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1.
Digital Chinese Medicine ; (4): 328-340, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997736

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the metabolic trajectory of kidney aging and the effects of Polygonatum sibiricum polysaccharides (PSP) against kidney aging in D-galactose (D-gal)-induced aging mice, based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography/Q-Exactive Orbitrap mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-Exactive MS/MS). @*Methods@#A total of 36 C57 BL/6J mice were randomly allocated to six groups: control (CON), model (MOD), PSP low-dose (PSP-L), PSP medium-dose (PSP-M), PSP high-dose (PSP-H), and positive drug ascorbic acid (VC) groups. To create models of aging mice, D-gal was intraperitoneally administered to all other groups of mice except the CON group. After modeling, the appropriate Chinese medicine [PSP-L: 150 mg/(kg·d), PSP-M: 300 mg/(kg·d), PSP-H: 600 mg/(kg·d)] or positive drug [ascorbic acid, 300 mg/(kg·d)] was administered for intervention. Key markers of renal function in urine and serum of mice in each group, such as creatinine (Crea), urea nitrogen (BUN), and uric acid (UA) levels, as well as key indicators of oxidative stress in serum and kidney, including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), malondialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) were determined to validate the successful establishment of kidney aging models and to estimate the effects of PSP. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE), periodic acid Schiff (PAS), and β-galactosidase staining were used to assess the renal pathological changes. The metabolic profiles of serum, kidney, and urine samples from CON, MOD, and PSP-H groups were analyzed by UPLC-Q-Exactive MS/MS, and pattern recognition methods were used to outline the metabolic trajectory of kidney aging and to identify the characteristic metabolites. @*Results@#Age-related alterations in renal histopathology and impaired renal function in mice were also associated with oxidative stress indicators. Following the injection of PSP [PSP-H: 600 mg/(kg·d)], the pathological indices associated with aging were adjusted to normal levels, renal function and oxidative stress were improved in aging mice, and renal pathological damage was markedly improved. Meanwhile, the potential biomarkers were identified by UPLC-Q-Exactive MS/MS analysis and were further analyzed to form related metabolic pathways, with P < 0.05 as a threshold. The results showed that purine, sphingolipid, glycerophospholipid, tryptophan, and riboflavin metabolisms were the main metabolic pathways associated with aging. After administration of PSP, these pathological indices returned to normal levels, and biomarkers related to the aging process, such as adenosine monophosphate (AMP), tryptophan, and 5-hydroxytryptophan, also demonstrated, to some degree, reverse regulation (promoting synthesis). @*Conclusion@#Metabolomics methods based on UPLC-Q-Exactive MS/MS and multivariate statistical analysis can be adopted to establish metabolic profiles in aging mice. PSP has been shown to protect against kidney aging by interfering with the purine, sphingolipid, glycerophospholipid, tryptophan, and riboflavin metabolisms in the kidney.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 879-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996635

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To explore the causes of conversion to thoracotomy in patients with minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) in a surgical team, and to obtain a deeper understanding of the timing of conversion in MIE. Methods     The clinical data of patients who underwent MIE between September 9, 2011 and February 12, 2022 by a single surgical team in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The main influencing factors and perioperative mortality of patients who converted to thoracotomy in this group were analyzed. Results     In the cohort of 791 consecutive patients with MIE, there were 520 males and 271 females, including 29 patients of multiple esophageal cancer, 156 patients of upper thoracic cancer, 524 patients of middle thoracic cancer, and 82 patients of lower thoracic cancer. And 46 patients were converted to thoracotomy for different causes. The main causes for thoracotomy were advanced stage tumor (26 patients), anesthesia-related factors (5 patients), extensive thoracic adhesions (6 patients), and accidental injury of important structures (8 patients). There was a statistical difference in the distribution of tumor locations between patients who converted to thoracotomy and the MIE patients (P<0.05). The proportion of multiple and upper thoracic cancer in patients who converted to thoracotomy was higher than that in the MIE patients, while the proportion of lower thoracic cancer was lower than that in the MIE patients. The perioperative mortality of the thoracotomy patients was not significantly different from that of the MIE patients (P=1.000). Conclusion     In MIE, advanced-stage tumor, anesthesia-related factors,extensive thoracic adhesions, and accidental injury of important structures are the main causes of conversion to thoracotomy. The rate varies at different tumor locations. Intraoperative conversion to thoracotomy does not affect the perioperative mortality of MIE.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 486-490, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994592

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the mid-term results of fenestrated/branched endovascular aortic repair (f/b EVAR) for the treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. M ethods The clinical data of 105 thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm patients treated with f/b EVAR at the Department of Vascular Surgery of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from 2018 to 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Results:There were 43 cases of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm and 62 cases of thoracoabdominal aortic aissection.A total of 336 branch arteries were reconstructed,and technical success rate was 94.3%. 100 cases (95.2%) were followed-up, 6 cases (5.7%) received reoperation interventions, and 11 cases (10.5%) died. During the follow-up period, 69 cases had complete imaging data. Based on the recent CT date of the thoracoabdominal aorta, 58 patients hael positive aortic remodeling and 11 patients hael negative and indeterminate remodeling; there were 31 cases (29.5%) of endoleaks, including 7 cases (6.7%) of type Ⅰb endoleaks, 8 cases (7.6%) of type Ⅱ, 1 case (0.95%) of type Ⅲa, 13 cases (12.4%) of type Ⅲc endoleaks and 2 cases (1.9%) of type Ⅳ. Conclusions:The mid-term follow-up results were satisfactory for TAAA treated with f/b EVAR. Internal leakage remains key point for f/b EVAR.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 873-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical efficacy and prognosis influencing factors of hilar cholangiocarcinoma based on multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 91 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent surgery in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from April 2004 to April 2021 were collected. There were 59 males and 32 females, aged (61±10)years. Patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014 underwent traditional surgical diagnosis and treatment, and patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021 underwent multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment. Observation indica-tors: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) postoperative pathological examina-tions; (4) postoperative prognosis analysis; (5) influencing factors of postoperative prognosis. Follow-up was conducted using telephone interview and outpatient examination. Patients were followed up once every 6 months after surgery to detect survival. The follow-up was up to April 2023. Measure-ment data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curve and calculate survival rate. The Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted using the COX proportional hazard model. Results:(1) Surgical situations. Of the 91 patients, there were 65 cases receiving hemi- or expanded hemi-hepatectomy, 13 cases receiving tri-hepatectomy, 9 cases receiving partial hepatectomy, 4 cases receiving extrahepatic bile duct resection. There were 24 cases receiving combined vein resection and reconstruction, 8 cases receiving combined pancreaticoduodenectomy, 6 cases receiving com-bined hepatic artery resection and reconstruction, including 24 cases receiving extended radical surgery (tri-hepatectomy, hepatic artery resection and reconstruction, hepatopancreaticoduodenec-tomy). The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss and intraoperative blood transfusion rate of 91 patients was (590±124)minutes, 800(range, 500?1 200)mL and 75.8%(69/91), respectively. Of the 91 patients, cases receiving extended radical surgery, the volume of intraoperative blood loss were 4, 650(range, 300?1 000)mL in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 20, 875 (range, 500?1 375)mL in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing significant differences between them ( χ2=4.39, Z=0.31, P<0.05). (2) Post-operative situations. The postoperative duration of hospital stay and cases with postoperative infectious complications were (27±17)days and 50 in the 91 patients. Cases with abdominal infection, cases with infection of incision, cases with bacteremia and cases with pulmonary infection were 43, 7, 5, 8 in the 91 patients. One patient might have multiple infectious complications. Cases with bile leakage, cases with delayed gastric emptying, cases with chylous leakage, cases with liver failure, cases with pancreatic fistula, cases with intraperitoneal hemorrhage, cases with reoperation, cases dead during the postoperative 90 days were 30, 9, 9, 6, 5, 3, 6, 3 in the 91 patients. Cases with abdominal infection was 10 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 33 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=4.24, P<0.05). Cases dead during the postoperative 90 days was 3 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 0 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( P<0.05). (3) Post-operative pathological examinations. Of the 91 patients, cases with Bismuth type as type Ⅰ?Ⅱ, type Ⅲ, type Ⅳ, cases with T staging as Tis stage, T1 stage, T2a?2b stage, T3 stage, T4 stage, cases with N staging as N0 stage, N1 stage, N2 stage, cases with M staging as M0 stage, M1 stage, cases with TNM staging as 0 stage, Ⅰ stage, Ⅱ stage, Ⅲ stage, ⅣA stage, ⅣB stage, cases with R 0 radical resection, cases with R 1 or R 2 resection were 15, 46, 30, 1, 9, 25, 30, 26, 49, 36, 6, 85, 6, 1, 7, 13, 58, 6, 6, 63, 28. Cases with R 0 radical resection, cases with R 1 or R 2 resection were 15, 16 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 48, 12 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=9.59, P<0.05). (4) Postoperative prognosis analysis. Of the 91 patients, 3 cases who died within 90 days after surgery were excluded, and the 5-year overall survival rate and median overall survival time of the rest of 88 cases were 44.7% and 55 months. The 5-year overall survival rate was 33.5% in the 28 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 50.4% in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=5.31, P<0.05). Results of further analysis showed that the corresponding 5-year overall survival rate of cases without lymph node metastasis was 43.8% in the 16 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 61.6% in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021. There was a significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rate between these patients without lymph node metastasis ( χ2=3.98, P<0.05). The corresponding 5-year overall survival rate of cases with lymph node metastasis was 18.5% in the 12 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 37.7% in the 29 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021. There was no significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rate between these patients with lymph node metastasis ( χ2=2.25, P>0.05). (5) Influencing factors of postoperative prognosis. Results of multivariate analysis showed that poorly differentiated tumor and R 1 or R 2 resection were inde-pendent risk factors influencing prognosis after surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma ( hazard ratio=2.62, 2.71, 95% confidence interval as 1.30?5.29, 1.30?5.69, P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with traditional surgical diagnosis and treatment, treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma based on multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment can expand surgical indications, reduce proportion of dead patients within 90 days after surgery, improve proportation of radical resection and long-term survival rate. Poorly differentiated tumor and R 1 or R 2 resection are independent risk factors influencing prognosis after surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

5.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 217-225, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981532

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive and irreversible neurodegenerative disease. Neuroimaging based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is one of the most intuitive and reliable methods to perform AD screening and diagnosis. Clinical head MRI detection generates multimodal image data, and to solve the problem of multimodal MRI processing and information fusion, this paper proposes a structural and functional MRI feature extraction and fusion method based on generalized convolutional neural networks (gCNN). The method includes a three-dimensional residual U-shaped network based on hybrid attention mechanism (3D HA-ResUNet) for feature representation and classification for structural MRI, and a U-shaped graph convolutional neural network (U-GCN) for node feature representation and classification of brain functional networks for functional MRI. Based on the fusion of the two types of image features, the optimal feature subset is selected based on discrete binary particle swarm optimization, and the prediction results are output by a machine learning classifier. The validation results of multimodal dataset from the AD Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) open-source database show that the proposed models have superior performance in their respective data domains. The gCNN framework combines the advantages of these two models and further improves the performance of the methods using single-modal MRI, improving the classification accuracy and sensitivity by 5.56% and 11.11%, respectively. In conclusion, the gCNN-based multimodal MRI classification method proposed in this paper can provide a technical basis for the auxiliary diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alzheimer Disease/diagnostic imaging , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Neural Networks, Computer , Neuroimaging/methods , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1573-1577, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980556

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the causality between type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM)and age-related macular degeneration(ARMD)based on two-sample Mendelian randomization(MR).METHODS: T2DM and ARMD samples were extracted from the FinnGen database. Inverse variance weighted(IVW)was used as the main analysis method, MR-Egger and weighted median(WM)as supplementary methods to analyze the potential relationship between them. In addition, Cochran Q test and MR-Egger intercept were also used to analyze the sensitivity, and the P-value was used as the index of research results.RESULTS: IVW showed that T2DM was associated with the incidence of exudative ARMD(OR=1.14, 95%CI 1.01~1.28, P=0.021), but it was not significantly associated with the incidence of atrophic ARMD(OR=0.96, 95%CI 0.86~1.07, P=0.554). The results of sensitivity analysis confirmed that there was no heterogeneity and pleiotropy in this study, and the results were reliable.CONCLUSION: There is a causal relationship between T2DM and exudative ARMD. Considering the high rate of blindness caused by ARMD, it is of great significance to recognize and control the risk factors of ARMD to reduce its prevalence rate and early diagnosis and treatment.

7.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 752-756,C1, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989373

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Rotarex percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy(PMT) for treatment of lower extremity arterial graft occlusion.Methods:The clinical data of 19 patients with lower extremity arterial bypass occlusion admitted to our hospital from January 2016 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were treated with Rotarex-based endovascular therapy. After 12 months follow-up, the clinical features, surgical outcomes and follow-up data were analyzed to identify effectiveness and safety of the therapy. Independent sample t test was used to analyze the measurement data of continuous normal distribution which were expressed as mean±standard deviation( ± s), enumeration data were expressed as number and percentage, and the comparison between groups were analyzed by chi-square test. Results:A technical success rate of 100% was demonstrated. Rotarex combined with catheter directed thrombolysis was performed in 2 cases, Rotarex combined with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was performed in 9 cases. Rotarex combined with stent implantation was performed in 8 patients. The Ankle brachial index significantly increased (0.82±0.14 vs 0.47±0.11, P<0.05). Critical limb ischemia (Rutherford class 4 or higher) improved significantly (0 case vs 9 cases, P<0.05). Distal embolism occurred in 1 patient and acute myocardial infarction occurred in 1 patient. There was no vascular rupture, haemorrhage, infection, pseudoaneurysm, death and amputation. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed 12-month primary patency rate and freedom from clinically driven target lesion revascularization was 78.9% and 89.5% respectively. Conclusion:Rotarex-based endovascular therapy is a safe and effective treatment for graft occlusion after lower extremity arterial prosthesis bypass with high patency rate and few complications.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1363-1369, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955249

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of patients with esophageal cancer.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 447 patients with esophageal cancer who were admitted to the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2020 were collected. There were 312 males and 135 females, aged 60(range, 37?82)years. Observation indica-tors: (1) clinicopathological characteristics; (2) treatment; (3) follow-up; (4) analysis of prognostic factors for esophageal cancer. Follow-up using telephone interview or outpatient examination was conducted to detect survival of patients up to December 2021. The total survival time was from the surgery date to death or the last follow-up. Patients with duration of follow-up more than 2 years were included for survival and prognostic analysis. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were represented as absolute numbers. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves and calculate survival rates. Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate analysis was conducted using the Log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the COX hazard regression model. Results:(1) Clinicopathological characteristics. Of the 447 patients, 69.80%(312/447) were males and 30.20%(135/447) were females, and there were 3, 18, 101, 229, 93, 3 cases aged 30?39 years, 40?49 years, 50?59 years, 60?69 years, 70?79 years, 80?89 years, respectively. About the pathological type, there were 424 cases with squamous carcinoma, 11 cases with small cell carcinoma, 4 cases with adenosquamous carcinoma, 3 cases with sarco-matoid carcinoma, 2 cases with adenocarcinoma, 1 case with neuroendocrine carcinoma, 1 case with undifferentiated carcinoma, and 1 case with adenoid cystic carcinoma. There were 2 cases with tumor located at cervicothoracic segment, 49 cases with tumor located at upper thoracic segment, 273 cases with tumor located at mid-thoracic segment, and 123 cases with tumor located at lower thoracic segment. There were 6, 24, 74, 59, 192, 80, 12 cases in stage pT0, pT1a, pT1b, pT2, pT3, pT4a, pT4b of pathological T staging, respectively. There were 207, 63, 142, 28, 7 cases in stage pN0, pN1, pN2, pN3, pN4 of pathological N staging by Japan Esophagus Society (JES), respectively. There were 207, 128, 76, 36 cases in stage pN0, pN1, pN2, pN3 of pathological N staging by Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), respectively. About TNM staging, there were 25, 53, 127, 174, 68 cases in stage 0, Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳa of JES staging, and 16, 9, 53, 35, 108, 96, 45, 85 cases in stage 0, Ⅰa, Ⅰb,Ⅱa, Ⅱb, Ⅲa, Ⅲb, Ⅲc of UICC staging, respectively. (2) Treatment. Of the 447 patients, 63 cases underwent neoadjuvant therapy(12 cases combined with immunotherapy), 384 cases underwent no neoadjuvant therapy. There were 347, 97, 2, 1 cases with surgical approach as right thoracic approach, left thoracotomy approach, cervical abdominal approach, left thoracoabdominal approach, respectively. There were 316, 5, 126 cases with surgical platform as totally endoscopic esophagec-tomy, Hybrid surgery, open surgery, respectively. There were 350 and 97 cases with digestive recons-truction as posterior mediastinal approach and intrathoracic approach, respectively. Surgical margin as R 0, R 1, R 2 resection was detected in 323, 116, 8 cases, respectively. Six of 447 patients died during the hospital stay. (3) Follow-up. All the 447 patients were followed up for 25(range, 2?48)months, including 233 cases with the follow-up more than 2 years. The median survival time of 233 patients was unreached, and the postoperative 2-year survival rate was 76.8%. (4) Analysis of prognostic factors for esophageal cancer. Results of univariate analysis showed that gender, neoadjuvant therapy, surgical margin, pT staging, pN staging by JES, pN staging by UICC, TNM staging by JES, TNM staging by UICC were related factors influencing prognosis of 233 patients with esophageal cancer ( χ2=6.62, 17.81, 32.95, 37.93, 27.06, 35.56, 45.24, 37.84, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that gender, surgical margin, TNM staging by JES were independent factors influencing prognosis of 233 patients with esophageal cancer ( hazard ratio=0.48, 1.94, 1.46, 95% confidence intervals as 0.25?0.91, 1.07?3.52, 1.16?1.84, P<0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of esophageal cancer is relatively high in males, with the onset age mainly distribute in 60?69 years and the mainly pathological type as squamous carcinoma. Patients with esophageal cancer have advanced tumor staging, low proportion of neoadjuvant therapy, high R 0 resection rate of surgical treatment. Gender, surgical margin, TNM staging by JES are independent factors influencing prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer.

9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 271-276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of different acupuncture frequencies in tobacco-dependent patients and explore the impact of nicotine metabolite rate (NMR) on smoking cessation in the intervention with acupuncture.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 cases of tobacco-dependent patients were randomly divided into a high-frequency group (60 cases, 12 cases dropped off) and a low-frequency group (60 cases, 6 cases dropped off). In the two groups, smoking cessation counseling was provided prior to acupuncture. Acupuncture was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Lieque (LU 7), Zusanli (ST 36), etc. Additionally, electric stimulation was added at Lieque (LU 7) and Zusanli (ST 36), with continuous wave, 15 Hz in frequency. The duration of treatment was 8 weeks in either group. In the high-frequency group, the treatment was given 5 times weekly from week 1 to week 4, and was 3 times weekly from week 5 to week 8. In the low-frequency group, the treatment was given 3 times weekly from week 1 to week 4, and was twice a week from week 5 to week 8. The immediate withdrawal rate, persistent withdrawal rate, the score of Fagerstrőm test for nicotine dependence (FTND) before and after treatment, as well as the score of Minnesota nicotine withdrawal scale (MNWS) in 1 and 8 weeks of treatment were compared among the patients with high and low NMR between the two groups separately. The Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the influencing factors of smoking cessation in the intervention with acupuncture.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, there was no statistical significance of the differences in the immediate withdrawal rate (35.4% [17/48] vs 29.6% [16/54]) and the persistent withdrawal rate (33.3% [16/48] vs 25.9% [14/54]) between the high-frequency group and the low-frequency group (P>0.05). The difference in withdrawal rate had no statistical significance between high and low NMR patients (P>0.05). FTND scores after treatment were lower than those before treatment (P<0.01) and MNWS scores were lower than those in 1 week of treatment (P<0.01) in the two groups. However, the differences had no statistical significance between the two groups and between the patients with high NMR and low NMR (P>0.05). Age, education level and NMR were the influencing factors of smoking cessation in the intervention with acupuncture (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture with different frequencies has no obvious impact on the efficacy in tobacco-dependent patients. The lower nicotine metabolite rate in individuals, the better efficacy of acupuncture. The smokers with high nicotine metabolite rate may obtain a better effect of cessation in the high-frequency intervention with acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Nicotine , Smoking Cessation/psychology
10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 84-88, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885183

ABSTRACT

Studies have shown that the type 2 inflammatory response and related cytokines such as interleukin-4 and -13, play a key role in atopic dermatitis (AD) . Th2 cells and type 2 cytokines are the core factors in the type 2 inflammatory response, which is mainly involved in the pathogenesis of AD through 3 pathways: aggravating skin barrier defects; activating and strengthening the itching response; pathologically reprograming regulatory T cells into Th2-like regulatory T cells to amplify the type 2 inflammatory response. This review explores the relationship between the type 2 inflammatory response and AD, aiming to help optimize treatment regimens and provide new treatment options for patients with AD.

11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 623-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy and action mechanism of penetrating moxibustion at governor vessel for persistent allergic rhinitis of deficiency-cold syndrome.@*METHODS@#Ninety patients with persistent allergic rhinitis of deficiency-cold syndrome were randomly divided into an observation group (@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the TCM symptom scores, VAS scores, RQLQ scores, serum levels of IgE and complete blood count of EOS in the two groups were all reduced after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Based on the momethasone furoate nasal spray, the adjuvant treatment of penetrating moxibustion at governor vessel could significantly improve the clinical symptoms in patients with persistent allergic rhinitis of deficiency-cold syndrome, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of immune disorder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 429-431, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942372

ABSTRACT

A primary liver cancer patient complicated by hepatic cystic echinococcosis was reported. The case was admitted to the hospital due to intermittent upper abdominal discomfort for more than half a month, and an auxiliary examination revealed primary liver cancer complicated by hepatic cystic echinococcosis. Then, hepatic artery infusion and chemoembolization was performed, and no treatment was given to cystic echinococcosis lesions. Following treatment, the patient had remarkable improvements in the liver functions.

13.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 116-119, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870424

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the brain protection application experiences of combined internal and external blood shunt technologies for the in-situ three-fenestration revascularization of aortic arch.Methods From Feb 2017 to Jun 2018,8 patients with aortic arch leisons were treated by the in-situ three-fenestration techniques,including 3 aortic dissection,2 aortic aneurysm,3 postoperative TEVAR patients.We adopt the method of internal and external blood shunt technologies for brain protection using the vascular sheath for fenestration combined with carotid shunt tube skills,and using TCD to monitor the blood flow of brain.Results All operations completed successfully,and TCD showed no significant cerebral ischemia when aortic stent was used to cover the three branches of the aorta.The mean time of brain protection was (17.62 ± 6.87) minutes.One patient developed transient cerebral ischemia after surgery,and another one developed cerebral infarction.Conclusions The brain protection strategy of internal bypass combined with external converter technology maintain the brain blood flow,while is simple and feasible,it cannot completely avoid neurological complications.

14.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 40-44, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870215

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of overexpression of the autophagy marker gene Beclin I on biological behaviors of SK-MEL-2 human malignant melanoma cells.Methods Western blot analysis was performed to determine the protein expression of Beclin 1 in melanoma cell lines A375 and SK-MEL-2.SK-MEL-2 cells with low Beclin1 protein expression were selected as research objects,and divided into 3 groups:blank group receiving no treatment,negative control group transfected with pcDNA.3.1/myc-His (-) A,and experimental group transfected with pcDNA3.1-Beclin1 plasmid.After 2-week culture,cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was conducted to evaluate the effect of Beclin1 on cell proliferation at 24,48 and 72 hours,and Transwell assay and wound-healing assay were performed to assess the effect of Beclin 1 overexpression on the invasion and migration abilities of SK-MEL-2 cells.Repeated measures analysis of variance and completely randomized analysis of variance were used to analyze differences in indices among groups,and least significant difference (LSD)-t test was used for multiple comparisons.Results The protein expression of Beclin1 was significantly lower in the SK-MEL-2 cells (0.037 ± 0.010) than in the A375 cells (0.670 ± 0.150,F =46.62,P < 0.05).The experimental group showed significantly increased protein expression of Beclin1 (0.32 ± 0.04) compared with the negative control group (0.06 ± 0.02,P <0.05) and blank group (0.07 ± 0.02,P < 0.05).CCK-8 assay revealed a significant difference in the cell proliferation rate among different groups and different time points (F =1 077.36,4 903.04 respectively,both P< 0.05),and there was a significant interaction between the transfection treatment and time (F =205.20,P < 0.05).Transwell assay showed that the number of SK-MEL-2 cells crossing the chamber per high-power field (× 200) after 24-hour treatment was significantly lower in the experimental group (18.67 ±1.19) than in the negative control group (87.89 ± 6.05,P< 0.05) and blank group (86.78 ± 5.93,P <0.05).In the wound-healing assay,the cell migration distance was significantly shorter in the experimental group than in the blank group and negative control group at 24 and 48 hours (all P < 0.05).Conclusion Beclin 1 overexpression can markedly inhibit the proliferation,invasion and migration of SK-MEL-2 cells.

15.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 983-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873831

ABSTRACT

Objective To forecast the trend of mosquito density index in Pudong New Area, Shanghai so as to provide evidence for disease control and risk-control measures for vector-borne diseases. Methods Mosquito monitoring data was collected in Pudong New Area between 2011 and 2015 at the city-level monitoring sites for analysis on the trend of the mosquito density index in Pudong New Area of Shanghai by using the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average Model (ARIMA). Results From 2011 to 2015, a total of 135 times labor-hour monitoring were carried out at the city-level monitoring points in Pudong New Area.The mosquito density index averaged 6.17/labor-hour with a standard deviation at 4.93, S=[0, 18]/labor-hour.Using ARIMA to analyze the change trend of mosquito density index in Pudong New Area, ARIMA(2, 0, 1)became the final fitting model, with R2=0.808.In the model, the Ljung-Box Q test value was 19.632(AR1=1.866, AR2=-0.907), and MA parameter was 0.999. Conclusion ARIMA model can be used to predict mosquito density monitoring data, but low monitoring frequency and irregular cycle length will affect the prediction results.

16.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 974-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873829

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn the density, distribution, population composition, and seasonal fluctuation of mosquitoes in Shanghai Pudong New Area, and to provide evidence for the mosquito-borne diseases control and prevention. Methods From 2017 to 2019, light trap method was used to monitor the mosquito density in farmyard, parks, hospitals, residential areas and the barns, three times a month from April to November. Results A total of 24 times/set light traps were set up and 7 104 mosquitoes were captured.The average density was 3.07 insects per lamp.Culex pipienspallens (81.52%) and Aedes albopictus (12.10%) were the mostly captured, followed by Armigeres subalbatus (3.24%), Culex tritaeniorhynchus (2.78%) and Anopheles sinensis (0.36%).The proportion of Culex pipienspallens was increasing year by year, and that of Aedes albopictus was decreasing year by year.The seasonal variation curve of mosquito density showed a single peak distribution, with the peak from June to July.Among the five habitat types, the mosquito density from high to low was hospital (4.68/set), farmyard (4.38/set), livestock shed (3.25/set), residential household (2.81/set) and park (1.38/set).The mosquito density in urban area, urban-rural junction and rural area was 2.69, 3.32 and 3.36 respectively (i.e., rural area > urban-rural integration > urban area). Conclusion Culex pipienspallens and Aedes albopictus are the dominant species in Pudong New Area.Parks, hospitals and residential areas are the most important mosquitoes infestation areas, therefore more attention must be paid to mosquito control in these areas.

17.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 40-44, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798961

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of overexpression of the autophagy marker gene Beclin1 on biological behaviors of SK-MEL-2 human malignant melanoma cells.@*Methods@#Western blot analysis was performed to determine the protein expression of Beclin1 in melanoma cell lines A375 and SK-MEL-2. SK-MEL-2 cells with low Beclin1 protein expression were selected as research objects, and divided into 3 groups: blank group receiving no treatment, negative control group transfected with pcDNA.3.1/myc-His (-) A, and experimental group transfected with pcDNA3.1-Beclin1 plasmid. After 2-week culture, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was conducted to evaluate the effect of Beclin1 on cell proliferation at 24, 48 and 72 hours, and Transwell assay and wound-healing assay were performed to assess the effect of Beclin1 overexpression on the invasion and migration abilities of SK-MEL-2 cells. Repeated measures analysis of variance and completely randomized analysis of variance were used to analyze differences in indices among groups, and least significant difference (LSD) -t test was used for multiple comparisons.@*Results@#The protein expression of Beclin1 was significantly lower in the SK-MEL-2 cells (0.037 ± 0.010) than in the A375 cells (0.670 ± 0.150, F = 46.62, P<0.05) . The experimental group showed significantly increased protein expression of Beclin1 (0.32 ± 0.04) compared with the negative control group (0.06 ± 0.02, P < 0.05) and blank group (0.07 ± 0.02, P < 0.05) . CCK-8 assay revealed a significant difference in the cell proliferation rate among different groups and different time points (F = 1 077.36, 4 903.04 respectively, both P<0.05) , and there was a significant interaction between the transfection treatment and time (F= 205.20, P<0.05) . Transwell assay showed that the number of SK-MEL-2 cells crossing the chamber per high-power field (× 200) after 24-hour treatment was significantly lower in the experimental group (18.67 ± 1.19) than in the negative control group (87.89 ± 6.05, P<0.05) and blank group (86.78 ± 5.93, P<0.05) . In the wound-healing assay, the cell migration distance was significantly shorter in the experimental group than in the blank group and negative control group at 24 and 48 hours (all P < 0.05) .@*Conclusion@#Beclin1 overexpression can markedly inhibit the proliferation, invasion and migration of SK-MEL-2 cells.

18.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 750-752, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797713

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy and angioplasty in patients with femoropopliteal artery stent restenosis.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 41 cases with critical limb ischemia caused by femoropopliteal artery stent restenosis were analyzed retrospectively from Jun 2015 to May 2017, who were treated by percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy(PMT)+ percutaneous angioplasty (PTA) simultaneously. Clinical status assessment, ankle brachial index (ABI) test and color duplex ultrasonography (CDU) were administered at 3rd, 6th and 12th month during follow-up; and computed tomography angiography (CTA) or digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was performed at 6th and 12th month after discharged.@*Results@#Procedures were successful in all patients. 27 cases were under PTA after PMT, other 14 cases were under PTA+ stenting after PMT. The average ABI increased from 0.34±0.28 to 0.84±0.32(P=0.00)immediately. There was no perioperative death and major limb amputation.36 cases (36/41, 87.8%) were followed-up from 169 to 698 days (mean 426 days). During follow-up of 12 months, there were 18 cases with in-stent restenosis and/or thrombosis. PMT+ PTA were performed again in 14 cases and 4 cases accepted medication; no case encountered major amputation. The primary patency and second patency were 82.9%and 97.6% respectively at 6th month; Which were 49.8% and 88.8% respectively at 12th month, and the ABI was 0.65±0.10 (P=0.01).@*Conclusion@#Percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy and angioplasty is safe, miniinvasive and effective for femoropopliteal artery stent restenosis.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1517-1520, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797090

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish a method for in vitro expansion of regulatory T cells (Tregs) for clinical study and immunotherapy.@*Methods@#CD4+ T cells were isolated from BALB/c spleens by magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS), then cultured in 24-well plates coated with anti-CD3/CD28 microbeads in the presence of 100 U/ml interleukin-2 (IL-2) and 5 ng/ml recombinant human transforming growth factor-β (rhTGF-β). The purity of the expanded Tregs were tested by flow cytometry. In vitro inhibition of CD4+ CD25-T cells response by expanded Tregs was measured by mixed lymphocyte reaction test. The number and the viability of the expanded Tregs were detemined by trypan blue staining.@*Results@#Tregs were expanded up to 20 folds after 5 days in culture, and the activity was (93±4)%. The purity of expanded Tregs were (79.1±1.5)%, and maintained suppressive ability.@*Conclusions@#We can obtain large numbers of Tregs with highly purity and suppressive ability, thereby providing a solution to the availability of sufficient Tregs in clinical study and immunotherapy.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1173-1178, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796446

ABSTRACT

Background:@#The use of mobile phone significantly improved the outcomes of tobacco cessation. However, its feasibility and acceptability were unclear in the Chinese population. This study was to explore the feasibility of using Wi-Fi access points (APs) as a platform to provide smoking cessation help at 17 airports and 38 railway stations across China.@*Methods:@#This study was divided into two stages: platform development and population survey. In the first stage, a survey platform was developed and incorporated into Wi-Fi service at airports and railway stations, which could provide survey content as a pop-up window when participants tried to access the Wi-Fi service. In the second stage, a population survey was conducted to explore the intention to receive tobacco cessation support.@*Results:@#A total of 20,199 users participated and 13,628 users submitted the survey, with a response rate of 67.47%. The smoking rate was 30.9%. A total of 86.58% of smoking participants and 2.44% of non-smoking participants wished to receive tobacco cessation support, respectively. The multivariate analysis showed intention to receive support did not differ in age, gender, and heaviness of smoking (P > 0.05).@*Conclusion:@#Providing tobacco cessation support via Wi-Fi APs is feasible and efficient, and smokers have high intention to receive tobacco cessation support. It is suggested hospitals, academia, information technology industries, and government agencies must work together to provide tobacco cessation support via mHealth.

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