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1.
J Biosci ; 2020 Feb; : 1-10
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214322

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have demonstrated the cardioprotective role of resveratrol (Res). However, the underlyingmolecular mechanisms involved in the protective role of Res are still largely unknown. H9c2 cells weredistributed into five groups: normal condition (Control), DMSO, 20 mMRes (dissolved with DMSO), hypoxia(Hyp), and Res?Hyp. Cell apoptosis was evaluated using flow cytometry and protein analysis of cleavedcaspase 3 (cle-caspase 3). qRT-PCR assay was performed to measure the expression of microRNA-30d-5p(miR-30d-5p). MTT assay was performed to evaluate the cell proliferation. The relationship between miR-30d5p and silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) was confirmed by luciferase reporter, RNA immunoprecipitation(RIP), and western blot assays. Western blot was performed to analyze NF-jB/p65 and I-jBa expressions. Ourdata showed that hypoxia enhanced apoptosis and NF-jB signaling pathway, which was alleviated by Restreatment. Hypoxia increased the expression of miR-30d-5p while decreased the SIRT1expression, which wasalso attenuated by Res treatment. Furthermore, miR-30d-5p depletion inhibited the proliferation, reducedapoptosis and decreased the expression of cle-caspase 3 in H9c2 cells with hypoxia treatment. Luciferasereporter, RIP, and western blot assays further confirmed that miR-30d-5p negatively regulated the expression ofSIRT1. Interestingly, the rescue-of-function experiments further indicated that knockdown of SIRT1 attenuatedthe effect of miR-30d-5p depletion on proliferation, apoptosis NF-jB signaling pathway inH9c2 cells withhypoxia treatment. In addition, the suppression of NF-jB signaling pathway increased cell viability whiledecreased cell apoptosis in hypoxia-mediatedH9c2 cells. Our data suggested Res mayprotectH9c2 cells againsthypoxia-induced apoptosis through miR-30d-5p/SIRT1/NF-jB axis

2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(12): e10109, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132504

ABSTRACT

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder in humans, and the inflammatory reaction plays an important role in development and onset of psoriasis. 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol (4GMV) is one of the major active chromones isolated from Saposhnikoviae divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk, which has been reported to exhibit excellent anti-inflammatory activities. However, the possible therapeutic effect on psoriasis and underlying mechanism has not been reported. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of 4GMV on the imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis-like lesions in BALB/c mice and the anti-inflammatory effect on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in RAW264.7 macrophages. The results demonstrated that 4GMV decreased IMQ-induced keratinocyte proliferation and inflammatory cell infiltration. Moreover, 4GMV treatment significantly inhibited the production of NO, PEG 2, and cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, interferon (IFN)-γ, and IL-22 in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. 4GMV also suppressed the LPS-upregulated protein expressions of iNOS and COX-2 in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, qRT-PCR analysis showed that 4GMV down-regulated the mRNA level of IL-1β and IL-6 expression. Further studies by western blot indicated that 4GMV inhibited the activation of upstream mediator NF-κB by suppressing the expression of TLR4 and the phosphorylation of IκBα and p65. The phosphorylation of JNK, p38, and ERK were also markedly reversed by 4GMV in LPS-treated RAW264.7 macrophages. Taken together, these results demonstrated that 4GMV showed a protective effect in IMQ-induced psoriasis-like mice and inhibited inflammation through the NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways, indicating that 4GMV might be a potential therapeutic drug for psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Psoriasis/chemically induced , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Dermatitis , Lipopolysaccharides , Cytokines , NF-kappa B , Chromones , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Imiquimod , Glucosides , Inflammation , Mice, Inbred BALB C
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mutation of RUNX1 gene in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and its correlation with other gene mutations and some clinical parameters.@*METHODS@#The mutations of RUNX1, DNMT3A, TET2, IDH1/2, NPM1, FLT3-ITD and C-KIT in 170 patients with MDS were detected by direct and indirect sequencing of genomic DNA-PCR amplification products.@*RESULTS@#The RUNX1 mutation was found in 23 patients (13.5 %, 23/170). Among the 170 patients, other most frequent mutation was TET2 (11.2%, 19/170), followed by mutations in DNMT3A (9.4%, 16/170), NPM1 (8.2%, 14/170), IDH2 (4.1%, 7/170)、FLT3-ITD (2.9%, 5/170), IDH1 (1.7%, 3/170) and c-KIT (0.58%, 1/170). The most common coexisting mutations were TET2 (5/23). The RUNX1-mutated group showed significantly higher leukocyte levels, higher percentages of blast cells, higher incidences of leukemia transformation and lower platelet counts in comparison with RUNX1 non-mutation group (P<0.05). whereas there were no statistically significant difference in age, MDS subtype, karyotype and hemoglobin level between 2 groups (P>0.05). Seventeen patients harboring RUNX1 mutations were followed up and almost 47.05% (8/17) of the patients progressed into acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The rates of transformation into AML in ASXL1-mutation group was significantly higher than that in ASXLL- non-mutation group (47.05% vs 11.7%) (P=0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of RUNX1 mutation is high in MDS patients. The RUNX1-mutated patients have higher leukocyte level, higher percentages of blast cells, higher incidences of leukemia transformation and lower platelet count.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1826-1830, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879978

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effects of Olaparib on natural killer cell activating receptor (NKG2D) ligands expression on human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell line HL-60, and to explore the molecular mechanism of Olaparib on HL-60 cells.@*METHODS@#After HL-60 cells in logarithmic growth phase were treated with Olaparib at different concentrations for different times (24, 48 h), the expression of NKG2D ligand on the surface of HL-60 cells was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to dectect the expression of ERK expression in HL-60 cells. The killing effect of NK cells to HL-60 cells was detected by CFSE/PI method.@*RESULTS@#10 μmol/L Olaparib could upregulate the expression of NKG2D ligand on the surface of HL-60 cell at 24 and 48 hours, while 5 μmol/L Olaparib could induce up-regulation of the expression of ULBP-2 and ULBP-3 at 48 hours. Western blot analysis showed that ERK phosphorylation of HL-60 cells was enhanced after treating with Olaparib. The killing effect of NK cells to HL-60 cells could be enhanced by Olaparib, however, ERK inhibitor could suppress the killing effect of NK cells to HL-60 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Olaparib can upregulate NKG2D ligands expression on the surface of HL-60 cells and enhance the cytotoxicity of NK cell to HL-60 cells. The mechanism may be related to Olaparib promoting ERK phosphorylation expression.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , HL-60 Cells , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I , Humans , Ligands , NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily K , Phthalazines , Piperazines , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1796-1803, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879974

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanisms of anti-apoptosis and immune evasion in drug-resistant leukemia cells mediated by STAT3, further to explore the possible mechanism of leukemia relapse caused by minimal residual.@*METHODS@#Drug-resistance leukemia cell line was established by transfecting pcDNA3.1-STAT3 into K562 cells (K562/STAT3). The expression of STAT3, BAX and NKG2D ligands (MICA and ULBP1) in K562/-cells, K562/STAT3 were detected by Western blot and/or RQ-PCR. Cells apoptosis and the killing effect of NK cells on leukemia cells were detected by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The expression of the total STAT3, STAT3 phosphorylation in K562/STAT3 was significantly increased, and P-gp mRNA expression was increased also significantly (P<0.005). In K562/STAT3 cells, the expression of pro-apoptotic BAX (P=0.005) was significantly lower, and the number of apoptotic cells (P=0.002) induced by adriamycin was significantly decreased as compared with those in K562/- cells. After K562/STAT3 cells were treated by STAT3 inhibitor (SH-4-54), the expression of BAX mRNA (P=0.017) was significantly higher and the number of apoptotic cells (P=0.005) was significantly increased. The MICA and ULBP1 mRNA expression in K562/STAT3 cells was significantly lower than that in K562/- cells, and also for MICA and ULBP1 protein (MICA and ULPB1 mRNA: P<0.0001, MICA protein: P=0.001, ULPB1 protein: P=0.022). After K562/STAT3 cells were treated with STAT3 inhibitor (SH-4-54), the expression of MICA mRNA and protein was increased (mRNA: P=0.001, protein: P=0.002), but ULBP1 mRNA and protein showed no significantly change (mRNA: P=0.137, protein: P=0.1905). The cytotoxicity of NK cells to K562/STAT3 cells was susceptible as compared with K562/- (P=0.002), but the cytotoxicity of K562/STAT3 cells to NK cell could be recovered by STAT3 inhibitor (P=0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#STAT3 phosphorylation can inhibits cell apoptosis and promotes cell immune escape. STAT3 inhibitors can promote the apoptosis of leukemia cells and increase their sensitivity to NK cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Humans , Immune Evasion , K562 Cells , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukemia , Pharmaceutical Preparations , STAT3 Transcription Factor
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829940

ABSTRACT

@#Dental caries detector is a kind of diagnostic tool specifically designed for dental professionals to detect and monitor the early occurrence and development of dental caries. They are widely used in the clinic because of their advantages of rapid detection, flexible applications, ease of carrying, intuitive detection results and lack of pain for the patient. However, due to the different types and principles of the instruments produced by various instrument manufacturers, the clinical application range, sensitivity and specificity of test results also show significant differences. In terms of the current clinical application effects, although the DIAGNOdent caries detector has the widest range of clinical use, the accuracy of its detection results needs to be improved because it is affected by factors such as pigments and dental materials. The Canary System caries detector can effectively avoid the interference of the above factors, but its classification of the degree of caries is not clear. The DIAGNOcam caries detector can effectively detect early caries, but it has low reliability for occlusal caries detection. The existing dental caries detectors on the market can be used only as clinical auxiliary tools, and the accuracy of the detection results and comprehensiveness of the detection range need further improvement. With the application of the new multispectral near-infrared scanning fiber endoscope (NIR-SFE) and high-frequency ultrasound imaging (HFUS) in the detection of dental caries, a more efficient and accurate diagnosis of dental caries is possible in the future. To this end, we still need to continue exploring new technology to help clinicians complete the early diagnosis and treatment of dental caries to improve the quality of life of their patients.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1440-1448, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the coexisting mutations in IDH-mutated acute myeloid leukemia(AML) and its relation with partial clinical parametrs.@*METHODS@#The exon 4 mutation of IDH1/2 gene was screened by using genome DNA-PCR combined with sanger sequencing, 51 targeted gene mutations in the patients with IDH1/2 mutation were detected by using high throughput DNA sequencing combined with sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Among 358 patients, the IDH1/2 mutation was found in 46 cases including IDH1 mutation in 35 cases and IDH2 mutation in 11 cases, 97.87%(45/46) patients with IDH1/2 mutation simultaneously carried other gene mutations including 8(17.8%) cases with mutation of double gene, 17(37.8%) cases with mutation of 3 genes and 20(44.4%) cases with mutation of ≥ 4 genes. The mutation frequency of each patient averaged 3.52 times. In mutation of accompanied genes, the common genes were NPM1(n=29, 63.0%), next DNMT3A(n=25, 54.3%), FLT3-ITD(n=7, 15.2%), TET2(n=5, 10.9%) and NRAS(n=5, 10.9%). The average WBC level of patients with NPM1 mutation in IDH1 mutation group was higher than that of patients in wild type group(P<0.05). The complete remission (CR) rate of patients with DNMT3A mutation was significant lower than that of patients with wild type (30% vs 80%, P<0.01). The presence of ≥ 4 mutations was found to be significantly associated with higher white blood level than that in the patients with double mutations(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#More than 95% AML patients with IDH1/2 mutation commonly show additional mutations. The number and the type of IDH coexisting mutations have certain effect on the clinical features and CR rate.


Subject(s)
Exons , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Mutation , Prognosis , Remission Induction
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798342

ABSTRACT

@#近年来,免疫治疗在肿瘤治疗中取得了突破性的进展,为晚期肿瘤患者带来生存获益。在免疫治疗的应用中,部分患 者可以获得显著的疗效,仍有部分患者在疾病缓解的一段时间后出现疾病进展,提示存在免疫耐药。本文主要从原发性耐药及 获得性耐药两方面对肿瘤免疫治疗的耐药机制进行综述,同时分析了目前应用较为广泛的两种免疫治疗方法:免疫检查点抑制 剂及CAR-T细胞治疗,为克服耐药取得更好疗效提供参考。

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793305

ABSTRACT

@#表皮生长因子受体(EGFR)突变型非小细胞肺癌(NSCLC)容易出现脑转移,EGFR酪氨酸激酶抑制剂(TKI)(EGFRTKI)则为此类患者的治疗带来极大获益。但第一、二代靶向药物脑穿透力弱和最终获得性耐药,导致颅内疾病进展,是脑转移治 疗的主要挑战。近年来,随着第三代EGFR-TKI、免疫检查点抑制剂(ICB)的深入研发,EGFR突变型NSCLC脑转移的治疗发生 了极大变化。本文将回顾脑转移的靶向治疗及免疫治疗方面取得的进展,并对目前存在的问题及未来发展方向进行探讨。

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816044

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of decitabine combined with arsenious acid in the treatment of patients with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes(MDS) and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia(CMML). METHODS: Totally 39 patients with MDS and 8 patients with CMML received the treatment of decitabine and arsenious acid from April 2016 to December 2018. Decitabine [20 mg/(m~2·d)] and arsenious acid [0.15 mg/(m~2·d)] were administered intravenously for 5 consecutive days every 4-6 weeks. Patients who achieved complete or partial remission entered into the consolidation cycle. Efficacy and influencing factor were analyzed. RESULTS: Clinical response were observed in 31 patients after a median of 2 courses(ranging 1-12) of treatment. The overall response rate(ORR) was 66.0%. The median duration of response was 16 weeks(ranging 2-52 weeks). There were 8 cases(17.0%) of complete remission(CR), 10 cases(21.3%) of partial remission(PR),12 cases(25.5%) of hematological improvement(HI), 1 case(2.1%) of marrow complete remission(mCR), 8 cases(17.0%) of stable disease(SD), and 1 case(2.1%) of progressive disease(PD). By next generation sequencing, 25 genes mutated with 70 times in 33 cases. The mutation frequency of epigenetic regulators(57.6%) was higher than splicing factors(33.5%), transcription factors and kinase signaling(54.5%),and TP53(21.2%)(P<0.01). There was no significant difference in response rates among these patients(47.4%, 54.5%, 50.0% and85.7%, P=0.977). Gene mutation frequency(VAF) of patients who responded to the regimen declined significantly(16.67% vs. 10.26%,P=0.014). CONCLUSION: Decitabine combined with arsenious acid has significant effect in the treatment of patients with higher-risk MDS and CMML and is well-tolerated. Gene mutation test results by next generation sequencing might be related to clinical response.

11.
Journal of Xinxiang Medical College ; (12): 122-124,128, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699483

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effect between proximal femoral anatomic locking plate (ALP) and proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) in the treatment of elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture.Methods A total of 89 elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture were selected from January 2014 to May 2017 in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University.The patients were divided into ALP group (n =43) and PFNA group (n =46) according to the internal fixation,the patients in ALP group were treated with ALP,and the patients in PFNA group were treated with PFNA.The effect was compared between the two groups.Results The incision length,operation time and hospitalization time in the PFNA group were significantly shorter than those in the ALP group(P < 0.05),and the intraoperative blood loss and postoperative drainage volume in PFNA group were significantly less than those in ALP group (P < 0.05).The fineness rate in PFNA group and ALP group was 86.96% (40/46) and 67.44% (29/43) respectively,and the fineness rate in PFNA group was significantly higher than that in ALP group (x2 =4.858,P <0.05).The incidence of complications in PFNA group and ALP group was 6.52% (3/46) and 20.93% (9/43) respectively,and the incidence of complications in PFNA group was significantly lower than that in ALP group (x2 =3.955,P < 0.05).Conclusion The effect of PFNA and ALP in the treatment of elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures was affirmatory.Compared with ALP,PFNA internal fixation has the advantages of less surgical trauma,short operation time,less intraoperative bleeding,quick postoperative recovery and fewer complications.

12.
Clinics ; 72(2): 111-115, Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the expression levels of serum miRNAs in diabetic retinopathy and type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Serum miRNA expression profiles from diabetic retinopathy cases (type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with diabetic retinopathy) and type 2 diabetes mellitus controls (type 2 diabetes mellitus patients without diabetic retinopathy) were examined by miRNA-specific microarray analysis. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to validate the significantly differentially expressed serum miRNAs from the microarray analysis of 45 diabetic retinopathy cases and 45 age-, sex-, body mass index- and duration-of-diabetes-matched type 2 diabetes mellitus controls. The relative changes in serum miRNA expression levels were analyzed using the 2-ΔΔCt method. RESULTS: A total of 5 diabetic retinopathy cases and 5 type 2 diabetes mellitus controls were included in the miRNA-specific microarray analysis. The serum levels of miR-3939 and miR-1910-3p differed significantly between the two groups in the screening stage; however, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction did not reveal significant differences in miRNA expression for 45 diabetic retinopathy cases and their matched type 2 diabetes mellitus controls. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that miR-3939 and miR-1910-3p may not play important roles in the development of diabetic retinopathy; however, studies with a larger sample size are needed to confirm our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Diabetic Retinopathy/genetics , MicroRNAs/blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Diabetic Retinopathy/blood , Gene Expression Profiling , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1738-1743, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278751

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the coexistence of ASXL1 and CALR gene mutations in patients with essential thrombocytheima (ET) and with primary myelofibrosis(PMF), and to compare the differences of clinical characteristics between ET and PMF patients carrying ASXL1 and CALR mutations, and ET and PMF patients carrying solitary gene mutation, and ET and PMF patients without any mutations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mutations of ASXL1 gene at exon 12, CALR gene at exon 9 and MPL gene at exon 10 in 263 essential ET patients and 29 PMF patients were detected by PCR amplification followed by direct sequencing of genomic DNA. The JAK2V617F mutations were used by allele specific PCR detection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>72.6%(212/292)of patients harbored at least one mutation. The incidences of ASXL1 and CALR mutations were 5.8% and 30.5%, respectively. The frequencies of JAK2V617F and MPL mutations were 39.0% and 2.4%, respectively. 5.1%(15/292) of patients had double mutations, including ASXL1 and CALR(n=11), ASXL1 and JAK2V617F(n=2), MPL and CALR(n=1) and ASXL1 and MPL(n=1). The frequency of concurrent ASXL1 and CALR mutations was found to be high. Significant difference was found on hemoglobin levels and platelet counts between CALR and ASXL1 mutations and single mutation (P<0.05),however, the difference on leukocyte counts and median age was not found. Compared with negative patients, the presence of ASXL1 and CALR mutations was found to be significantly correlative with lower hemoglobin level (P=0.045), lower leukocyte count (P=0.002) and with higher platelet counts(P=0.001), but the difference of median age was not found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The frequency of concurrent ASXL1 and CALR mutations is higher in ET patients. The coexistence of ASXL1 and CALR gene mutations significantly associated with lower hemoglobin level and higher platelet count.</p>

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2193-2196, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669424

ABSTRACT

·AIMS:To investigate the etiological factors and various effects of severe vitreous hemorrhage ( VH ) in Northern China.·METHODS:Files on patients presenting with VH treated with vitrectomy between January 2011 and January 2014 were retrieved from medical records.·RESULTS:A total of 1335 eyes of 1275 patients ( 735 males, 540 females) presenting with VH were included in this study. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy ( PDR ) , retinal vein occlusion ( RVO) , either retinal detachment or retinal hole (RD/RH), ocular trauma, Eales disease, and either age- related macular degeneration or polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy ( AMD/PCV ) constituted the etiology of VH in more than 90% of the patients. The most common causes of VH were ocular trauma ( 40%) , PDR (19. 5%), and Eales disease (19. 1%) in the youth group, PDR (34. 4%), RVO (30. 8%), and RD/RH (12. 2%) in the middle-aged group, and RVO ( 35. 7%) , PDR ( 26. 6%) , RD/RH (14. 6%), and AMD/PCV (8%) in the elder group.· CONCLUSION: PDR, RVO, and ocular trauma are usually the main causes of VH. Within each group, the most common causes of VH were ocular trauma and Eales disease in the youth group, PDR, RVO, and RD/RH in the middle-aged group, and RVO, PDR, RD/RH, and AMD/PCV in the elder group. In addition, we found that males with ocular trauma are at high risk for VH, PDR and Eales disease often present bilateral VHs, and PDR and RVO have a high risk of recurrence.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327208

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the efficacy and safety of the Chinese medicine (CM) Compound Zhuye Shigao Granule (, CZSG) on acute radiation-induced esophagitis (ARIE) in cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In a blinded, randomized, Kangfuxin Solution (, KFX)-controlled, single-centre clinical trial, 120 patients with lung, esophagus or mediastinal cancer were prospectively enrolled and assigned to the treatment group (60 cases) and control group (60 cases) by the random number table method. All patients received concurrent or sequential radiotherapy (2 Gy per day, 5 times per week, for 4 weeks) and were treated for 4 weeks since the radiation therapy. Patients in the treatment group were given 12 mg CZSG orally, thrice daily, while patients in the control group were given 10 mL KFX orally, thrice daily. The major indicators were observed, including the incidence and grade of esophagitis, time of occurrence and duration. Minor indicators were changes of CM symptoms, weight and Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) Scale during 4 weeks from the beginning, recorded once a week. Blood routine examination and hepatorenal function were detected at the 2nd and 4th weeks.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence and grade of ARIE were significantly decreased in the treatment group compared with the control group (P<0.05). CZSG appeared to significantly delay the time of ARIE occurrence and reduce the duration compared with KFX (P<0.05). The scores of CM symptoms, KPS and weight were improved significantly in the treatment group compared with the control group (P<0.05). There were no blood routine and hepatorenal function abnormal or obvious side-effects in both groups. Hemoglobin was improved and neutrophil and interleukin 6 were decreased in both groups after 4-week treatment compared with before treatment (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CZSG can decrease the incidence and grade of ARIE, delay the time of occurrence, reduce duration and alleviate the damage of ARIE. It is safe and effective in the prevention and cure of ARIE.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Aged , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Esophagitis , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Middle Aged , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Radiotherapy , Radiation Injuries , Drug Therapy , Radiotherapy Dosage , Treatment Outcome
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(3): 176-182, Mar. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777094

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To investigate the potential effects of pretreatment with allopurinol on renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) in a rat model. METHODS: Twenty four rats were subjected to right kidney uninephrectomy were randomly distributed into the following three groups (n=8): Group A (sham-operated group); Group B (ischemic group) with 30 min of renal ischemia after surgery; and Group C (allopurinol + ischemia group) pretreated with allopurinol at 50 mg/kg for 14 days. At 72 h after renal reperfusion, the kidney was harvested to assess inflammation and apoptosis. RESULTS: Pretreatment with allopurinol significantly improved renal functional and histological grade scores following I/R injury (p<0.05). Compared with Group B, the expression levels of caspase-3 and Bax were markedly reduced in Group C, meanwhile, whereas expression of bcl-2 was clearly increased (p<0.05). A newly described marker of inflammation, High Mobility Group Box 1(HMGB1), showed reduced expression in Group C (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Pretreatment with allopurinol had a protective effect on kidney ischemia/reperfusion injury, which might be related to the inhibition of HMGB1 expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Allopurinol/pharmacology , Ischemic Preconditioning/methods , Protective Agents/pharmacology , HMGB1 Protein/drug effects , Kidney/blood supply , Superoxide Dismutase/drug effects , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Apoptosis/drug effects , Peroxidase/metabolism , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Inflammation/metabolism , Kidney/pathology
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 33(2): 764-776, jun. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755541

ABSTRACT

Six abomasums of yaks (Bosgrunniens) were studied with gross dissection and histological methods. It was found that the mucosa of the yak abomasum was covered with simple columnar epithelium. There were lots of spiral folds (10) in the fundic glandular area. The developed membrane of lamina propria was occupied by high density glands. According to the morphological characteristics of the glands, the abomasum was divided into the cardiac, gastric and pyloric glands. Cardiac glands were curved tubular glands with the intumescent bottom and small glandular cavity. Fundic glands were simple tubular glands or branched tubular glands, where the chief, parietal and mucous neck cells can be observed clearly. Pyloric glands were curled tubular glands, the closer to the deep of the lamina propria, the more obvious the glands curl. Staining of glycoconjugate revealed that the mucosal epithelium of the cardiac gastric and pyloric glands and gastric pits epithelium mainly secreted neutral glycoconjugate, but other portions of cardiac and gastric glands secreted mixed and acid glycoconjugate respectively. By Gordon-Sweet's reticular fiber staining, it was found that the mucous neck cells possessed the characteristic of argyrophilic phenomenon. There was a large number of argyrophilic granules in the supranuclear cytoplasm in contrast with the chief cells. Furthermore, there were isolated lymphoid nodules and diffuse lymphoid tissue in the abomasum glands, especially in corpus abomasi. Grimelius silver staining showed that the argyrophil cells were located in the glandular epithelium and lamina propria of glands, which can also be observed in connective tissue. These endocrine cells dispersed individually in epithelial cells, occasionally in 3­5 cell groups. Therefore, the yaks were grazed throughout the year on diverse natural grassland and had evolved morphological characteristics of the abomasum enabling them to consume a wide variety of plant species, thereby better adapting them to harsh plateau environment.


Seis abomaso yak (Bosgrunniens) fueron estudiados con disección y métodos histológicos. Se encontró que la mucosa del abomaso yak estaba cubierta de epitelio columnar simple. Se observaron pliegues en espiral (10) en la zona glandular fúndica. La membrana desarrollada de la lámina propia contenía glándulas de alta densidad. De acuerdo con las características morfológicas de las glándulas, el abomaso se dividió en las glándulas cardíacas, gástricas y pilórica. Las glándulas cardíacas se curvan en glándulas tubulares con la parte inferior intumescente y una pequeña cavidad glandular. Las glándulas fúndicas eran glándulas tubulares simples o glándulas tubulares ramificadas, donde se pueden observar con claridad las células principales, parietales y mucosas del cuello. Las glándulas pilóricas fueron glándulas tubulares curvadas, cuanto más cercanas a la lámina propia, más evidente fue su forma ondulada. La tinción glucoconjugada reveló que el epitelio de la mucosa de las glándulas gástricas cardiacas, pilóricas y el epitelio de las fosas gástricas secretaron principalmente un glucoconjugado neutro, pero otras porciones cárdicas y de las glándulas gástricas secretaron un glucoconjugado mixto y ácido, respectivamente. A la tinción de fibras reticulares, se encontró que las células mucosas del cuello poseían características argirófilas. Se observó un gran número de gránulos en el citoplasma supranuclear en contraste con las células principales. Además, no fueron aislados los nódulos linfoides y presentaba tejido linfoide difuso en las glándulas de abomaso, especialmente en el cuerpo del abomaso. La tinción Gordon Sweet indicó que las células argirofílicas se localizaron en el epitelio y lámina propia glandular, lo que también se observó en el tejido conectivo. Estas células endocrinas se dispersan individualmente en las células epiteliales, de vez en cuando en grupos celulares de 3-5. De esta forma, los yak pastorean durante todo el año, en diversos pastizales naturales, y han evolucionado sus características morfológicas que les permiten consumir una amplia variedad de especies de plantas, con lo que se adaptan mejor a las condiciones inhóspitas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Abomasum/anatomy & histology , Cattle/anatomy & histology , Adaptation, Physiological , Abomasum/ultrastructure
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330205

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of shikonin on the proliferation of human keratinocytes induced by IL-17 and secretion of chemokines, in order to discuss the mechanism of Shikonin in the treatment of psoriasis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>In vitro cultured HaCaT cells were stimulated by IL-17A (200 μg x L(-1)) and mixed with different concentrations (2, 1 mg x L(-1)) of shikonin for 24 hours. The cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 assay. Cell secretion inflammatory factor interleukin-23 (IL-23) was detected by ELISA. The expressions of intracellular chemokines CXCL1, CXCL2, CCL20 and 6-defensin 4 (DEFB4) were detected by Real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Shikonin (2,1 mg x L(-1)) could distinctly inhibit HaCaT cell proliferation induced by IL-17A, with statistical difference (P < 0.01). Each shikonin group showed decreases in the secretion of IL-23 and inhibition in expressions of intracellular CXCL1, CXCL2, CCL20 and DEFB4.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Shikonin could inhibit HaCaT cells proliferation induced by IL-17 and secretion of relevant cytokines and recruit leukocytes by inhibiting chemokines, so as to show the effect in treating psoriasis.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Chemokines , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , Interleukin-17 , Genetics , Metabolism , Keratinocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Naphthoquinones , Pharmacology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21889

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dendritic cells (DCs) are a significant contributor to the pathology of numerous chronic inflammatory autoimmune disorders; however, the effects of Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) on intestinal DCs are poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the role of CRF in alterations of intestinal dendritic cell phenotype and function. METHODS: Mouse mesenteric lymph node dendritic cells (MLNDCs) were obtained using magnetic bead sorting. Surface expression of CRF receptor type 1 (CRF-R1) and CRF-R2 was determined by double-labeling immunofluorescence and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and MLNDCs were subsequently exposed to CRF in the presence or absence of CRF-R1 and CRF-R2 antagonists. Expression of surface molecules (MHC-I and MHC-II) and co-stimulatory molecules (CD80 and CD86) was determined by flow cytometric and western blot analyses, and the T cell stimulatory capacity of MLNDCs was evaluated by mixed lymphocyte reaction. RESULTS: Immunofluorescent staining and quatitative polymerase chain reaction indicated that both the CRF receptors (CRF-R1 and CRF-2) are expressed on the surface of MLNDCs. Exposure to CRF increased the expression of MHC-II on MLNDCs as well as their capacity to stimulate T cell proliferation. MLNDCs treated with CRF-R1 antagonist exhibited a phenotype characterized by a less activated state and reduced surface expression of MHC-II, and consequently showed reduced capacity to stimulate T cells. In contrast, treatment of MLNDCs with CRF-R2 antagonist yielded an opposite result. CONCLUSIONS: CRF can alter the phenotype and function of intestinal DCs through direct action on CRF-R1 and CRF-R2, and activation of the CRF-R1 and CRF-R2 pathways yields opposing outcomes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation , Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone , Dendritic Cells , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunity, Cellular , Lymph Nodes , Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed , Mice , Pathology , Phenotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone , T-Lymphocytes
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 32(3): 871-881, Sept. 2014. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728281

ABSTRACT

Six forestomachs of yaks (Bos grunniens) were studied with gross dissection and histological methods. It was found that the forestomach of yak consisted of the following three parts, rumen, reticulum and omasum, which were composed of the mucosa, submucosa, muscularis and serosa. In addition, the mucosal epithelium was covered with stratified squamous epithelium, with part of keratinized the shallow cells. Rumen, the mucosa of which formed ligulate papillae varying in size and shape, was no muscularis mucosa. Reticulum, consisted of a surface epithelium that invaginated to various extent into the lamina propria, formed various folds in shape, namely, grid-like small rooms. Furthermore, there are many secondary folds densely covered with keratinized papillae. The most striking feature of the omasum was to be formed the laminae omasi varying in length, with short and rough papillae distributing on both sides. Taken together, there was no glands within the mucosa and lamina propria of forestomach of yak, where diffuse lymphoid tissues can be observed clearly. It is, therefore, believed that the yak forestomach may have evolved those specific structural characteristics in response to the unique living environment and dietary habits impose on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.


Seis preestómagos de yaks (Bos grunniens) fueron estudiados mediante disección macroscópica y métodos histológicos. Se encontró que el preestómago del yak constaba de tres partes: rumen, retículo y omaso, compuestas de mucosa, submucosa, muscular y serosa. Además, el epitelio de la mucosa se conformó con epitelio escamoso estratificado, con parte de células cornificadas superficiales. En el rumen, la mucosa formó papilas linguladas que variaron en tamaño y forma. El retículo, consistió en una superficie epitelial que se invaginó en distinta medida en la lámina propia, conformando varias formas de pliegues, es decir, cuadrículas como pequeños cubículos. Además, existían muchos pliegues secundarios densamente cubiertos con papilas cornificadas. La característica más llamativa del omaso, fue formar láminas que variaron en longitud, con papilas cortas y ásperas distribuidas en ambos lados. Tomados en conjunto, no hubo glándulas dentro de la mucosa y la lámina propia del preestómago del yak, donde los tejidos linfoides difusos se pueden observar claramente. Por lo tanto, creemos que esas características estructurales específicas del preestómago del yak pudieron haber evolucionado en respuesta a las condiciones de vida únicas y hábitos dietéticos que se presentan en la meseta de Qinghai-Tíbet.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Omasum/anatomy & histology , Reticulum/anatomy & histology , Rumen/anatomy & histology , Cattle/anatomy & histology , Stomach, Ruminant/anatomy & histology , Tibet
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