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Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 58-61, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850044


Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic surgery versus open resection for large renal cell carcinoma. Methods The clinical data of 60 patients with renal tumor who underwent tumor resection by laparoscopic surgery during January 2009 and January 2015 were reviewed. They were divided into two groups (30 each) according to the surgical approach. Patients in group 1 underwent the operation via intraperitoneal approach, and those of group 2 via retroperitoneal approach. Thirty patients who received laparotomic resection of renal tumor served as control group during the same period. The preoperative examination, perioperative data and postoperative recovery were compared among the three groups. Results The preoperative scan showed that there was no statistical difference in tumor location and its relationship with surrounding tissues among three groups (P>0.05). The operative time was significantly longer in the two laparoscopic groups (groups 1 and 2) than in control group, with a statistically significant difference (P0.05). The postoperative duration of hospital stay was shorter in the two laparoscopic groups than that in open surgery group, with a statistically significant difference (P0.05). The operative pathological results showed that the TNM stage was higher in group 1 than in group 2, with a statistically significant difference (P0.05). Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery is safe and feasible for large renal cell carcinoma.

Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 189-193, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328386


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>lo investigate the effects of anti-VEGF antibody and anti-VEGF hairpin ribozyme gene on the proliferation, apoptosis and related gene expression of the leukemia K562 cells and the possible molecular mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>K562 cells were cultured in different concentrations of anti-VEGF antibody. The recombinant eukaryotic expression plasmid (pcDNA3-RZ) containing anti-VEGF hairpin ribozyme gene and the vector-alone were introduced into K562 cells by lipofectamine mediation. Cell proliferative capacity was determined by MTT, colony formation assay and cells cycles analysis. Cell apoptosis was assayed by DNA ladder and Annexin V -FITC/PI flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The anti-VEGF antibody was able to inhibit growth and induce apoptosis of K562 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Exposure to anti-VEGF antibody at 0. 165 microg/ml for 72 hours, the cells exhibited typical DNA ladders. The apoptosis rate peaked at antibody concentration of 0. 825 microg/ml. RT-PCR showed a decrease of MRP and TOPO II expression but a relative constant expression of GST. The introduction of exogenous anti-VEGF ribozyme gene resulted in a decrease of the proliferative capacity and colony forming efficiency from (30.5 +/- 3.3) % in control group to (16.3 +/- 2.8) % in K562/RZ group, higher G1 and lower S ratio in cell cycle distribution in comparison with the control groups. Typical DNA fragmentation and higher Annexin V + ratio occurred in K562/RZ cells after treated with 0.5 micromot/L of As2O3 for 3 days, the apoptosis rate increased from 13.4% in control group to 31. 5% in As2O3 treated group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Anti-VEGF antibody can inhibit growth, induce apoptosis and down-regulate the expression of MRP, TOPO II genes of K562 cells in vitro. Transfection with anti-VEGF ribozyme gene can inhibit the proliferation of the cells by delaying the progression G1 into S phase in cell cycles and induce cell apoptosis by down-regulating VEGF gene expression.</p>

Humans , Antibodies , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetic Vectors , K562 Cells , Liposomes , RNA, Catalytic , Genetics , Transfection , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 37-42, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263857


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the potential effects of anti-VEGF hairpin ribozyme gene to gene expression profiles in leukemia cell line K562.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The lipofectamine mediation was used to transfect the recombinant eukaryotic expression plasmid (pcDNA3-RZ) containing anti-VEGF hairpin ribozyme gene and the non-recombinant vector as control into K562 cells. And the positive clones were screened by G418. Ribozyme gene in K562 cells was confirmed by PCR. Fluorescent real time reverse transcription-PCR(RT-PCR) and Western blotting were employed to detect the expression of VEGF mRNA and protein in leukemia cells. cDNA microarray was used to explore the alteration of gene expression profiles when decreasing VEGF gene expression in leukemia cells. Expression of PCNA and GSN genes were verified by semi-quantitative RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The pcDNA3-RZ and pcDNA3 had been transfected into the human leukemia cell line K562 and positive clones been screened by G418. Stable expression of the ribozyme gene in K562 cells was confirmed by PCR. The level of VEGF mRNA and protein decreased dramatically in K562-RZ cells when compared with K562 or K562-PC (K562 cell transfected with empty vector) cells. The gene expression profiles were changed by transfection of anti-VEGF hairpin ribozyme gene into K562 cells. Among 4096 gene clones on the microarray, 191 (4.86%) genes were detected to have the marked changes with 104 down-regulated and 87 up-regulated, that were functionally related to cell cycle progression, gene replication, metabolism, cell apoptosis, cell signal transduction, and oncogenes etc. An increased expression of GSN gene and a decreased expression of PCNA gene in K562/RZ cells have been detected by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Down-regulation of VEGF gene by introducing anti-VEGF hairpin ribozyme gene can alter the gene expression profiles in K562 cells, leading to change of cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis in K562/RZ cells.</p>

Humans , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Profiling , K562 Cells , Leukemia , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Catalytic , Pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics , Metabolism
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 710-714, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244013


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility of selective inhibiting VEGF expression using VEGF short hairpin RNA (shRNA) interference, and observe the effects of VEGF gene silencing on NB4 cells growth.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three 19 bp reverse repeated motifs targeting exons 3, 4, 5 respectively of VEGF gene were synthesized and cloned into eukaryotic expression plasmid pGenesil-1 containing U6 shRNA promoter and termination signal of RNA polymerase. The recombinant plasmids pGenesil-VR1, pGenesil-VR2, pGenesil-VR3 and pGenesil-con (plasmid containing random DNA fragment) were transfected into NB4 cells respectively through lipofectamine reagent. The alteration of VEGF expression was examined by fluorescent real time RT-PCR and Western blot. The proliferation capacity of leukemia cells was measured by trypan blue exclusion, MTT assay, colony formation assay and cell cycles analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Recombinant plasmids containing three shRNAs and random fragment were successfully constructed and transfected into NB4 cells respectively by liposome-mediated gene transfer method. shRNA in pGenesil-VR3 cells knocked down the expression of VEGF mRNA and protein dramatically in a sequence-specific manner when compared with that of pGenesil-VR1, Genesil-VR2 and pGenesil-con. The NB4 cells transfected with pGenesil-VR3 (NB4-VR3) had a more significant decrease in proliferation ability than NB4 and that transfected with pGenesil-con (NB4-con). The colony forming efficiencies of NB4-VR3, NB4-con and NB4 cell were (13.3 +/- 3.8)%, (21.3 +/- 6.4)% and (24.5 +/- 5.2)%, respectively (P < 0.05). Higher G(1) and lower S proportion were found in cell cycle distribution in comparison with the control groups by FCM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The shRNA can efficiently suppress VEGF expression in NB4 cells. Selective VEGF gene silence can inhibit the malignant proliferation of leukemia cells.</p>

Humans , Apoptosis , Genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genetic Vectors , Leukemia , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Plasmids , Genetics , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Transfection , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics , Metabolism