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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 34-39, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884411

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of the logistic regression model with three-dimensional CT quantitative parameters in combination with qualitative parameters in predicting the invasiveness of pure ground glass nodules (pGGN).Methods:The clinical data and image features of 191 patients (196 lesions) with pGGN on CT confirmed as lung adenocarcinoma by pathology from April 2019 to December 2019 in Anhui Chest Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Totally, 196 lesions were divided into atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH)+adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS)+minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) group ( n=128) and invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC) group ( n=68). CT quantitative parameters included the maximum diameter, volume, average CT value and quality of pGGN, and the qualitative parameters included the intrinsic vascular changes, abnormal air-bronchogram, lobulated signs, bubble-like sign, pleura-traction sign, and fuzzy tumor-lung interface sign. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the quantitative parameters and the Pearson χ 2 test was used to compare the qualitative parameters between two groups. The independent predictors of IAC and predictive probability value were screened by univariate analysis in combination with multivariate logistic regression analysis. The ROC curves were drawn to compare the diagnostic probability of logistic regression prediction probability and each single parameter. Results:There were statistically significant differences in maximum diameter [0.92(0.77,1.14) cm vs. 1.41(1.12, 1.93) cm, Z=-7.366, P<0.001], volume[0.31(0.20, 0.53) cm 3 vs. 0.88(0.41, 2.00) cm 3, Z=-6.254, P<0.001], average CT value[-571.5(-637.2, -477.0) HU vs. -418.1(-532.4, -338.5) HU, Z=-5.882, P<0.001], quality[0.14(0.09, 0.25) g vs. 0.42(0.26, 1.21) g, Z=-7.438, P<0.001], intrinsic vascular changes(23 vs. 49, χ2=55.906, P<0.001), abnormal air-bronchogram(13 vs. 30, χ2=29.908, P<0.001) and pleura-traction sign(39 vs. 32, χ2=5.291, P=0.021) between the two groups. The logistic regression analysis showed that the maximum diameter, average CT value, intrinsic vascular changes and abnormal air-bronchogram were the independent risk factors of IAC, and the odds ratio value(95%CI) were 10.624(1.275-88.522), 1.004(1.000-1.008), 3.424(1.458-8.043) and 2.993(1.114-8.043), respectively. The ROC curve demonstrated that the area under the curve, sensitivity and specificity of the logistic regression model were 0.899, 0.912, and 0.711 respectively, which were better than separate analysis results from each single parameter. Conclusion:The logistic regression model with a combination of three-dimensional CT quantitative and qualitative parameters can predict the invasiveness of pGGN better.

2.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 1230-1233, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800214

ABSTRACT

Objcetive@#To explore the treatment of long segment defect of tibia by using tensor fascia lata combined with iliac flap or deep circumflex iliac pedicle iliac flap.@*Methods@#From February 2012 to August 2017, The People′s Hospital of Zun Yi City Bo Zhou District treated 16 patients who had long segment defect of tibia.There were 11 males and 5 females, age from 22 to 58 years old, the average age was 42 years old. Iliac flap grafting with tensor fascia lata combined with iliac flap or deep circumflex iliac pedicle was used to treat the defect of long segment of tibia. There were 4 cases with simple tibial defect and 12 cases with skin defect. The longest tibial defect was 5-8 cm.@*Results@#In this study, four patients used iliac flaps with deep circumflex iliac pedicle, the area of flaps ranged from 2.5 cm×5.0 cm to 5.0 cm×10.0 cm, while the area of iliac flaps ranged from 5.0 cm×2.5 cm to 8.0 cm×4.0 cm. Twelve patients used grafting with tensor fascia lata combined with iliac flap, the area of flaps ranged from 5.0 cm×12.0 cm to 12.0 cm×23.0 cm, while the area of iliac flaps ranged from 7.0 cm×2.0 cm to 8.0 cm×4.0 cm. All 16 cases of bone flap were survived, fracture healing, without surgical complications. The average follow-up period was 1.5 years, the flaps had good appearance in 10 cases and was slightly bloated in 6 cases; the ankle had normal motion in 14 cases and had poor dorsal extension in 2 cases. X-ray films showed that the bone flap repaired the bone defects and reached bone healing.@*Conclusions@#Vascularized tensor fascia lata combined with iliac flap or deep circumflex iliac pedicle iliac flap grafts increase local blood supply and accelerate the process of fracture healing.

3.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1077-1080, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752495

ABSTRACT

Objective ToexplorethevalueofMRIindifferentiatingbetweenmass-formingchronicpancreatitis(MFCP)andpancreatic carcinoma(PC).Methods MRIdataof19caseswith MFCP,36caseswithPCand30normalcontrolcasesconfirmedbypathology orfollow-upwereanalyzedretrospectively.AllofthesubjectsunderwentroutineMRIandDWIscan.MRIcharacteristicsofdiseases andnormalpancreaswereanalyzed,andADCvalueswerecomparedamongthethreegroups.Results TheaverageADCvalueofthe MFCPgroupwas(1.41±0.25)×10-3 mm2/s,higherthanthatofthePCgroup (1.13±0.11)×10-3 mm2/s(P<0.05),andlower thanthatofthenormalcontrolgroup(1.50±0.27)×10-3 mm2/s(P<0.05).IntheT2WI,enhancedscanningarterialphase,andenhanced scanningportalphase,thesignalcharacteristicsofthelesionswerestatisticallydifferentbetweentheMFCPandPCgroup (P<0.05).The sensitivityandspecificityofthecombinationT2WI,enhancedarterialimagingandADCvaluewere86.9%and88.9%indifferentiatingMFCPand PC,whichwasbetterthananysinglemethod.Conclusion MRImulti-sequencecombinationisoneoftheeffectivemethodsforidentifyingPCand MFCP,andhasreferencevalueforclinicaldiagnosis.

4.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 763-766, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752434

ABSTRACT

Objective Toinvestigatetheapplicationvalueofthreedimensionalliveraccelerationvolumeacquisition(3D LAVA) multiphasedynamiccontrastenhancedMRIinBudd-Chiarisyndrome(BCS).Methods Aretrospectiveanalysiswasperformedforthe clinicaldataof49patientswithBCSwhounderwent3DLAVA multiphasedynamiccontrastenhanced MRIandwereconfirmedby DSA.Theappearanceofinferiorvenacava,hepaticvein,accessoryhepaticvein(AHV)andcollateralcirculationonbothDSAand3D LAVA wereobserved.BCStypeandAHVnumberswereanalyzedusingtheχ2test.3DLAVAandDSAinthemeasurementofthe mean diameter of A H V were compared by Student’s t test.The Kappa statistics was calculated to quantify the consistency between thetwomethodsinthedetectionofAHV.Results Amongthe49patients,therewasnosignificantdifferencebetweenMRIandDSA inBCSclassification (P=0.694).MRIandDSAshowedstatisticalsignificances(P<0.01)inthenumberofAHVandthemeancaliber of the A H V respectively.T he Kappa coefficient (K=0.621 ) de m onstrated good consistency for the tw o m ethods in detecting the numberofAHV.3DLAVAshowedmoreadvantagesincollateralcirculationthanDSA.Conclusion 3DLAVA mayaccuratelydetect hepaticvein,inferiorvenacava,AHV,andextrahepaticcollateralcirculationinBCSandcanhelptoevaluatethepatient’sconditionas wellastoselectthealternativemodalityininterventionaltherapy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692661

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of combined detection of NGAL,L-FABP and KIM-1 in urine for early acute kidney injury in children.Methods 128 cases sepsis patients in our hospital during ICU from September 2015 to September 2016 were enrolled in the study,according to the occurrence of acute renal injury(AIK)were divided into observation group and control group,the incidence of AKI in 26 ca-ses as the observation group,102 cases without AKI as control group;the content of urine collected from two groups of children,NGAL L-FABP,KIM-1.Results In AKI group 6 h NGAL,L-FABP,Kim-1 in urine in-creased significantly higher than that of the other time points and non AKI group level,significant difference was statistically significant;6h NGAL,L-FABP,Kim-1 in urine combined detection efficiency is highest,sen-sitivity,specificity and positive pre detection value and negative predictive value were measured 86.7%,97. 8%,78.3% a,98.7% a,was significantly higher than the diagnostic efficacy of urinary NGAL,L-FABP,Kim-1;6h,L-FABP,NGAL in the urine level of KIM-1 and 48h in patients with creatinine and GFR levels of correla-tion analysis found that in children with early urinary NGAL,L-FABP,KIM-1 and 48h in children with creati-nine and GFR levels were positive related.Conclusion The detection of NGAL,L-FABP and KIM-1 in urine is of great significance in the diagnosis of AKI in children,which is worthy of clinical application.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603027

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore influence of tanshinone on rabbit malignant arrhythmias and calmodulin signal transduction pathway after myocardial infarction. Methods: A total of 30 rabbits were randomly and equally divided into sham operation group (sham group), model group and tanshinone group. Acute myocardial infarction model was established through ligating left anterior descending branch of coronary. After modeling, the rabbits were randomly and equally divided into model group and tanshinone group. Incidence rate of malignant arrhythmias, action potential duration (APD) of three myocardial layers (namely endocardium layer, myocardium layer and epicardium layer), transmural dispersion of repolarization, Ca2+ concentration, compared among three groups. Results: Incidence rate of malignant arrhythmias in tanshinone group was significantly lower than that of model group (20.0% vs. 70.0%, P<0.01); compared with sham group, there were significant rise in transmural dispersion of repolarization, 90% APD, Ca2+ concentration, expression levels of calmodulin and calmodulin kinase Ⅱ of three layers in model group and tanshinone group (P<0.01 all) ; compared with model group, there were significant reductions in transmural dispersion of repolarization[(46.2±10.9) ms vs.(35.5±8.8) ms], 90% APD [epicardium layer, (231.5±17.4) ms vs.(211.0±16.3) ms], Ca2+ concentration [epicardium layer, (132.0±12.3) mmol/L vs.(102.3±10.3) mmol/L], expression levels of calmodulin [epicardium layer, (0.724±0.014) vs. (0.563±0.014)] and calmodulin kinase Ⅱ[epicardium layer, (0.759±0.019) vs. (0.589±0.017)] in tanshinone group, (P<0.05~0.01). Conclusion: Tanshinone possesses anti-malignant arrhythmias effect after myocardial infarction. Its mechanism may be regulating calmodulin and calmodulin kinase Ⅱ signal transduction pathway.

7.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 48-51, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468101

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of cyclogest and femotroneinthreatened abortion treatment and summerize key points of nursing. Methods Forty-two cases of first trimester threatened abortion women were selected from department of gynecology and obstetrics, which were randomly divided into the control group (n=21) and experiment group (n=21)using random digit table. The control group was given femotrone 40mg intramuscular injection each day while the experiment group was given 90 mg of vaginal progesterone suppository (Cyclogest) each day. Compare the improvement of symptoms, the success rate of pregnancy, changes in serum human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) and progesterone. Results The improvement of symptoms, curative effects and change of HCG of both groups were no significantly difference. But elevatorconcentration of serum progesterone in femotrone group was higher than that of the cyclogest groupwith statistically difference. Conclusions Although cyclogest cannot appear significantly in increasing serum progesterone levels, it has the same effect as femotrone. Recommendations and notes about the use and side effects of cyclogest and femotrone should be provided for education to alleviate concerns of patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 803-806, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419284

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the MRI findings of epithelioid angiomyolipoma (EAML) of the liver.Methods The MR findings in a series of 8 patients with pathologically proven liver EAML were retrospectively analyzed. Distribution of lesions, signal intensity characteristics, tumor vascularity,feeding arteries and draining veins, fat, hemorrhage, cystic necrosis and pseudocapsule formation were evaluated and correlated with pathology.Results A single lesion was found in each of the 8 patients.All eight lesions showed long T1,long T2 inhomogeneous signal,and high DWI signal. There was only 1 lesion presented with fat,3 lesions presented with hemorrhage. On the dynamic contrastenhanced MRI scan,all 8 lesions manifested as hypervascular with tortuous vasculature in 7 patients.Dilated feeding arteries and draining veins were seen in 5 patients. Conclusion Liver EAML has unique MR imaging features,exhibiting hyperwascular lesions with dialated,tortuous feeding arteries,and draining veins on DCE MRI,which could be helpful in the differential diagnosis of liver EAML.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430599

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Tanshinone Ⅱ A (extracted from Chinese herb medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge.) on ventricular arrhythmias of rabbit hearts induced by ischemia in order to illuminate its mechanism of anti-arrhythmia.Methods Thirty rabbits were randomly (random number)divided into normal group,ischemic group and Tanshinone Ⅱ A group.Model of wedge shaped mass of rabbit left ventricular myocardium with coronary perfusion was prepared,and then by using floating glassy microelectrode,the trans-mural ECG,QT interval,the trans-mural dispersion of re-polarization (TDR) and trans-membrane action potentials from both endocardium and epicardium were simultaneously and wholly recorded.The incidence of ventricular arrhythmia in myocardium was observed after ischemia for thirty min.Results Under the condition of acute ischemia,compared with normal group,the incidence of ventricular arrhythmia and TDR were significantly increased in ischemia group (P < 0.01),while incidence of ventricular arrhythmia and TDR were significantly reduced in tanshinone ⅡA group compared with ischemia group (P < 0.05).The incidences of ventricular arrhythmia in normal,ischemia and Tanshinone Ⅱ A groups were 0/10,9/10 and 2/10 respectively.Conclusions Tanshinone Ⅱ A prevents ventricular arrhythmia and reduces TDR significantly in ischemic rabbit hearts.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635389

ABSTRACT

To explore the protective effect of sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) on microcirculatory disturbance of small intestine in rats with sepsis, and the possible mechanism, a rat model of sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham operated group (S), sepsis group (CLP) and STS treatment group (STS). STS (1 mg/kg) was slowly injected through the right external jugular vein after CLP. The histopathologic changes in the intestinal tissue and changes of mesenteric microcirculation were observed. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the intestinal tissue were determined by using enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA). The expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the intestinal tissue was detected by using immunohistochemisty and Western blot, that of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and tissue factor (TF) by using Western blot, and the levels of NF-κB mRNA expression by using RT-PCR respectively. The microcirculatory disturbance of the intestine was aggravated after CLP. The injury of the intestinal tissues was obviously aggravated in CLP group as compared with S group. The expression levels of NF-κB p65, ICAM-1, TF and TNF-α were upregulaed after CLP (P<0.01). STS post-treatment could ameliorate the microcirculatory disturbance, attenuate the injury of the intestinal tissues induced by CLP, and decrease the levels of NF-κB, ICAM-1, TF and TNF-α (P<0.01). It is suggested that STS can ameliorate the microcirculatory disturbance of the small intestine in rats with sepsis, and the mechanism may be associated with the inhibition of inflammatory responses and amelioration of coagulation abnormality.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597492

ABSTRACT

Objective To determinate the effects of sodium tanshinone ⅡA sulfonate(STS)on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and explore the relative effects of STS on mitogen-activated protein kinase signal transduction system in rats with cardiomyocyte hypertrophy through constricting the thoracic aorta.Methods The models of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy were established in vivo,and the thoracic aorta was partially tied between the right innominate and the left common carotid arteries.The rats were randomly divided into 6 groups(n=8/group)as follows:①sham,②transverse aortic constriction(TAC),③TAC+low-dose Tan(TAC+LT)(5 mg/kg),④TAC+middle-dose Tan(TAC+MT)(10 mg/kg),⑤TAC+high-dose Tan(TAC+HT)(20 mg/kg),and ⑥ TAC+Val(10 mg/kg).After treatment for 8 weeks,echocardiography was performed to observe the changes in hypertrophy and heart function,and heart samples were cut into transverse sections and stained with hematoxylin and eosin(H&E).The MAPKs protein expression in the cardiomyocytes was detected by Western blot.Results The heart weight index(HWI),left ventricular mass index(LVMI)and cross-sectional diameter of cardiomyocytes(CD),left ventricular posterior wall thickness(LVWT),and interventricular septal thickness(IVS)were significantly increased in TAC group as compared with sham group.The relative parameters in STS groups and Val group were reduced as compared with those in TAC group.Western blot analysis revealed the p-ERK and p-p38 expression was significantly decreased in TAC group as compared with sham group(P<0.01).The p-ERK expression was significantly decreased in STS groups and Val group as compared with TAC group(P<0.05).The TAC+HT group,TAC+MT group and Val group had significantly higher p-p38 expression than TAC group(P<0.05).Conclusion Tanshinone ⅡA could regulate the expression of protein in MAPK pathway to exert its inhibitory effects on hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407882

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Among the factors causing vascular endothelial cell injury,angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang Ⅱ) caused by renin-angiotensin system (RAS), especially by local RAS, plays an important patho-physiological role.OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of tanshinone ⅡA on the vascular endothelial cells secreting nitric oxide (NO) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene expression as well as intracellular Ca2+ level induced by Ang Ⅱ, and investigate the protective effect of tanshinone ⅡA on vascular endothelial cells.DESIGN: Controlled observation experiment.SETTING: Department of Emergency, Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology.MATERIALS: This experiment was carried out in the Experimental Center for Basic Medicine, Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology from March 2006 to October 2006. Porcine aorta used in this experiment was provided by the Department of Pathophysiology of Tongji Medical College.METHODS: Nitric acid deoxidization method and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to detect the effects of Ang Ⅱ of different concentrations (10-8 to 10-6 mol/L) on endothelial cells secreting NO and eNOS mRNA expression in cultured porcine aortic endothelial cells at different time points (1,6 and 24 hours) separately, then 50 mg/L tanshinone Ⅱ A was respectively added at different time point (0, 6 hours) when Ang Ⅱ was at 10-6 mol/L, and changes in NO production and eNOS gene expression were detected respectively at 1, 6 and 24 hours. Intracellular Ca2+ level was also detected with laser scanning confocal microscopy.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ① NO content. ②eNOS mRNA expression. ③Intracellular Ca2+ level.RESULTS: ① NO production and eNOS mRNA expression were decreased with increase of Ang Ⅱ concentration and prolongation of time (P < 0.01). ② NO production and eNOS mRNA expression in each tanshinone ⅡA-treated group were significantly higher than those in the Ang Ⅱ group. At 1 and 6 hours of tanshinone ⅡA treatment, production of NO and eNOS mRNA expression in the Ang Ⅱ + tanshinone ⅡA group were significantly higher than those in the Ang Ⅱ 6 hours + tanshinone ⅡA group (P < 0.05); There were no significant differences in NO production and eNOS mRNA expression between two groups at 24 hours (P > 0.05). ③Intracellular Ca2+ level in the Ang Ⅱ group was significantly higher than that of control group (P < 0.01), and intracellular Ca2+ level in the tanshinone ⅡA + Ang Ⅱ was significantly lower than that in the Ang Ⅱ group (P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Tanshinone Ⅱ A has a protective effect on vascular endothelial cells and their functions by suppressing the inhibition of Ang Ⅱ on NO level and eNOS gene expression in cultured porcine aortic endothelial cells.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37554

ABSTRACT

Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The aim of this study is to determine the effects of sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by angiotensin II (Ang II) in vivo and in vitro. In long-term treatment, adult Wistar rats were infused with Ang II for three weeks via osmotic mini-pumps and some of them were given intragastrically of STS. Left ventricle was isolated; the ratio of left ventricular weight to body weight and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were determined and heart morphometry was assessed after hematoxylin and eosin staining. Results indicated STS inhibited Ang II-induced increases in myocyte diameter and decreased the LVW/BW ratio independent of decreasing systolic blood pressure. In vitro, treatment of cultured cardiomyocytes with STS inhibited Ang II-induced increase in cell size, protein synthesis, ANP expression, activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and ERK kinase (MEK). Then we reexamined the mechanism of STS-induced anti-hypertrophic effects. Results revealed MEK inhibitor U0126 (20 microM) markedly enhanced STS-induced depressions in [3H]leucine incorporation and ANP expression. In conclusion, MEK/ERK pathway plays a significant role in the anti-hypertrophic effects of STS.


Subject(s)
Rats, Wistar , Rats , Phenanthrenes/chemistry , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Molecular Structure , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System/drug effects , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/metabolism , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Cardiomegaly/chemically induced , Animals , Angiotensin II/antagonists & inhibitors
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-579702

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the content of Hesperidin in Henggu Gushangyu Tablets by high performance liquid chromatography. Methods The determination was conducted on Shim-pack-C18 column (150 mm?4.6 mm, 5 ?m) with mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.4% phosphoric acid water (20∶80). The detection wavelength was 283 nm. Results Good linear relationship of Hesperidin between area and amount was noted for 0.194~0.970 ?g, with a correlation coefficient of 0.999 9. The average recovery was 98.50%, and RSD was 0.63%. Conclusion The established method is simple, accurate and sensitive, and can be applied to the quality control of the preparation.

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