proximal con⁃ tact and occlusal contact, no significant differences regarding the number of cases for the criteria of level A and level B were found between two groups (P > 0.05), while the misfit value in level B was smaller in the first group than in the second group (P < 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Zirconia all⁃ceramic crowns with intraoral 3D scanning show excellent early clinical performance.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819338

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To evaluate the clinical outcomes of all-ceramic crowns whose oral digital impressions were scanned by 3Shape Trios. @*Methods @#All the impressions were scanned by Trios and all the crowns were fabricated according to the standard procedure. The restoration quality were evaluated using modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria one year after treatment. Restoration integrity、 marginal adaptation、enamel wear、 color satisfaction and gingival index (GI) of the prostheses were evaluated according to the modified USPHS criteria. @*Results@#The clinical 1 year survival rate of 92 porcelain crowns fabricated by 3-shape Trios digital impression and made by CAD/CAM was 100%. The scored A rates of restoration integrity、 marginal adaptation、 enamel wear、 secondary caries、color satisfaction and gingival index of the prostheses were 100%、91.3%、 98%、95.6%、96.7% and 94.7% after 1 year, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The clinical outcomes of all-ceramic crowns whose oral digital impressions were scanned by 3Shape Trios and whose crowns were made by CAD-CAM are satisfying.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819337

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To evaluate the clinical outcomes of all-ceramic crowns whose oral digital impressions were scanned by 3Shape Trios. @*Methods @#All the impressions were scanned by Trios and all the crowns were fabricated according to the standard procedure. The restoration quality were evaluated using modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria one year after treatment. Restoration integrity、 marginal adaptation、enamel wear、 color satisfaction and gingival index (GI) of the prostheses were evaluated according to the modified USPHS criteria. @*Results@#The clinical 1 year survival rate of 92 porcelain crowns fabricated by 3-shape Trios digital impression and made by CAD/CAM was 100%. The scored A rates of restoration integrity、 marginal adaptation、 enamel wear、 secondary caries、color satisfaction and gingival index of the prostheses were 100%、91.3%、 98%、95.6%、96.7% and 94.7% after 1 year, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The clinical outcomes of all-ceramic crowns whose oral digital impressions were scanned by 3Shape Trios and whose crowns were made by CAD-CAM are satisfying.

8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 171-177, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333119

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression changes of three steroidogenic enzymes in the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Thirty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into normal control (NC) group and PCOS group. PCOS rat model was established by DHEA injection. The serum levels of progesterone, estrogen and testosterone were measured by immunoradioassay or enzyme immunoassay. The cellular distributions of 3β-hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSD), 17β-hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase (17β-HSD) and cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450arom) in ovaries were detected by immunohistochemistry. The expression levels of 3β-HSD, 17β-HSD and P450arom were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. The results showed that the serum levels of estrogen and testosterone of PCOS group were significantly higher than those of the NC group. There was no significant difference of serum progesterone level between the PCOS and NC groups. Compared with the NC group, the PCOS group showed increased mRNA and protein expressions of both 3β-HSD and 17β-HSD, as well as reduced P450arom mRNA and protein expressions. These results suggest that 3β-HSD and 17β-HSD, but not P450arom, may participate in the ovarian hormonal regulation in the present rat model of PCOS.


Subject(s)
17-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases , Metabolism , 3-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases , Metabolism , Animals , Aromatase , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Estrogens , Blood , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , Progesterone , Blood , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Testosterone , Blood
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309349

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the protective function and mechanism of notoginsenoside Rb1 against hypoxia hypercapnia-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction (HHPV).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells of healthy male SD rats were primarily cultured and the second to the fifth subcultured cells were incubated with 8, 40, and 100 mg/L notoginsenoside Rb1 respectively under the hypoxia-hypercapnia condition (1% O2 and 6% CO2). The cells were harvested for 24 h. The phosphated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK) protein expression of the cells was detected by Western blot. The mRNA expressions of ERK1 and ERK2 were detected using half quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of p-ERK protein, the mRNA expressions of ERK1 and ERK2 were weakly positive in the control group. Their expressions in the hypoxia-hypercapnia group were obviously enhanced (P < 0.01). After intervention of Rb1 at different concentrations, their expressions were obviously lowered (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. The optimal effects were obtained at the dose of 100 mg/L. The expression of p-ERK protein was significantly positively correlated with mRNA expressions of ERK1 and ERK2 in notoginsenoside Rbl-treated groups (r = 0.500, P < 0.01; r = 0.977, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ERK1/2 pathway might play a role in the rat HHPV. Notoginsenoside Rb, could alleviate HHPV by inhibiting the ERK1/2 pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Hypercapnia , Male , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 , Metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Metabolism , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Metabolism , Pulmonary Artery , Cell Biology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vasoconstriction
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329894

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effects and mechanism of SP600125-specificity inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)on lung ischemia /reperfusion injury in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The unilateral lung ischemia/reperfusion model was replicated in vivo. Rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 10): control group, ischemia/reperfusion group ( I/R group) and ischemia/reperfusion + SP600125 group (SP600125 group). The lung tissues sampled at the end of each experiment were assayed for wet/dry weight ratio (W/D),the injured alveoli rate (IAR), the expression of phosphorylation JNK (p-JNK) and JNK protein were detected by Western blot, the expression of Bcl-2, Bax, Caspase3 protein were detected by immunocytochemistry techniques, the pneumocyte apoptosis index (AI) was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end abeling(TUNEL), the ultrastructure changes were observed under electron microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to I/R group, the expression of p-JNK, Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3 protein were markedly decreased (all P < 0.01), the expression of Bcl-2 protein and the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax were markedly increased in SP600125 group(all P < 0.01). The value of AI, W/D, IAR showed significantly lower than those in I/R group (all P <0.01). Meanwhile, light morphological and ultrastructure injury were found in SP600125 group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SP600125 can suppress JNK signal pathway, up-regulate the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax to inhibit Caspase-3 dependent apoptosis, so that it protects lung tissue from ischemia/reperfusion injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anthracenes , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Lung , Metabolism , Pathology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Pathology , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 135-141, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335931

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) on pneumocyte apoptosis and apoptosis-related protein, as well as c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in lung ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, I/R group and PNS group. The unilateral lung I/R model was replicated by obstruction of left lung hilus for 30 min and reperfusion for 120 min in vivo. The rats in PNS group were given intraperitoneal injection of PNS at 60 min before ischemia and 10 min before reperfusion. Some lung tissues sampled at the end of the experiment were assayed for wet/dry weight ratio (W/T). The expressions of phosphorylated JNK (p-JNK) and JNK protein were detected by Western blot. The expressions of Bcl-2, Bax and Caspase-3 protein were detected by immunocytochemistry techniques. The pneumocyte apoptotic index (AI) was detected by terminal deoxynuleotidy1 transferase mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL). The morphological and ultrastructure changes were observed under light microscope and electron microscope, and the injured alveolus rate (IAR) was counted as well. The results showed that compared to control group, I/R group showed increased expressions of p-JNK, Bcl-2, Bax and Caspase-3 protein (all P < 0.01), decreased ratio of Bcl-2/Bax (P < 0.05), and increased values of AI, W/T and IAR (all P < 0.01). Moreover, light microscope and electron microscope showed serious morphological and ultrastructure injury in I/R group. Compared to I/R group, PNS group showed markedly decreased expressions of p-JNK, Bax and Caspase-3 protein (all P < 0.01), increased expression of Bcl-2 protein and ratio of Bcl-2/Bax (both P < 0.01), and lower values of AI, W/T and IAR (all P < 0.01). Meanwhile, light morphological and ultrastructure injury was found to be alleviated in PNS group. These results suggest that PNS can protect lung tissue from I/R injury, and the mechanism may correlate with suppressing JNK signal pathway, up-regulating the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax which results in inhibition of Caspase-3 dependent apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Epithelial Cells , Animals , Apoptosis , Female , Ischemia , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Lung , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Reperfusion Injury , Saponins , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253465

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the effect of ligustrazine (LGT) and L-arginine(L-Arg)on function of mitochondria in myocardium after myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MI/RI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>50 rabbits were randomly divided into five groups (n=10): Control group(A), MI/R group(B), MI/R + LGT group (C), MI/R+ L-Arg group (D), MI/R+ LGT + L-Arg group (E). The mitochondrial respiratory function, Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]m), malondialdehyde (MDA) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were deter mined. Meanwhile, the contents of ATP and EC in the myocardial tissue were measured, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was found that mitochondrial respiratory control rate (RCR), state 3 (ST3), SOD in C, D, E group were higher than those of B group, state 4 (ST4), [Ca2+]m, MDA were lower than those of B group, ATP and EC levels of myocardial tissue were higher than those in B group; and there were not significant differences between E and A group of above.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LGT and IL-Arg can improve function of mitochondria in myocardium after ischemia/reperfusion injury of myocardium in rabbits by decreasing oxygen free radical level and Ca" overload in the mitochondria.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arginine , Pharmacology , Calcium , Metabolism , Malondialdehyde , Mitochondria, Heart , Metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Pyrazines , Pharmacology , Rabbits , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306751

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the protective effects of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) alone and TMP and L-arginine (TMP-LA) combination on rats with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and to explore its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The rat model of AMI was established by via caudal vein injection of pituitrin. Experimental animal groups of normal, model, TMP treated and TMP-LA (via abdominal cavity and caudal vein respectively) treated groups were established. Expression of P- and E-selectin, serum creatine phosphokinase (CK) and troponin T (TnT), and marrow peroxidase (MPO) concentration in myocardial tissue were determined by immunohistochemical stain.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As compared with the normal group, serum CK and TnT level, and MPO concentration in myocardial tissue were significantly higher in the model group (P < 0.01), with P- and E-selectin significantly up-regulated (P < 0.01). As compared with the model group, the above-mentioned parameters in the TMP or TMP-LA treated group was significantly lower (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combined use of TMP and LA showed obvious synergism in treating AMI, by way of multi-link inhibition on expression of adhesive factors and decrease of leucocyte infiltration.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arginine , Pharmacology , Creatine Kinase , Blood , Drug Synergism , Female , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Drug Therapy , P-Selectin , Blood , Pyrazines , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Troponin T , Blood
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