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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 253-268, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970071

ABSTRACT

Integrins are a family of transmembrane receptors that connect the extracellular matrix and actin skeleton, which mediate cell adhesion, migration, signal transduction, and gene transcription. As a bi-directional signaling molecule, integrins can modulate many aspects of tumorigenesis, including tumor growth, invasion, angiogenesis, metastasis, and therapeutic resistance. Therefore, integrins have a great potential as antitumor therapeutic targets. In this review, we summarize the recent reports of integrins in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), focusing on the abnormal expression, activation, and signaling of integrins in cancer cells as well as their roles in other cells in the tumor microenvironment. We also discuss the regulation and functions of integrins in hepatitis B virus-related HCC. Finally, we update the clinical and preclinical studies of integrin-related drugs in the treatment of HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Integrins/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Adhesion , Carcinogenesis , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Tumor Microenvironment
2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 923-926, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665964

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the etiology and prognosis of severe complications of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).Methods The clinical data of patients with severe complications after PCNL from December 2004 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Age of the patients ranged from 25 to 69 years old,with an average of 41 years.There were 64 cases with 29 male and 35 female.Fifty-five cases were diagnosed as renal calculi,including 21 cases of left renal calculi,19 cases of right renal calculi;15 cases of bilateral renal calculi;2 cases of the patients were bilateral upper ureteral calculi;7 patients were renal calculi upper ureteral calculi on the other side.In all cases,the maximum diameter of calculus was 1.8-4.3 cm (mean 2.6 cm) and hydronephrosis depth was 0-5.9 cm (mean 2.3 cm);15 cases were previously treated with nephrolithotomy.The modified Clavien grading system was used to evaluate surgical complications,and ≥grade Ⅲ complications were considered as serious complications.Results Among the 64 cases,28 cases were classified as Clavien Ⅲ class.There were 2 cases of bleeding in operation due to renal parenchyma laceration or multiple access,patients were treated with later open surgery.Postoperative bleeding were revealed in 22 cases,16 of which were hemorrhage from the nephrostomy tubes,4 of which complained of discontinuity gross hematuria and 2 postoperative bleeding were encountered during the nephrostomy tube remove.All the cases received renal arteriography and were diagnosed with pseudoaneurysm,bleeding were stopped after embolization.3 cases of pleural injury were treated with closed thoracic drainage,1 colon injury was treated with open colostomy.There were 32 cases of urinary sepsis considered as Clavien Ⅳ complications,and these patients were transferred to the Intensive Care Unit.Clavien Ⅴ class 4 cases:1 died of hemorrhagic shock due to pleural injury,2 cases died of urinary sepsis and multiple organ failure and another case died of pulmonary embolism.Conclusions PCNL has high risk of serious complications,which should be always strictly follow the principles.Adequate preoperative preparation,appropriate surgery access,carefully and gently operate,appropriate antibiotic use and postoperative management are the key measures to reduce the incidence of complications.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 139-145, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488025

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of selective segmental renal artery clamping ( SSRAC) on the solitary-kidney, providing a foundamental basis for the using of SSRAC in partial nephrectomy. Methods A total of 18 pigs were randomized equally into 2 groups according to the method of renal artery clamping such as main renal artery clamping ( MRAC) group or SSRAC group.Each case underwent right radical nephrectomy and either MRAC or SSRAC for 60 minutes on the left kidney.Serum creatinine ( SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were measured before surgery and at 6 time points thereafter (the 1st, 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th, 90th day).Magnetic resonance imaging was performed before surgery and at 4 time points thereafter (the 1st, 7th, 28th, 90th day) and T2 relaxation time and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) were determined.Inflammatory cell infiltration and interstitial fibrosis were detected using renal histology on the 1st and 90th day after operation.Results SCr and BUN of the two groups increased to peak value on the 1st day, and then decreased gradually to normal on the 90th day after the operation.On the 1st day, SCr [(266.43 ±31.12)umol/l] and BUN [(13.63 ±2.54)mmol/l)] of SSRAC group were significantly lower than that of MRAC [(386.37 ±40.40)umol/l,(26.83 ±5.96)mmol/l] (P0.05) on the 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th, 90th day.In the MRAC group, the T2 relaxation time of upper, middle and lower pole of the left kidney increased and the ADC decreased on the 1st day after operation.It arrived to the peak value on the 7th day, and decreased or increased respectively from then on to normal level on the 90th day.In the SSRAC group, there were no significant changes of T2 relaxation time and ADC in the upper and middle pole of left kidney (P>0.05), but it was similar to that in the MRAC group for lower pole.On the 1st, 7th, 28th day after operation, the T2 relaxation time of upper and middle pole of the left kidney in the MRAC group [(45.50 ±1.87),(51.82 ±2.27), and(40.37 ±1.93)ms ) ] were significantly higher than those in the SSRAC group [(36.67 ± 1.33),(35.15 ±1.27), and(37.48 ±1.37)ms](P0.05).On the 1st, 7th, 28th day after operation, the ADC of upper and middle pole of the left kidney in the MRAC group [(2.29 ±0.08) ×10 -3 mm2/s, (2.10 ±0.08) ×10 -3 mm2/s, (2.41 ±0.09) ×10 -3 mm2/s] were significantly lower than that of the SSRAC group [(2.69 ± 0.08) ×10 -3 mm2/s, ( 2.63 ±0.06 ) ×10 -3 mm2/s, ( 2.68 ±0.05 ) ×10 -3 mm2/s ] ( P <0.05 ) . However, on the 1st,7th, 28th, 90th day after operation, the ADC of lower pole of the left kidney in the SSRAC group [(1.93 ±0.08) ×10 -3mm2/s,(1.91 ±0.09) ×10-3mm2/s,(2.33 ±0.07) ×10 -3mm2/s, and (2.43 ±0.07) ×10 -3 mm2/s] were significantly lower than those of the MRAC group [ (2.37 ±0.05) ×10 -3 mm2/s, (2.06 ±0.07) ×10 -3 mm2/s, (2.46 ±0.09) ×10 -3 mm2/s, (2.61 ±0.08) ×10 -3 mm2/s](P<0.05).The whole left kidney in MRAC group experienced extensive tubular hydropic degeneration and limited inflammatory cell infiltration on the 1st day after operation.Moreover, renal tubular hydropic degeneration alleviated and no glomerular changes, fibrous tissue hyperplasia or inflammatory cell infiltration was found on the 90th day after operation.In SSRAC group, no changes were found in upper and middle pole of left kidney at the two time points, while the pathological injury of the lower pole of left kidney was more severe.Conclusions SSRAC has obvious protective effect on renal function in the early stage. However, compared with MRAC, the renal tissue injury in the ischemic area was more serious.Therefore, to protect renal function in partial nephrectomy, the ischemic renal area should be reduced as much as possible, even to zero-ischemic, when adopting SSRAC.

4.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care ; (6): 98-100, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462088

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical outcomes derived from Ningmitai combined with tamsulosin to prevent double-J stent syndrome after laser lithotripsy with ureteroscope. Methods 117 patients underwent laser lithotripsy with ureteroscope and then placed a double-J stent for draining were collected from January 2010 to January 2013. Patients with double-J stent placement were divided into four groups determined by dosage regimen. Tamsulosin group (30 cases) was treated with tamsulosin (0.4 mg once daily) lonely, Ningmitai group (29 cases) was treated with Ningmitai (1.52 g, trice time a day) lonely, tamsulosin combined Ningmitai group (30 cases) was treated with tamsulosin and Ningmitai at the same time, operation control group (28 cases) was neither tamsulosin nor Ningmitai. The catheter was removed on the 3rd day post-lithotripsy and then remained double-J stent for 1 month. The scores of urinary tract, pain and the incidence of gross hematuria were assessed. Results The significant differences in the improvement of symptom score (χ2=22.038, P=0.000), pain score (χ2=9.876, P=0.020) and hematuria (χ2=8.000, P=0.046) were found among tamsulosin group, Ningmitai group, and tamsulosin combined Ningmitai group. The number of patients with symptomless, slight symptom in tamsulosin combined Ningmitai group were higher than those of tamsulosin group, Ningmitai group, operation control group (symptomeless:14 vs. 6, 3 and 2 cases;slight symptom:13 vs. 9, 5, 4 cases). The number of patients with>Ⅱpain score (7 vs. 9, 14, 17 cases) and incidence of hematuriag [26.6%(8/30) vs. 56.7%(17/30), 58.6% (17/29), 53.6% (15/28)] were lower in tamsulosin combined Ningmitai group than those of tamsulosin group, Ningmitai group, operation control group. The drug combination of Ningmitai with tamsulosin had the synergism to relived symptom and pain, and showed the more obviousthan lonely use. Conclusion The drug combination of Ningmitai with tamsulosin can be used in clinic for prophylactic purpose to prevent double-J syndrome.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 384-387, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470685

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the molecular mechanisms of glial cell derived neurotrophic factor in promoting proliferation of spermatogonial stem cell.Methods RNAi expression vectors,targeted at GDNF,were constructed and transfected into SSCs from 5 to 7 days old mice.The SSCs with highest effectiveness of GDNF interfere was set as study group.And the SSCs without GDNF interfere was considered as control group.The ELISA method was used to compare the proliferative rate between study group and control group.Flow cytometry,RT-PCR were used to detect the expression of GDNF,RTKs,Fyn and FAK's mRNA,and the apoptosis of SSCs.Results From 1 to 4 days after transinfection,the absorbable A value in study group was 0.45 ± 0.02,0.68 ± 0.03,1.12 ± 0.03,2.24 ± 0.04,respectively.Meanwhile,the same item in control group was 0.46 ± 0.03、0.73 ± 0.02、1.32 ± 0.05、1.15 ± 0.06,respectively (P < 0.05).There were significant different between experiment groups (25.43 ± 1.91) % and control group (5.61 ± 0.16)% in the apoptosis rates of SSCs (P < 0.05).Significant differences were noted between experimental group and control group(P < 0.05).The mRNA expression rates of GDNF was (12.32 ± 1.22) % in study group and (54.25 ± 1.34)% in control group (P <0.01).The mRNA expression rates of RTKs and Fyn and FAK in study group and control group were (16.24 ± 1.35)% vs (45.35 ± 1.37)%,(18.32 ±1.34)% vs (38.37 ± 1.55)%,(20.04 ± 1.65)% vs (43.27 ± 1.28)%,respectively (P <0.05).Conclusions The glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor was important in course of SSCs' proliferation,which may up-regulating the expression of RTKs,Fyn and FAK.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 511-513, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454203

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role and clinical significance of GSTM 3 ( glutathione S-trans-ferase mu 3) expression in prostate cancer (PCa). Methods We had used the two-dimensional fluores-cence difference gel electrophoresis ( 2D-DIGE) and mass spectral analysis to further verify the microarray data of mRNA expression profiling discovered .GSTM3 mRNA level was detected by Rael-time Quantitative PCR ( RT-QPCR) in 28 pairs of prostate cancer tissue and benign tissue .The relationship of GSTM 3 level with the serum PSA level and the clinical feature of PCa were analyzed . Results In 2D-DIGE study, we found that the expression of GSTM 3 protein in adjacent tissues was significantly higher than that in PCa tis-sues (P0.05) and prostate cancer clinical pathological parameters ( P>0.05). Conclusions GSTM3 expression is down-regulated in PCa tissues, and we may identify PCa by detecting the GSTM 3 expression .

7.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3284-3286, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453987

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the safety and efficacy of the 2μm laser and the bipolar electrotome used in transurethral re-section of bladder tumor(TURBT)for treating non-muscle invasive bladder cancer(NMIBC).Methods The clinical data in the pa-tients with NMIBC treated by TURBT in our hospital from March 2009 to May 2013 were retrospectively analyzed.All patients were divided into the 2μum laser group(n=89)and the bipolar electrotome group(n=82).The operation time,complications,post-operative hospital stay and recurrence rate were compared between the two groups.Results There were no statistically significant differences in the operation time,postoperative hospital stay and recurrence rate between the two groups(P>0.05).Compared with the 2 μm laser group,the bipolar electrotome group showed significantly higher occurrence rate of the obturator nerve reflex (20.7%vs.0,P<0.05)and the bladder perforation(7.3% vs.0,P<0.05)and longer postoperative bladder irrigation time [(3.1±0.9)d vs.(2.2±1.0)d,P<0.05],the differences between the two groups had statistical significance.Conclusion Com-pared with bipolar electrotome,the 2μm laser used in TURBT is safe and effective with few complications for treating NMIBC.

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3479-3480,3483, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598701

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the timing of super-selective renal artery embolization (SRAE) for the treatment of renal hemorrhage after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) .Methods From June 2005 to February 2013 ,a total of 2 165 patients with upper urinary tract calculi underwent PCNL (2 384 PCNL procedures) and 16 of them suffered severe bleeding (0 .74% ) .In the 16 cases ,SRAE was used .The medical records of all the 16 cases were retrospectively analyzed .Results In 16 patients ,15 patients were successful with the first SRAE ,but 2 of them underwent an additional pure renal artery angiography (1 patient before SRAE and 1 patient after SRAE);1 healed after the second SRAE .The mean blood loss and transfusion volume were 32 .9 g/L and 250 mL before the first angiography/SRAE ,and an additional 3 .2 g/L and 0 mL before the second try .Although 1 patient died ,the oth-ers were recovered without complications .Conclusion SRAE should be adopted early for the treatment of severe renal hemorrhage after PCNL .However ,a second try should be considered for the repeated bleeding patients after the negative results of first renal artery angiography or SRAE .

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 688-690, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422510

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the safety and clinical efficacy of transurethral 120 W 2 μm laser prostate vaporesection in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).Methods Forty-one BPH cases were treated with 2 μm continuous wave laser prostate vaporesection.Laser output power was 120 w.International prostate symptom scores (IPSS) were collected on all patients before and after surgery at one,six and 12 months for maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) and post-voiding residual urine volume (PVR).Operative time,estimated bleeding loss,electrolyte changes,and the time of catheter removal were recorded and analyzed respectively.Results All procedures were successfully completed.The obstructive symptoms of lower urinary tract symptoms were relieved in varying degrees post-operatively.Preoperative and postoperative one,six and 12 months IPSS,Qmax and PVR showed statistical difference ( P <0.01 ).Operative time was 32.9 ± 10.7 min,decreased hemoglobin levels was 5.36 ± 2.78 g/L,no cases needed blood transfusion,and all patients were without electrolyte disturbance resulted in the safe perioperative period.The time of removal of the catheter was 2.5 ± 0.7 d.There was no secondary surgery,urinary incontinence,and complication such as bladder neck contracture at 12 months post-operative follow-up.Conclusions RevoLix 2 μm continuous wave laser prostate vaporesection as a treatment option for BPH is safe and effective over a short and long period of time.RevoLix 2 μm wave laser prostate vaporesection can significantly improve BPH patient symptoms of lower urinary tract obstruction.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 93-99, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336256

ABSTRACT

We designed and constructed an antibiotic screening system by using antibiotic responsive genes as reporters. Plasmid pCS26 carrying a promoterless luminescence reporter, luxCDABE, was used as the vector and the promoter regions of antibiotic responsive genes/operons from Escherichia coli were cloned upstream of the lux reporter to form the first part of the screening reporter array. Random promoter library of Salmonella enterica and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were screened for antibiotic responsive clones which consist of the second part of the screening array. The selected final reporter array responded to different antibiotics in distinct patterns and enabled in vivo high-throughput screening for antibiotics. Unknown antibiotics could, in general, be classified by analyzing the response patterns. This screening system is both sensitive and efficient and should prove to be a useful tool for screening new antibiotic compounds.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Methods , Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Genetics , Salmonella enterica , Genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1791-1794, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402686

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Vitamin A has important effects on growth of spermatogonial stem cells.At present,we have not found an inductive substance of promoting growth and differentiation of spermatogonial stem cells during in vitro culture.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of Vitamin A on growth and proliferation of mouse spermatogonial stem cells in vitro culture.METHODS:Bilateral testis of Kunming male mice aged 5-7 days were sterileiy collected.Spermatogonial stem cells were isolated and purified using adherence and noncontinuity Percoll density gradient centrifugation.Bilateral testis was obtained from Kunming male mice aged 12-15 days under sterile conditions.Sertoli cells were isolated and purified by using enzyme digestion method.Following adherence and polarization,Sertoli cells served as feeder layer.The spermatogonial stem cells were seeded on simple-layer Sertoli cells.We set two groups,In the experimental group,1 g/L Vitamin A was added in the DMEM/F12.In the control group,Vitamin A was not added.Growth and proliferation of spermatogonial stem cells were measured using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.The cell cycle of spermatogonial stem cells was determined by flow cytometry.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:At days 6,9,12 and 15 following coculture,absorbance value of spermatogonial stem cells in experimental group was faster than control group(P < 0.05 or 0.01).With prolongation of coculture,quantity of chromosome in S phase in spermatogonial stem cells was increased,and then decreased in the experimental group.Another division cycle began.Compared with experimental group,quantity of chromosome in S phase in spermatogonial stem cells was slowly increased in the control group(P < 0.05).During in vitro culture of mouse spermatogonial stem cells,Vitamin A can improve the proliferation and polarization of spermatogonial stem cells.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 852-854, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385295

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the pubvaginal fascia sling cystourethropexy (PV sling) technique and outcomes of the treatment of female type Ⅲ stress urinary incontinence. Methods From October 2005 to January 2008, 9 women presenting with type Ⅲ stress urinary incontinence were treated with Pubvaginal fascia sling cystourethropexy. All the patients underwent 1 h pad test before discharge and were tested with maximum uroflow rate, volume of postal residual urine, maximum urethral close pressure (MUCP) and abdominal leak point pressure (ALPP) after 3 months. Results The operative time ranged from 60 to 90 min (mean, 75 min). Estimated blood loss ranged from 60 to 100 ml (mean, 76 ml). Intraoperative unilateral bladder perforation occurred in 2 cases. One patient with infection of abdominal incision was cured by changed dressings. The urinary catheter was removed 5 days post-operation. 4 patients had normal urination and 1 patient had urine retention. The recovery following intermittent catheterization was 3-12 days. 8 patients got 3-28 months' follow up. 7 patients were cured with 1 h pad test decreased from preoperative 58 g (45-75 g) to postoperative 1 g (0-2 g), mean residual urine was less 65 ml (0-80 ml). The values of Qmax (ml/s),MUCP (cm H2O) and ALPP (cm H2O) were 10. 5±2. 7, 15. 5±3. 4 and 40. 4±8.2 pre-opreative,and 26.5±3.9, 49.8±6.7 and 98.6± 12.2 3 months post-operative. There were significant differences of these parameters between pre-and post-operation (p<0.01). Conclusions PV sling could be a safe and effective surgical procedure fortreatment of type Ⅲ female stress urinary incontinence.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 763-766, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397860

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of retroperitoneal laparoscopic resec-tion and reconstructive surgeries in urology. Methods Retroperitoneal laparoseopic resection and re-constructive surgeries were performed on 245 patients including 17 cases of adrenalectomies, 32 cases of radical nephrectomies, 12 cases of partial nephrectomies, 53 cases of nephrectomies, 5 cases of nephroureterectomies, 6 cases of unroofing of peripelvie renal cysts, 46 cases of unroofing of renal cysts, 4 cases of unroofing of polyeystic kidneys, 12 cases of pyeloplasties, 58 cases of ureterolithoto-roles. Results All 245 surgeries were successfully completed. The mean operation time was 59 (20-250) min and the estimated blood loss was 5-300 ml with no transfusion. There was no serious complication during perioperative period. Conclusion Retroperitoneal laparoscopic resection and re-conatruetive surgery in urology is safe and effective with the advantages of minimal invasion, quick re-covery and few complications.

14.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53)2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-594605

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The selective immunosuppression on transplanted organ was realized by local drug delivery system,which is one of efficient ways to avoid many kinds of side reactions induced by systemic drug delivery.By using the characteristics that adrenal gland can secret glucocorticoid,the adrenal gland or adrenal implant as the way of local drug delivery of glucocorticoid for transplanted organ is hopeful to avoid the complications induced by systemic and amount of use of glucocoticoid.OBJECTIVE:To establish a model of adrenal gland self-implantation in greater omentum,and to observe the protection of the adrenal gland implant on transplanted liver.DESIGN,TIME AND SETTING:This randomized controlled animal experiment was performed in the Experimental Animal Center of Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital from May 2007 to October 2008.MATERIALS:Fifty male Sprague Dawley rats were assigned as donors,and fifty male inbred strain Wistar rats were assigned as recipients.METHODS:After feeding one week,the recipient rats were randomly divided into two groups with 25 rats in each group.In liver transplantation after adrenal gland self-implantation in greater omentum group,allogenic liver transplantation was performed after successful model establishment of adrenal gland self-implantation in greater omentum.In simple liver transplantation group,only allogenic liver transplantation was performed.No immunosuppressant was used after transplantation in both of the two groups.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:The survival time of rats was observed.The morphology of the transplanted livers and the adrenal implants was observed at different time points.The activities of serum aspartate aminotransferase(AST),as well as the concentration of serum corticosteroid and total bilirubin were detected at different time points.RESULTS:The recipient adrenal implants recovered their endocrinal function at 7 weeks after adrenal gland self-implantation in greater omentum.After liver transplantation,histological examination showed that the adrenal implants survived well.The median survival time of rats in the liver transplantation after adrenal gland self-implantation in greater omentum group was more than 30 days,which is obviously longer than that(12 days) in the simple liver transplantation group.There was no significant difference in concentration of serum corticosteroid between the two groups.At 7 days after transplantation,activities of serum AST and concentration of total bilirubin of rats in the simple liver transplantation group were significantly higher than those in the liver transplantation after adrenal gland self-implantation in greater omentum group(P ≤ 0.05).In the liver transplantation after adrenal gland self-implantation in greater omentum group,pathological changes of transplanted livers showed as grade 0 according to Williams standard.In the simple liver transplantation group,a mild rejection appeared at 3 days after transplantation,and the pathological changes turned to severe and reached grade 3 according to Williams standard at 7 days.CONCLUSION:Adrenal implant which survives and recovers its endocrinal function after self-implantation in greater omentum has protection on the transplanted liver in early stage.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593181

ABSTRACT

0.05).Compared to cultivation whose positive rate was 33.33%,the rates were obvious higher(P

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