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Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 795-798, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810214


Objective@#To investigate the effect of excimer laser coronary atherectomy (ELCA) in the interventional treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS).@*Methods@#This prospective study enrolled 31 patients with ACS who underwent ELCA treatment in our hospital from November 8, 2016 to December 13, 2017. The efficacy and complications of ELCA were observed, and patients were followed up for postoperative observation of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (including target vessel revascularization, stroke, stent thrombosis, coronary artery bypass grafting, and death).@*Results@#The patients were aged (65.0±10.8) years old and 25 were males (80.6%).There were 5 cases (16.1%) ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, 3 cases (9.7%) non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, and 23 cases (74.2%) unstable angina in this cohort.There were 9 cases (29.0%) in-stent restenosis, 11 cases (35.5%) saphenous vein graft, 2 cases (6.5%) chronic total occlusive disease, and 4 cases (12.9%) calcification.Two patients with chronic complete occlusive disease and 1 patient with calcified lesion were examined by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). The other lesions were not examined with IVUS and optical correlation tomography (OCT).The ELCA success rate was 100% (31/31) and the PCI success rate was 100% (31/31).Intraoperative use of 0.9 mm diameter catheters accounted for 38.7% (12/31), 1.7 mm diameter catheters accounted for 32.3% (10/31), and 1.4 mm diameter catheters accounted for 29.0% (9/31).One patient with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction experienced no reflow of coronary artery during operation. The other 30 patients had no complications such as perforation, small dissection, large dissection, distal occlusion, slow blood flow and collateral occlusion. One cardiac death(3.2%) occurred during the postoperative follow-up of (6.4±1.9) months.@*Conclusion@#Our preliminary study results indicate that the use of ELCA in the interventional therapy of ACS is safe and effective.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413327


Objective To study the uncertainty and traceability of HBV DNA assays and discuss the comparability of results among different detection systems. Methods Different detecting systems were used to detect HBV DNA using the national standard substance as "quality control substance". The uncertainty of the results was evaluated referring "Guidelines for estimating and reporting measurement uncerTAinty of chemical test results" of NATA The results were traced back to the national standard substance. According to the CLSI document EP9-A2, the results were analyzed and subjected to bias estimation with the t(0.05sv) √u2b1+ u2b2 as the criterion clinically accepted to investigate the comparability of different detecting systems. Results The means (-y) measured by 3 HBV DNA assay systems were 6.15,5.88,and 6.31 lg(kIU/L) respectively. Except system A,both the biases of system B and C had statistical significance (all P < 0. 05) and expanded uncertainty of three detection systems was varied, but the difference was within the maximum acceptable range (± 0. 5) of the external quality assessment by National Center for Clinical Laboratory. Being traceable to national standard substance, the results of HBV DNA of the three detecting systems were (5.45 ± 1.23), (5.55 ± 1.32) and (5.42 ± 1.25) lg(kIU/L), respectively.There was significant difference among three systems (F = 5.63, P < 0. 05). Comparing system A and B,there was significant difference in statistic (q = 5. 12, P < 0. 05) and the difference between system B and C also had statistically significant (q = 6. 85, P < 0. 05), but the results between system A and C had no statistical difference (q = 1.85,P > 0. 05). Among these three systems, the difference of any two detection systems had no statistical significance (all P > 0. 05). It showed that system bias was acceptable in clinical application and the results between different systems were comparable. Conclusions It is necessary to estimate the uncertainty and traceability when comparing the HBV DNA assay among the different labs. It also needs to estimate the bias of different systems and evaluate the clinical acceptability to ensure the accuracy and comparability of the results.

National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 309-310, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308364


We used the method of partial penectomy combined with penis lengthening to treat 2 cases of penile cancer. The penile lengths were lengthened by 3-4 cm. This method could retain the penis and sexual function to the maximum degree. And a few patients could avoid total penectomy and micturate on their feet. This operation is very simple and safe, with no complication.

Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Penile Neoplasms , General Surgery , Penis , General Surgery