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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 66-70, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013251

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical and genetic characteristics of children with β-ketothiolase deficiency (BKTD). Methods: The clinical characteristics, biochemical, markers detected by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS), as well as the variants in ACAT1 gene among 5 children with BKTD in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between October 2018 and December 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The onset age of the disease in 5 patients (4 males and 1 female) ranged from 9.7 to 28.0 months. During the acute phase, severe metabolic acidosis was observed with a pH of 6.9-7.1, as well as hypoglycaemia (2.3-3.4 mmol/L) and positive urinary ketone bodies (+-++++). Blood levels of methylcrotonyl carnitine, methylmalonyl carnitine and malonyl carnitine were 0.03-0.42, 0.34-1.43 and 0.83-3.53 μmol/L respectively and were significantly elevated. Urinary 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyric acid was 22-202 and 3-hydroxybutyric acid was 4-6 066, both were higher than the normal levels. Methylcrotonylglycine was mild elevated (0-29). The metabolites detected by MS/MS and GC/MS were significantly reduced after treatment. Analysis of ACAT1 gene mutation was performed in 5 children. Most variants were missense (8/9). Four previously unreported variants were identified: c.678G>T (p.Trp226Cys), c.302A>G (p.Gln101Arg), c.627_629dupTGA (p.Asn209_Glu210insAsp) and c.316C>T (p.Gln106Ter), the first 2 variants were predicted to be damaging by SIFT, PolyPhen-2 and Mutation Taster software. c.316C>T (p.Gln106Ter) is a nonsense variant. Conclusions: β-ketothiolase deficiency is relatively rare, lacks specific clinical manifestations, however severe metabolic acidosis, hypoglycemia, and ketosis during the acute onset were consistent findings. Missense mutations in the ACAT1 gene are common genetic causes of β-ketothiolase deficiency.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Acidosis , Carnitine , Retrospective Studies , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 242-250, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976855

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose The relationships among interleukin (IL)-10 levels, anxiety, and cognitive status after stroke remain controversial. We aimed to determine the associations of serum IL-10 levels with poststroke anxiety (PSA) and poststroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). @*Methods@#We recruited 350 patients with stroke, of whom only 151 completed a 1-month follow-up assessment. The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) were used to assess the cognitive status and anxiety, respectively. Serum IL-10 levels were measured within 24 hours of admission. @*Results@#IL-10 levels were significantly lower in the PSA group than in the non-PSA group, and they were negatively associated with HAMA scores (r=-0.371, p<0.001). After adjusting for all potential confounders, IL-10 levels remained an independent predictor of PSA (odds ratio=0.471, 95% confidence interval=0.237–0.936, p=0.032). IL-10 levels were strongly correlated with behavior during interviews, psychic anxiety, and somatic anxiety. Patients without PSCI had higher IL-10 levels were higher in non-PSCI patients than in PSCI patients, and they were positively associated with MMSE scores in the bivariate correlation analysis (r=0.169, p=0.038), and also with memory capacity, naming ability, and copying capacity.However, IL-10 did not predict PSCI in the univariable or multivariable logistic regression. @*Conclusions@#Low IL-10 levels were associated with increased risks of PSA and PSCI at a 1-month follow-up after stroke. Serum IL-10 levels may therefore be helpful in predicting PSA.

3.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 462-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979731

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective In order to explore the application prospects of the phenyl pyrazole insecticide fipronil for mosquito control and identify potential target genes involved in the resistance of Aedes aegypti to fipronil, and lay the foundation for an in-depth study of the resistance mechanism of Aedes aegypti to fipronil. Methods Using Aedes aegypti sensitive strains as experimental materials, Aedes aegypti larvae were treated with fipronil, and the differences in gene expression of Aedes aegypti larvae before and after drug administration were compared at the transcriptome level using transcriptome sequencing combined with bioinformatics analysis, and the differential genes were analyzed. Results A total of 757 differentially expressed genes were identified between the fipronil-treated group and control group, including 217 and 540 up- and down-regulated genes, respectively. Among these, the expression of glutamate-gated chloride channel (GluCls) genes varied significantly before and after treatment. Gene ontology analysis revealed that differentially expressed genes were enriched in catalytic activity, binding, metabolic processes, and membrane-related functions, while KEGG pathway analysis indicated enrichment in biosynthesis, metabolism, and life regulation processes, while the glutathione metabolic pathway was enriched in 15 differentially expressed genes. Conclusions The transcriptome results revealed that GST gene expression was significantly upregulated in fipronil-treated Aedes aegypti larvae, indicating that GST gene is involved in the development of fipronil resistance in Aedes aegypti larvae. In addition, GluCls gene expression was also significantly different before and after treatment, suggesting that GluCls migh be a potential target receptor for fipronil resistance in Aedes aegypti. As GluCls is an ideal target receptor found only in invertebrates, this discovery provides a reference and basis for further exploration of the toxicological mechanism of fipronil on Aedes aegypti.

4.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 221-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979620

ABSTRACT

@# Objective To investigate the drug resistance of Enterobacter cloacae isolated from blood samples in 75 member units of the Bacterial Drug Resistance Monitoring Network in Hebei, 2016- 2021, so as to provide a basis for rational drug use in clinic. Methods WHONET 5.6 software was used to retrospectively analyze drug susceptibility of Enterobacter cloacae isolated from 32 secondary hospitals and 43 tertiary hospitals. SPSS19.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results After removing the duplicate strains, 1 225 strains of E. cloacae were isolated from blood samples of 75 hospitals during 6 years, including 157 strains from secondary hospitals and 1 068 strains from tertiary hospitals. In this study, the resistance of Enterobacter cloacae to 16 kinds of antibiotics was analyzed. The drug resistance rates to cefuroxime (52.4%-67.8%), piperacillin (27.4%-31.2%), ceftazidime (27.8%-35.5%), ceftriaxone (29.5%-45.0%), aztreonam (22.2%-32.3%), cotrimoxazole (21.6%-28.7%) were higher; the resistance rates to amikacin and tobramycin were lower than 15.0%. The resistance rates to imipenem and meropenem were 3.6%-12.3% and 5.1%-11.4%, respectively. The resistance rate to ciprofloxacin in tertiary hospitals was 22.4%, and the resistance rate to cotrimoxazole was 23.9%. Except for these two antimicrobials, the resistance rates to other antimicrobial drugs in tertiary hospitals were higher than that in secondary hospitals. A total of 121 carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter cloacae strains were detected in the past 6 years, with an increasing detection rate (χ2trend=6.305, P=0.012). Conclusions Enterobacter cloacae has great differences in antimicrobial resistance to different antibiotics, and is sensitive to carbapenems. The drug resistance in tertiary hospitals is generally higher than that in secondary hospitals. Drug resistance monitoring and drug resistance mechanism research should be strengthened to better guide clinical drug use and curb the rise of drug resistance.

5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 148-153, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935593

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the short-term and long-term outcomes between robotic-assisted and laparoscopic-assisted radical right hemicolectomy in patients with adenocarcinoma of the right colon. Methods: Retrospective review of a prospectively collected database identified 288 right colon cancer patients who underwent either robotic-assisted (n=57) or laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy (n=231) between October 2014 and October 2020 at Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. There were 161 males and 127 females, aging (60.3±12.8) years (range: 17 to 86 years). After propensity score matching as 1∶4 between robotic-assisted and laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy, there were 56 cases in robotic group and 176 cases in laparoscipic group. Perioperative outcomes and overall survival were compared between the two groups using t test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, χ2 test, Fisher exact test, Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test, respectively. Results: The total operative time was similar between the robotic and laparoscopic group ((206.9±60.7) minutes vs. (219.9±56.3) minutes, t=-1.477, P=0.141). Intraoperative bleeding was less in the robotic group (50 (20) ml vs. 50 (50) ml, Z=-4.591, P<0.01), while the number of lymph nodes retrieved was significantly higher (36.0±10.0 vs. 29.0±10.1, t=4.491, P<0.01). Patients in robotic group experienced significantly shorter hospital stay, shorter time to first flatus, and defecation (t: -2.888, -2.946, -2.328, all P<0.05). Moreover, the overall peri-operative complication rate was similar between robotic and laparoscopic group (17.9% vs. 22.7%, χ²=0.596,P=0.465). The 3-year overall survival were 92.9% and 87.9% respectively and the 3-year disease-free survival rates were 83.1% and 82.6% with no statistical significance between the robotic and laparoscopic group (P>0.05). Conclusions: Compared to laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy, robot-assisted right hemicolectomy could improve some short-term clinical outcomes. The two procedures are both achieving comparable survival.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Colectomy , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy , Prognosis , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Treatment Outcome
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(10): e361006, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1349869

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The rat cervicitis model was established with 20% phenol glue to explore the therapeutic effect of Kangfuxiaomi shuan II on rat cervicitis and its mechanism. Methods: After modeling, the rats were treated with Shuangzuotai suppository (37.84 mg/kg), Kangfuxiaoyan shuan (205.6 mg/kg) and Kangfuxiaomi shuan II (40, 80, 160 mg/kg). The histopathological changes and injury degree of cervix in rats were evaluated by vulvar inflammation score and organ index. The therapeutic effect of Kangfuxiaomi shuan II on cervicitis was evaluated by detecting the levels of copper-protein (CP), C-reactive protein (CRP), Rat interleukin 6 (IL-6), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in serum and epidermal growth factor (EGF), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in cervical tissue. Results: Compared with the model group, the vulvar inflammation score and cervical index of rats in other groups decreased significantly (P<0.01). Kangfuxiaomi shuan II could significantly reduce the levels of CP, CRP, and MDA in serum of rats with cervicitis, and significantly increase the activity of SOD in serum of rats with cervicitis (P<0.01). The levels of EGF and iNOS in cervical tissue of rats also increased in different degrees, while the level of COX-2 decreased significantly (P<0.01), which significantly improved the pathological degree of vulvar inflammation in rats with cervicitis. Conclusions: Kangfuxiaomi shuan II has a certain therapeutic effect on cervicitis in rats, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of inflammatory cytokine network and immunity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Uterine Cervicitis/drug therapy , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Cyclooxygenase 2/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II/metabolism , Malondialdehyde
7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 473-475, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877129

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Exposure to atmospheric PM2.5 is closely related to the morbidity and mortality of kidney diseases such as chronic kidney disease, membranous nephropathy and kidney cancer. Acute and chronic PM2.5 exposure lead to the damage of glomerular filtration and kidney tissue of mice. PM2.5 induces cellular oxidative stress, inflammatory response, endoplasmic reticulum stress, renin angiotensin system and bradykinin system activation, so that causes renal blood vessel and tissue damage, decreases glomerular filtration rate and clearance capacity, and mediates the occurrence of kidney damage and diseases. This article reviews the studies into the impact of PM2.5 on kidney and its mechanism form 2016 to 2020, so as to provide the basis for the prevention and treatment of kidney injury induced by PM2.5.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2932-2938, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847592

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Computer navigation system and orthopedic surgery robot have been developed rapidly in spine surgery in recent years, but the operation effect of computer navigation or navigation robot is still questioned. OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference in robot-assisted and fluoroscopy-guided pedicle screw placement. METHODS: The study included clinical trials published in and outside China from August 2008 to August 2019. The retrieval was performed in the online databases including Embase, PubMed, CNKI, and Wanfang Data. Key words in Chinese were: robot assisted, fluoroscopy guided, pedicle screw, pedicle nail, pedicle screw rod, pedicle internal fixation. Search strategy was: pedicle screw AND robot assisted OR fluoroscopy guided. Key words in English were: Robot assisted, Fluoroscopy guided, Pedicle screw, Pedicle stick, Pedicle screw fixation. Search strategy was: “Pedicle screw” OR “Pedicle stick” OR “Pedicle screw fixation” AND “Fluoroscopy guided” OR “Robot assisted”. After data extraction, statistical software Review Manager 5.3 was used for data analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Based on the above search strategy, 357 studies were retrieved. A total of 19 trials were included, containing 17 English studies and 2 Chinese studies. (2) Meta-analysis results displayed that the accuracy of placement of the robot-assisted group was superior to that of the fluoroscopy-guided group [95%CI(1.82, 2.52), P < 0.001]. Number of surgical complications [95%CI(0.25, 0.69), P=0.0006] and revision number [95%CI(0.23, 0.71), P=0.002] were less in the robot-assisted group than in the fluoroscopy-guided group. (3) When evaluating pedicle screw placement, robot-assisted has higher pedicle screw placement accuracy, fewer complications and fewer revisions, and is superior to traditional fluoroscopy-guided technique in accuracy and safety. Considering the expensive price and complex operation steps of navigation robot technology, the selection of specific nail placement method should still follow the principle of individualized treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1197-1201, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the design and fabrication of the sub-ischial compression/release stabilized (CRS) transfemoral prosthetic socket based on 3D reconstructed residual limb. Methods:The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of a transfemoral amputee's residual limb was used for 3D construction. The base of the socket was constructed by the surface of the 3D geometry of residual limb in SolidWorks, and then the sketching and swept surface function was applied to create the compression and release structure. The CRS socket was analyzed by finite element method. The simulation was then validated experimentally. Results:The transfemoral CRS socket was successfully constructed in SolidWorks and assembled with the residual limb for finite element modeling. The simulation results showed the residual limb pressure distribution over the CRS socket compression areas. The maximum residual limb pressure was predicted to be 218.5 kPa by the finite element model, and experimentally measured was 239 kPa. The maximum residual limb pressure was within the pain threshold and pain tolerance range, and the patient was satisfied with the socket. Conclusion:This attempt of reconstructing residual limb MRI to design the CRS prosthetic socket provided another way to study the socket behavior in the prosthesis fitting process. The FEM-CAD method can improve the socket design and fitting process with computer simulation to reduce the trial on patients.

10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 543-549, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776610

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects and safety of catgut embedding on alleviating insomnia.@*METHODS@#Totally 510 patients with insomnia were divided into 5 Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome types: Xin (Heart) and Pi (Spleen) deficiency, yin deficiency with excess fire, Xin and gut qi deficiency, Wei (Stomach) disorder, and qi and blood deficiency, respectively. These 5 types of patients were randomly assigned to a catgut embedding group, an acupuncture group or a medication group (30 cases in Xin and Pi deficiency type, Wei disorder type, Xin and gut qi deficiency type, respectively; 40 cases in yin deficiency with excess fire type and qi and blood deficiency type, respectively). In the catgut embedding group, patients were treated by implanting catgut into acupoints once every 10 days for a total of 30 days. In the acupuncture group, patients were treated with acupuncture once per day over 30 days (excluding weekends); and patients in the medication group took 1 mg Eurodin Tablet orally every night for 30 days. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was evaluated before treatment, on 30 and 60 days after the first treatment, respectively. The International Unified Sleep Efficiency Value (IUSEV) was measured at 30 and 60 days. The safety was evaluated after treatment and adverse events were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The objective PSQI scores including subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, daytime dysfunction, and total scores at 30 days were significantly improved compared with pre-treatment in the catgut embedding and acupuncture groups (P<0.01 or P<0.05). At 30 days, the PSQI scores in catgut embedding group were superior to the medication group in the patients with each type of insomnia, with the exception of sleep duration (P<0.01 or P<0.05). At 60 days, significant differences were found between the catgut embedding group and the medication group (P<0.01 for all indices). The IUSEV scores in the catgut embedding group were significantly higher than the acupuncture group at 60 days, and the scores in acupuncture group were higher than the medication group at 30 days (P<0.05 for all types). No severe adverse events were found in this study.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupoint catgut embedding and acupuncture were more effective than medication in alleviating insomnia syndrome in different Chinese medicine syndrome type. However, the sustained effects of acupoint catgut embedding were superior to acupuncture.

11.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1014-1019, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701232

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the regulatory effect of NADPH oxidase-4 (NOX-4) on PI3K signaling path-way in transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced collagen type Ⅰ (collagen Ⅰ) synthesis from lung cancer cells and the mechanisms. METHODS:Human lung cancer A549 cells were cultured in vitro and stimulated with TGF-β1. The ex-pression of NOX family and collagen family at mRNA and protein levels as well as the PI3K class Ⅰ catalytic subunits and the activation of PI3K signaling pathway was measured. A549 cells were pre-treated with NOX-4 inhibitor diphenyleneiodo-nium (DPI), and the expression of collagen Ⅰ at mRNA level as well as the PI3K class Ⅰ catalytic subunits and the activa-tion of PI3K signaling pathway was measured upon TGF-β1 stimulation. RESULTS:TGF-β1 stimulated the expression of NOX-4 and collagen Ⅰ at mRNA and protein levels as well as the expression of PIK3CD and the activation of PI3K signaling pathway at a dose- and time-dependent manner. NOX-4 inhibitor DPI partly reversed TGF-β1-induced collagen Ⅰ expres-sion. Inhibition of NOX-4 down-regulated the degree of TGF-β1-stimulated activation of PI3K signaling pathway without effect on the expression of PIK3CD. CONCLUSION:NOX-4 participates in TGF-β1-induced collagen Ⅰ synthesis from lung cancer cells via regulating the activation of PI3K signaling pathway. TGF-β1/NOX-4/PI3K signaling pathway axis acts as a regulatory role in collagen Ⅰ synthesis from lung cancer cells.

12.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(5): 350-358, May 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837705

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the mechanisms by which PD98059 and LY294002 interfere with the abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix regulated by connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) of rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Methods: Rat PASMCs were cultured and separated into a control group. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was performed to detect the expression of collagen III and fibronectin mRNA. Immunohistochemistry and western blot analyses were performed to detect the expression of collagen III protein. Results: The expression of collagen III and fibronectin mRNA was greater in PASMCs stimulated with CTGF for 48 h, than in the control group. After 72h of stimulation, the expression of collagen III protein in the PASMCs was greater than in the control. The equivalent gene and protein expression of the CPL group were much more significant. Conclusions: CTGF can stimulate the gene expression of collagen III and fibronectin in PASMCs, which may be one of the factors that promote pulmonary vascular remodeling (PVR) under the conditions of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). PD98059 and LY294002 can inhibit the ERK1/2 and PI3K/PKB signaling pathways, respectively, thus interfering with the biological effects of CTGF. This may be a new way to reduce PAH-PVR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Chromones/pharmacology , Fibronectins/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System/drug effects , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Connective Tissue Growth Factor/pharmacology , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Gene Expression/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Gene Expression Regulation , Fibronectins/genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Models, Animal , Collagen Type III/genetics , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/cytology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Connective Tissue Growth Factor/metabolism
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3159-3166, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335879

ABSTRACT

In this study,the content of ethanol extraction of agarwood were performed following the method of Chinese Pharmacopoeia(ChP 2015 edition). The chromatographic fingerprints were established by GC-MS. Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)(version 2012) was employed to calculate the similarity of each chromatogram of agarwood. The ratios of sum peak area in the range of 170-270 min and 0-100 min of individual chromatogram were calculated using square peaks to normalization. AMDIS and RI were employed to identify the common and different peaks. Correlation coefficient P(corr) combined with Variable important in projection(VIP) value was employed to screen the different representative components based on OPLS-DA analysis. Grey related degree and TOPSIS were used to evaluate the quality of artificial agarwoods. The results showed that more than 10.0% of the ethanol extract content was found in 15 batches of artificial agarwoods among the total 18. The similarity of 18 batches artificial agarwoods was 0.439-0.779. The peak area ratios of two intervals were in the range of 0.307-13.254. The 9 common components and 8 different components were identified. Meanwhile, 2% salicylic acid is the best inducer based on grey related degree and TOPSIS. Grey related degree and TOPSIS can be used to evaluate the quality of artificial agarwoods rapidly. These results provide a reference data to evaluate the qualityof artificial agarwood.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2055-2059, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669226

ABSTRACT

Retinalvein occlusion (RVO) is the most common retinal vascular disease.The main causes of visual impairment and blindness are macular edema and retinal neovascularization.Drug therapies are the effective and safe method in the treatment of RVO currently.The main drugs conclude corticosteroid drugs,anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs,thrombolytic drugs and traditional drugs.This article reviews the recent progress in RVO in order to provide some valuable references for clinical treatment.

15.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 1028-1029, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE We have recently reported that cysteinyl leukotriene (CysLT) signaling plays an important role in microglial interleukin (IL)-1β secretion and subsequent neurotoxicity. The present study aimed to examine microglial morphological changes and the upstream molecular underlying IL-1βproduction in CysLT receptor agonist leukotriene D4 (LTD4)-treated BV2 microglia in vitro. METHODS Twenty-four hours after murine microglial BV2 cells were stimulated with LTD4 (1-100 nmol·L- 1), the cell proliferation and morphology were observed. The expression level of cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease 1 (CASP1) protein was measured by Western blotin BV2 cells. In addition, BV2 cells were pretreated with or without CysLT1 receptor antagonist montelukast for 1 h and the effects of monte-lukaston LTD4-stimulated microglial activation and CASP1 expression were evaluated. RESULTS The number of BV2 cells had an increasing tendency after 24 h treatment with LTD4, but no significant differences were observed between the control and LTD4-treated cells (P>0.05). Under basal and resting conditions, BV2 microglial cells displayed a ramified morphology. However, LTD4 at 100 nmool · L- 1 drove microglial morphological changes from a ramified towards an amoeboid shape. The expression of CASP1 protein was significantly upregulated in 100 nmool·L-1 LTD4-treated BV2 microglia (P<0.01). Furthermore, pretreatment with CysLT1 receptor antagonist montelukast prevented cell morphological changes and suppressed the increased CASP1 expression in LTD4-treated BV2 cells (P<0.05). CONCLUSION CysLT receptor agonist LTD4 induces morphological changes and CASP1 expressionin BV2 microglia, which can be inhibited by CysLT1 antagonist. These results suggest the involvement of CysLT signaling in microglial morphological changes and CASP1 expression.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1813-1816, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272516

ABSTRACT

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a common acquired autoimmune hematological disorders. Platelet autoantibodies lead to the decrease of platelet production and (or) increase of its destruction. The latest researches showed that the abnormal tryptophan metabolism mediated by indoleamine-2, 3-dioxygenase(IDO) is related with the pathogenesis of ITP. The patients with ITP show less expression of IDO, reduction of Treg cells and increase of autoreactive T cells and autoantibodies. CTLA-4-Ig can improve the expression of IDO in the patients with ITP, which also can inhibit the proliferation and activation of self-reactive T cells. Thus, clarifying the abnormal tryptophan metabolism mediated by IDO may provide a new idea for improving the understand of the pathogenesis and treatment of ITP. This review focuses on reasearch progress of the tryptophan metabolism mediated by IDO and ITP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies , Blood Platelets , Indoleamine-Pyrrole 2,3,-Dioxygenase , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombopoiesis , Tryptophan
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2427-2431, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283747

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Primary liver cancer (PLC) is a common malignant tumor. Over the past decade, although farnesyltransferase (FTase) has emerged as a significant target for anticancer therapies and has become a hotspot of cancer research, its exact mechanism of action remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of FTase in PLC and its role in the development of PLC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Expression of FTase was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative-polymerase chain reaction (FQ-PCR) in cancer and surrounding normal tissues from 32 patients with PLC.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Expression of FTase mRNA in PLC was significantly higher than that in normal hepatic tissues (P < 0.001). Overexpression of FTase was as high as 87.5%. The positive rate for FTase mRNA in the high tendency to metastatic recurrence group was obviously higher than that in the low tendency to metastatic recurrence group (P = 0.02). The positive rate for FTase mRNA in patients with metastatic recurrence during postoperative follow-up was also significantly higher than that in those without metastatic recurrence (P = 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The level of FTase mRNA expression in cancer tissues is much higher than in normal tissues. FTase may play an important role in the genesis and development of PLC and may be one of the reliable markers for the metastatic activity gained by liver tumor cells. FTase could be used clinically in predicting metastatic recurrence of PLC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Farnesyltranstransferase , Genetics , In Vitro Techniques , Liver Neoplasms , Pathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger
18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 125-127, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237157

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the metastasis and micrometastasis in No.14v lymph nodes in patients with lower third gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study was performed. A total of 53 patients undergoing radical resections by a single surgeon for lower third gastric cancer in the Department of General Surgery at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao Medical College were included. Conventional pathological section was used to detect lymph nodes metastasis and telomere TRAP-ELISA was used to identify the micrometastasis in No.14v lymph nodes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 96 lymph nodes were dissected from the No.14v group and lymph nodes metastasis were discovered in 9 patients by conventional pathological section. Forty-four patients had no metastasis on conventional pathological examination, of whom 13(29.6%) were found to have micrometastasis. The overall metastatic rate was 41.5%(22/53). Metastasis and micrometastasis in the No.14v lymph nodes were associated with Borrmann types, depth of invasion, No.6 lymph nodes metastasis, tumor diameter, and TNM staging(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>No.14v lymph nodes in patients with lower third gastric cancer is associated with a high incidence of metastasis and micrometastasis. The status of No.6 lymph nodes may be used as an useful indicator for No.14v lymph nodes metastases during the operation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Pathology , Neoplasm Micrometastasis , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery
19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 789-794, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285644

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of intensive insulin therapy on resting energy expenditure in postoperative patients underwent radical distal gastrectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-four patients with gastric neoplasms in the middle or lower part of stomach from January to October 2010 were enrolled and underwent radical distal gastrectomy, then were randomized to intensive insulin therapy (IIT) group to keep glucose levels from 4.4 to 6.1 mmol/L or conventional insulin therapy (CIT) group to keep levels from 4.4 to 10.0 mmol/L. Resting energy expenditure (REE), respiratory quotient (RQ), resting energy expenditure per kilogram (REE/kg) and lipid oxidation ratio (LOR) were monitored by indirect energy metabolic system on preoperative and postoperative 1(st), 3(rd) and 7(th) day. Fasting blood glucose and insulin concentration were measured for HOMA-IR assessment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with preoperative baseline, postoperative REE, REE/kg, LOR, Ln-HOMA-IR increased dramatically (P < 0.05, respectively). RQ decreased markedly (P < 0.05). Compared with group CIT, IIT reduced the REE/kg level [(27.2 ± 1.3) kcal/kg vs. (30.0 ± 1.5) kcal/kg, P = 0.008; (24.7 ± 1.4) vs. (25.7 ± 1.6) kcal/kg, P = 0.013]; and decreased the Ln-HOMA-IR score (P = 0.019 and 0.028) on postoperative 1(st) and 3(rd) day; IIT could decrease obviously the level of C-reaction protein level on postoperative 1(st) and 3(rd) day (P = 0.017, 0.006). The total protein and albumin concentration in IIT group were more than its levels in group CIT (P = 0.023, 0.009).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There are some benefits of IIT in reducing mean energy expenditure and the consumption of proteins, decreasing postoperative insulin resistance level in this small population underwent radical distal gastrectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Energy Metabolism , Gastrectomy , Insulin , Therapeutic Uses , Insulin Resistance , Postoperative Period , Stomach Neoplasms , Metabolism , General Surgery
20.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 417-420, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272578

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of "XUE BI JING plus LIANQIAO" injection on gene expression levels of rats with sepsis model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, sepsis model group, Te-neng group and "XUE BI JING plus forsythia suspension" group. The sepsis model of rats was prepared by "CLP" method. Tai neng group was treated by peritoneal injection Imipenem/ Cilastatin (0.18 g/kg); "XUE BI JING plus LIANQIAO" group was treated by peritoneal injection Imipenem/ Cilastatin (0.18 g/kg) plus "xue-bi-jing" (10 ml/kg) and "liang ge san" (18 g/200 g) by intragastric administration 2 times a day; the sham operation group and model group were treated by peritoneal injection of normal saline (10 ml/kg). The survival rates at 48h and 72h were observed for all groups. The gene expression levels of livers in all groups were detected by BiostarR-40s chip. The NCBI database was used to inquest Gene function and class.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The survival rates at 48h and 72h in "XUE BI JING+ forsythia suspension" group were 83.3% and 76.7% which were significantly higher than those (30.0% and 16.7%) in sepsis model group and those (60.0% and 33.3%) in Te-neng group (P < 0.01). Model group/control group have 305 differential expression genes with 159 up-regulation genes and 146 down-regulation genes. Tai-neng group/model group have 386 differential expression genes with 206 up-regulation genes and 180 down-regulation genes. "XUE BI JING plus forsythia suspension" group/model group have 342 differential expression genes with 102 up-regulation genes and 240 downregulation genes. The genes with up-regulation in model group/ control group and with down-regulation in"XUE BI JING plus forsythia suspension" group/model group were 24. The genes with down-regulation in the model group/ sham operation group and with up-regulation in "XUE BI JING plus forsythia suspension"group/model group were 16.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>"XUE BI JING plus forsythia suspension" can reduce the mortality of rats with sepsis, which could be due to the expression of relative regulation genes.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Forsythia , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation , Liver , Metabolism , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Phytotherapy , Rats, Wistar , Sepsis , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism
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