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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 375-379, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873409

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the correlation between systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and prognosis in patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 242 patients who were admitted to Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital, from January 2015 to December 2018 and underwent surgery for hepatic alveolar echinococcosis, and SII was calculated. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups, and a Spearman correlation analysis was performed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off value of SII; the Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves and analyze overall survival time in the two groups, and the log-rank test was used for comparison of survival rates between the two groups; univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to identify the influencing factors for the prognosis of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. ResultsThe Spearman correlation analysis showed that SII was positively correlated with the postoperative fatality rate of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (r=0.267, P<0.001). The ROC curve showed that the optimal cut-off value of SII before surgery was 758.92, and based on this, 242 patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis were divided into low SII (SII ≤758.92) group with 126 patients and high SII (SII >758.92) group with 116 patients. The low SII group had 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates of 98.20%, 88.47%, and 6610%, respectively, and the high SII group had 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates of 90.80%, 53.05%, and 27.40%, respectively. The low SII group had a cumulative survival rate of >50% and a mean survival time of 55.584 months (95% confidence interval[CI]: 53550-57.617), while the high SII group had a cumulative survival rate of <50%, a mean survival time of 39.384 months (95% CI: 35.070-43.698), and a median survival time of 43 months (95% CI: 34.694-51.306). The low SII group had a significantly better survival rate than the high SII group, and there was a significant difference in overall survival rate between the two groups (χ2=46.979, P<005). The univariate analysis showed that SII >758.92 (hazard ratio [HR]=5.907, 95% CI: 3.386-10.306, P=0.001) was an influencing factor for the overall survival time of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis, and the multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that preoperative peripheral blood SII (HR=3.507, 95% CI: 1.911-6.435, P=0.001) was an independent risk factor for the overall survival rate of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. ConclusionPreoperative SII level is clearly correlated with the prognosis of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis and can thus be used as a clinical indicator to evaluate the prognosis of patients. The higher the peripheral blood SII before surgery, the worse the prognosis of patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 823-830, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796855

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical features, imaging features, pathological features and gene diagnosis of cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CARASIL).@*Methods@#Clinical manifestations, signs and imaging characteristics of a female patient hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University for more than 10 days due to headache were analyzed, and skin biopsy and HTRA1 and Notch3 gene detection were performed. The pedigree of the proband was investigated in detail, and HTRA1 gene test and related imaging examination were conducted in parallel. Due to the deceased parents of the patient, relevant genetic testing could not be conducted. A control group of 100 healthy people were analyzed.@*Results@#The clinical manifestations of proband were headache after insomnia, hearing loss in the right ear, easy to wake up and sweat at night. Brain MRI showed diffuse patchy long T1 and long T2 signals in bilateral fronto-parietal temporal occipital insula, internal and external capsule areas, bilateral basal ganglia areas, and bilateral thalamus. Fluid attenuated inversion recovery sequence showed high signals. Magnetic sensitive weighted imaging showed scattered patchy low signals in bilateral cerebral and cerebellar hemispheres, bilateral basal ganglia area, left thalamus and brain stem. The proband had consanguineous parents. A homozygous mutation C to T transition at position 589 (c.589C>T) was found in exon 3 of HTRA1 gene with the proband and both siblings. The heterozygous c.589C>T mutation appeared in another sister of the proband. Under the light microscope of skin biopsy, pigmentation in the basal layer of the skin could be seen, collagen fiber hyperplasia in the dermis was accompanied by a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration, and no definite amyloidosis was found. No mutations were found in Notch3 gene. Because the patient′s parents were deceased, genetic testing was not possible. One hundred healthy controls had no such mutation.@*Conclusions@#The CARASIL family with HTRA1 gene c.589C>T homozygous mutation was reported, and the pathogenicity of the mutation was confirmed. HTRA1 genetic testing is recommended for diagnosis and differential diagnosis of CARASIL with family history or clinical suspicion.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 823-830, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791914

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features, imaging features, pathological features and gene diagnosis of cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CARASIL). Methods Clinical manifestations, signs and imaging characteristics of a female patient hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University for more than 10 days due to headache were analyzed, and skin biopsy and HTRA1 and Notch3 gene detection were performed. The pedigree of the proband was investigated in detail, and HTRA1 gene test and related imaging examination were conducted in parallel. Due to the deceased parents of the patient, relevant genetic testing could not be conducted. A control group of 100 healthy people were analyzed. Results The clinical manifestations of proband were headache after insomnia, hearing loss in the right ear, easy to wake up and sweat at night. Brain MRI showed diffuse patchy long T1 and long T2 signals in bilateral fronto?parietal temporal occipital insula, internal and external capsule areas, bilateral basal ganglia areas, and bilateral thalamus. Fluid attenuated inversion recovery sequence showed high signals. Magnetic sensitive weighted imaging showed scattered patchy low signals in bilateral cerebral and cerebellar hemispheres, bilateral basal ganglia area, left thalamus and brain stem. The proband had consanguineous parents. A homozygous mutation C to T transition at position 589 (c.589C>T) was found in exon 3 of HTRA1 gene with the proband and both siblings. The heterozygous c.589C>T mutation appeared in another sister of the proband. Under the light microscope of skin biopsy, pigmentation in the basal layer of the skin could be seen, collagen fiber hyperplasia in the dermis was accompanied by a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration, and no definite amyloidosis was found. No mutations were found in Notch3 gene. Because the patient′s parents were deceased, genetic testing was not possible. One hundred healthy controls had no such mutation. Conclusions The CARASIL family with HTRA1 gene c.589C>T homozygous mutation was reported, and the pathogenicity of the mutation was confirmed. HTRA1 genetic testing is recommended for diagnosis and differential diagnosis of CARASIL with family history or clinical suspicion.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 867-872, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754069

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the preventive effect of Xuebijing injection on acute lung injury induced by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and the underlying mechanism. Methods ① In vivo experiment: 30 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into sham group, CPB group, Xuebijing pretreatment group (XBJ+CPB group) with 10 rats in each group. CPB model was reproduced in rats; and CPB was not performed in sham group, but only through arteriovenous puncture. In the XBJ+CPB group, 4 mL/kg Xuebijing injection was injected intraperitoneally 2 hours before CPB, sham group and CPB group were injected with equal volume of normal saline at the same time. The blood from femoral artery was analyzed 4 hours after operation, and the oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) was calculated. Then the rats were sacrificed to collect bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and the lung permeability index (PPI) was calculated. The lung tissues were harvested, and the wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) of lung tissue was measured. The index of quantitative evaluation of alveolar injury (IQA) was measured. The levels of interleukins (IL-1, IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in lung tissue and BALF were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the activities of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in lung tissue were detected by biochemical method. The microRNA-17-5p (miR-17-5p) expression in lung tissue was determined by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR).② In vitro experiments: type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cells (AECⅡ) were cultured in vitro, and they were randomly divided into control group (the cells were treated by preoperative serum of CPB in patients with ventricular septal defect), CPB group (the cells were treated by serum after CPB in patients), and XBJ+CPB group (Xuebijing injection 10 g/L+serum after CPB in patients). After 12 hours of culture in each group, the expression of miR-17-5p was detected by RT-qPCR. AECⅡ cells were transfected with miR-17-5p mimic, inhibitor or corresponding control oligonucleotide (negative control), respectively, to observe the effect of miR-17-5p on Xuebijing regulating CPB-induced apoptosis rate and caspase-3 activity. Results ① In vivo experiment: compared with the sham group, the PPI, lung W/D ratio, IQA, and IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α in lung tissue and BALF, as well as MDA content and MPO activity in lung tissue were significantly increased, PaO2/FiO2 and SOD activity in lung tissue were significantly decreased. The parameters of the XBJ+CPB group were significantly improved, suggesting that Xuebijing pretreatment could improve CPB-induced ALI in rats. The expression of miR-17-5p in lung tissue of the CPB group was significantly down-regulated as compared with sham group (2-ΔΔCt: 0.48±0.13 vs. 1.00±0.11, P < 0.05);while the expression of miR-17-5p in the XBJ group was significantly up-regulated as compared with the CPB group (2-ΔΔCt: 1.37±0.09 vs. 0.48±0.13, P < 0.05), indicating that the improvement of Xuebijing injection on lung injury after CPB might be related to miR-17-5p. ② In vitro experiment: the changes in miR-17-5p expression in each group of AECⅡ cells confirmed in vivo results. After transfection of miR-17-5p mimic, the apoptotic rate and caspase-3 activity of each group were significantly lower than those transfected with negative control, and the decrease was more significant in the XBJ+CPB group [apoptotic rate: (7.37±0.95)% vs. (12.60±1.90)%, caspase-3 (A value): 0.82±0.09 vs. 1.37±0.08, both P < 0.05]. After transfection of miR-17-5p inhibitor, the apoptotic rate and caspase-3 activity of each group were significantly more than those transfected with negative control [in the XBJ+CPB group: apoptotic rate was (16.30±1.86)% vs. (12.60±1.90)%, caspase-3 (A value) was 1.78±0.13 vs. 1.37±0.08, both P < 0.05]. This indicated that the apoptosis of AECⅡ cells cultured in serum after CPB was significantly reduced by miR-17-5p, and further reduced by the pretreatment with Xuebijing. Conclusions Xuebiing injection can reduce the inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress of lung tissue in rats with ALI induced by CPB, and improve oxygenation. The mechanism may be related to up-regulation of miR-17-5p expression in AECⅡ cells and inhibition of apoptosis of AECⅡ cells.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 364-367,372, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744878

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of insulin on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway in diabetic rats with myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury.Methods Diabetic rats were induced by high-sugar and high-fat diet plus intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (40 mg/kg).They were randomly divided into diabetic sham group (group A),diabetes ischemic reperfusion group (group B),diabetes ischemic reperfusion insulin treatment group (group C) and diabetic ischemia reperfusion + insulin Wortmaninn (PI3K inhibitors) group (group D),10 in each group.Myocardial ischemia reperfusion model in diabetic rats:heart was exposed between the third and fourth ribs of the left chest,2 mm from the lower edge of the left atrial ear,and 5-0 sterile suture was used to ligate the anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and the great cardiac vein for 30 min,and then the perfusion was resumed for 120 min.Wortmannin (15 μg/kg) was given through femoral vein 20 min before ligation in group D,and the same amount of normal saline was given in the other 3 groups.Insulin (2 U/kg) was injected subcutaneously in group C and D 10 min before ligation,and the same amount of normal saline was injected subcutaneously in group A and group B.Plasma creatine kinase MB (CK-MB)and troponin Ⅰ (cTnⅠ) levels were measured in arterial blood after 120 min of reperfusion,and PI3K and Akt expression in myocardial tissue were detected by Western blot.Results Compared with the group A,the plasma levels of cTnI and CK-MB increased and the expressions of PI3K and phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-Akt) in myocardium decreased in the group B (P < 0.05).After insulin treatment,the plasma cTnI [(0.89 ± 0.26) μg/L],CK-MB [(9.24 ±3.16) μg/L] in the myocardial tissue of the group C decreased,while the expression of PI3K (0.341 8 ±0.03 1) and p-Akt (0.673 1 ±0.028) in the myocardial tissue increased (P <0.05).After insulin + Wortmaninn administration,the plasma cTnI [(1.16 ±0.29) μg/L] and CK-MB [(12.57 ± 3.01) μg/L] in the group D increased,while the expression of PI3K (0.292 7 ± 0.036) and p-Akt (0.531 4 ± 0.030) in the myocardial tissue decreased,with statistically significant difference (P < 0.05).Conclusions Insulin can reduce serum CK-MB and cTnⅠ levels in diabetic rats with myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury,possibly by activating PI3K/Akt signal transduction pathway,inhibiting myocardial enzyme release,and improving myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury in diabetic rats to play a protective role in myocardial cells.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 642-652, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310627

ABSTRACT

To construct recombinant eukaryotic expression plasmid vector of human IL-34 gene, and to study the effects of IL-34 expressed by human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs) on THP-1 cells. Full-length IL-34 encoding sequence was amplified by PCR. And this fragment was cloned into the plasmid pIRES2-EGFP. Western blotting and ELISA were used to analyze the expression of IL-34 in hBM-MSCs. THP-1 cells were cultured with hBM-MSCs medium containing IL-34 protein. Real-time PCR detected the effects of IL-34 on the expression of IL-10 and TNFα in THP-1 cells. Restrictive enzyme analysis and sequencing demonstrated that IL-34 eukaryotic expression vector was successfully constructed. IL-34 protein expressed by hBM-MSCs could promote IL-10 and TNFα expression in THP-1 cells. Those results show that IL-34 expressed by hBM-MSCs has regulating effect on THP-1 cells.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617422

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Xuebijing injection on inflammatory factors in patients with Stanford B aortic dissection (AD) after endovascular repair and approach its clinical significance.Methods Sixty patients with Stanford type B AD for endovascular repair admitted to the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) from January 2014 to June 2016 were enrolled, and they were divided into a Xuebijing group and a control group according to the random number table method, 30 cases in each group. The patients of Xuebijing group received 100 mL Xuebijing injection+ 50 mL normal saline intravenous drip during operation, while the patients of control group received an equal volume of normal saline, 2 times a day in both groups for consecutive 3 days. Peripheral venous blood was collected before and after treatment for 1, 2, and 3 days, and the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the prognosis of the two groups was observed.Results With the prolongation of time, the postoperative levels of CRP, TNF-α and IL-6 in the two groups showed a tendency of first increase and then decrease compared with the preoperative levels, the above indexes of the two groups were all significantly higher, CRP (mg/L) and TNF-α (ng/L) peaked on the 2nd day postoperatively (control group: CRP was 146.34±13.92 and TNF-α was 72.22±7.63, Xuebijing group: CRP was 114.92±9.89 and TNF-α was 53.44±6.80, allP < 0.05), however, IL-6 (ng/L) peaked on the 1st day postoperatively (control group: 146.08±10.29, Xuebijing group: 117.88±8.84), then decreased, all reached the valley on the 3rd day postoperatively (control group: CRP, TNF-α, IL-6 was 112.59±8.54, 43.73±4.10, 70.03±4.66 respectively, Xuebijing group CRP, TNF-α, IL-6 was 87.75±7.67, 39.43±4.63, 56.65±3.27, respectively), and at the same time point, the level of CRP, TNF-α, IL-6 in the Xuebijing group were significant lower than those in the control group, the change were the most significant on 3 days after operation [CRP (mg/L): 87.75±7.67 vs. 112.59±8.54, TNF-α (ng/L): 39.43±4.63 vs. 43.73±4.10, IL-6 (ng/L): 56.65±3.27 vs. 70.03±4.66, P < 0.05]. There were no serious complications such as renal failure, severe hypoxemia, infection, paraplegia, stent shift and so on, no hospital death occurred and all patients were discharged in rehabilitative condition. Conclusions Endovascular repair in patients with Stanford type BAD may activate an inflammatory response inducing the release of a large amount of inflammatory factors during the early postoperative period, Xuebijing injection can inhibit the inflammatory reaction and prevent the occurrence of postoperative complications.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 885-889, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437631

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the expression of Yes-associated protein (YAP) in colorectal carcinoma and analyze its influence on tumor cell proliferation.Methods The expressions of YAP in 94paired colorectal carcinomas and pericancerous normal tissues were detected by using immunohistochemistry method.The expressions of YAP in colorectal carcinoma cell line HCT116 were inhibited with a YAP-spe-cific siRNA.Cell proliferation was then determined by methyl thiazolyl diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay.Results The positive rate of YAP in colorectal carcinomas was significantly higher than that in pericancerous normal tissues [69.1% (65/94) vs 22.3 % (21/94),P < 0.001].The expression of YAP was associated with tumor Node Metastasis(TNM) stage and lymph node metastasis(P <0.05),but not associated with gender,age,tumor location and histological grade(P >0.05).After YAP-specific siR-NA was transfected into HCT116 using lipofectamine,the expression of YAP mRNA and protein in the experimental group were reduced by (78.2 ±2.1)% and (81.7 ± 1.5)%,respectively,with a statistically significant difference (t =67.55,91.601,P <0.01).The growth of HCT116 was significantly inhibited and the reduced rate of cell proliferation was (28.1 ± 1.6) %,(34.7 ± 2.4) % and (24.7 ± 1.2) % at the time point of 48 h,72 h and 96 h,respectively.Conclusions Expression of YAP was upregulated in colorectal carcinomas and downregulation of YAP expression could inhibit growth of colorectal carcinoma cells.YAP can be used as a new candidate target for diagnosis and treatment of a colorectal carcinoma.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419649

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of dilated intercellular space detected by light microscope for non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and erosive esophagitis (RE). Methods A total of 104 subjects were divided into normal control group (n = 20), NERD group (n = 30) and RE group (n = 54).Biopsies were taken at 2-3 cm above the dentate line and were examined by light microscope to calculate the intercellular space and compared between different groups. Results The mean values of intercellular space in RE ( 1.40 ±0. 17 μm) and NERD ( 1.11 ± 0. 14 μm) were significantly higher than that in control group (0.66±0. 18 μm, x2 = 154. 170, P =0.000). But no significant difference was noted between RE and NERD groups ( t = 0. 044, P = 0. 834). The cut-off value of mean intercellular space with light microscope was 0. 89 μm, with sensitivity and specificity at 95.2% and 95.0%, respectively. Conclusion Dilated intercellular space under light microscope can be a sensitive, specific and objective indicator of NERD.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392788

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution and expression of Oceludin in esophageal epithelium in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).Method Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the distribution and expression of Occludin in esophageal epithelium from 62 cases with GERD and 10 Case with other diseases ag control.Results The Occludin was normal continuous membrane expressed in 10 contrast esophageal epithelium,while in 32 nonerosive reflux disease patients,normal expression Was seen in 4 cases,different degree of abnormal expression was seen in 28 cases,including incomplete membrane expression,cytoplasmic expression and expression depletion respectively,and in 30 reflux esophagitis patients were seen all abnormal expression including incomplete membrane expression,cytoplasmic expression and expression depletion respectively.There was significant difference between nonerosive reflux disease and normal contrast,reflux esophagitis and normal contrast(P<0.01),no difference was seen between reflux esophagitis and nonerosive reflux disease(P>0.05).Concision The number of esophageal epithelial Occludin in GERD patients diminished and abnormally distributed,interfered the integrity of epithelium mucosal barrier,which might be one ofthe pathogenesis of GERD,there is no difference of Occludin expression between reflux esophagitis and nonerosive reflux disease esophageal epithelium.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528260

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the anti-calcification function properties of bovine jugular conduit with valves stabilized by dye-mediated photooxidation.Methods Sixteen bovine jugular conduit with valves were divided into two groups and treated with dye-mediated photooxidation(groupⅠ) and glutaraldehyde(group Ⅱ).The bovine jugular vein was cut into pieces and implanted subcutaneously in the 16 weanling SD rats.After 90 days,all the rats were sacrificed and the retrieved specimens were undergone histological examination by electron microscope and microscope.The calcium content was determined by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer.Results The walls and valves of bovine jugular vein treated by dye-mediated photooxidation had less calcification than those of the group Ⅱ.Conclusion The dye-mediated photooxidation can effectively preserve the calcification of bovine jugular conduit with valves compared with the way treated by glutaraldehyde.

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