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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 837-839, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376760

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Dynamic stretching is a particular form of training. Currently, there is little research in academia about dynamic stretching in sports dancing. Objective Explore the role of functional dynamic stretching training in dance sports. Methods 60 sports dancers with a history of ankle injuries were randomly divided into a control and experimental group. All performed a training protocol twice a week, lasting 45 minutes, for eight weeks. A functional dynamic stretching training session was added to the control group. The effects were evaluated by the Cumberland scale, bilateral stability comparison, and balance control by the Perkin system. Data were statistically treated for analysis. Results There was no significant difference between the scores of healthy ankle joints and injured ankle joints in the two groups (P>0.05). After eight weeks of functional dynamic stretching training, there was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups on injured ankle joints (P<0.05). Conclusion Dynamic stretching training can effectively improve ankle joint stability in sports dancers. Concomitantly, this method effectively prevents injuries to the athlete's ankle joint. Evidence level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução O alongamento dinâmico é uma forma especial de treinamento. Atualmente, existem poucas pesquisas no meio acadêmico sobre alongamento dinâmico na dança esportiva. Objetivo Explorar o papel do treino funcional de alongamento dinâmico na dança esportiva. Métodos 60 bailarinos esportivos com histórico de lesões no tornozelo foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupo controle e experimental. Todos realizaram um protocolo de treinamento duas vezes por semana, com duração de 45 minutos, por 8 semanas. Ao grupo controle foi adicionado um treino de alongamento dinâmico funcional. Os efeitos foram avaliados pela escala de Cumberland, comparação de estabilidade bilateral e controle de equilíbrio pelo sistema de Perkin. Os dados foram tratados estatisticamente para análise. Resultados Antes do experimento, não houve diferença significativa entre os escores das articulações do tornozelo saudáveis e das articulações do tornozelo lesionadas nos dois grupos (P>0,05). Após 8 semanas de treinamento funcional de alongamento dinâmico, houve diferença significativa entre o grupo experimental e o grupo controle nas articulações do tornozelo lesionadas (P<0,05). Conclusão O treinamento de alongamento dinâmico pode efetivamente melhorar a estabilidade da articulação do tornozelo nos bailarinos esportivos. Concomitantemente, esse método previne efetivamente a ocorrência de lesões na articulação do tornozelo do atleta. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação de resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción El estiramiento dinámico es una forma especial de entrenamiento. Actualmente, existen pocas investigaciones en el ámbito académico sobre los estiramientos dinámicos en el baile deportivo. Objetivo Explorar el papel del entrenamiento funcional de estiramiento dinámico en el baile deportivo. Métodos 60 bailarines deportivos con antecedentes de lesiones de tobillo fueron divididos aleatoriamente en un grupo de control y otro experimental. Todos realizaron un protocolo de entrenamiento dos veces por semana, de 45 minutos, durante 8 semanas. Al grupo de control se le añadió un entrenamiento de estiramiento dinámico funcional. Los efectos fueron evaluados por la escala Cumberland, la comparación de la estabilidad bilateral y el control del equilibrio por el sistema Perkin. Los datos fueron tratados estadísticamente para su análisis. Resultados Antes del experimento, no había diferencias significativas entre las puntuaciones de las articulaciones del tobillo sano y las articulaciones del tobillo lesionado en los dos grupos (P>0,05). Después de 8 semanas de entrenamiento funcional de estiramiento dinámico, hubo una diferencia significativa entre el grupo experimental y el grupo de control en las articulaciones del tobillo lesionadas (P<0,05). Conclusión El entrenamiento de estiramiento dinámico puede mejorar eficazmente la estabilidad de la articulación del tobillo en los bailarines deportivos. Al mismo tiempo, este método previene eficazmente la aparición de lesiones en la articulación del tobillo del deportista. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 437-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923147

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of proprioception combined with core stability training on the static balance ability and dynamic balance ability of college students, and to provide an experimental basis for studying body balance ability and preventing sports injuries.@*Methods@#In August 2019, 112 non sports students from Shandong Institute of Physical Education were recruited, and 52 subjects were selected as the intervention group and 60 as the control group by random number table method. The intervention group was given proprioceptive training combined with core stability training, while the control group was given core stability training. The static and dynamic balance abilities of the two groups of subjects before and after training were compared.@*Results@#The static balance ability of the intervention group was higher than that before the intervention ( F =2.17, P <0.05) at the 5th and 11th weeks, which were 18.31% and 47.37% higher, respectively. The ability to stand on one foot with eyes closed at the 11th week in the intervention group was higher than that in the control group at the 11th week( t =2.25, P <0.05). After training, the equilibrioception of the intervention group was improved, increasingly improved in the 11th week. And compared with that in intervention group in the 5th and 11th week, the ability was also higher than the balance ability of the intervention group before the intervention( F =2.37, P <0.01), 12.01% and 12.99% higher, respectively.@*Conclusion@#Proprioception and core stability training can effectively improve the static and dynamic balance ability of college students, and the training effect of proprioceptive training combined with core stability training is better than that of core stability training.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 964-968, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886298

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Physical health of contemporary children and adolescents decreasing due to physical inactivity. After review of the implementation of physical activity promotion among children and adolescents at home, this paper analyzes the possible reasons of physical activities neglected, constrained and occupied by the family, school and community, and proposes an integrated supportive environment for physical activities among "family school community", so as to promote physical activity among children and adolescents and improve their physical health accordingly.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 100-105, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862605

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the development status and sensitive periods of Han and Mongolian students physical fitness development in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, to provide a basis for further research on the growth and development of young students and the selection of athletes.@*Methods@#In 2014, 15 370 Han and Mongolian students from the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, ranging in age from 7 to 18 years old, participated in this study. Data on six physical fitness indices, namely grip strength, 50 meters, standing long jump, 800 meters or 1 000 meters, pull-ups/sit-ups in succession, and sit-and-reach were collected. Furthermore, using the average annual growth rate and the standard deviation of half annual growth rate, critical values and the ages at which sensitive periods occur were calculated to examine the differences in the development of various physical qualities between the two ethnic groups.@*Results@#The students showed different growth rates of various indicators at different ages. A sensitive period for strength occurred in Han and Mongolian boys aged 13-15 years old and 12-15 years old, respectively. Sensitive periods for speed occurred in Han and Mongolian boys aged 8-10, 13, and 15 years and 8, 10, and 13-15 years, respectively. Sensitive periods for endurance occurred in Mongolian girls aged 8, 14, and 18 years. Sensitive periods for flexibility occurred in Han girls aged 13 and 15 years old.@*Conclusion@#Han and Mongolian students experience sensitive periods for different physical qualities at different ages. Moreover, there are apparent ethnic and gender differences that are retained across age groups and several scattered age points that exist alone or interspersed with each other.

5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e9136, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055487

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) on the cardiac function of beagle dogs after prolonged ventricular fibrillation. Twenty-four adult male beagles were randomly divided into control and EECP groups. Ventricular fibrillation was induced in the animals for 12 min, followed by 2 min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. They then received EECP therapy for 4 h (EECP group) or not (control group). The hemodynamics was monitored using the PiCCO2 system. Blood gas and hemorheology were assessed at baseline and at 1, 2, and 4 h after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). The myocardial blood flow (MBF) was quantified by 18F-flurpiridaz PET myocardial perfusion imaging at baseline and 4 h after ROSC. Survival time of the animals was recorded within 24 h. Ventricular fibrillation was successfully induced in all animals, and they achieved ROSC after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Survival time of the control group was shorter than that of the EECP group [median of 8 h (min 8 h, max 21 h) vs median of 24 h (min 16 h, max 24 h) (Kaplan Meyer plot analysis, P=0.0152). EECP improved blood gas analysis findings and increased the coronary perfusion pressure and MBF value. EECP also improved the cardiac function of Beagles after ROSC in multiple aspects, significantly increased blood flow velocity, and decreased plasma viscosity, erythrocyte aggregation index, and hematocrit levels. EECP improved the hemodynamics of beagle dogs and increased MBF, subsequently improving cardiac function and ultimately improving the survival time of animals after ROSC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Counterpulsation/methods , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Disease Models, Animal , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
6.
Biol. Res ; 53: 39, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131884

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is a representative prediabetes characterized by defective glucose homeostasis, and palmatine (PAL) is a natural isoquinoline alkaloid with multiple pharmacological effects. Our study aims to investigate the therapeutic effect of PAL on the impaired glucose tolerance. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used to establish an IGT model with high fat diet (HFD). Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and further biochemical analysis were conducted to determine the effect of PAL on glucose intolerance in vivo. Molecular details were clarified in a cellular model of IGT induced by Palmitate (PA) on INS-1 cells. RESULTS: Our study demonstrated a relief of IGT with improved insulin resistance in HFD induced rats after PAL treatment. Besides, promoted pancreas islets function was validated with significantly increased ß cell mass after the treatment of PAL. We further found out that PAL could alleviate the ß cell apoptosis that accounts for ß cell mass loss in IGT model. Moreover, MAPK signaling was investigated in vivo and vitro with the discovery that PAL regulated the MAPK signaling by restricting the ERK and JNK cascades. The insulin secretion assay indicated that PAL significantly promoted the defective insulin secretion in PA-induced INS-1 cells via JNK rather than ERK signaling. Furthermore, PAL treatment was determined to significantly suppress ß cell apoptosis in PA-induced cells. We thus thought that PAL promoted the PA-induced impaired insulin release by inhibiting the ß; cell apoptosis and JNK signaling in vitro. CONCLUSION: In summary, PAL ameliorates HFD-induced IGT with novel mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Berberine Alkaloids/pharmacology , Insulin Resistance , Glucose Intolerance/drug therapy , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Blood Glucose , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Insulin
7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 891-894, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825206

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the first family cluster of COVID-19 in Lanzhou, so as to provide basis for improving the COVID-19 outbreak prevention capacity. @*Methods @# On January 23, the First Hospital of Lanzhou University reported two suspected cases of COVID-19.According to the COVID-19 Epidemiological Investigation Plan ( second edition ) , general information, disease diagnosis and treatment, clinical symptoms, laboratory test results, household environment, exposure history and close contacts were collected to figure out the source of infection and routes of transmission. @*Results@#This family cluster lasted 29 days, from January 23 to February 21, reporting nine confirmed cases ( one death ) and one asymptomatic case. There were three imported cases from Wuhan, who were the source of the cluster; and seven secondary cases, who all had close contact with the imported cases during daily life or through having dinners. The secondary attack rate was 41.18% ( 7/17 ) . Among 9 confirmed cases, the incubation period ranged from four to ten days, with a median of nine days. Except for seven secondary cases, 24 close contacts were found and detected negative in the nucleic acid tests.@*Conclusions@#The first family cluster of COVID-19 in Lanzhou is caused by the imported cases from Wuhan. All the secondary cases have had dinners and/or had contact with the imported cases, thus they are infected through respiratory droplets and close contact.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820996

ABSTRACT

@# Objective: To investigate the anti-tumor effect of CTL cells on colon cancer xenograft in nude mice after knocking out the immune check point CTLA-4 by CRISPR/Cas9 technology. Methods: A specific small guide RNA (sgRNA) for CTLA-4 was designed to construct sgRNA/Cas9 plasmid, which was then transfected into CTL using a lentiviral vector to obtain CTL cells with CTLA-4 deletion (CTLA-4 KO CTL). The transfection efficiency of the plasmid and the deletion efficiency of CTLA-4 were verified. BALB/c nude mice were randomly divided into two groups to prophylactically inoculate CTLA-4 KO CTL (experimental group) or CTL (control group); 3 days later, the animals of two groups were inoculated with colon cancer cell line LS174-T to observe the tumor formation rate and tumor formation time. After constructing colon cancer xenograft model in nude mice, the animals were randomly divided into two groups, respectively treated with CTLA-4 KO CTL (experimental group) and CTL (control group) cells to observe the tumor growth volume and survival time of mice. The serum levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ in nude mice were detected. Results: sgRNAwas designed and CRSIPR/Cas9 system with lentivirus as vector was successfully constructed. CTL cells were transfected with the established CRSIPR/ Cas9 system, and the highest transfection efficiency was up to (28.80±0.62)%. After transfection, the deletion efficiency of CTLA-4 was detected by Flow cytometry. The CTLA-4 expression of CTLA-4 KO CTL group was significantly lower than that of CTL group [(0.91±0.25)% vs (42.70±2.72)%, P<0.05]. In prophylactic assay, the formation rate of colon cancer xenografts in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group(33.33%vs100%,P<0.05). In treatment assay, the tumor volume in the experimental group was significantly inhibited compared with the control group ([503±23.9] vs [911.2±51.4] mm3, P<0.05), and the survivaltimeoftheexperimentalgroupwassignificantlyprolonged (mediansurvivaltime:78dvs42d,P<0.05); Moreover, the secretion levels of serumTNF-α([268.93±17.04]pg/mlvs[148.26±20.07]pg/ml,P<0.05) and IFN-γ(315.38±18.67 pg/ml vs 202.92±29.32 pg/ml, P<0.05) in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group. Conclusions: The lentiviral vector CRSIPR/Cas9 system is an effective gene editing method; its successful deletion of CTLA-4 in CTL cells can significantly inhibit the tumor formation rate of colon cancer xenografts in nude mice and enhance the anti-tumor effect of CTLon colon cancer xenografts.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849766

ABSTRACT

Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) progresses very rapidly and a part of patients' condition quickly deteriorate to a severe type or critical severe type, even died of multiple organ failure. Therapeutic principle of these patients is centered on improving oxygenation and lung protection and multiple organ function support. Respiration support includes high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC), non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), tracheal cannula with mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and assistance methods including lung recruitment and prone position ventilation. Considering COVID-19 progresses rapidly and is very difficult in respiratory therapy, we should pay close attention to above mentioned methods. In particular, identifying risk factors of treatment failure of HFNC and NIPPV in early phase, applying lung recruitment prudently and active application of turning around and beat back and prone position ventilation to help postural drainage and early tracheal cannula with mechanical ventilation and ECMO would be beneficial to the patients.

10.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-192242

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the pharyngeal airway dimensions among Chinese adults in relation to Class I and Class II facial skeletal patterns using three-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Materials and Methods: A total of 156 initial CBCT images were evaluated, which were classified into skeletal Class I and Class II according to ANB angle with mean (SD) age being 22.56 ± 4.0 years and 22.32 ± 3.6 years. The pharyngeal airway volume, airway area, minimum cross-sectional area (MCA) and the distance from uvula (tip of the soft palate) to mental spine (U-MS distance) were assessed with Dolphin imaging software. Results: Compared with Class I group, Class II group displayed significantly smaller pharyngeal airway volume, airway area and MCA (P <.01, P =0.03, and P =0.008, respectively), and shorter U-MS distance (P <.001). Comparing gender subgroups, the female subgroup showed the smallest airway measurement. Spearman correlation test results showed that the airway volume and area had a significant positive correlation with U-MS distance (r = 0.22, P = 0.005, and r = 0.28, P < 0.005, respectively) and negative correlation with ANB angle (r = −0.23, P = 0.002, and r = −0.21, P = 0.007, respectively). Conclusions: Pharyngeal airway volume, airway area, MCA, and the U-MS distance were smaller in skeletal Class II than Class I Chinese adult subjects and lower in female Class II subgroup. Additionally, there was a correlation observed between the mandibular distance (U-MS), ANB angle and airway size.

11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(9): e8525, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011614

ABSTRACT

Many compounds of ginsenosides show anti-inflammatory properties. However, their anti-inflammatory effects in intervertebral chondrocytes in the presence of inflammatory factors have never been shown. Increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines are generally associated with the degradation and death of chondrocytes; therefore, finding an effective and nontoxic substance that attenuates the inflammation is worthwhile. In this study, chondrocytes were isolated from the nucleus pulposus tissues, and the cells were treated with ginsenoside compounds and IL-1β, alone and in combination. Cell viability and death rate were assessed by CCK-8 and flow cytometry methods, respectively. PCR, western blot, and immunoprecipitation assays were performed to determine the mRNA and protein expression, and the interactions between proteins, respectively. Monomeric component of ginsenoside Rd had no toxicity at the tested range of concentrations. Furthermore, Rd suppressed the inflammatory response of chondrocytes to interleukin (IL)-1β by suppressing the increase in IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-6, COX-2, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, and retarding IL-1β-induced degradation of chondrocytes by improving cell proliferation characteristics and expression of aggrecan and COL2A1. These protective effects of Rd were associated with ubiquitination of IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL1RAP), blocking the stimulation of IL-1β to NF-κB. Bioinformatics analysis showed that NEDD4, CBL, CBLB, CBLC, and ITCH most likely target IL1RAP. Rd increased intracellular ITCH level and the amount of ITCH attaching to IL1RAP. Thus, IL1RAP ubiquitination promoted by Rd is likely to occur by up-regulation of ITCH. In summary, Rd inhibited IL-1β-induced inflammation and degradation of intervertebral disc chondrocytes by increasing IL1RAP ubiquitination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Chondrocytes/drug effects , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Interleukin-1 Receptor Accessory Protein/metabolism , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/metabolism , Dinoprostone/metabolism , Cell Survival/drug effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Low Back Pain/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase/metabolism , Chondrocytes/cytology , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Ginsenosides/metabolism , Cyclooxygenase 2/metabolism , Aggrecans/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Ubiquitination , Nucleus Pulposus/cytology , Nucleus Pulposus/drug effects , Nucleus Pulposus/metabolism , Inflammation/metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1053-1057, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818651

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the relationship between dormitory environment and respiratory tract infection among college students.@*Methods@#A total of 890 dormitory rooms and 1 727 college students were investigated on symptoms including cough, hemoptysis and dyspnea or chest pain, as well as room sanitation(wet stain, mildew, damp, water loss and suspicious windows condensate), cleaning frequency and resident population. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and Logistic regression analysis by SPSS.@*Results@#63.0% of the school dorms were found of dampness, mustiness and water loss, 67.3% of students had the subjective perception of odor. Except for the dryness of air, the rate of subjective perception of odor of the damp dorms was higher than that of dry dorms, and the differences were of statistical significance(P<0.01). Factors such as sex, age, dorm orientation, bathroom equipment, were partially related to symptoms of students’ self-perception and diseases confirmed by the doctors(P<0.05). High humidity were significantly related to symptoms including cough, expectoration, dyspnea, asthma and bronchiectasia(P<0.05), while subjective perception of odor associated with risk of respiratory infections and symptoms.@*Conclusion@#Multipe dormitory evvironmental problems may cause respiratory tract infection and symptoms of college students, dorm sanitation should be promoted among college students.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818499

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the spatial distribution of Oncomelania hupensis snail habitats at the administrative village scale in schistosomiasis-endemic areas of Hubei Province, so as to provide scientific bases for precise control of O. hupensis snails in the province. Methods Data regarding snail distribution at the village level in Hubei Province in 2017 were collected to create a spatial analysis database of snail distribution in Hubei Province. The spatial aggregations of O. hupensis distribution were analyzed using Moran’s I index and Local Moran’s I index. In addition, the distances from schistosomiasis-endemic villages to the Yangtze River were captured using the software ArcGIS 13.0, and their correlations with area of snail habitats were examined with the Spearman correlation method. Results O. hupensis snails were mainly distributed in 5 450 endemic villages from 63 counties of 13 cities in Hubei Province in 2017. The global spatial autocorrelation analysis showed spatial aggregations in the areas of historically accumulated snail habitats, current areas of snail habitats, areas of snail habitats outside the embankment and snail habitats inside the embankment (all Z Scores > 0, all P values < 0.05), and no spatial aggregation was seen in the areas of snail habitats in hilly areas (Z Score > 0, P > 0.05). There were four types of spatial distribution of historically accumulated areas of snail habitats, areas of current snail habitats, areas of snail habitats outside the embankment and snail habitats inside the embankment, including the high-high type (H-H type), high-low type (H-L type), low-high type (L-H type) and random distribution type, and a high percentage of the H-H type was found. There were 340, 125 and 110 endemic villages with the H-H type of areas of historically accumulated snail habitats, current areas of snail habitats and areas of snail habitats outside the embankment, and these villages were mainly concentrated in Wuhan and Jingzhou cities, with almost consistent spatial aggregation locations. There were 319 endemic villages with the H-H type of distribution of snail habitats inside the embankment, which were mainly distributed in Jingzhou, Xiaogan and Huangshi cities. In addition, the areas of historically accumulated snail habitats, current areas of snail habitats and areas of snail habitats outside the embankment negatively correlated with the distance from the endemic villages to the Yangtze River (r = −0.094, P < 0.01; r = −0.225, P < 0.01; r = −0.177, P < 0.01). Conclusion The clustering areas of snail habitats along the Yangtze River Basin, notably the villages near the Yangtze River are key regions for snail monitoring and control in Hubei Province.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1449-1452, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815829

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#To deeply implement important instructions given by General Secretary Xi Jinping on childhood myopia prevention and control, eight departments including the Ministry of Education jointly issued the implementation. This editorial summarized current progress in preventing and controlling myopia in children and adolescents in organizational leadership, key performance indicators, team building, professional support, scientific research, financial input, publicity and education, standardized management of myopia, as well as supervision and evaluation, all of which provided important support for the building of a healthy China.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1767-1770, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815620

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#To thoroughly implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important instructions on preventing and controlling myopia in children, the Ministry of Education together in collaboration with relevant eight departments jointly issued and implemented a plan to tackle and prevent myopia among children and young students. This article focuses on strengthening organizational leadership, optimizing system design, ensuring responsibilities of implerentation, uniting prevention and control efforts, highlighting pilot drive, strengthening demonstration guidance, promoting integration of teaching and medicine, playing the role of experts, insisting on scientific prevention and control, regularly monitoring and early warning, and reducing academic burden. Strengthen physical training, strengthen hardware construction, improve the visual environment, collaborative family-school relationship, comprehensively overcome difficulties, strengthen market supervision, standardize industry behavior, strengthen team building, strengthen professional training, support professional construction, provide intellectual support, increase financial investment, ensure the implementation of funds, strengthen publicity and education, highlight the function of educating people, improve the assessment mechanism, and be accountable according to regulations and laws. This paper summarizes the phased progress made in the comprehensive prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents in provinces (cities, districts) across China over the past year through the solid implementation of the Plan. A number of phased achievements have been achieved, providing important supports for the construction of a healthy China.

16.
Biol. Res ; 52: 8, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011404

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) ranks third in the morbidity and mortality of female cancer around the world. Derlin1 has been found to be overexpressed in several human cancers. However, it is still unclear about its roles in CC. The research aims to explore the relationship between Derlin1 and CC. METHODS: We purchased a human CC tissues microarray, which contained CC tissues and corresponding para-cancerous tissues from 93 patients with primary cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining was used to confirm the expression of Derlin1 in these tissues. And we detected the differential expression of Derlin1 in cervical cancer cell lines and normal cervical epithelial cells (H8). Further, the cervical cancer cell lines SiHa and C33A were used as an in vitro model, which was down-regulated the expression of Derlin1 using siRNA interference technology. The effects of Derlin1 down-regulating in CC cell lines on cell proliferation and migration were detected by CCK8 assay and transwell assay, respectively. The effect of Derlin1 down-regulating on apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry, and apoptosis-related proteins were detected using western blotting. In-depth mechanisms were studied using western blotting. In addition, the effects of Derlin1 up-regulating in normal cervical epithelial cells also were exposed. RESULTS: Derlin1 was significantly elevated in CC tissues (81.7%, 76/93), and the expression of Derlin 1 was positively correlated with the tumor size, pathological grade, and lymph node metastasis in CC patients. And Derlin 1 was high expressed in cervical cancer cell lines compared to H8 cells. Knockdown of Derlin 1 in cervical cancer cell lines inhibited cell proliferation and migration. Moreover, knockdown of Derlin 1 induced apoptosis and affected the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, including Bcl-2, Bax, Bim, caspase3 and caspase9. Further experiments showed that AKT/mTOR signal pathway might be involve in this processes that knockdown of Derlin 1 inhibited the expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR. Over-expression of Derlin 1 in H8 cells promoted cell proliferation and migration via up-regulated the expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR. CONCLUSION: Derlin 1 is an oncogene in CC via AKT/mTOR pathway. It might be a potential therapeutic target for CC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Apoptosis , Protein Array Analysis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/physiology
17.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(3): 443-451, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951793

ABSTRACT

Abstract As a glacier retreats, barren areas are exposed, and these barren areas are ideal sites to study microbial succession. In this study, we characterized the soil culturable bacterial communities and biochemical parameters of early successional soils from a receding glacier in the Tianshan Mountains. The total number of culturable bacteria ranged from 2.19 × 105 to 1.30 × 106 CFU g-1 dw and from 9.33 × 105 to 2.53 × 106 CFU g-1 dw at 4 °C and 25 °C, respectively. The number of culturable bacteria in the soil increased at 25 °C but decreased at 4 °C along the chronosequence. The total organic carbon, total nitrogen content, and enzymatic activity were relatively low in the glacier foreland. The number of culturable bacteria isolated at 25 °C was significantly positively correlated with the TOC and TN as well as the soil urease, protease, polyphenoloxidase, sucrase, catalase, and dehydrogenase activities. We obtained 358 isolates from the glacier foreland soils that clustered into 35 groups using amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis. These groups are affiliated with 20 genera that belong to six taxa, namely, Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroides, and Deinococcus-Thermus, with a predominance of members of Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria in all of the samples. A redundancy analysis showed that the bacterial succession was divided into three periods, an early stage (10a), a middle stage (25-74a), and a late stage (100-130a), with the total number of culturable bacteria mainly being affected by the soil enzymatic activity, suggesting that the microbial succession correlated with the soil age along the foreland.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/isolation & purification , Ice Cover/microbiology , Ice Cover/chemistry , Phylogeny , Soil/chemistry , Soil Microbiology , Bacteria/classification , Bacteria/growth & development , Bacteria/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , DNA, Ribosomal/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , China , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Nitrogen/analysis , Nitrogen/metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821037

ABSTRACT

@# Objective: To investigate the effect of DAMP (damaged associated molecular pattern) on the inhibition of RAS-mutant A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells by CIK cells and its mechanism. Methods: Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated in vitro and CIK cells were cultured. A549 cells were treated with cisplatin (DDP) and doxorubicin (ADM) alone or in combination, and the morphology of A549 cells was observed under a microscope. The supernatant of A549 cells was co-cultured with CIK cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect the CIK cell immunophenotype after co-culture. MTT assay was used to detect the inhibition of A549 lung cancer cell proliferation induced by A549 cell supernatant. The concentration of chemotherapeutic drugs kills A549 cell supernatant CRT, ATP, HMGB1 content. Results: Low-level chemotherapeutic drugs showed more immunogenic death characteristics after killingA549 cells. The ratio of CD8+ and CD56+ in CIK cells was significantly higher than that in control CIK cells (P<0.05). The inhibition rate of CIK cells induced byA549 cells after injury onA549 lung adenocarcinoma cells was significantly higher than that of the same dose chemotherapy group [DDP group (31.34±1.51)% vs (5.97±1.74)%, ADM group (45.46±1.78)% vs (6.22±1.34)%, DDP+ ADM group (45.78±1.14)% vs (11.94±3.11)%, all P<0.05], and low-mass chemotherapeutic agents killed C549 induced by A549 cell supernatant on A549 The inhibition rate of the cells was higherthan that of the supernatant induced by the higher concentration of chemotherapeutic drugs (all P<0.05). The level of CRT,ATP, and HMGB1 in immunogenicity-related molecules in the supernatant ofA549 cells was significantly increased by low-concentration chemotherapy drugs (all P<0.05). In the low-concentration group, the supernatant-induced inhibition of the proliferation of A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells increased with the increase of CRT, ATP, and HMGB1 levels. Conclusion: The combination of lower concentration of DDP and ADM alone or in combination could more easily induce the immunogenic death of A549 cells and release higher levels of DAMP molecules, which could promote the inhibitory effect of CIK on lung cancerA549 cells.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691399

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the possible mechanism of San-Cao Granule (SCG, ) mediating antiliver fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 60 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the normal control group, porcine serum-treated group, ursodesoxycholic acid (UDCA, 60 mg/kg), SCG (3.6 g/kg) group, SCG (1.8 g/kg) group and SCG (0.9 g/kg) group, with 10 rats in each group. Liver fibrosis was induced with porcine serum by intraperitoneal injection for 8 weeks, except for the normal control group. Then, the rats in the three SCG-treated groups and UDCA group were administered SCG and UDCA respectively for 4 weeks. The serum levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), albumin (ALB), total bilirubin (TBIL), hyaluronic acid (HA), laminin (LN), and type IV collagen (IVC) were examined using commercial kits and hepatic histopathology was examined with hematoxylin and eosin and Masson staining. Moreover, the protein expression levels of high mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1), transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), phosphorylated mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 3 (p-Smad3), Smad7, toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were determined by western blot, immunohistochemistry and real time quantitative-reverse transcription polymerase.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both SCG (3.6 and 1.8 g/kg) and UDCA significantly ameliorated the liver fibrosis induced by porcine serum as indicated by retarding the serum levels increasing of ALT, AST, TBIL, HA, LN and IVC and preventing the serum level reducing of ALB compared with the model group (all P<0.01). Meanwhile, the collagen deposition was attenuated by SCG and UDCA treatment. Furthermore, SCG markedly reduced the expressions of HMGB1, TGF-β1, p-Smad3, TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB and α-SMA, and enhanced the expression of the Smad7 compared with the model group (all P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SCG ameliorates hepatic fibrosis possibly through inhibiting HMGB1, TLR4/NF-κB and TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , HMGB1 Protein , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , Liver Cirrhosis , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Smad Proteins , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689557

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficiency of inducing CIK from peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMNC) by using immune cell serum replacement(immune cell SR), so as to provide a new strategy for the industrialized production of immune cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The PBMNC of healthy volunteers were collected, and these cells were thawed after short-term cryopreservation and cultured to induce CIK cells. The cells viability was measured by trypan blue exclusion, the phenotypes were analyzed by flow cytometry, and the cytotoxicity was determined by Calcein-AM/PI double staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In cryopreserved PBMNC, the control group cells failed to normally proliferate. Cell proliferation ratio was low in 2% SR group in comparison with the fresh group, and the difference was significant (P<0.05), however, differences were not statistically significant between 5% SR and fresh group or between 10% AP and fresh group. CD3, CD3CD8 and CD3CD56 cell subsets were not significantly different before and after cryopreservation (P>0.05). After being cultured, CD3, CD3CD4, CD3CD8, CD3CD56 and CD3CD56 subsets and the cytotoxicity in vitro were not significantly different among all group(P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>5% SR without the protein of animal origin can be safely used as a substitute for autologous plasma in CIK induced from cryopreserved PBMNC by culture, thus providing a basis for the application of cryopreservation technique of immune cells to cell therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Cryopreservation , Cytokine-Induced Killer Cells , Flow Cytometry , Humans
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