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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827481

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Composition of Ophiopogon polysaccharide, Notoginseng total saponins and Rhizoma Coptidis alkaloids (CONR) on myocardial apoptosis of diabetic atherosclerosis (DA) rabbits METHODS: Sixty male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 6 groups [control group, model group, CONR high-dose group (450 mg/kg), CONR medium-dose group (150 mg/kg), CONR low-dose group (50 mg/kg), and simvastatin group] by using a completely random method, 10 in each group. DA model was established by intravenously injected alloxan combined with high-fat diet and abdominal aortic balloon injury. After mediation for 10 weeks, fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycosylated hemoglobin (GHB), glycosylated serum protein (GSP), fructoseamine (FRA), aldose reductase (AR), advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in serum were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method; the expression of receptor of AGEs (RAGE) in myocardial tissue were observed by immunohistochemical method; and p-Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK), caspase-3, B-cell lymphoma-2 (bcl-2) protein expression in myocardial tissue were measured by Western blotting. The myocardial apoptosis was detected by TdT-mediated dUTPnick-end labeling (TUNEL) method, and apoptosis index (AI) was calculated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, serum FBG, GHB, GSP, FRA, AR, AGEs and the expression of myocardium RAGE, p-JNK, caspase-3 proteins, as well as apoptosis index (AI) were significantly increased and bcl-2 protein was significantly decreased in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of serum FBG, GHB, GSP, FRA and AR showed a significant decline in CONR high- and medium-dose groups (P<0.01). FBG and GHB showed a significant decline in CONR low-dose group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the expression of serum AGEs and myocardium RAGE, p-JNK and caspase-3 protein as well as AI were significantly decreased and bcl-2 protein was significantly up-regulated in all treatment groups (P<0.01); high-dose CONR had the most significant effect on abovementioned indices compared with other treatment groups (P<0.01). Middle-dose CONR had better effect on serum AGEs compared with the low-dose group (P<0.01); middle-dose CONR and simvastatin groups had better effect on the expression of caspase-3, bcl-2 protein, myocardium apoptosis compared with the CONR low-dose group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CONR may effectively inhibit myocardial apoptosis on DA rabbits by intervening AGEs-RAGE and JNK, caspase-3, and bcl-2 protein expressions.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Animals , Apoptosis , Atherosclerosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetic Angiopathies , Drug Therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Heart , Male , Ophiopogon , Chemistry , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology , Rabbits , Saponins , Pharmacology
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773631

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Rh2 (Rh2) is one of the major bioactive ginsenosides in Panax ginseng. However, the oral bioavailability of Rh2 is low, with P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and CYP3A4 being reported to be the main factors. The purpose of the present study was to determine the enhancing effect of piperine on the oral bioavailability as well as bioactivity of Rh2. The inhibitory effect of piperine on P-gp and CYP3A4 was determined using a Caco-2 monolayer model and a recombinant CYP3A4 metabolic system, respectively. The pharmacokinetics of oral Rh2 (10 mg·kg) administered alone or in combination with piperine (10 and 20 mg·kg) was performed in rats. The immune boosting effect of Rh2 was assessed in rats by measuring IL-12 level after treated by Rh2 alone or co-administered with piperine. The results indicated that piperine significantly increased the permeability of Rh2 and inhibited the metabolism of Rh2. The pharmacokinetic study results showed that the AUC of Rh2 was significantly increased in combination with piperine at high dose (20 mg·kg) when compared to the control group, with relative bioavailability of 196.8%. The increase of Rh2 exposure led to increased serum levels of IL-12. In conclusion, piperine may be used as a bioenhancer to improve pharmacological effect of Rh2 when given orally.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Alkaloids , Animals , Benzodioxoles , Biological Availability , Caco-2 Cells , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ginsenosides , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Interleukin-2 , Metabolism , Panax , Chemistry , Piperidines , Polyunsaturated Alkamides , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812421

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Rh2 (Rh2) is one of the major bioactive ginsenosides in Panax ginseng. However, the oral bioavailability of Rh2 is low, with P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and CYP3A4 being reported to be the main factors. The purpose of the present study was to determine the enhancing effect of piperine on the oral bioavailability as well as bioactivity of Rh2. The inhibitory effect of piperine on P-gp and CYP3A4 was determined using a Caco-2 monolayer model and a recombinant CYP3A4 metabolic system, respectively. The pharmacokinetics of oral Rh2 (10 mg·kg) administered alone or in combination with piperine (10 and 20 mg·kg) was performed in rats. The immune boosting effect of Rh2 was assessed in rats by measuring IL-12 level after treated by Rh2 alone or co-administered with piperine. The results indicated that piperine significantly increased the permeability of Rh2 and inhibited the metabolism of Rh2. The pharmacokinetic study results showed that the AUC of Rh2 was significantly increased in combination with piperine at high dose (20 mg·kg) when compared to the control group, with relative bioavailability of 196.8%. The increase of Rh2 exposure led to increased serum levels of IL-12. In conclusion, piperine may be used as a bioenhancer to improve pharmacological effect of Rh2 when given orally.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Alkaloids , Animals , Benzodioxoles , Biological Availability , Caco-2 Cells , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ginsenosides , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Interleukin-2 , Metabolism , Panax , Chemistry , Piperidines , Polyunsaturated Alkamides , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 115-119, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257544

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the early-middle stage clinical results of Topping-off surgery in preventing adjacent segment degeneration when mild or moderate adjacent segment degeneration exists before surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All the cases that received L(5)-S(1) posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF)+L(4)-L(5) interspinous process (ISP) surgeries between April 2008 and March 2010 (Topping-off group) were analyzed retrospectively. The cases received L(5)-S(1) PLIF surgery and whose intervertebral disc degeneration using modified Pfirrmann's grading system were grade 4 - 6 were analyzed retrospectively at the same time (PLIF group). Both groups matched in gender, age, body mass index and Pfirrmann's grading of disc. All the patients were evaluated with visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese orthopaedic association (JOA) scores before the surgery and in the last follow-up. The X-ray films before and after surgery were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 25 patients in Topping-off group and 42 patients in PLIF group were included in the final analysis. The follow-up averaged 24.8 and 23.7 months. No symptomatic or radiological adjacent segment degeneration was observed. The average surgery time was (120 ± 24) min and (106 ± 21) min. There was no significant difference in the blood loss during surgery or post-operation drainage (P > 0.05). VAS and lumbar JOA score improved in both groups (P < 0.01). In the lateral view of lumbar spine, neither of anterior or posterior disk height was significantly changed (P > 0.05), segmental lordosis of L(4)-L(5), total lordosis were all increased (Topping-off group: t = -2.30 and -2.24, P < 0.05; PLIF group: t = -2.76 and -1.83, P < 0.05). In the hyperextension and hyperflexion view, Topping-off group's range of motion (ROM) and olisthesis in the L(4-5) segment did not significantly change in flexion (P > 0.05), but decreased in extension (t = 5.83 and 4.92, P < 0.01). In PLIF group, the ROM (t = -7.82 and -4.90, P < 0.01) and olisthesis (t = -15.67 and -18.58, P < 0.01) both significantly increased in extension and flection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with single segmental PLIF surgery, Topping-off surgery can achieve similar symptomatic improvement in cases with pre-existing mild or moderate adjacent segment degeneration, restrict the adjacent segment's range of motion in extension and prevent excessive olisthesis of adjacent segment in both extension and flexion. Topping-off surgery has a potential effect of preventing adjacent segmental degeneration.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , General Surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Young Adult
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3942-3946, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339922

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Topping-off surgery is a newly-developed surgical technique which combines rigid fusion with an interspinous process device in the adjacent segment to prevent adjacent segment degeneration. There are few reports on Topping-off surgery and its rationality and indications remains highly controversial. Our study aims to investigate the short-term and mid-term clinical results of Topping-off surgery in preventing adjacent segment degeneration when mild or moderate adjacent segment degeneration existed before surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 25 cases that underwent L5-S1 posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) + L4-L5 interspinous process surgeries between April 2008 and March 2010 formed Topping-off group. The 42 cases undergoing L5-S1 PLIF surgery formed PLIF group. Both groups matched in gender, age, body mass index and Pfirrmann grading (4 to 6). The patients were evaluated with visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese orthopaedic association (JOA) scores before surgery and in the last follow-up. Modic changes of endplates were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The follow-up averaged 24.8 and 23.7 months. No symptomatic or radiological adjacent segment degeneration was observed. There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss or postoperative drainage. VAS and lumbar JOA scores improved significantly in both groups (t = 12.1 and 13.5, P < 0.05). Neither anterior nor posterior disc height was significantly changed. Segmental lordosis of L4-L5 and total lordosis were all increased significantly (Topping-off group: t = -2.30 and -2.24,P < 0.05; PLIF group: t = -2.76 and -1.83, P < 0.01). In the hyperextension and hyperflexion view, Topping-off group's range of motion (ROM) and olisthesis in the L4-L5 segment did not significantly change in flexion, but decreased in extension. In PLIF group, ROM (t = -7.82 and -4.90, P < 0.01) and olisthesis (t = -15.67 and -18.58, P < 0.01) both significantly increased in extension and flexion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with single segment PLIF surgery, Topping-off surgery can achieve similar symptomatic improvement in cases with pre-existing mild or moderate adjacent segment degeneration, restrict the adjacent segment's ROM in extension and prevent excessive olisthesis of adjacent segment in both extension and flexion.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Spinal Stenosis , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Young Adult
6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 26-30, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254835

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the surgical treatment of multilevel lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2005 to September 2008, 25 cases of multilevel lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis were treated with total laminectomy, reduction of spondylolisthesis and 360 degrees circumferential fusion through interbody (PLIF), transverse process (PLF) and pedicle screw fixation. All cases were followed up for 0.5 - 4 years. The Lenke grading system was used to assess the spinal fusion and Henderson grading system was used to assess the clinical outcomes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Complete reduction of spondylolisthesis was achieved in all cases. The bone fusion was grade A in 23 cases, grade B in 2 cases. The clinical outcome was excellent in 16 cases, good in 6 cases and poor in 3 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The pathogenesis of lumbar degenerative multilevel spondylolisthesis is different from that of single-level spondylolisthesis. Complete decompression, reduction of spondylolisthesis sufficient fusion and reliable pedicle screw fixation can provide successful interbody fusion and satisfactory clinical results.It's crucial to reduce multilevel spondylolisthesis by proper techniques based on different types of listhesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Screws , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Spondylolisthesis , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 481-483, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237782

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the possible reasons for proximal junctional lordosis (PJL) after short-segment posterior pedicle screw fixation in lumbar spine and discuss its proper management.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From December 2001 to August 2005, 345 patients were treated by short-segment pedicle screw fixation and these patients were reviewed. Clinical outcome was evaluated according to Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Proximal junctional lordosis was assessed evaluated on radiographs, by measuring lumbar lordosis angle, segmental angle at proximal level and lumbar-sacral angle. Risk factors of proximal junctional lordosis were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed-up for 2 to 6 years (average 3.8 years). ODI after lumbar surgery was 9.7-46.2 ( average 19.6 +/- 10.7). PJL was noted in 78 patients (22.6%), 37 (10.7%) of whom were symptomatic and 21 (6.1%) received revision surgery. PJL was more commonly occurred in patients over 60 years old, with reduced lumbar lordosis or vertical sacrum. The number of fusion-segment was not correlated to the occurrence of PJL.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Short-segment posterior pedicle screw fixation can not improve lumbar sagittal alignment. Age over of 60 years, reduced lumbar lordosis and vertical sacrum are possible risk factors of PJL sacrum.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Screws , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Internal Fixators , Lordosis , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 484-487, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237781

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical outcome of posterior corrective operation for degenerative scoliosis and analyze the possible reasons for its late complications and their proper management.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-five patients with degenerative scoliosis, who were treated by posterior pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion with cage implantation from September 1997 to September 2002, were reviewed. Their clinical outcomes were determined according to Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). The fusion area and its adjacent segments were evaluated through radiographic measurements of coronal Cobb angle, lumbar lordosis and coronal balance of the spine. The association of late complications, spinal alignment, and range of fusion was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At final follow-up, ODI was 17.8 - 62.2 (average 34.7). Late complications occurred in 13 patients, accounting for 37.1%. Among the 13 cases, 10 were symptomatic and 6 received revision surgery. The late complications were proximal junctional scoliosis in 4 patients, proximal junctional kyphosis in 4 patients, proximal compressed vertebral fracture in 1 patient, pseudarthrosis in 1 patient, pedicle screw loosening in 1 patient, and distal segment degeneration in 1 patient. Junctional kyphosis had no obvious relationship with abnormality of spinal alignment. Adjacent segment degeneration occurred more commonly in the cases with the proximal ultimate vertebra below L1 (9/ 18) than above T12 (4/17).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The rate of late complications is relatively high after posterior corrective operation for degenerative scoliosis. Spinal alignment should be evaluated carefully in preoperative planning. The proximal ultimate vertebra should be extended to the level above T12 to avoid late complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Screws , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis , General Surgery , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331956

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the characteristic of colonic transmission in functional constipation (FC) and the effect of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Sini Powder (SP) on it.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The colonic transmission time (CTT) of 36 patients with FC (the FC group) and 22 healthy subjects (control group) was measured through colonic transmission test, and CTT of entire colon and that of various subsections was calculated with Hinton method and Arhan method respectively. After then, the FC group was treated with SP for 7 days, and CTT was detected again after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Before treatment, body mass index (BMI) was higher, CTT of entire colon, left half colonic section, and sigmoid-rectal section were longer in the FC group than those in the control group (P < 0.05), no statistical difference in CTT of right half colon was found between the two groups (P > 0.05). After FC patients being treated with SP, their CTT of whole colon, left half colonic section and sigmoid-rectal section were significantly shortened (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FC patients were characterized by increased BMI and CTT prolonged and unevenly distributed in subsections, especially in the left half colon, sigmoid and rectum; SP could shorten the CTT in FC patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Body Mass Index , Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Constipation , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Gastrointestinal Transit , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Phytotherapy , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 33-36, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257737

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To investigate the techniques of posterior lumbar interbody fusion and pedicle screws in the treatment of degenerative scoliosis and evaluate their clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty five patients with degenerative scoliosis were treated operatively during 1997 - 2002. Among the 25 patients, 13 patients were treated with Brantigan I/F carbon cages in 28 intervertebral spaces, 7 patients were treated with Prospace cages in 15 spaces, 1 patient was treated with CONTACT cages in 2 spaces. The correcting effects, complications and follow-up results were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average correction rate of scoliosis was 59% and the rate of pain relief was 88%. There was a case of pseudoarthritis and a case of embolism. During follow-up, correction rate and height of disc spaces were not lost nor shift of interbody cages.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Posterior pedicle screws combined with interbody fusion is a safe and effective treatment for degenerative scoliosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Screws , Female , Humans , Internal Fixators , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis , General Surgery , Spinal Fusion
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