Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 44
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837463

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the effect of caries management based on risk assessment in children and to provide the basis for the government to develop strategies to prevent and treat oral diseases.@*Methods@# From March 2018 to March 2019, 512 3-year-old children and 502 6-year-old children were selected by cluster sampling from kindergartens and primary schools, respectively, in the Minhang district of Shanghai, and oral examinations and questionnaires were carried out to assess baseline status. Then, the children were divided into 3 groups, including low-, middle- and high-risk groups, according to caries risk assessment. In each caries risk group, the children were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group. The experimental groups were managed by risk assessment, and the control groups were provided basic oral public health services by the Shanghai government. The effect of caries prevention was evaluated 12 months later.@*Results@#Among the children with a high risk of caries, the incidence of caries was 51.22% in the 3-year-old control group, 34.17% in the experimental group, 51.27% in the 6-year-old control group and 33.15% in the experimental group, with statistical significance (P < 0.05). Among the children with a middle risk of caries, the incidence of caries was 38.71% in the 3-year-old control group and 7.32% in the experimental group, with statistical significance (P < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in caries incidence between the control group and the experimental group for the children with low risk in the 3-year-old or 6-year-old groups and middle risk caries risk in the 6-year-old group. Both 3-year-old and 6-year-old children in the experimental group had a lower risk of caries than those in the observation group in 2019.@*Conclusion@#The caries prevention effect is remarkable in high-risk children, and caries management by risk assessment is probably recommended for children with high caries risk.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876393

ABSTRACT

Objective @# To evaluate the effect of different surface treatments on the bonding strength between highly translucent zirconia and veneering porcelain and to provide a research basis for improving the zirconium porcelain bond strength between zirconium and ceramic material.@*Methods @# Thirty cylindrical zirconia blocks with 10-mm diameter and 10-mm height were prepared and divided into four groups (n=7), labeled as control group (C), sandblasting group (S), bonding group (B), and sandblasting and bonding group (SB). The surface morphology of zirconia before and after sandblasting was observed in the remaining two specimens. Group C was veneered (2 mm in height and 5 mm in diameter) with porcelain powder by layering after grinding. Group S was sandblasted after grinding. Group B was veneered with a thin layer of porcelain powder as bond coating. Group SB was sandblasted and veneered with a thin layer of porcelain powder. After sintering, the shear specimens were embedded, and a shear bond strength test was conducted. Statistical analysis was conducted to analyze the data. Fracture surface analysis was also performed to determine the failure modes by stereomicroscopy.@*Results @# The bonding strength of group C was 21.86 ± 3.18 MPa. For group S, it was 22.12 ± 3.06 MPa. For group B, it was 19.19 ± 1.46 MPa. Finally, for group SB, it was 27.76 ± 1.95 MPa. There was no significant difference in shear strength between group C, group S and group B. There was a significant difference in shear strength between each group and group SB (P < 0.05). Under a stereomicroscope, the observed fracture modes of each group were mainly mixed failure.@*Conclusion@#Sandblasting cannot significantly increase the bonding strength between zirconia and veneering porcelain. Veneering with a thin layer of porcelain powder as the bond coating has no obvious effect on the bonding strength. Sandblasting and veneering with a thin layer of porcelain powder as a bond coating can significantly improve the bonding strength between zirconia and veneering porcelain.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829666

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate the etiology, diagnosis and treatment principles of inherited permanent tooth embryo necrosis caused by alveolar bone resorption due to severe periapical periodontitis of deciduous teeth, in order to provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment@*Methods@#The clinical data and related literature of a rare case of permanent tooth embryo necrosis were analyzed retrospectively.@*Results @#This case was a 5-year-old girl. Physical examination and X-ray examination revealed chronic periapical inflammation in 75. X-ray showed that the periodontal bone of tooth 75 was extensively destroyed; additionally, the permanent tooth germ of tooth 35 was incomplete and the development was delayed compared to that of tooth 45 because of severe periapical periodontitis in the primary teeth. The initial diagnosis was that-- the embryo of tooth 35 stopped developing due to inflammation and was necrotic after tooth 75 was extracted. The postoperative pathological examination report showed that most bone around the embryos of tooth 35 was sequestrated. Through literature review and analysis, it was found that the degree of periapical lesions in the primary teeth and the developmental stage of the tooth embryo have a great impact on the formation of permanent tooth embryos. Conservative methods such as root canal therapy are usually adopted as treatment. Permanent tooth embryo necrosis caused by periapical periodontitis of deciduous teeth is rare in the clinic, so it is necessary to judge the degree of inflammatory infiltration and of tooth embryo damage as soon as possible according to the clinical symptoms and imaging manifestations; and to make a correct treatment plan.@*Conclusion@#There are no objective and clear diagnostic and treatment criteria for the clinical diagnosis of the pathological state of permanent tooth embryo, thus, methods such as etiology elimination and follow-up observation are usually adopted for abnormal permanent tooth embryo development. Future research should focus on prevention and finding addtional effective methods for diagnosis and treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829335

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To investigate the expression of miR-191 in cervical cancer tissues and its effect on the patients' prognosis. Methods: One hundred and seven cervical cancer tissue specimens from patients who underwent surgical treatment and 46 normal cervical tissue specimens from patients who underwent surgical resection of uterine fibroids (the control group) in Xinxiang Central Hospital were collected from December 2012 to December 2014. The expression of miR-191 in cancer tissues was detected by qPCR. All patients were followed up from the first day after surgery, and the follow-up deadline was December 31, 2019. All patients were followed up for 5 years, with death as the end event. The survival time and 5-year survival rate of the patients were recorded. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method and the factors affecting survival prognosis were analyzed using Cox proportional hazard regression model. Results: The expression level of miR-191 in cervical cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in the tissues from control group (P<0.01). There were significant differences in miR-191 expression among patients with different high-risk HPV infection status, different pathological grades and FIGO stages, and different lymph node metastasis status (all P<0.01). The 5-year survival rate of patients in the miR-191 low expression group was significantly higher than those patients in the high expression group (81.48% vs 33.75%, χ 2 =16.905, P<0.01). Pathological grade, FIGO stage, lymph node metastasis and the expression of miR-191 were risk factors affecting the prognosis of cervical cancer patients (HR=0.486, 3.065, 2.339 and 2.755, all P<0.05). Conclusion: miR-191 is highly expressed in cervical cancer tissues, and its expression level increases with the progression of malignancy. It is expected to become a potential biomarker for early diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of cervical cancer.

5.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 774-777, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823369

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To learn the status and influencing factors of the purchase of supplementary insurance for adverse events following immunization ( AEFI ) by parents in Changsha, so as to provide basis for the development of compensatory strategies.@*Methods@#Stratified random sampling method was used to select the parents who lived in Changsha for more than six months and had children under seven years old as subjects. A questionnaire survey was conducted to collect the information about demographic features, awareness of AEFI and the purchase of supplementary insurance. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors for purchasing supplementary insurance. @*Results@#Among 712 respondents ( response rate, 94.93% ) , 354 ( 49.72% ) purchased supplementary insurance. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the parents aged 36-71 years ( OR=0.325, 95%CI: 0.144-0.732 ) were less likely to purchase supplementary insurance; the parents who were aware of supplementary insurance ( OR=3.622, 95%CI: 2.218-5.913 ) and compensation range ( OR=1.332, 95%CI: 1.164-1.524 ) , and who scored higher in the knowledge and attitude of AEFI ( OR=1.137, 95%CI: 1.049-1.231 ) were more likely to purchase supplementary insurance.@*Conclusion @#About 49.72% of the parents purchased of supplementary insurance. Age, awareness of supplementary insurance and compensation range,as well as knowledge and attitude of AEFI were associated with the purchase of supplementary insurance.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1009-1011, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823165

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the distribution of tobacco point-of-purchase(pop) activies 100 meters around the primary and middle school and the situation of selling cigarettes to students of Tianjin. To provide evidence for creating a smoke-free and healthy school environment.@*Methods@#With the method of simple random sampling, 195 schools were selected to investigate the tobacco retailers within 100 meters around the school, and the nearest tobacco retailers was observed.@*Results@#Totally 36.9 percent of the schools found tobacco retailers within 100 meters. There were 127 tobacco retailers, and no tobacco advertisements were found. The percentage of tobacco retailers within 100 meters of vocational schools, primary schools and middle schools was 33.3%, 34.1% and 40.4%, respectively. Among the 72 tobacco retailers observed, the proportion of tobacco retailers within 20, 21-50, and 51-100 meters from the school were 9.7%, 36.1% and 54.2%, respectively. The majority of tobacco retailers were grocery stores/convenience stores (55.6%), followed by alcohol and tobacco stores (34.7%). The proportion of tobacco selling points failing to set up the signs of "smoking harmful to health" and "not selling cigarettes to minors" were 81.9% and 86.1% respectively.@*Conclusion@#It’s concerning that the layout of tobacco retailers and the posting of signs, and the tobacco products for to minors in Tianjin. It is necessary to strengthen the surrounding environment renovation and publicity and law enforcement.

7.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 706-711, June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002281

ABSTRACT

A serous membrane covering the liver and the hepatic parenchyma, consists of hepatocytes, arteries, veins, hepatic sinusoids and biliary ductuli. There are erythrocytes, thrombocytes, melanin particles and Kupffer cell in the hepatic sinusoids and the blood vessels. The gall bladder wall consists of a mucous layer a muscle layer and a serous layer. The bottom of the epithelium abounds with round or oval secretory. In liver, immunohistochemistry results show that AQP1 have intense reaction in hepatic lobule, Kupffer cells (Macrophagocytus stellatus), hepatocytes, portal tract, blood islands, vein and artery, but almost no reaction of AQP2 was detected. In gallbladder, mucous epithelium, endothelial cells from vein and artery all have strong AQP1 expression, AQP2 showed minor diffused positive reaction in gallbladder, which suggesting that AQP1 may have the main role in the absorption and transportation of fluid in hepatobiliary system of Qinghai Lizard.


Una membrana serosa cubre el hígado y el parénquima hepático el cual está formado por hepatocitos, arterias, venas, sinusoides hepáticos y conductos biliares. Se encuentran eritrocitos, trombocitos, partículas de melanina y células de Kupffer en los sinusoides hepáticos y en los vasos sanguíneos. La pared de la vesícula biliar presenta tres capas: mucosa, muscular y serosa. En el hígado, la inmunohistoquímica mostró que AQP1 tiene una reacción intensa en el lóbulo hepático, células de Kupffer, hepatocitos, tracto portal e islotes sanguíneos. En venas y arterias, no se detectó reacción alguna de AQP2. En la vesícula biliar, el epitelio mucoso, las células endoteliales venosas y arteriales tuvieron una importante expresión de AQP1, sin embargo, AQP2 mostró una reacción positiva difusa menor, lo que sugiere que la AQP1 podría tener una función principal en la absorción y transporte de líquido en el sistema hepatobiliar del Lagarto Qinghai.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aquaporins/metabolism , Gallbladder/metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Lizards , Immunohistochemistry , Aquaporin 1/metabolism , Aquaporin 2/metabolism , Gallbladder/ultrastructure , Liver/ultrastructure
8.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(3): 255-261, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020958

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There is evidence that genetic predisposition and epigenetic alteration (e.g. DNA methylation) play major roles in lung cancer. In our genetic epidemiological studies, rs1970764 in oncogene PPP1R13L was most consistently associated with lung cancer risk. Here, we explored the role of PPP1R13L methylation in lung cancer development. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analytical cross-sectional study (45 lung cancer cases and 45 controls), conducted in China. METHODS: We investigated the DNA methylation status of 2,160 cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites in the PPP1R13L promoter region using the EpiTYPER assay of the Sequenom MassARRAY platform. RESULTS: In the whole study group, the methylation levels of CpG-6, CpG-9, CpG-20 and CpG-21 were significantly lower and those of CpG-16 were significantly higher in cases than in controls. Among smokers, the methylation levels at five CpG sites (CpG-6, CpG-11, CpG-15, CpG-20 and CpG-21) were statistically significantly lower among cases. Among men, the methylation levels at four CpG sites (CpG-11, CpG-15, CpG-20 and CpG-21) were significantly lower among cases. Regarding smokers, the methylation levels at CpG-7.8 and CpG-21 among cases and at CpG-22 among controls were significantly lower, compared with nonsmokers. The frequency of positivity for methylation was not significantly different between lung cancer cases and controls (68.22% for cases and 71.87% for controls; P = 0.119). CONCLUSION: Our study on a Chinese population suggests that lung cancer patients have aberrant methylation status (hypomethylation tended to be more frequent) in peripheral blood leukocytes at several CpG sites in the PPP1R13L promoter region and that exposure to smoking may influence methylation status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Repressor Proteins/genetics , DNA Methylation/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Promoter Regions, Genetic
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 355-360, Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003039

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECT: To explore the treatment effect of the anterior medial neurovascular interval approach to coronal shear fractures of the distal humerus. METHODS: This prospective study included two female patients who were 30-64 years old, with a mean age of 47 years. Fractures were caused by falling from a bicycle. The time between the injury and operation was 1-2 days, with a mean time interval of 1.5 days. Two patients with coronal shear fracture of the distal humerus were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using anterior neurovascular interval approach. RESULTS: There were no intraoperative and postoperative neurological and vascular complications or infections, and the fracture was united. At 12 months after the surgery, the patient returned to work without pain, and with a normal range of motion for elbow and forearm rotation. The X-rays revealed excellent fracture union, no signs of heterotopic ossification, and no traumatic arthritis. According to Mayo's evaluation standards for elbow function, a score of 100 is excellent. CONCLUSIONS: The application of the anterior neurovascular interval approach of the elbow in the treatment of shear fracture of the articular surface of the distal humerus, particularly the trochlea of the humerus, can reduce the stripping of the soft tissue.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Explorar o efeito do tratamento com uma abordagem anterior do intervalo neurovascular médio para fraturas de cisalhamento coronal da porção distal do úmero. METODOLOGIA: Este estudo prospectivo incluiu duas pacientes do sexo feminino de 30-64 anos de idade, com idade média de 47 anos. As fraturas foram causadas por quedas de bicicleta. O tempo entre a lesão e a operação foi de 1-2 dias, com um intervalo de tempo médio de 1,5 dias. Duas pacientes com cisalhamento coronal da porção distal do úmero foram tratadas com redução aberta e fixação interna utilizando a abordagem anterior do intervalo neurovascular. RESULTADOS: Não houve complicações neurológicas e vasculares intra e pós-operatórias, nem complicações ou infecções, e a fratura foi unida. Após 12 meses da cirurgia, as pacientes retornaram ao trabalho sem dor e com uma amplitude normal de movimento de rotação do antebraço e cotovelo. Os raios-X revelaram excelente união das fraturas, sem sinais de ossificação heterotópica e sem artrite traumática. De acordo com as diretrizes da clínica Mayo para avaliação da função do cotovelo, uma pontuação de 100 é considerada excelente. CONCLUSÃO: A aplicação da abordagem anterior do intervalo neurovascular do cotovelo no tratamento de uma fratura de cisalhamento da superfície articular da porção distal do úmero, especificamente da tróclea do úmero, pode reduzir o desgaste do tecido mole.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Elbow Joint/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus/injuries , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Humeral Fractures/physiopathology , Humerus/physiopathology , Medical Illustration , Middle Aged
10.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 29(1): 69-76, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990769

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this study, the adsorption/desorption characteristics of quercetin, luteolin and apigenin from Flos populi extract (Populus tomentosa Carrière, Salicaceae) on twelve macroporous resins (NKA-9, HPD-600, HPD-826, HPD-750, HPD-400, DM-130, AB-8, SP-825, X-5, D-101, HPD-100, HPD-200) were evaluated. Both high adsorption and desorption capacities of quercetin, luteolin and apigenin from Flos populi extract on SP-825 resin indicated that SP-825 resin was appropriate and its data were well fitted to the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. To get the optimal separation process, the influences of factors such as flow rates, loading sample volumes, concentrations of desorption solution were further investigated. Column packed with SP-825 resin was used to perform dynamic adsorption and desorption experiments. After one round of treatment, the contents of quercetin, luteolin and apigenin in the final products were 3.75-fold, 3.67-fold and 3.54-fold increased with recovery yields of 87.25, 85.19 and 82.22%, respectively. The results showed that the preparative enrichment of quercetin, luteolin and apigenin was available via adsorption and desorption on SP-825 resin. This method is a promising basis for the large-scale preparation of quercetin, luteolin and apigenin from Flos populi.


Subject(s)
Quercetin , Apigenin , Luteolin , Adsorption , Populus
11.
Biol. Res ; 52: 33, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019498

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that cancer susceptibility candidate 11 (CASC11), a newly discovered long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), was aberrantly overexpressed in hepatic carcinoma, gastric cancer and colorectal cancer. However, its effects on cervical cancer has been kept unknown up to now. The present study was aimed to investigate the relationship between lncRNA CASC11 and cervical cancer and further explore the mechanism of CASC11 effect on cervical cancer progression. MATERIALS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expressions of CASC11 in cancerous and adjacent normal tissues of patients with cervical cancer as well as in cell lines. The proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis were assayed after transfecting the cell with si-CASC11 or pcDNA3.1-CASC11. TOP/FOP-Flash luciferase reporter assay and western blot were used to analysis the activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Si-CASC11-transfected HeLa cells were subcutaneously inoculated into male athymic (nude) mice to investigate the effect of CASC11 on the tumor formation. RESULTS: We discovered that CASC11, the expression of which was positively associated with the tumor size and the FIGO staging and negatively related to the patients' survival rate, was up-regulated in the cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. Silencing CASC11 inhibited the proliferation, migration as well as invasion and promoted the cell apoptosis. Conversely, overexpression of CASC11 facilitated the cancer cell's proliferation, migration and invasion ability and suppressed the apoptosis. Further study showed that CASC11 promoted the migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells by activating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway and silencing CASC11 inhibited the tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that CASC11 promoted the cervical cancer progression by activating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway for the first time, which provides a new target or a potential diagnostic biomarker of the treatment for cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Mice , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , MicroRNAs/genetics , beta Catenin/genetics , Wnt Signaling Pathway/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/virology , Apoptosis/genetics , Disease Progression , Papillomavirus Infections/complications , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Genome-Wide Association Study , Flow Cytometry
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(12): 1067-1077, Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973486

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effect of alprostadil on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rats. Methods: Rats were subjected to myocardial ischemia for 30 min followed by 24h reperfusion. Alprostadil (4 or 8 μg/kg) was intravenously administered at the time of reperfusion and myocardial infarct size, levels of troponin T, and the activity of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the serum were measured. Antioxidative parameters, nitric oxide (NO) content and phosphorylated endothelial nitric oxide synthase 3 (p-eNOS) expression in the left ventricles were also measured. Histopathological examinations of the left ventricles were also performed. Results: Alprostadil treatment significantly reduced myocardial infarct size, serum troponin T levels, and CK-MB and LDH activity (P<0.05). Furthermore, treatment with alprostadil significantly decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) content (P<0.05) and markedly reduced myonecrosis, edema and infiltration of inflammatory cells. Superoxide dismutase and catalase activities (P<0.05), NO level (P<0.01) and p-eNOS (P<0.05) were significantly increased in rats treated with alprostadil compared with control rats. Conclusion: These results indicate that alprostadil protects against myocardial I/R injury and that these protective effects are achieved, at least in part, via the promotion of antioxidant activity and activation of eNOS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Alprostadil/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Catalase/analysis , Random Allocation , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Troponin T/drug effects , Troponin T/blood , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/drug effects , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/blood , Heart Ventricles/drug effects , Heart Ventricles/pathology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/drug effects , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Nitric Oxide/analysis
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(3): 921-925, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954208

ABSTRACT

The deep suboccipital muscles has been shown to connect the spinal dura mater via dense connective tissue termed the myodural bridge (MDB). The MDB has both physiological and clinical implications. Data on morphological and imaging anatomical parameters of the deep suboccipital muscles are scare. In this study, T2-weighted images of rectus capitis posterior major (RCPma) and obliqus capitis inferior (OCI) of 109 healthy adults were obtained by 0-degree sagittal and 30-degree oblique sagittal continuous MRI scanning of the head and neck of the subjects. Sectional area parameters of the RCPma and the OCI were measured. The 0-degree sagittal section was measured with 5 mm bias from the median sagittal plane, the sectional area of the RCPma was 186.34± 55.02 mm2 on the left, and 202.35± 59.76 mm2 on the right. The sectional area of OCI was 221.72± 68.99 mm2 on the left, and 224.92± 61.34 mm2 on the right; At the section with 30-degree bias from the oblique sagittal plane, the sectional area of RCPma was 183.30± 42.24 mm2 in males, and 133.05± 26.44 mm2 in females. The sectional area of OCI was 254.81± 46.20 mm2 in males, and 167.42± 27.85 mm2 in females. Significant sex difference exists in the sectional areas of the RCPma and OCI, the values of the male subjects were predominantly larger (P < 0.05), however there were no age- related significant difference. The sectional area of RCPma is bilateral asymmetric, the RCPma on the right side is larger than that of the left side (P < 0.05), but the OCI is bilaterally symmetric (P >0.05). The MRI image features, imaging anatomical data and sexual dimorphism of the RCPma and the OCI are presented in this study. This imaging anatomical data will be useful for functional and clinical studies on the RCPma, OCI, and the MDB.


Se ha demostrado que los músculos suboccipitales profundos conectan la duramadre espinal a través del tejido conectivo denso denominado puente miodural (PMD). El PMD tiene implicaciones tanto fisiológicas como clínicas. Los datos sobre los parámetros anatómicos y morfológicos y de imagen de los músculos suboccipitales profundos son alarmantes. En este estudio, se obtuvieron imágenes ponderadas en T2 del músculo recto posterior mayor (RCPma) y del músculo oblicuo mayor de la cabeza (OCI) de 109 adultos sanos, mediante una exploración de la cabeza y el cuello sagital de 0 grados y sagital oblicua de 30 grados. Se midieron los parámetros de área seccional del RCPma y el OCI. La sección sagital de 0 grados se midió con un sesgo de 5 mm desde el plano mediano, el área de la sección de la RCPma fue 186,34 ± 55,02 mm2 a la izquierda y 202,35 ± 59,76 mm2 a la derecha. El área seccional de OCI fue 221.72 ± 68.99 mm2 a la izquierda y 224.92 ± 61.34 mm2 a la derecha. En la sección de 30 grados desde el plano sagital oblicuo, el área de la sección de RCPma fue de 183.30 ± 42.24 mm2 en los hombres, y 133.05 ± 26.44 mm2 en las mujeres. El área seccional de OCI fue de 254.81 ± 46.20 mm2 en varones y 167.42 ± 27.85 mm2 en mujeres. Existe una diferencia significativa según el sexo en las áreas seccionales de la RCPma y la OCI, los valores de los sujetos masculinos fueron predominantemente mayores (P <0.05). Sin embargo, no hubo diferencia significativa relacionada con la edad. El área de la sección de RCPma es bilateral asimétrica, la RCPma en el lado derecho es más grande que la del lado izquierdo (P <0.05), pero el OCI es bilateralmente simétrico (P> 0.05). Las características de la imagen de resonancia magnética, los datos anatómicos de imágenes y el dimorfismo sexual de la RCPma y la OCI se presentan en este estudio. Estos datos anatómicos de imágenes serán útiles para estudios funcionales y clínicos en RCPma, OCI y PMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Muscle, Skeletal/anatomy & histology , Muscle, Skeletal/diagnostic imaging , Head/anatomy & histology , Head/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Sex Characteristics , Neck Muscles/anatomy & histology , Neck Muscles/diagnostic imaging
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(1): 44-51, Jan. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887998

ABSTRACT

Resumo Background: Melatonin is a neuroendocrine hormone synthesized primarily by the pineal gland that is indicated to effectively prevent myocardial reperfusion injury. It is unclear whether melatonin protects cardiac function from reperfusion injury by modulating intracellular calcium homeostasis. Objective: Demonstrate that melatonin protect against myocardial reperfusion injury through modulating IP3R and SERCA2a to maintain calcium homeostasis via activation of ERK1 in cardiomyocytes. Methods: In vitro experiments were performed using H9C2 cells undergoing simulative hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) induction. Expression level of ERK1, IP3R and SERCA2a were assessed by Western Blots. Cardiomyocytes apoptosis was detected by TUNEL. Phalloidin-staining was used to assess alteration of actin filament organization of cardiomyocytes. Fura-2 /AM was used to measure intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Performing in vivo experiments, myocardial expression of IP3R and SERCA2a were detected by immunofluorescence staining using myocardial ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R) model in rats. Results: In vitro results showed that melatonin induces ERK1 activation in cardiomyocytes against H/R which was inhibited by PD98059 (ERK1 inhibitor). The results showed melatonin inhibit apoptosis of cardiomyocytes and improve actin filament organization in cardiomyocytes against H/R, because both could be reversed by PD98059. Melatonin was showed to reduce calcium overload, further to inhibit IP3R expression and promote SERCA2a expression via ERK1 pathway in cardiomyocytes against H/R. Melatonin induced lower IP3R and higher SERCA2a expression in myocardium that were reversed by PD98059. Conclusion: melatonin-induced cardioprotection against reperfusion injury is at least partly through modulation of IP3R and SERCA2a to maintain intracellular calcium homeostasis via activation of ERK1.


Resumo Fundamento: A melatonina é um hormônio neuroendócrino sintetizado principalmente pela glândula pineal que é indicado para prevenir efetivamente a lesão de reperfusão miocárdica. Não está claro se a melatonina protege a função cardíaca da lesão de reperfusão através da modulação da homeostase do cálcio intracelular. Objetivo: Demonstrar que a melatonina protege contra a lesão de reperfusão miocárdica através da modulação de IP3R e SERCA para manter a homeostase de cálcio por meio da ativação de ERK1 em cardiomiócitos. Métodos: Foram realizados experimentos in vitro usando células H9C2 submetidas a indução de hipoxia / reoxigenação simulada (H/R). O nível de expressão de ERK1, IP3R e SERCA foi avaliado por Western Blots. A apoptose de cardiomiócitos foi detectada por TUNEL. A coloração de faloidina foi utilizada para avaliar a alteração da organização de filamentos de actina dos cardiomiócitos. Fura-2 / AM foi utilizado para medir a concentração intracelular de Ca2+. Realizando experiências in vivo, a expressão miocárdica de IP3R e SERCA foi detectada por coloração com imunofluorescência usando modelo de isquemia miocárdica / reperfusão (I/R) em ratos. Resultados: resultados in vitro mostraram que a melatonina induz a ativação de ERK1 em cardiomiócitos contra H/R que foi inibida por PD98059 (inibidor de ERK1). Os resultados mostraram que a melatonina inibe a apoptose dos cardiomiócitos e melhora a organização do filamento de actina em cardiomiócitos contra H/R, pois ambas poderiam ser revertidas pela PD98059. A melatonina mostrou reduzir a sobrecarga de cálcio, além de inibir a expressão de IP3R e promover a expressão de SERCA através da via ERK1 em cardiomiócitos contra H/R. A melatonina induziu menor IP3R e maior expressão de SERCA no miocárdio que foram revertidas pela PD98059. Conclusão: a cardioproteção induzida pela melatonina contra lesão de reperfusão é pelo menos parcialmente através da modulação de IP3R e SERCA para manter a homeostase de cálcio intracelular via ativação de ERK1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , MAP Kinase Signaling System/drug effects , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/drug effects , Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors/drug effects , Melatonin/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Myocytes, Cardiac/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors/metabolism
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772585

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of cortical bone trajectory screw technology combined with anterior mini-open debridement and prop graft for lumbar tuberculosis in elderly.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 22 patients with lumbar tuberculosis treated by cortical bone trajectory screw technology combined with anterior mini-open debridement and prop graft from February 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 9 females with an average age of (73.3±7.1) years old. The pre-operative Frankel grading showed that 2 cases were grade B, 5 cases were grade C, 6 were grade D, and 9 were grade E. Pre- and post-operative kyphosis Cobb angle, visual analogue scale (VAS), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR) and the Frankel grade were analyzed, the conditions of complication, stability of internal plants, graft fusion were observed.@*RESULTS@#All 22 patients were follow-up for 12 to 24 months with an average of (18.7±4.6) years. Two patients with contralateral psoas major muscle abscess enlarged at 3 months after operation and were cured by drainage under the guidance of type-B ultrasonic. Other 20 cases got primary healing without sinus formation and recurrence of spinal tuberculosis. At the final follow-up, the Frankel grading showed that 3 cases was grade C, 5 cases were grade D, and 14 cases were grade E. The Cobb angle, visual analogue scale (VAS), ESR were respectively decreased from preoperative(17.68±3.86)°, (6.95±2.26) points, (47.14±20.85)mm/h to (4.77±2.47)°, (2.18±1.59) points, (16.77±11.42) mm/h at final follow-up. X-ray and CT scan showed bone union for 3 to 8 months after operation, with a mean time of(4.9±1.2) months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is effective method to treat lumbar tuberculosis with cortical bone trajectory screw technology combined with anterior mini-open debridement and prop graft.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Screws , Bone Transplantation , Cortical Bone , Debridement , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Spinal
16.
Biol. Res ; 51: 40, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The biomechanical properties of maize stalks largely determine their lodging resistance, which affects crop yield per unit area. However, the quantitative and qualitative relationship between micro-phenotypes and the biomechanics of maize stalks is still under examined. In particular, the roles of the number, geometry, and distribution of vascular bundles of stalks in maize lodging resistance remain unclear. Research on these biomechanical properties will benefit from high-resolution micro-phenotypic image acquisition capabilities, which have been improved by modern X-ray imaging devices such as micro-CT and the development of micro-phenotyping analysis software. Hence, high-throughput image analysis and accurate quantification of anatomical phenotypes of stalks are necessary. RESULTS: We have updated VesselParser version 1.0 to version 2.0 and have improved its performance, accuracy, and computation strategies. Anatomical characteristics of the second and third stalk internodes of the cultivars 'Jingke968' and 'Jingdan38' were analyzed using VesselParser 2.0. The relationships between lodging resistance and anatomical phenotypes of stalks between the two different maize varieties were investigated. The total area of vascular bundles in the peripheral layer, auxiliary axis diameter, and total area of vascular bundles were revealed to have the highest correlation with mechanical properties, and anatomical phenotypes of maize stalk were better predictors of mechanical properties than macro features observed optically from direct measurement, such as diameter and perimeter. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the utility of VesselParser 2.0 in assessing stalk mechanical properties. The combination of anatomical phenotypes and mechanical behavior research provides unique insights into the problem of stalk lodging, showing that micro phenotypes of vascular bundles are good predictors of maize stalk mechanical properties that may be important indices for the evaluation and identification of the biomechanical properties to improve lodging resistance of future maize varieties.


Subject(s)
Phenotype , Plant Stems/anatomy & histology , Zea mays/anatomy & histology , High-Throughput Screening Assays/methods , Plant Vascular Bundle/anatomy & histology , Reference Values , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Reproducibility of Results , Plant Stems/genetics , Zea mays/genetics , X-Ray Microtomography/methods
17.
Biol. Res ; 51: 16, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950902

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Stathmin as a critical protein involved in microtubule polymerization, is necessary for survival of cancer cells. However, extremely little is known about Stathmin in glioblastoma. So, this study was designed to elucidate the function of Stathmin gene in the tumorigenesis and progression of glioblastoma cells. METHOD: The lentiviral interference vector pLV3-si-Stathmin targeting Stathmin gene and the control vector pLV3-NC were established for the co-transfection of 293T cells together with the helper plasmids. Viral titer was determined via limiting dilution assay. Then pLV3-si-Stathmin and pLV3-NC were stably co-transfected into U373 and U87-MG glioblastoma cells. Expression levels of Stathmin protein in each group were determined by using Western Blot, and the proliferation and migration ability of the cells with downregulated Stathmin were evaluated through CCK8 assay and transwell invasion assay, respectively. Cell cycles and cell apoptosis were detected with flow cytometry. Finally, the effect of Stathmin in tumor formation was determined in nude mice. RESULT: DNA sequencing and viral titer assay indicated that the lentiviral interference vector was successfully established with a viral titer of 4 × 108 TU/ml. According to the results from Western Blotting, Stathmin protein expression level decreased significantly in the U373 and U87-MG cells after transfected with pLV3-si-Stathmin, respectively, compared with those transfected with pLV3-NC. In glioblastoma cells, the cell proliferation and migration were greatly inhibited after the downregulation of Stathmin protein. Flow cytometry showed that much more cells were arrested in G2/M phasein Stathmin downregulated group, compared with the non-transfection group and NC group. But Stathmin downregulation did not induce significant cell apoptosis. Tumor formation assay in nude mice showed that tumor formation was delayed after Stathmin downregulation, with a reduction in both tumor formation rate and tumor growth velocity. CONCLUSION: Stathmin downregulation affected the biological behaviors of U373 and U87-MG glioblastoma cells, inhibiting the proliferation and migration of tumor cells. Stathmin gene may serve as a potential target in gene therapy for glioblastoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Down-Regulation/genetics , Glioblastoma/metabolism , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Stathmin/genetics , Transfection , Glioblastoma/genetics , Glioblastoma/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Stathmin/metabolism , Genetic Vectors
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689983

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical value of percutaneous endoscopic focal cleaning and drainage in the treatment of single-level suppurative spondylitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 18 patients with single-level suppurative spondylitis treated by percutaneous endoscopic focal cleaning and drainage from June 2014 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 11 males and 7 females, aged from 46 to 75 years old with an average of (58.89±9.46) years. According to the patient's diagnosis and drug sensitivity results to anti-infection therapy after operation. All the patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months with an average of(15.50±3.45) months. Disease control status was evaluated by laboratory examination of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) before and after operation. Relief of pain was evaluated using visual analogue scale(VAS). Nerve function was assessed by ASIA classification. Clinical effects were evaluated by Kirkaldy-Willis standard. Spinal stability and recurrence of infection were observed by imaging data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the operations were successful, and no complication as hematoma, nerve injury, infection, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, sinus formation at the site of tube placement, or mixed infection were found. Postoperative bacteriological report was positive in 12 cases, while 6 cases showed no bacterial growth, and the infection status in 13 cases were confirmed by pathological examination. ESR, CRP, VAS at 2 weeks, 3 months after surgery and at the final follow-up were obviously improved(<0.05). Clinical symptoms were improved significantly at 1 week to 3 months after operation. According to Kirkaldy-Willis standard to evaluate the clinical effect, 14 cases obtained excellent results, 3 good, and 1 fair. Nerve function recovery was based on ASIA grading at the final follow-up. The lost Cobb angles were (1.11±1.18)° on average, with no statistically significant difference before and after operation (>0.05). During the follow-up, no recurrent infection has occurred.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Percutaneous endoscopic focal cleaning and drainage is a minimally invasive, effective and safe surgical method, which serves as a new choice for surgical treatment of suppurative spondylitis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Debridement , Drainage , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spondylitis , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772589

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effects and advantages of percataneous endoscopic focal cleaning and drainage combined with posterior internal fixation in the treatment of tuberculosis of lumbar spine in elderly.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 32 patients with tuberculosis of lumbar spine received percataneous endoscopic focal cleaning and drainage combined with posterior internal fixation from May 2013 to May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 19 females, aged from 62 to 85 years old with an average of 75 years. Lesion segmental Cobb angle was 13° to 21° with an average of (16.52±3.20)°. Tuberculosis focal involved L₁-L₂ of 1 case, L₂-L₃ of 4 cases, L₃-L₄ of 15 cases, L₄-₅ of 10 case, L₅-S₁ of 2 cases. Cobb angle, VAS score, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and ASIA grade were compared before and after operation. The stability of the spine and the recurrence of tuberculosis were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12-36 months with the mean of 24 months. Three patients complicated with giant paravertebral psoas abscess occurred sinus tract in canal orifice of drainage tube after irrigation, and healed in 3 months after operation. Other 29 patients obtained healing of phase I without sinus tract formation. The clinical symptoms of all patients obvious improved at 2 weeks to 3 months after operation and no complications such as severe heart and lung, liver and kidney dyfunction were found. VAS scores and Cobb angles were improved from preoperative(6.77±1.23) points and(16.52±3.20)° to(4.71±0.69) points and (4.24±1.22)° at 1 week after operation. No infection and tuberculosis recurrence were found at follow-up period. ESR and CRP were normal at final follow-up and ASIA grade had obvious improved.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Percataneous endoscopic focal cleaning and drainage combined with posterior internal fixation is a simple, effective and safe method for tuberculosis of lumbar spine in elderly, and is worthy to recommend its clinical use.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Debridement , Drainage , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Spinal
20.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(4): 791-800, Oct.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889166

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Lignocellulose-derived inhibitors have negative effects on the ethanol fermentation capacity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this study, the effects of eight typical inhibitors, including weak acids, furans, and phenols, on glucose and xylose co-fermentation of the recombinant xylose-fermenting flocculating industrial S. cerevisiae strain NAPX37 were evaluated by batch fermentation. Inhibition on glucose fermentation, not that on xylose fermentation, correlated with delayed cell growth. The weak acids and the phenols showed additive effects. The effect of inhibitors on glucose fermentation was as follows (from strongest to weakest): vanillin > phenol > syringaldehyde > 5-HMF > furfural > levulinic acid > acetic acid > formic acid. The effect of inhibitors on xylose fermentation was as follows (from strongest to weakest): phenol > vanillin > syringaldehyde > furfural > 5-HMF > formic acid > levulinic acid > acetic acid. The NAPX37 strain showed substantial tolerance to typical inhibitors and showed good fermentation characteristics, when a medium with inhibitor cocktail or rape straw hydrolysate was used. This research provides important clues for inhibitors tolerance of recombinant industrial xylose-fermenting S. cerevisiae.


Subject(s)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae/drug effects , Xylose/metabolism , Glucose/metabolism , Phenols/metabolism , Phenols/pharmacology , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/growth & development , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Acids/metabolism , Acids/pharmacology , Industrial Microbiology , Fermentation , Furans/metabolism , Furans/pharmacology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL