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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694577

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the effect of participatory teaching method in the Clinic teaching of internal medicine for MBBS students. Methods The 60 MBBS students were divided into group A and B, 30 students in each group. Participatory teaching was done in group A, and traditional teaching was carried out in group B,and the effects of the two types of teaching methods were compared. Results In the clinic teaching of internal medicine, the effects in improving students' clinical thinking and practical ability, creativeness, initiative and efficiency were better in the participatory teaching method than in traditional teaching method (P<0.05) . Conclusion The effects of participatory teaching in the clinic teaching of internal medicine for MBBS students was better than the traditional teaching.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694533

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of using sPESI score and hs-TnT in the evaluation of short-term prognosis in hemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism. Methods We collected 99 patients with hemodynamically stable PE from our department. According to the sPESI score and hs-TnT, patients were divided into high risk group (sPESI score≥1) and low risk group (sPESI score=0), positive group (hs-TnT≥0.014 ng/mL) and negative group (hs-TnT<0.014 ng/mL) . Then all patients were treated and followed up for 30 days. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of adverse events of prognosis were calculated, and ROC curve was drawn to analyze the values in different grouping methods for the prognostic evaluation.Results Thirteen adverse events occurred in all patients. The single test showed that sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of hs-TnT for predicting adverse events were respectively 84.6%,55.2%,22%,and 96%. When sPESI was used alone, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 92.3%, 48.8%, 21.1% , and 97.7% . Results of combined testing showed 100% sensitivity, 29% specificity, 17.6% positive predictive value, and 100% negative predictive value. The ROC curve area of the sPESI, hs-TnT, sPESI and hs-TnT are 0.832 (95% CI, 0.705-0.958), 0.825 (95%CI, 0.694-0.957),0.872 (95%CI, 0.773-0.971) . Conclusions PESI and hs-TnT have clinical value in evaluating the short-term prognosis of hemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism. sPESI combined with hs-TnT has higher significance, especially in patients with low-risk PE.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333613

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of interleukin-27 (IL-27) and its receptor (WSX-1) on the proliferation, transformation and collagen synthesis of the mouse lung fibroblasts.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cultured mouse lung fibroblasts were treated with TGF-β1, recombinant murine IL-27, a IL-27 receptor (IL-27R) overexpression vector IL-27R/pCDNA3.1, IL-27 and IL-27R, or all the 3 combined. MTT assay was used to assess the proliferation of the cells, and RT-PCR and Western blotting were employed to examine the mRNA and protein expressions of a-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and types I and III collagen; immunofluorescence assay was used to test the expression and location of α-SMA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TGF-β1 promoted the cell proliferation and obviously enhanced α-SMA expression and types I and III collagen synthesis in the fibroblasts. Both IL-27 and IL-27R significantly inhibited the proliferation of the pulmonary fibroblasts and obviously decreased their α-SMA expression and types I and III collagen synthesis, but when combined,they produced no obvious inhibitory effect on TGF-1-induced proliferation and transformation of pulmonary fibroblasts.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both IL-27 and IL-27R alone can suppress the proliferation, transformation, and collagen synthesis of mouse pulmonary fibroblasts, but their combined treatment produces no such inhibitory effect because of the neutralization of exogenous IL-27 by IL-27R to result in the failure of activating the cell signaling pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Animals , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Collagen Type III , Metabolism , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Interleukins , Pharmacology , Lung , Cell Biology , Mice , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, Cytokine , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Pharmacology
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267615

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of intravenous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation for early intervention of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six mice were randomized into control group, PBS-treated ALI group, and MSC-treated ALI group. In the latter two groups, mouse models of ALI were established by intranasal instillation of LPS, and 1 h later, the 4th passage of MSCs isolated from the bone marrow of mice or PBS were administered via the tail vein. The histological findings, lung wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio, neutrophil count and protein and cytokine contents in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) level in the lung tissue were analyzed at 24 h after MSC administration. Engraftment of MSCs in the recipient lung was determined by fluorescent PKH26 staining and flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, PBS-treated ALI group showed significantly higher protein levels, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and neutrophil count in the BALF and MPO content in the lung tissue, with also severe damage of lung histology. MSCs administration significantly reduced the lung W/D weight ratio, the levels of protein, TNF-α, IL-6 and neutrophil count in the BALF and MPO content in the lung tissue, and obviously lessened the lung injury 24 h after the transplantation. MSC administration also significantly increased the level of IL-10 in the BALF.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intravenous MSC transplantation can effectively improve the lung histology, attenuate the inflammatory response, reduce pulmonary edema in the early stage of LPS-induced ALI in mice, and such effects are independent of MSC engraftment in the lungs.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Therapeutics , Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chemistry , Cytokines , Metabolism , Female , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung , Metabolism , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mice , Peroxidase , Metabolism
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