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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 555-558, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822806

ABSTRACT

Objeetive @#The epidemiological characteristics of confirmed cases of the 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) which was reported in Wenzhou by February 28,2020 were described and analyzed to provide evidence for prevention and control measures in next stage. @*Methods@#The field investigation method was employed on all suspected and confirmed cases. The data of time,spatial and population distribution, source of infection and detective routes of all confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Wenzhou were collected and extracted from the reports of field investigation and the National Diseases Prevention and Control Information System.@*Results@#As of February 20,2020,504 confirmed cases of COVID-19 were diagnosed in Wenzhou, which included one death case. Among all 13 counties, the highest number of confirmed cases were distributed in Yueqing,Ruian and Lucheng. Among 504 cases, the male to female ratio was reported as 1.14:1. The youngest case was 2 years old while the oldest case was 93 years old. Most of the confirmed cases were among people between the ages of 25 and 64 years old. The most common occupation of the confirmed cases was businessman,which accounts for 29.76% (150 cases). Clinical symptoms of the first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Wenzhou occurred on January 4, 2020. Approximately 70% of cases had the first symptoms from January 19 to February 1. The daily number of new cases on January 24 and January 26 were the highest while the number of new cases per day declined significantly after February 2, and there were no new cases after February 14. Among all confirmed cases, the infection source of 61.71% cases were related to Wuhan. As of February 20, 2020, a total of 79 clusters were reported in Wenzhou, which involved 330 cases. Approximately 30% of confirmed cases came to hospitals unaccompanied by community staffs, and cases which confirmed after February 13 were basically found in central isolation locations or by grid checkers. @*Conclusions @#The main reason for the high case numbers of COVID-19 in Wenzhou, in Zhejiang province, was the high number of wenzhou citizens who work in Wuhan. Imported cases account for the most confirmed cases during the early period, while mainly confirmed cases were local cases during the middle and late periods. The outcomes suggest the prevention and control measures employed by Wenzhou government, which included closed-loop control and quantitative control, have achieved remarkable results and the epidemic of COVID-19 in Wenzhou has been initially controlled.

2.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(3): 871-876, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954200

ABSTRACT

The nerve entry points (NEPs) cannot yet be accurately localized for the treatment of thigh adductor muscles spasticity in chemical neurolysis. The aim of this study was to identify the location and depth of the NEPs of thigh adductor muscles by spiral computed tomography (CT) and bony landmarks. Forty lower limbs of twenty adult cadavers were dissected in supine position. A curved line on skin surface from the tip of greater trochanter of femur to the center of pubic tubercle was designated as the horizontal reference line (H). Another curved line from the tip of great trochanter to the lateral epicondyle of femur was designated as the longitudinal reference line (L). Following dissection, the NEPs were labeled with barium sulfate, and their body surface projection points (P) were determined by spiral CT. Projection of NEP in the opposite direction was designated as P'. The percentage location of the intersections (PH and PL) of P with the H and L and the percentage depth of NEPs were determined with the Syngo system. The PH for the NEP of pectineus, gracilis, adductor longus, adductor brevis and adductor magnus muscles branch were located at 76.41±0.71 %, 93.85±2.07 %, 92.05±2.15 %, 80.75±1.20 % and 88.08±1.09 % of the H, respectively. The PLwere at 1.64±0.04 %, 29.89±1.90 %, 16.06±1.32 %, 11.66±0.11 % and 22.94±0.90 % of the L, respectively. The depth of NEP from P points were at 17.52±0.52 %, 38.38±2.75 %, 20.88±0.79 %, 20.35±0.82 % and 39.52±0.67 % of PP', respectively. These results help to carry out more precise localization of the NEPs. It should provide a novel anatomical guide for improving the efficacy and efficiency of chemical neurolysis in treating thigh adductor muscle spasticity.


Aún no se pueden localizar con precisión los puntos de entrada del nervio (PEN) para el tratamiento de la espasticidad de los músculos aductores del muslo a través de la neurólisis química. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar la ubicación y la profundidad de los PEN de los músculos aductores del muslo mediante tomografía computarizada espiral (TC) y puntos de referencia óseos. Se disecaron loa miembros inferiores de 20 cadáveres adultos en posición supina. Se trazó una línea curva en la superficie de la piel desdeel ápice del trocánter mayor del fémur hasta el centro del tubérculo púbico y se designó como línea de referencia horizontal (H). Otra línea curva desde el ápice del trocánter mayor hasta el epicóndilo lateral del fémur se designó como línea de referencia longitudinal (L). Después de la disección, los PEN se marcaron con sulfato de bario y sus puntos de proyección de la superficie del cuerpo (P) se determinaron mediante TC helicoidal. La proyección de PEN en la dirección opuesta se designó como P '. El porcentaje de ubicación de las intersecciones (PH y PL) de P con H y L y la profundidad porcentual de los PEN se determinaron con el sistema Syngo. Los PH para los PEN de los músculos pectineus, gracilis, adductor longus, aductor brevis y rama aductora del músculo aductor magnus se localizaron en 76,41±0,71 %, 93,85±2,07 %, 92,05±2,15 %, 80,75±1,20 % y 88,08±1,09 % de H, respectivamente. Los PL estuvieron en 1,64±0,04 %, 29,89±1,90 %, 16,06±1,32 %, 11,66±0,11 % y 22,94±0,90 % de la L, respectivamente. La profundidad de PEN de P puntos fue de 17,52±0,52 %, 38,38±2,75 %, 20,88±0,79 %, 20,35±0,82 % y 39,52±0,67 % de PP ', respectivamente. Estos resultados ayudan a realizar una localización más precisa de los PEN. Se debe proponer una nueva guía anatómica para mejorar la eficacia y la eficiencia de la neurólisis química en el tratamiento de la espasticidad del músculo aductor del muslo.


Subject(s)
Thigh/innervation , Thigh/diagnostic imaging , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation , Muscle, Skeletal/diagnostic imaging , Cadaver , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Anatomic Landmarks
3.
Clinics ; 71(6): 302-310, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787419

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Behcet’s disease is a form of systematic vasculitis that affects vessels of various sizes. Aortic pseudoaneurysm is one of the most important causes of death among patients with Behcet’s disease due to its high risk of rupture and associated mortality. Our study aimed to investigate the outcomes of Behcet’s disease patients with aortic pseudoaneurysms undergoing open surgery and endovascular aortic repair. METHODS: From January 2003 to September 2014, ten consecutive patients undergoing surgery for aortic pseudoaneurysm met the diagnostic criteria for Behcet’s disease. Endovascular repair was the preferred modality and open surgery was performed as an alternative. Systemic immunosuppressive medication was administered after Behcet’s disease was definitively diagnosed. RESULTS: Eight patients initially underwent endovascular repair and two patients initially underwent open surgery. The overall success rate was 90% and the only failed case involved the use of the chimney technique to reach a suprarenal location. The median follow-up duration was 23 months. There were 7 recurrences in 5 patients. The median interval between operation and recurrence was 13 months. No significant risk factors for recurrence were identified, but a difference in recurrence between treatment and non-treatment with preoperative immunosuppressive medication preoperatively was notable. Four aneurysm-related deaths occurred within the follow-up period. The overall 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 80%, 64% and 48%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Both open surgery and endovascular repair are safe and effective for treating aortic pseudoaneurysm in Behcet’s disease patients. The results from our retrospective study indicated that immunosuppressive medication was essential to defer the occurrence and development of recurrent aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Behcet Syndrome/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Postoperative Period , Recurrence , Time Factors , Behcet Syndrome/complications , Behcet Syndrome/mortality , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/etiology , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/mortality , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/drug therapy , Aneurysm, False/etiology , Aneurysm, False/mortality , Aneurysm, False/drug therapy , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
4.
Clinics ; 70(7): 486-492, 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-752391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations of liver lobe-based magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging findings using multiple b values with the presence and Child-Pugh class of cirrhosis in patients with hepatitis B. METHODS: Seventy-four cirrhotic patients with hepatitis B and 25 healthy volunteers underwent diffusion-weighted imaging using b values of 0, 500, 800 and 1000 sec/mm2. The apparent diffusion coefficients of individual liver lobes for b(0,500), b(0,800) and b(0,1000) were derived from the signal intensity averaged across images obtained using b values of 0 and 500 sec/mm2, 0 and 800 sec/mm2, or 0 and 1000 sec/mm2, respectively, and were statistically analyzed to evaluate cirrhosis. RESULTS: The apparent diffusion coefficients for b(0,500), b(0,800) and b(0,1000) inversely correlated with the Child-Pugh class in the left lateral liver lobe, the left medial liver lobe, the right liver lobe and the caudate lobe (r=-0.35 to -0.60, all p<0.05), except for the apparent diffusion coefficient for b(0,1000) in the left medial liver lobe (r=-0.17, p>0.05). Among these parameters, the apparent diffusion coefficient for b(0,500) in the left lateral liver lobe best differentiated normal from cirrhotic liver, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.989. The apparent diffusion coefficient for b(0,800) in the right liver lobe best distinguished Child-Pugh class A from B-C and A-B from C, with areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.732 and 0.747, respectively. CONCLUSION: Liver lobe-based apparent diffusion coefficients for b(0,500) and b(0,800) appear to be associated with the presence and Child-Pugh class of liver cirrhosis. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Hepatitis B/diagnosis , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Hepatitis B/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Liver Diseases/complications , Liver Diseases/diagnosis , Prospective Studies
5.
Clinics ; 67(6): 609-614, 2012.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-640211

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether and how the diameter of the vein that gives rise to the inflowing vein of the esophageal and gastric fundic varices secondary to posthepatitic cirrhosis, as measured with multidetector-row computed tomography, could predict the varices and their patterns. METHODS: A total of 106 patients with posthepatitic cirrhosis underwent multidetector-row computed tomography. Patients with and without esophageal and gastric fundic varices were enrolled in Group 1 and Group 2, respectively. Group 1 was composed of Subgroup A, consisting of patients with varices, and Subgroup B consisted of patients with varices in combination with portal vein-inferior vena cava shunts. The diameters of the originating veins of veins entering the varices were reviewed and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: The originating veins were the portal vein in 8% (6/75) of patients, the splenic vein in 65.3% (49/75) of patients, and both the portal and splenic veins in 26.7% (20/75) of patients. The splenic vein diameter in Group 1 was larger than that in Group 2, whereas no differences in portal vein diameters were found between groups. In Group 1, the splenic vein diameter in Subgroup A was larger than that in Subgroup B. A cut-off splenic vein diameter of 8.5 mm achieved a sensitivity of 83.3% and specificity of 58.1% for predicting the varices. For discrimination of the varices in combination with and without portal vein-inferior vena cava shunts, a cut-off diameter of 9.5 mm achieved a sensitivity of 66.7% and specificity of 60.0%. CONCLUSION: The diameter of the splenic vein can be used to predict esophageal and gastric fundic varices and their patterns.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/pathology , Hypertension, Portal/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Portal Vein/pathology , Splenic Vein/pathology , Hypertension, Portal/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Observer Variation , Organ Size , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve
6.
Biol. Res ; 45(2): 171-175, 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-648576

ABSTRACT

Prunella vulgaris L. (Labiatae) contains a variety of structurally diverse natural products, primarily rosmarinic acid (RA), ursolic acid (UA) and oleanolic acid (OA), which possess a wide array of biological properties. In the present study, P. vulgaris was harvested at three developmental stages (vegetative, full-flowering and mature-fruiting stages), dissected into stem and leaf tissues and assayed for chemical contents using high performance liquid chromatography. Significant changes in the concentrations of the major secondary metabolites (RA, UA and OA) were observed at the different development stages. The highest concentrations of RA, UA and OA were found at the full-flowering stage (15.83 mg/g dry weight (DW) RA, 1.77 mg/g DW UA and 0.65 mg/g DW OA). Among the different aerial parts of the plant, the concentrations of RA, UA and OA were higher in the leaves than in the stems at the different developmental stages. These results suggest that the full-flowering stage is characterized by the highest concentrations of bioactive compounds. Therefore, this stage may be the optimum point for harvesting P. vulgaris plants. In additional, the leaves of P. vulgaris demonstrated higher RA, UA and OA concentrations than the stems, suggesting higher utilization potential.


Subject(s)
Cinnamates/analysis , Depsides/analysis , Oleanolic Acid/analysis , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Prunella/chemistry , Triterpenes/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Fruit/chemistry , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Plant Stems/chemistry
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321403

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Report the results of interventional or semi-interventional techniques for 173 patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>This group included 120 males and 53 females. The pathologic lesions composed of localized complete occlusion of inferior vena cava (IVC) (78), IVC stenosis (49), IVC membrane with a hole (37), membrane of hepatic vein (HV) (3), IVC thrombosis (4), IVC membrane with thrombosis (2) and IVC lesion with occlusion of HV (32). Treatment methods included that I: Percutaneous transinferior vena cava angioplasty (PTA) (76); II: IVC PTA with stent (59); III: Percutaneous transhepatic vein recanalization (3); IV: IVC thrombolysis through a catheter (4), V: Combined transcardiac and transfemoral venous membranotomy and balloon dilation (22); VI: V and stent (17); VII: Stenting during radical surgery (3); VIII: Additional operation after intervention (23).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The immediate technique success rate for intervention was 90.1%, for the semi-intervention was 100%. The IVC pressure was reduced from 3 to 29 cmH2O. Complications occurred in 8 cases. The death rate was 2.9%. A follow-up study showed the recurrence rates were 14.5% in IVC PTA group, 1.7% in IVC PTA with stent, 18.2% in combined technique without stent and no recurrence was found in other groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The PTA is the first choice for localized lesions. When elastic recoil occurs, immediate stenting is suggested. The semi-interventional approach is advised for PTA failure and more complicated cases. For those with both IVC lesion and occlusion of HV, the additional operation is needed after IVC intervention.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon , Budd-Chiari Syndrome , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Catheterization , Child , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stents
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